1 People and Ideas on the Move, 2000 B.C. 250 B.C. Migrations by Indo-Europeans led to major changes in trade and language as well as to the foundations of three religions: Hinduism, Buddhism and Judaism.
2 People and Ideas on the Move, 2000 B.C. 250 B.C. Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 The Indo-Europeans Hinduism and Buddhism Seafaring Traders The Origins of Judaism
3 Section-1 The Indo-Europeans Indo-Europeans migrate into Europe, India, and Southwest Asia and interact with peoples living there.
4 Section-1 Indo-Europeans Indo-Europeans Migrate Characteristics of Indo-Europeans Indo-Europeans nomadic, pastoral people; tamed horses, rode chariots Came from the steppes dry grasslands north of the Caucasus mountains The Indo-European Language Family Language ancestral to many modern languages of Europe an Asia English, Spanish, Persian, Hindu trace origins to original Indo-European Language groups settled in different areas An Unexplained Migration B.C. Indo-Europeans migrated, moved in all directions
5 The Hittite Empire The Hittite Arrival Hittites a group of Indo-European speakers Take control of Anatolia (Asia Minor) around 2000 B.C. City-states join to form empire; dominate Southwest Asia for 450 years Hittites Adopt and Adapt Borrowed ideas from Mesopotamian culture; adopted Babylonian language Chariots and Iron Technology Hittites skilled in war; spread iron technology by trade and conquest Empire falls around 1190 B.C. after attacks from northern tribes
6 Aryans Transform India The Aryan People Aryans Indo-European people, enter Indus River Valley around 1500 B.C. Sacred writing, the Vedas, reveal much of their culture A Caste System Develops Aryans physically distinct from people of India Four castes, or social classes, develop: - priests (Brahmans) - warriors - peasants or traders - laborers People are born into their caste for life Hundreds of subgroups arise later
7 Aryans Transform India Aryan Kingdoms Arise Aryans extend settlements to other river valleys Small kingdoms arise Magadha kingdom unites all and spreads across India by 100 B.C. Epic Mahabharata reflects blending of Aryan and non-aryan culture
8 Section-2 Hinduism and Buddhism Develop The beliefs of the Vedic Age develop into Hinduism and Buddhism.
9 Section-2 Hinduism and Buddhism Develop Hinduism Evolves Over Centuries Hinduism Collection of religious beliefs that developed slowly over time No one founder with a single set of ideas Origins and Beliefs B.C. Hindu teachers create Upanishads texts of teachings Each person has atman soul united with all others in Brahman In reincarnation, people reborn to new lives A soul s good and bad deeds, karma, determines course of new life
10 Hinduism Evolves Over Centuries Hinduism Changes and Develops Over last 2,500 years different forms of gods grow in importance Today, Hindus choose own path to moksha a state of perfect understanding Hinduism and Society Hinduism strengthened the caste system New Religions Arise Jainism, a new religion, arises in 500s B.C. Jains will not harm any creature They work in trade, commerce; practice religious tolerance
11 The Buddha Seeks Enlightenment Siddhartha Gautama Founder of Buddhism; priests prophesized his greatness Siddhartha s Quest Raised in isolation, Siddhartha Gautama wants to learn about world Seeks enlightenment (wisdom), how to escape human suffering Tries many methods; gains enlightenment by meditating Becomes the Buddha, the enlightened one
12 The Buddha Seeks Enlightenment Origins and Beliefs Buddha begins to teach followers Preaches Four Noble Truths basic philosophy of Buddhism Fourth Noble Truth is to follow the Eightfold path to achieve nirvana Nirvana: - a perfect state of understanding - a release from selfishness and pain - a break from the chain of reincarnations, rebirths Buddha rejects caste system and multiple gods of Hinduism
13 The Buddha Seeks Enlightenment The Religious Community Some followers devote lives to religion, become monks and nuns Three bases of Buddhism: Buddha, religious community, teachings Buddhism and Society Many followers at first among poor and lower caste Monks and nuns spread Buddha s teachings Teachings written to become sacred literature
14 The Buddha Seeks Enlightenment Buddhism in India Spreads to other parts of Asia Never gains firm hold in India; Hinduism remains strong Buddhist pilgrims often visit India Trade and the Spread of Buddhism Buddhism spreads by traders to: - Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Sumatra - China, Korea, Japan
15 Section-3 Seafaring Traders Trading societies extend the development of civilization beyond the Fertile Crescent region.
16 Section-3 Seafaring Traders Minoans Trade in the Mediterranean The Minoan People The Minoans, powerful seafaring people, live on Crete in Aegean Sea Dominate trade in eastern Mediterranean from 2000 to 1400 B.C. Culture influences others, especially Greeks
17 Minoans Trade in the Mediterranean Unearthing a Brilliant Civilization Excavations of Knossos, capital city of Minoan civilization, revealed: - Minoans were peaceful, athletic, lovers of nature and beauty - Women had major role, especially in religion - Sacrificed animals, and sometimes people, to gods Archaeologists name civilization Minoa after King Minos - King Minos legendary king who owned a minotaur
18 Minoans Trade in the Mediterranean Minoan Culture s Mysterious End Earthquakes in 1700 B.C. caused damage, but Minoans rebuild In 1470 B.C. major earthquakes and volcanic eruption Minoans never recover from disasters Invaders from Greece take Minoan lands
19 Phoenicians Spread Trade and Civilization The Phoenician People Phoenicians powerful traders in wealthy city-states along Mediterranean Skilled shipbuilders, seafarers; sailed around continent of Africa Commercial Outposts Around the Mediterranean Phoenicians set up colonies in western and central Mediterranean Famous for red-purple dye produced from snail Phoenicia s Great Legacy: The Alphabet Developed system of writing to record trade deals Later developed into western alphabet
20 Ancient Trade Routes Trade Links Peoples Land routes link Mediterranean world and Asia Indian traders sail to Southeast Asia and Indonesia Trade helps spread culture, ideas, religion
21 Section-4 The Origins of Judaism The Hebrews maintain monotheistic religious beliefs that were unique in the ancient world.
22 Section-4 The Origins of Judaism The Search for a Promised Land Ancient Palestine Palestine was region on eastern shores of Mediterranean Hebrew people settled in Canaan, land promised to them by God From Ur to Egypt Torah, first five books of Hebrew Bible, tells early history of Hebrews In Torah, God chose Abraham, a shepherd, to be father of Hebrew people Abraham moves family and herds from Ur to Canaan around 1800 B.C. Around 1650 B.C. Abraham s descendants move to Egypt
23 The Search for a Promised Land The God of Abraham Hebrews are monotheists, believing in one God only Yahweh Yahweh is all powerful, not a physical being A mutual promise, covenant, is made between God and Abraham Abraham promises to obey God, Yahweh promises protection
24 Moses and the Exodus Hebrews Migrate to Egypt At first Hebrews are honored in Egyptian kingdom; later become slaves Let My People Go Hebrews flee Egypt between 1300 and 1200 B.C. Bible tells of God s command that Moses lead this Exodus A New Covenant Moses receives Ten Commandments become basis of Hebrew law
25 Moses and the Exodus The Land and People of the Bible Torah tells of Hebrews wandering Sinai Desert for 40 years Arrive in Canaan form twelve tribes; judges provide leadership A Hebrew Law Women and men have separate roles, responsibilities Law includes strict justice softened by mercy Prophets arise later to interpret the law They teach people to live moral lives
26 The Kingdom of Israel Canaan Land that Hebrews believe God promised them Canaan land is harsh; Hebrews expand south and north Saul and David Establish a Kingdom Hebrews threatened by Philistines to the north Only one tribe remains, Judah; Hebrew religion called Judaism From 1020 to 922 B.C. Hebrews (Jews) unite; new kingdom called Israel King David establishes Jerusalem as capital
27 The Kingdom of Israel Solomon Builds the Kingdom David s son Solomon becomes King; makes Israel a trading empire He builds a magnificent temple and royal palace in Jerusalem The Kingdom Divides High taxes and forced labor lead Jews in north to revolt By 922 B.C. kingdom divides in two Israel in north, Judah in south 200 years of conflict follow
28 The Babylonian Captivity A Conquered People In 738 B.C. Israel and Judah pay tribute (money for peace) to Assyria By 722 B.C. Assyrians conquer Israel In 586 B.C. Babylonians conquer Judah, destroy Solomon s Temple Many surviving Jews exiled to Babylon In 539 B.C. Persians conquer Babylon; 40,000 Jews return to Jerusalem Temple and walls rebuilt; land later ruled by Persians, Greeks, Romans
29 This is the end of the chapter presentation of lecture notes. Click the HOME or EXIT button.
30 Print Slide Show 1. On the File menu, select Print 2. In the pop-up menu, select Microsoft PowerPoint If the dialog box does not include this pop-up, continue to step 4 3. In the Print what box, choose the presentation format you want to print: slides, notes, handouts, or outline 4. Click the Print button to print the PowerPoint presentation
Chapter 3 People and Ideas on the Move 3500 B.C. 259 B.C. Time Line 2000 B.C. Hittites migrate to Anatolia. 1100 B.C. Phoenicians begin to dominate Mediterranean trade. 259 B.C. 3500 B.C. 1500 B.C. Aryans
Name CHAPTER 3 Section 1 (pages 61 65) The Indo-Europeans BEFORE YOU READ In the last chapter, you read about peoples who built civilizations in the great river valleys. In this section, you will learn
Section 1 The Indo-Europeans Global Studies I Chapter 3 Indo-Europeans Nomadic peoples from the Eurasian steppes Dry grasslands that stretched north of the Caucasus ( the Great Steppe ) People and Ideas
World History (Survey) Chapter 1: People and Ideas on the Move, 3500 B.C. 259 B.C. Section 1: Indo-European Migrations While some peoples built civilizations in the great river valleys, others lived on
People and Ideas on the Move Explain the Dynasty Cycle and Mandate of Heaven. Objectives Students will be able to describe the spread of Indo- Europeans Aryan Invasion Hittite Empire Terms: Caste, Vedas,
Peoples in the Eastern Mediterranean WORLD HISTORY Early Nomadic Peoples Early nomadic peoples relied on hunting and gathering, herding, and sometimes farming for survival. Pastoral nomads carried goods
Ancient Egypt & Judaism Outcome: The Origin of Judaism 1 Constructive Response Question 5. Trace the origin of Judaism and describe its core beliefs. 2 What will we learn? 1. Origin of Judaism 2. Moses
World History Unit: The Rise of Ancient Civilizations First, meet with another person who has the same role as you. Answer the questions on the following slide on a sheet of paper Then, meet with a person
New Centers of Civilization C H A P T E R 3 S E C T I O N 3 The Role of Nomadic Peoples In the area of a civilization flourished around 4,000 years ago. On the edges of this civilization were, who occasionally
Name Period Date Judaism: The Early Hebrews** Between 2000BCE and 1500BCE a new group appears in Southwest Asia o Called Hebrews o Simple Herders and Desert Nomads They develop a culture that eventually
The Ancient Hebrews The Origins and Struggles to Preserve Ancient Judaism Judaism Moses was the main founder of Judaism. Jews believe that Torah was revealed by God to Moses on Mount Sinai over 3,000 years
Religious Unit Chapter 3 Section 2 and 4 Chapter 6 Section 3 and Chapter 10 Sec. 1 HINDUISM Is a collection of religious beliefs over time It is based on shared views 1. Religion liberates the soul from
Chapters 4 & 9 South Asia The first agricultural civilization in India was located in the Indus River valley. Its two main cities were Mohenjo Daro and Harappa. Its writing, however, has never been deciphered,
Welcome, Rob Reiter My Account Feedback and Support Sign Out Choose Another Program Home Select a Lesson Program Resources My Classes 3 - World Religions This is what your students see when they are signed
3. Hinduism and Buddhism Ancient India gave birth to two major world religions, Hinduism and Buddhism. Both had common roots in the Vedas, a collection of religious hymns, poems, and prayers composed in
HIST-WHI MVHS Z Saunders Early Man and River Civ Test Exam not valid for Paper Pencil Test Sessions [Exam ID:29612S 1 Which number on this map represents the region where archaeologists believe the first
HWK#3-DUE MONDAY 8-20-12 DIRECTIONS: 1. TAKE CORNELL NOTES ON THE FOLLOWING TOPICS: JUDAISM, HINDUISM, BUDDHISM, CONFUCIANISM, DAOISM, LEGALISM 2. MAKE SURE KEY TERMS ARE PUT INTO NOTES-IF YOU DO NOT KNOW
Introduction World Religions Unit Why Study Religions? Religion plays a key role in our world today Religion is a major component of the human experience Knowledge of people s religions helps us understand
Chapter Three Kingdoms and Empires in the Middle East 1 Biblical References? Historic References? Trading Empires of the Ancient Middle East Aramaeans Damascus, Syria Rich Overland Trade Aramaic Language
Block 1 Cumulative Test Review Part 1: Early Man/Paleo vs. Neo Hunting-Gathering Definition: The activity of gathering or hunting food. Explanation: This is how they started to get food before the Agricultural
Unit 2 World Religions and Belief Systems Name: 1 Table of Contents Animism.9 Shintoism...10 Hinduism.15 Buddhism 20 Judaism..23 Christianity..27 Islam...29 Confucianism.35 2 What do you know about religions?
Copyright 2014 History Gal. Israelites Location: It includes what modern day countries? Why do we know so much about the Israelites? What made the Israelites different from other ancient civilizations?
Belief Systems What you will learn in this unit... What are the characteristics of major religions? How are they similar and different? How have major religions affected culture? How have belief systems
Ancient India Geography Of India India is called a subcontinent. Subcontinent: a large landmass that is smaller than a continent India is separated from the north by the Himalayan and Hindu Kush Mountains.
Religion How Do We Define It? What is Religion? In your skeletal notes, jot down a definition for the word religion. The Academic Definition Religion-a system of faith and worship Monotheistic Religions
Ancient Israel Historical Overview Ancient Israel is the birthplace of the 3 great monotheistic religions of the world: Judaism, Christianity and Islam Ancient Israel dates back approximately 4000 years
The Principles of Judaism The Israelites were a group of Semiticspeaking people. Their religion of Judaism would influence the later religions of Christianity and Islam. The Jews of ancient history were
SOL 4 - World History I Ancient Persian, India & China Zoroastrianism was the main Persian religion, although other religions were tolerated. Persian Empire Built on earlier Central Asian and Mesopotamian
HHS-World Studies World Religion Review: Belief Systems Name Date Period Essential Questions -What are the characteristics of major religions? -How are they similar and different? -How have major religions
History of Ancient Israel I. Beginnings A. Abraham lays the foundation for a new religion (which will become JUDAISM ) 1. lived in the Mesopotamian city of UR with his wife SARAH 2. the Mesopotamians believed
Ancient Israel Words to Know 1) Famine a time of extreme hunger where crops are not growing usually due to weather conditions or warfare 2) Covenant an agreement between two parties 3) Tribe group of related
India s Religions Why we re covering this As the world became more united under the imperialist movement, interactions between cultures caused an increasing number of internal and social clashes The primary
Preview Main Idea / Reading Focus The Life of the Buddha The Teachings of Buddhism The Spread of Buddhism Map: Spread of Buddhism Buddhism Main Idea Buddhism Buddhism, which teaches people that they can
UNIT TWO In this unit we will analyze Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Indian, and Chinese culture. UNIT TWO In this unit we will analyze Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Indian, and Chinese culture.
Who was the Pharaoh who ruled for 66 years? Who was the female Pharaoh whose reign was one of Egypt s most peaceful? What was early religion meant to explain? What was the Egyptians view of the afterlife?
Ancient Hebrews Unit Test Name: Date: Completion: Choose the correct name to complete each sentence: covenant Decalogue theocracy Moses Joshua David Solomon Samuel judges Israel Judah murex Phoenicians
Lesson 1 Summary Lesson 1: Geography of South Asia Use with pages 122 127. Vocabulary subcontinent a large region separated by water from other land areas monsoon season the rainy season subsistence farming
Hinduism Practiced by the various cultures of the Indian subcontinent since 1500 BCE. Began in India with the Aryan invaders. Believe in one supreme force called Brahma, the creator, who is in all things.
THE FIRST CIVILIZATIONS Chapter 1, Section 1 Glencoe World History Modern Times Ancient Mesopotamia Main Idea: In ancient Mesopotamia, city-states elaborated the concept of the law code and divine kingship
Cultures of Persia, India, and china WH I 4a-e Vocabulary Power Imperial Bureaucracy- How Persia governed its empire- Divided empire into provinces each with its own administrator Zoroastrianism- monotheistic
Name: Date: Period: WHI04: India, China, and Persia WHI4 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the civilizations of Persia, India, and China in terms of chronology, geography, social structures, government,
Chapter 2 Early Societies in Southwest Asia and the Indo-European Migrations 1 Civilization Defined Urban Political/military system Social stratification Economic specialization Religion Communications
I. India A. Geography - Located in southern Asia, India is a triangular shaped subcontinent. 1. Subcontinent - A large distinguishable part of a continent 2. Due to the geographic diversity of India, over
Early Civilizations UNIT 1 Unit 1 - Outline Birth of Civilizations Mesopotamian Civilizations Ancient Egypt Civilizations of Early India Early Chinese Civilization Mediterranean World Birth of Civilizations
Aspects of Culture What is Culture? Culture: a people s way of life (how they meet their basic needs for food and shelter) language, literature, music, and art beliefs about the world and religion technology
SARGON, the ruler of neighboring Akkad, invaded and conquered the citystates of Sumer around 2300 B.C.E. He built the first EMPIRE, known to history. An empire is several states and/or territories controlled
CHAPTER 2 Daily Quiz 2.1 (pp. 20 25) The First Civilizations FILL IN THE BLANK For each of the following statements, fill in the blank with the correct word, phrase, or name. (An example has been completed
Name: Hour Unit 2 Reading Guide: Ancient Egypt & Judaism Chapter 2: Early River Valley Civilizations Section 1: Pyramids on the Nile (p. 35) The Geography of Egypt 1. Describe the 3 unique aspects of the
FOCUS SHEET - Name Chapter II: The Spread of Civilization p. 23 As you read, be thinking about how geography affected the development of civilization. ALSO think about how civilizations affected each other.
Focus Question: How have scholars learned about India s first two civilizations, the Indus and the Aryan? As you read this section in your textbook, complete the following chart to sequence important events
World Religions Judaism Overview Along with Christianity and Islam, Judaism is one of the three major monotheistic religions of the world. It shares with them the belief in one God who is the creator and
Part I Multiple Choice Hebrews Quiz 2010 1. Unlike the other cultures the ancient world, the Israelites believed in a. a chief god they called Baal. c. multiple gods. b. one God they called Yahweh d. an
LOG ONTO EMAIL TEXTBOOK CLASS WEB PAGE Opener - According to the text what 3 things should you know by the end of Chapter 1? (Hint see the Chapter Opener page) Origins, development, and achievements of
Animism An ancient religion that centralizes it s beliefs around the belief that human-like spirits are present in animals, plants, and all other natural objects. The spirits are believed to be the souls
India has several unique geographical regions that helped to shape Indian culture and society. Aryan Warriors who spoke an Indo-European language invaded India, conquered the Dravidian people that lived
2 Hinduism and Buddhism Develop MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES RELIGIOUS AND ETHICAL SYSTEMS The beliefs of the Vedic Age developed into Hinduism and Buddhism. Almost one-fifth of the world
APHG CHAPTER 7: RELIGION KQ #1: WHAT IS RELIGION, AND WHAT ROLE DOES IT PLAY IN CULTURE? (5 slides) KQ #1: WHAT IS RELIGION, AND WHAT ROLE DOES IT PLAY IN CULTURE? Religion & language are the foundations
Ancient India Section Notes Geography and Early India Origins of Hinduism Origins of Buddhism Indian Empires Indian Achievements History Close-up Life in Mohenjo Daro Quick Facts The Varnas Major Beliefs
Hinduism vs Buddhism Jennifer Vang 12/9/14 Hour 6 What is literal meaning for Buddhism? Buddhists means those who follow the teachings of the Buddha. What is the literal meaning for Hinduism? The followers
Ancient India & Its First Empires SSWH1b, 2a, 2c (Hinduism/ Buddhism) SSWH1 Analyze the origins, structures, and interactions of societies in the ancient world from 3500 BCE/BC to 500 BCE/BC. b. Describe
Ancient India and China The Subcontinent Huge peninsula Pushes out into the Indian Ocean India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka Himalaya Hindu Kush Eastern and Western Ghats Mountains Rivers
Monday, November 16 6.25 I can explain how the major beliefs of Brahmanism evolved into Hinduism. Religions of Ancient India Chapter 6.2 Origins of Hinduism One of the world s oldest 3 rd largest religion
Grade 6 World History: Ancient Civilizations Chapter 7: Ancient India Lesson 1: Geography and Indian Life Objectives 1. Describe the physical features, including the river systems, that characterized ancient
Chapter 2: First Civilizations- Africa and Asia Section 1: Section 2: Section 3: Section 4: Section 5: Ancient Kingdoms of the Nile Egyptian Civilization City-States of Ancient Sumer Invaders, Traders,
Religions of South Asia Hinduism Sikhism Buddhism Jainism Hinduism Historical Origins: Hinduism is one of the world s oldest religions and originated in India in about 1500 BC. Scholars believe that it
~~~ OVERVIEW OF BELIEF SYSTEMS ~~~ AP WORLD HISTORY Original Power point from Windward H.S. with additions by L. Keeney September 2007 Polytheism POLYTHEISM POLYTHEISM Belief in, or worship of, multiple
Section 1: Mesopotamia Chapter 2 Outline - Mesopotamia: land between the - by : Sumerian culture established I. Sumerian Civilization - temple was the center of,,, and - ruler, usually a A. Cuneiform 1.
Lesson 1 Beginnings ESSENTIAL QUESTION How do religions develop? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. What did the ancient Israelites believe? 2. How did the Israelites settle Canaan? Where in the world? Terms to Know
1. Which culture is credited with the development of gunpowder, the abacus, and the compass? A) Chinese B) Persian C) Indian D) Japanese 2. Which geographic factor directly influenced the early interactions
Sikhism Buddhism * Eight Fold Path Daoism * Yin-Yang * Cosmogony WORLD RELIGIONS Confucianism Shintoism Hinduism RELIGION set of beliefs for a group of people Soul or spirit; a deity or higher being; life
ANCIENT INDIA India is located in southern Asia. On a map, India looks like a huge triangle of land pushing into the Indian Ocean. Natural barriers separate India from the rest of Asia. The Bay of Bengal
Classical Civilizations World History Honors Unit 2 Unit 2 India China Ancient Greece Ancient Rome Hinduism One of the oldest religions on earth today Probably created by combining traditions from Vedic
Religions of South Asia 2500 250 BC Hinduism gave birth to Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism Christianity Jesus Christ, son of God the Bible Islam Muhammadlast prophet to talk to Allah t he Quran Do you think
Reading Notes (homework) Review Unit Part 1 (1-9) Review Unit Packet (page 1-37) Questions of the Day, Terms, Objective Questions (in class) Question of the Day 1- How does food get into your home track
1. Introduction Chapter 3 World Religions By 500 B.C.E., the roots of the world s great religious traditions were emerging in the Middle East, India, and China. Judaism was well established in the Middle
CHAPTER 7: JUDAISM AND HEBREWS PART 1: THE EARLY HEBREWS OBJECTIVES EXPLAIN WHO ABRAHAM AND MOSES WERE AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE ANALYZE FEATURES IN THE TEXT TO FURTHER YOUR UNDERSTANDING OF MAPS, SETTLEMENT,
Name Unit II: The River Valley Civilizations (3500 B.C.E. 450 B.C.E.) Big Idea: During the New Stone Age, permanent settlements appeared in the river valleys and around the Fertile Crescent. River Valleys
The emergence of South Asian Civilization. September 26, 2013 Review What was the relationship of Han China to Vietnam, and to Korea? Who were the Xiongnu? (What is a barbarian?) What was the Silk Road?
Unit 4: Ancient River Valley Civilizations - India Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.4 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the civilization of Persia, India, and China in terms of chronology, geography,
Name Date Block What is Christianity? 1. Christianity is the world's largest religion. 2. Their higher power is 3. is the person central to their beliefs along with God. 4. Christians main symbol is the