The Punic Wars The Punic Wars BCE Carthage The Harbor of Carthage

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Punic Wars The Punic Wars BCE Carthage The Harbor of Carthage"

Transcription

1 The Punic Wars The Punic Wars BCE Punic comes from the Latin word for Three conflicts fought between Rome and Carthage First Punic War BCE Fought over Second Punic War BCE Fought over invaded Italy Third Punic War BCE Rome feared Carthage would again become a threat Carthage was Carthage Carthage was a colony founded in the 8 th century BCE by Phoenician From the 8 th century BCE to the 3 rd century BCE it grew from a small port town to become the and most powerful city in the Mediterranean By the mid 3 rd century Carthage virtually all trade in the Mediterranean The Harbor of Carthage The harbor of Carthage was an wonder Designed and built to accommodate both and military vessels The entire harbor could hold This harbor was the heart and soul of Carthage 1

2 Carthage Carthage was ruled by an a system of government where an elite few rule The large and powerful Carthaginian enabled Carthage to rule the Mediterranean Its military consisted mostly of well-paid from Western Europe and North Africa Carthaginian Navy Developed from the Phoenician sailing Carthaginian sailors were well-paid and were of Carthage unlike the army which was largely made up of foreign mercenaries Carthaginian boats were called Had three banks of oars Were used to smash into and sink enemy boats Carthaginian oarsmen were incredibly skilled at their vessels during battles Rome By the mid 3 rd century BCE Rome had come to most of the Italian peninsula but not Sicily Had become a moderate power in the region but could not yet challenge Carthage at Rome s strength lay in its which was made up largely of Roman citizens and supported by troops from allied states Roman Army The Roman army in the 3 rd century was not yet a force Troops were levied by conscription from landholding Romans had adopted the manipular structure more flexible and effective than the earlier used Greekstyle 2

3 First Punic War: BCE Carthage had the advantage at Rome had the advantage on Conflict would arise over of Sicily Rome would build four fleets to take on the powerful Carthaginian navy each was Rome then developed a new naval tactic the This lashed the ships together and forced the sailors to fight Allowed Rome to turn naval battles into mini- battles Rome would and take control of Sicily Carthage lost because its government did not take the Romans seriously Funds that should have gone to the Carthaginian military were by its nobles the mercenaries would then refuse to fight Rome had virtually no navy at the beginning of the war but by the end it had a Between the 1 st and 2 nd Punic Wars Carthage would fight the Mercenary War between BCE after to pay its mercenaries Rome would take Corsica and Carthage would slowly recover and begin to expand further into Iberia ( ) 226 BCE Rome and Carthage signed the Treaty of the Ebro River was controlled by Rome of the Ebro River Carthage would control the territory it had already conquered It was agreed that neither nation would cross the The Second Punic War: BCE 219 BCE Saguntum, an ally of Rome but located south of the Ebro, was by the Carthaginian general Hannibal The Romans that Carthage turn Hannibal over to Rome Carthage refused 218 BCE Rome war Rome believed this would be an victory as the Carthaginian navy was now very weak 3

4 Hannibal was the of Hamilcar Barca, the leading Carthaginian commander during the Punic War As a boy his father made him swear an : "I swear that so soon as age will permit... I will use fire and steel to arrest the destiny of Rome Hannibal led men including 37 war elephants through Spain and Gaul along the Mediterranean coast Hannibal gathered many men on his way towards Rome his soldiers would make up a, multi-ethnic army Hannibal Crosses the Alps A Roman army marched to to stop Hannibal In a stunning feat, Hannibal led his army north and then down through the Alps no one at the time believed this was possible Hannibal took days to cross the Alps and lost between 1/3 to 1/2 of his army Hannibal in Italy Once he was through the Alps Hannibal his forces with soldiers and mercenaries from all over Italy These men joined Hannibal both out of hatred of the Romans and because they were in awe of Hannibal s Remained in Italy for winning many battles but unable to capture the city of Rome The Battle of Cannae Battle of Cannae (216 BCE) This was Hannibal's most famous He used an envelopment strategy where he surrounded the Roman army and it 44,000 Roman soldiers were killed from this point on the Romans would not directly Hannibal in battle in Italy Fabius Maximus Roman politician and general who was appointed five times Appointed twice in 221 and 217 BCE Fabian strategy Fabius was convinced that Hannibal could not be defeated in Italy thus he refused to meet Hannibal in a pitched 4

5 He attacked Carthaginian and developed scorched earth policies to deprive Hannibal of supplies This strategy was initially very in Rome After the Battle of Cannae, the Romans looked to Fabius for he was now considered as wise as the gods Fabius Maximus is regarded as the father of warfare a tactic that saved Rome from Hannibal General Publius Cornelius Scipio Scipio was a young during the Second Punic War He studied for many years as the Carthaginian army won multiple victories in Italy Decided it was best to attack Carthage of Italy while Hannibal was stuck on the peninsula Considered one of Rome s greatest and most generals The Second Punic War: BCE Scipio led his army to attack Carthage in He next led an army against the city of itself Hannibal returned to to defend Carthage Battle of Zama (202 BCE) Hannibal was finally and Scipio earned the title Africanus Hannibal convinced the Carthaginian senate to Carthage s fleet was to trade vessels and 10 warships, lost its colonies in Iberia and was forced to pay Rome 200 talents every year for 50 years Rome was again Between 2 nd and 3 rd Punic Wars Carthage slowly began to rebuild its trading and commercial power Rome s influence and power across the Mediterranean world Roman Senator was convinced Carthage needed to be destroyed Cato would end every speech he made in the senate regardless of the subject Carthago delenda est! ( Carthage must be ) 5

6 The Third Punic War: BCE Rome made impossible demands of Carthage with the one goal of a war 300 noble to be given to Rome as hostages The city of Carthage was to be destroyed and away from the coast Carthage refused but with no allies or mercenaries left it was forced to defend itself behind its massive The Destruction of Carthage The Roman general Scipio Aemilianus (adopted grandson of Scipio Africanus) laid siege to the city of Carthage for Once the Romans breeched the walls they proceeded to the city Carthage was brick-by-brink and burnt to the ground The survivors were sold into Results of the Punic Wars Rome would become the pre-eminent power in the With its experienced military it would rapidly expand east becoming incredibly in the process By 133 BCE Rome had Macedon, the city-states of Greece, and the kingdom of Pergamum in Asia Minor Roman Provinces Each new territory conquered became a Roman A Roman Proconsul ( ) was sent to oversee the new province Responsible for the province Often these Romans were and this position was a way to get rich quick The Wealth of Rome Wealth flowed into Rome from the new from Sicily and Africa and tin from Spain and luxury goods from Greece and the East Roman became exponentially wealthy during the period after the Punic Wars A new class of wealthy merchants and traders emerged these were generally 6

7 Effects of Roman Expansion Rome became incredibly wealthy and most of the Mediterranean Wealth gap between rich and poor Romans increased Huge influx of from non-stop conquest, beginning with the Punic Wars, forced many Roman citizens out of work Cities particularly Rome itself increased in as the new poor looked for work Reforms after the Punic Wars Military Gaius Marius BCE - was a brilliant and a wealthy plebeian During the early and middle Republic, soldiers were and farmers Now there were far Romans who owned land Marius recruited his army from the landless poor creating Rome s first soldiers Soldiers were well trained and paid but their loyalty was to the and not the Republic Societal Tiberius Gracchus BCE - was a of the Third Punic War Became Plebeian in 133 BCE Attempted to enact reforms to the poor Roman citizens from the greed and corruption of the rich Tiberius would be by the senate later that year His, Gaius Gracchus, would be killed a decade later attempting to bring about similar reforms Both brothers were seen as of the people Rome after the Punic Wars Rome would become increasing corrupt and over the next century Relied on powerful generals such as Marius, Sulla, Crassus, and Julius Caesar to maintain This civil unrest would culminate in a series of civil wars that ended with the ultimate victory of Augustus Caesar Rome s first The Republic was the Empire was 7

Copyright Clara Kim All rights reserved.

Copyright Clara Kim All rights reserved. Copyright Clara Kim 2007. All rights reserved. Roman Legion Divided into infantry and cavalry 5,000 Soldiers Every citizen had to serve for 10 years Roman Legion Divided into smaller groups of 80 men called

More information

Empire. 1. Rise of Rome 2. The Roman Republic 3. Decline of the Republic and Rise of the

Empire. 1. Rise of Rome 2. The Roman Republic 3. Decline of the Republic and Rise of the 1. Rise of Rome 2. The Roman Republic 3. Decline of the Republic and Rise of the Empire 4. The Pax Romana 5. The Rise of Christianity 6. The Fall of Rome Geography Etruscans Latins Carthaginians Greeks

More information

From Republic to Empire

From Republic to Empire is Rome grew into a huge empire, power fell into the hands of a single supreme ruler. CHAPTER From Republic to Empire 34.1 Introduction In the last chapter, you learned how Rome became a republic. In this

More information

Built upon the Tiber River. Different cultures. The Latins Etruscans Greeks Mainly trade colonies

Built upon the Tiber River. Different cultures. The Latins Etruscans Greeks Mainly trade colonies Built upon the Tiber River Different cultures The Latins Etruscans Greeks Mainly trade colonies Etruscans (800-500 B.C.E.) Hugely influential to Rome: Toga, roads, and army organization Etruscans ruled

More information

THE PUNIC WARS. As Rome was growing, a rivalry developed with Carthage.

THE PUNIC WARS. As Rome was growing, a rivalry developed with Carthage. Chap. 9 Lesson 2 Intro: Starting in about 500 B.C., the Romans began extending their rule throughout the Italian Peninsula. The Romans fought many wars against neighboring cultures. With each victory the

More information

Rome: From Village to Empire

Rome: From Village to Empire Rome: From Village to Empire Geography and Origin Like Greece, Italy is a mountainous peninsula Apennines & Alps Fertile plains in the north below the Alps Favorable climate, fertile land and meant most

More information

How Does Rome Go from Republic to Empire?

How Does Rome Go from Republic to Empire? How Does Rome Go from Republic to Empire? The Punic Wars (264 146 BCE) Both Rome and Carthage want control of the Mediterranean Sea. In the first war, Rome wins and forces Carthage to hand over three

More information

Chapter 34 From Republic to Empire. Did the benefits of Roman expansion outweigh the costs?

Chapter 34 From Republic to Empire. Did the benefits of Roman expansion outweigh the costs? Chapter 34 From Republic to Empire Did the benefits of Roman expansion outweigh the costs? 34.1. Introduction Emicristea /Dreamstime The Romans celebrated their military victories by building structures

More information

Ancient Rome. Unit 2 From Village to Empire

Ancient Rome. Unit 2 From Village to Empire Ancient Rome Unit 2 From Village to Empire Origins of Rome A. Romans claimed that their city was built by two brothers, Romulus and Reamus 1. Legend said they were the sons of a princess and the Roman

More information

Label the following: Adriatic Sea Alps Corsica Ionian Sea Italian Peninsula Mediterranean Sea Po River Rome Sardinia Sicily Tiber River Carthage

Label the following: Adriatic Sea Alps Corsica Ionian Sea Italian Peninsula Mediterranean Sea Po River Rome Sardinia Sicily Tiber River Carthage Label the following: Adriatic Sea Alps Corsica Ionian Sea Italian Peninsula Mediterranean Sea Po River Rome Sardinia Sicily Tiber River Carthage There are 7 hills rising up above the Tiber River. Why do

More information

NAME DATE CLASS. Adriatic. Ionian. Sea. Strait of Messina. 100 miles km Azimuthal Equidistant projection. 750 b.c. 500 b.c. 250 b.c. 1 b.c.

NAME DATE CLASS. Adriatic. Ionian. Sea. Strait of Messina. 100 miles km Azimuthal Equidistant projection. 750 b.c. 500 b.c. 250 b.c. 1 b.c. Lesson 1 The Founding of Rome ESSENTIAL QUESTION How does geography influence the way people live? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. What effect did geography have on the rise of Roman civilization? 2. How did Rome

More information

Chapter 5 The Roman Republic Learning Objectives

Chapter 5 The Roman Republic Learning Objectives Chapter 5 The Roman Republic Learning Objectives In this chapter, students will focus on: The influence of the Etruscans and Greeks on early Roman history The policies and institutions that explain Rome

More information

Summary. The origins of Rome The Monarchy The Republic. The Empire. Make your own timeline. Society Institutions Expansion Crisis of the Republic

Summary. The origins of Rome The Monarchy The Republic. The Empire. Make your own timeline. Society Institutions Expansion Crisis of the Republic The origins of Rome The Monarchy The Republic Society Institutions Expansion Crisis of the Republic The Empire Society and Economy Pax Romana The crisis Make your own timeline Summary The Origins of Rome

More information

Chapter 8 Reading Guide Rome Page 1

Chapter 8 Reading Guide Rome Page 1 Chapter 8 Reading Guide Rome Page 1 Section 1 Rome s Beginnings The Origins of Rome: Main Idea played a key role in the rise of Roman civilization 1. is a long, narrow Peninsula with a shape that looks

More information

HCP WORLD HISTORY PROJECT THE ROMAN CONQUEST

HCP WORLD HISTORY PROJECT THE ROMAN CONQUEST Coosa High School Rome, Georgia Instructor: Randy Vice Created by: Kierra Smith, Kayla Breeden, and Myra Hernandez HCP WORLD HISTORY PROJECT THE ROMAN CONQUEST SECTION ONE: POWERPOINT SECTION TWO: WRITTEN

More information

Rome (509 B.C.E. 476 C.E.)

Rome (509 B.C.E. 476 C.E.) Ancient Rome Rome (509 B.C.E. 476 C.E.) Geographically Rome was well-situated The Alps to the north provided protection The sea surrounding the Italian peninsula limited the possibility of a naval attack

More information

WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire

WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire Objective: The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient Rome from about 700 B.C. to 500 A.D. in terms of its impact on Western civilization by a) assessing

More information

Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C.-A.D. 500

Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C.-A.D. 500 CHAPTER 6 Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C.-A.D. 500 Essential Question What impact did the rise and fall of the Roman Empire have on culture, government, and religion? What You Will Learn

More information

ANCIENT ROME. Section 1, 2, 4, and 5 Pages 208 to 241 in the Ancient World Book

ANCIENT ROME. Section 1, 2, 4, and 5 Pages 208 to 241 in the Ancient World Book ANCIENT ROME Section 1, 2, 4, and 5 Pages 208 to 241 in the Ancient World Book Romans Valued Loyalty and Justice People that broke the law would be severely punished. Romans believed that having the favor

More information

Rome REORGANIZING HUMAN SOCIETIES (600 B.C.E. 600 C.E.)

Rome REORGANIZING HUMAN SOCIETIES (600 B.C.E. 600 C.E.) Rome REORGANIZING HUMAN SOCIETIES (600 B.C.E. 600 C.E.) The history of ancient Rome is perhaps best understood by dividing it in two: The Republic, 509 27 B.C.E. The Empire, 27 B.C.E. 476 C.E. Rome s central

More information

The FROMM INSTITUTE. FROM ROMULUS to RUIN: A BRIEF HISTORY of the ROMAN REPUBLIC and the ROMAN EMPIRE Dr. Nikolaus Hohmann. Part 2: The ROMAN REPUBLIC

The FROMM INSTITUTE. FROM ROMULUS to RUIN: A BRIEF HISTORY of the ROMAN REPUBLIC and the ROMAN EMPIRE Dr. Nikolaus Hohmann. Part 2: The ROMAN REPUBLIC TIMELINE 2 The FROMM INSTITUTE FROM ROMULUS to RUIN: A BRIEF HISTORY of the ROMAN REPUBLIC and the ROMAN EMPIRE Dr. Nikolaus Hohmann Part 2: The ROMAN REPUBLIC 1 The historical founding of Rome (753 BC)

More information

Section Summary. Review Questions 1. What governing body in the republic had the greatest power? CHAPTER SECTION 1.

Section Summary. Review Questions 1. What governing body in the republic had the greatest power? CHAPTER SECTION 1. SECTION 1 THE ROMAN WORLD TAKES SHAPE Rome s location on the Italian peninsula, centrally located in the Mediterranean Sea, benefited the Romans as they expanded. In addition, Italy had wide, fertile plains,

More information

B. After the Punic Wars, Rome conquered new territories in Northern Europe& gained great wealth

B. After the Punic Wars, Rome conquered new territories in Northern Europe& gained great wealth I. Roman Republic Expands A. Punic Wars - A series of battles where Rome defeated Carthage (North Africa) & became the dominant power in the Mediterranean B. After the Punic Wars, Rome conquered new territories

More information

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=opf27gaup9u&index=10&list=plb DA2E52FB1EF80C9

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=opf27gaup9u&index=10&list=plb DA2E52FB1EF80C9 SECTION 5: ROMAN EMPIRE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=opf27gaup9u&index=10&list=plb DA2E52FB1EF80C9 DECLINE OF ROMAN REPUBLIC ECONOMIC TURMOIL Rich vs. Poor Latifundia-Huge Estates (Plantations) Republican

More information

Civil War in Ancient Rome and the End of the Roman Republic

Civil War in Ancient Rome and the End of the Roman Republic Civil War in Ancient Rome and the End of the Roman Republic World History Workbook for High School Tiberius Gracchus and Land Reform In the years following the Punic Wars, the Roman lower classes (the

More information

010_Wars of the Roman Republic

010_Wars of the Roman Republic 010_Wars of the Roman Republic A. The Roman Military Machine a. Citizens and Army were one. b. Centuries i. The Army assembled into centuries was the chief law-making body of the state. ii. First Class

More information

Home work. Answer in complete sentences Use your study sheet to find the correct answers. A NEW POWER RISES

Home work. Answer in complete sentences Use your study sheet to find the correct answers. A NEW POWER RISES Date: 1 A NEW POWER RISES 1. How would the army of the early Roman republic treat the people they captured? *2. Write a paragraph that describes the factors that make Rome an ideal location for a city.

More information

CHAPTER 7: THE ROMAN WORLD

CHAPTER 7: THE ROMAN WORLD CHAPTER 7: THE ROMAN WORLD 1 CHAPTER 7-SECTION 1: THE FOUNDING OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC A. Geographically Rome was a city built on and around 7 hills along the Tiber River and 15 miles from the sea. Italy

More information

The Electronic Passport to Ancient Rome

The Electronic Passport to Ancient Rome The Electronic Passport to Ancient Rome A New Power Rises The earliest empires had been in the east. Egypt, Mesopotamia, China, India, and Greece were all home to at least one powerful civilization. About

More information

The Fall of Ancient Rome. Unit 1

The Fall of Ancient Rome. Unit 1 The Fall of Ancient Rome Unit 1 Do Now: Wednesday September 7, 2016 What do you remember from your seventh grade study of Ancient Rome? Make a list of everything you remember about the Ancient Romans:

More information

From Republic to Empire

From Republic to Empire 2 Roman laborers hard at work crushing grapes Golden bracelet of a wealthy Roman WITNESS HISTORY AUDIO A Plea for Reform While the republic grew in size, everyone did not benefit from the new wealth. Addressing

More information

THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE

THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE Essential Question: What factors led to the collapse of the Roman Empire and what effect did the fall of Rome have on the Mediterranean world? Warm-Up Question:

More information

RES PUBLICA ROMAE 509/510 BCE 27 BCE

RES PUBLICA ROMAE 509/510 BCE 27 BCE RES PUBLICA ROMAE 509/510 BCE 27 BCE The Republic So far, we ve learned about the Roman Monarchy and the seven kings Rome had before Tarquinius Superbus ruined everything After Tarquinius Superbus, the

More information

How did geography influence settlement and way of life in ancient Greece?

How did geography influence settlement and way of life in ancient Greece? Ancient Civilizations Final Exam Study Guide How did geography influence settlement and way of life in ancient Greece? What makes much of Greece a peninsula? The ancient Greeks did not like to travel on

More information

Location. Palatine Hill Tiber River Valley (becomes the forum)

Location. Palatine Hill Tiber River Valley (becomes the forum) Rome Location Palatine Hill Tiber River Valley (becomes the forum) Physical features of Rome Tiber river-near Palatine Hill Alps Mountains- North of peninsula Apennine Mountains- backbone of Italian peninsula

More information

The Roman Empire. Or Republic. Or...Which Was It?: Crash Course World History #10 SCRIPT

The Roman Empire. Or Republic. Or...Which Was It?: Crash Course World History #10 SCRIPT The Roman Empire. Or Republic. Or...Which Was It?: Crash Course World History #10 SCRIPT Shakespeare answers that question by saying that Roman senators killed Caesar because he was going to destroy the

More information

Study Guide Chapter 11 Rome: Republic to Empire

Study Guide Chapter 11 Rome: Republic to Empire Study Guide Chapter 11 Rome: Republic to Empire 1) republic: a form of government in which citizens elect their leaders 2) legion: large groups of Roman soldiers 3) patrician: the ruling class 4) plebeian:

More information

7/8 World History. Week 18. The Roman Empire & Christianity

7/8 World History. Week 18. The Roman Empire & Christianity 7/8 World History Week 18 The Roman Empire & Christianity Monday Do Now What happened to Alexander the Great s empire after he died? Objectives Students will understand the transition of Rome from a republic

More information

Ancient Rome. AP World History Chapter 5a

Ancient Rome. AP World History Chapter 5a Ancient Rome AP World History Chapter 5a The Italian Peninsula Narrow boot-shaped peninsula in the Mediterranean Sea Modern-Day Italy Center of trade among 3 continents = Asia, Africa, Europe Mild, moist

More information

Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity

Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity Early People 800 BC Latin people share the peninsula with the Etruscans Etruscans rule north and central Italy Romans take much from them: their alphabet; the

More information

Section 1: The Early Hebrews

Section 1: The Early Hebrews Section 1: The Early Hebrews 1. Summarize the Beginnings in Canaan and Egypt: 2. Who led the Hebrews out of Mesopotamia? 3. After they lived in Canaan, where did they live? 4. Why was the pharaoh worried

More information

Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity (509 B.C. A.D. 476)

Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity (509 B.C. A.D. 476) Chapter 6, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 6 Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity (509 B.C. A.D. 476) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper

More information

REVIEW FOR THE UNIT 2 TEST

REVIEW FOR THE UNIT 2 TEST REVIEW FOR THE UNIT 2 TEST Ancient Greece Ancient Rome REVIEW FOR THE UNIT 2 TEST INSTRUCTIONS: Go through the slides and answer each question in the packet; the slide numbers are listed for each question

More information

Unit 24: A Roman Dictator

Unit 24: A Roman Dictator T h e A r t i o s H o m e C o m p a n i o n S e r i e s T e a c h e r O v e r v i e w Julius Caesar is the most famous of the Roman rulers. Many of the Roman rulers were assassinated as others became jealous

More information

Core Knowledge. History Unit Overview Year Four Unit 1: The Stuarts. Application of Knowledge

Core Knowledge. History Unit Overview Year Four Unit 1: The Stuarts. Application of Knowledge The Stuart Succession In 1603, Queen Elizabeth died. She had never married, and did not have an heir. King James VI of Scotland was invited to come to England and become King James I. The Stuart Succession

More information

Intro to Greece: The Rise of Democracy

Intro to Greece: The Rise of Democracy Intro to Greece: The Rise of Democracy I. The Geography of Greece A. Two defining features 1. 2. Water ( ) B. Results 1. Difficult travel 2. farming 3. Heavy reliance on fishing and 4.! II. City States

More information

Ancient Rome. The cultural achievements of the Romans continue to influence the art, architecture, and literature of today.

Ancient Rome. The cultural achievements of the Romans continue to influence the art, architecture, and literature of today. MAIN IDEA The ancient Romans made important contributions to government, law, and engineering. Ancient Rome WHY IT MATTERS NOW The cultural achievements of the Romans continue to influence the art, architecture,

More information

Romans in Britain HOCPP 1092 Published: May, 2007 Original Copyright July, 2006

Romans in Britain HOCPP 1092 Published: May, 2007 Original Copyright July, 2006 1 Thank you for your purchase from In the Hands of a Child Your Premiere Lapbook Provider since 2002!! Romans in Britain HOCPP 1092 Published: May, 2007 Original Copyright July, 2006 Authors: Katie Kubesh

More information

Establishment of the Roman Republic

Establishment of the Roman Republic Establishment of the Roman Republic HISTORY WORKBOOK FOR GRADES 7-12 The Geography of Rome and Italy The geographical features of ancient Rome and Italy provided protection. Rome itself was built on seven

More information

From Republic To Empire. Section 5.2

From Republic To Empire. Section 5.2 From Republic To Empire Section 5.2 The End of the Roman Republic By the second century B.C. the, made up mostly of the landed aristocracy, governed. The Senate and political offices were increasingly

More information

Information for Emperor Cards

Information for Emperor Cards Information for Emperor Cards AUGUSTUS CAESAR (27 B.C. - 14 A.D.) has been called the greatest emperor in all of Roman history. After the assassination of Julius Caesar, war broke out among the many groups

More information

The Tragedy of Julius Caesar cont.

The Tragedy of Julius Caesar cont. Julius Caesar ! Julius Caesar was born in 100 B.C. in Rome.! Julius Caesar rises to power through the use of his oratory skill.! He was always a member of the democratic or popular party.! He married Cornelia,

More information

Ancient Rome: From Republic to Empire Notes**

Ancient Rome: From Republic to Empire Notes** Name Period Ancient Rome: From Republic to Empire Notes** The city of Rome was a dangerous place during the late republic (100BCE 50BCE) Politics were not working anymore Generals were fighting for control

More information

THE HISTORY OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION 2: ROME

THE HISTORY OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION 2: ROME THE HISTORY OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION 2: ROME Helen Steele HIST 150 TTh 1100 1215 Spring 2008 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC KEY CONCEPTS The Republic Plebeians Patricians Populares Optimates Bread and Circuses Cursus

More information

CHAPTER 5: ANCIENT ROME AND THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY

CHAPTER 5: ANCIENT ROME AND THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY CHAPTER 5: ANCIENT ROME AND THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY SECTION 1: THE ROMAN WORLD TAKES SHAPE OBJECTIVES: Describe the physical and cultural settings in which Roman civilization arose. Outline how the Roman

More information

The Life of Julius Caesar By David White 2014

The Life of Julius Caesar By David White 2014 Name: Class: The Life of Julius Caesar By David White 2014 Julius Caesar (100-44 BCE) was a Roman statesman, general, and dictator. He was also one of the principal figures in the fall of the Roman Republic

More information

By: Sergio G, Sergio H, Pablo G, Daniel M, Guillermo R,and René L

By: Sergio G, Sergio H, Pablo G, Daniel M, Guillermo R,and René L ROME By: Sergio G, Sergio H, Pablo G, Daniel M, Guillermo R,and René L How Was the City of Rome? Rome is an Italian city, it is the city with the highest concentration of historic properties and architectural

More information

Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C.-A.D. 500

Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C.-A.D. 500 118 This painting of Athens shows why the Greeks called the main district of government and religious buildings an acropolis, meaning city at the top. Such buildings were constructed in the highest, most

More information

CRISIS AND REFORMS CRISIS AND REFORMS DIOCLETIAN ( )

CRISIS AND REFORMS CRISIS AND REFORMS DIOCLETIAN ( ) CRISIS AND REFORMS After death of Marcus Aurelius (the end of the Pax Romana) the empire was rocked by political and economic turmoil for 100 years Emperors were overthrown regularly by political intrigue

More information

JULIUS CAESAR SHINE Assessment

JULIUS CAESAR SHINE Assessment JULIUS CAESAR SHINE Assessment WORLD HISTORY Directions: Use your novel, reading journal and/or and other media to complete the questions outlined on this assessment. Make sure that you carefully bubble

More information

History and Geography. Ancient Rome. Julius Caesar. Reader. Caesar Augustus. The Second Punic War. Cleopatra

History and Geography. Ancient Rome. Julius Caesar. Reader. Caesar Augustus. The Second Punic War. Cleopatra History and Geography Ancient Rome Julius Caesar Reader Caesar Augustus The Second Punic War Cleopatra THIS BOOK IS THE PROPERTY OF: STATE PROVINCE COUNTY PARISH SCHOOL DISTRICT OTHER Book No. Enter information

More information

Fall of the Roman Empire

Fall of the Roman Empire Fall of the Roman Empire Fall of the Roman Empire The fall of the Roman Empire has been romanticized in history for the last 1500 years In our imagination it was a single event: The barbarians sacked Rome

More information

TIMELINE ANCIENT ROME

TIMELINE ANCIENT ROME TIMELINE ANCIENT ROME IRON AGE ITALY 1200 BC Beginning of the Iron Age; The Latins migrate to Italy and settle the area later known as Latium 1000 BC Etruscan tribes move into Italy; First settlements

More information

Fall of the Roman Empire

Fall of the Roman Empire Fall of the Roman Empire Fall of the Roman Empire The fall of the Roman Empire has been romanticized in history for the last 1500 years In our imagination it was a single event: The barbarians sacked Rome

More information

The Fall of Rome. Chapter 9, Section 2. Fall of the Roman Empire. (Pages ) 170 Chapter 9, Section 2

The Fall of Rome. Chapter 9, Section 2. Fall of the Roman Empire. (Pages ) 170 Chapter 9, Section 2 Chapter 9, Section 2 The Fall of Rome (Pages 317 326) Setting a Purpose for Reading Think about these questions as you read: Why was the Roman Empire weakened? How would our world be different today if

More information

11 LEADERSHIP LESSONS FROM JULIUS CAESAR

11 LEADERSHIP LESSONS FROM JULIUS CAESAR 11 LEADERSHIP LESSONS FROM JULIUS CAESAR If there ever was a most characteristic military leader in history, that was Julius Caesar. Beyond his indisputable ability for strategy, the Roman General stood

More information

Unit 2. Greece and Rome The Classical Age

Unit 2. Greece and Rome The Classical Age Unit 2 Greece and Rome The Classical Age Why Study Greece? Geography shapes culture The Greek Peninsula Divides the seas: Mediterranean, Aegean, Ionian 2,000+ islands The mainland is ¾ mountainous regions

More information

Indiana Academic Super Bowl. Social Studies Round Senior Division Coaches Practice. A Program of the Indiana Association of School Principals

Indiana Academic Super Bowl. Social Studies Round Senior Division Coaches Practice. A Program of the Indiana Association of School Principals Indiana Academic Super Bowl Social Studies Round 2015 Senior Division Coaches Practice A Program of the Indiana Association of School Principals Students: Throughout this competition, foreign names and

More information

Paleolithic or Neolithic? Why?

Paleolithic or Neolithic? Why? Paleolithic or Neolithic? Why? Rise of Civilization Stonehenge in southern England Neolithic in southern England Neolithic settlement Neolithic settlement Stonehenge Stonehenge in southern England Started

More information

Students of History -

Students of History - 1. What was Caesar s role in the First Triumvirate? 2. How did Caesar seize power? 3.What were some of his achievements as ruler of Rome? Students of History - http://www.teacherspayteachers.com/store/students-of-history

More information

The Oligarch Reaction 77-67

The Oligarch Reaction 77-67 The Oligarch Reaction 77-67 A. The Empire in Revolt a. Spain i. Roman General Didius tricked would be land owners by pretending to register them for distribution of land and had them massacred ii. A Roman

More information

The 7 Most Badass War Leaders of all Time

The 7 Most Badass War Leaders of all Time The 7 Most Badass War Leaders of all Time #1 Adolf Hitler Born April 20, 1889 Died April 30, 1945 Being so high in command, he was the cause of WWII. He was the founder and the leader of the Nazi Party

More information

Ancient Rome and Early Christianity

Ancient Rome and Early Christianity Chapter 6 750 B.C. A.D. 500 Ancient Rome and Early Christianity Chapter Themes > Change The Roman political system evolves as more people participate in government. Section 1 > Conflict Roman armies conquer

More information

ghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxc vbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmrty Biography Workbook Series Student Handouts

ghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxc vbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmrty Biography Workbook Series Student Handouts qwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyui opasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfgh jklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvb nmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwer Hannibal tyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopas dfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzx

More information

2 Main Points: 1) Foreign invasions and political/social/economic problems led to the collapse of the western 1/2 of the Roman Empire.

2 Main Points: 1) Foreign invasions and political/social/economic problems led to the collapse of the western 1/2 of the Roman Empire. 2 Main Points: 1) Foreign invasions and political/social/economic problems led to the collapse of the western 1/2 of the Roman Empire. 2) As the Western Roman Empire began to fall apart, the Christian

More information

Written by Dr Lee Kam Hing Monday, 19 September :56 - Last Updated Sunday, 13 November :54

Written by Dr Lee Kam Hing Monday, 19 September :56 - Last Updated Sunday, 13 November :54 ACEH rose to be a new, major power in the Straits of Malacca in place of the Malacca sultanate when the latter fell in 1511. Through most of the 16th and the 17th centuries, Aceh dominated northern Sumatra

More information

THE RISE of the ROMAN REPUBLIC History 510:304/Spring 2017/DRAFT SYLLABUS

THE RISE of the ROMAN REPUBLIC History 510:304/Spring 2017/DRAFT SYLLABUS THE RISE of the ROMAN REPUBLIC History 510:304/Spring 2017/DRAFT SYLLABUS Dr. Thomas J. Figueira E-mail: figueira@classics.rutgers.edu History, Van Dyck Hall, CAC Dept. of Classics AB (15 Seminary Pl.),

More information

The Failure of the Republic

The Failure of the Republic The Failure of the Republic As Rome expanded, the social and economic bases of the Roman republic in Italy were undermined While men from independent farming families were forced to devote their time to

More information

Assessment: The Legacy of Rome in the Modern World

Assessment: The Legacy of Rome in the Modern World Name Date Assessment: The Legacy of Rome in the Modern World Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. Why was the Roman Empire hard to defend? A. It had a very long border. B.

More information

Alexander the Great and His Empire

Alexander the Great and His Empire Alexander the Great and His Empire For decades after the Persian Wars, tension built between Athens and its allies and Sparta and it allies. Mutual fear led Athens and Sparta to declare war on each other

More information

Name Date Period. Mr. Melia Social Studies Unit 9 Ancient Rome Chapter 7 Section 5

Name Date Period. Mr. Melia Social Studies Unit 9 Ancient Rome Chapter 7 Section 5 Name Date Period Mr. Melia Social Studies Unit 9 Ancient Rome Chapter 7 Section 5 The Fall of Rome One day in the year a.d. 312, the emperor Constantine (kahn stuhn teen) stood with his troops under a

More information

Introduction to the Byzantine Empire

Introduction to the Byzantine Empire Introduction to the Byzantine Empire Do Now: What are the advantages of building a major city here? MAP Peninsula Advantages Provided natural safe harbors for ships both merchant and military ships Provided

More information

Ancient Rome and Byzantium Julius Caesar

Ancient Rome and Byzantium Julius Caesar Non-fiction: Ancient Rome and Byzantium Julius Caesar Ancient Rome and Byzantium Julius Caesar Julius Caesar is one of the most famous figures in Roman history. Very few leaders have been able to accomplish

More information

Brain Pop Video The Fall of Rome

Brain Pop Video The Fall of Rome Brain Pop Video The Fall of Rome Roman Empire CAUSES FOR THE DECLINE OF THE WESTERN ROMAN EMPIRE Economy Military Problems Political Issues Social Problems -Invaders and Pirates disrupt trade and make

More information

Trade, Towns and Financial Revolution

Trade, Towns and Financial Revolution Trade, Towns and Financial Revolution Growing food supply-3 field system farming Fairs and trade-the guilds. Urban splendor reborn -medieval towns flourished, despite their unsanitary conditions. Revival

More information

CONTENTS. Introduction 10. Chapter 1: Rome from its Origins to 264 BC 17. Chapter 2: The Middle Republic ( BC) 39

CONTENTS. Introduction 10. Chapter 1: Rome from its Origins to 264 BC 17. Chapter 2: The Middle Republic ( BC) 39 CONTENTS Introduction 10 Chapter 1: Rome from its Origins to 264 BC 17 Early Italy 18 Historical Sources on Early Rome 19 Rome s Foundation Myth 20 The Regal Period, 753 509 BC 21 The Foundation of the

More information

SLAVERY AND EXPLOITATION

SLAVERY AND EXPLOITATION SLAVERY AND EXPLOITATION SLAVERY IN ROME Romans captured enemies and turned them into slaves Slaves farmed, mined, and performed in gladiator battles Slaves were 40% of Rome s population Slavery Romans

More information

An Introduction to the People and the Power of. Beginning August 28, 2005 On

An Introduction to the People and the Power of. Beginning August 28, 2005 On An Introduction to the People and the Power of Beginning August 28, 2005 On Gaius Julius Caesar 100 B.C. 44 B.C. Father: Gaius Julius Caesar Mother: Aurelia Family: Old patrician traced its ancestry back

More information

Thursday 12 June 2014 Afternoon

Thursday 12 June 2014 Afternoon Thursday 12 June 2014 Afternoon GCSE ANCIENT HISTORY A032/01 The rise of Rome *1297978953* Candidates answer on the Answer Booklet. OCR supplied materials: 12 page Answer Booklet (sent with general stationery)

More information

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 THE FOUNDING OF ROME AND THE MONARCHY...

TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 THE FOUNDING OF ROME AND THE MONARCHY... UNIT 5 ANCIENT ROME TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 THE FOUNDING OF ROME AND THE MONARCHY... 2 1.1 The foundation of Rome.... 2 1.2 The Monarchy (753-509 BCE)... 2 2 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC (509-27 BCE)... 2 2.1 Political

More information

Julius Caesar: Veni, Vidi, Vici

Julius Caesar: Veni, Vidi, Vici Parkland College A with Honors Projects Honors Program 2010 Julius Caesar: Veni, Vidi, Vici Stephanie Houser Parkland College Recommended Citation Houser, Stephanie, "Julius Caesar: Veni, Vidi, Vici" (2010).

More information

IELTS Academic Reading Sample 54 - The Family of Germanicus. The Family of Germanicus

IELTS Academic Reading Sample 54 - The Family of Germanicus. The Family of Germanicus IELTS Academic Reading Sample 54 - The Family of Germanicus \ You should spend about 20 minutes on the questions 1-16 which are based on the following reading passage. Read the following passage and answer

More information

The Renaissance Introduction to the Renaissance

The Renaissance Introduction to the Renaissance Non-fiction: The Renaissance Introduction to the Renaissance The Renaissance Introduction to the Renaissance Exciting changes started happening in Europe beginning around the 1400 s. People woke up to

More information

SSWH 3 Presentation. Ancient World

SSWH 3 Presentation. Ancient World SSWH 3 Presentation Ancient World SSWH3 Examine the political, philosophical, and cultural interaction of Classical Mediterranean societies from 700 BCE to 400 CE. Vocabulary Greece - the country that

More information

Student Handouts, Inc.

Student Handouts, Inc. Slide 1 The Barbarian Invasions: The Migration Period in Europe, 300-700 C.E. Student Handouts, Inc. www.studenthandouts.com Slide 2 End of the Roman Empire 476 C.E. Traditional date for the end of the

More information

Course Overview and Scope

Course Overview and Scope Understanding Historical Change: Rome HIST 1220.R21, Summer 2016 Adjunct Professor Matthew Keil, PhD TWR 9:00 AM 12:00 PM Dealy Hall 202, Rose Hill Email: Mkeil@fordham.edu MatthewAdamKeil@gmail.com (preferred)

More information

ROME UNIT 3 JULIUS CAESAR and THE FALL OF THE REPUBLIC

ROME UNIT 3 JULIUS CAESAR and THE FALL OF THE REPUBLIC Rome Unit 3 Julius Caesar and The Fall of the Republic Name: S 2/11 Vocabulary Assignment Caesar Chapter In Class Video: Rome: Power& Glory Episode 2: Legions of Conquest (21:00-26:40) In Class Video:

More information

I. William Shakespeare

I. William Shakespeare I. William Shakespeare A. Birth and Early Life 1. April 23, 1564 2. Stratford-upon-Avon 3. Parents: John Shakespeare and Mary Arden B. Young Adulthood 1. Age 18 marries Anne Hathaway (26) 2. 3 children

More information