Hindu Kush. Himalayas. monsoon. Harappan Civilization. planned city. Lesson Main Ideas. Physical Geography of India. Mountains and Waterways.

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1 Grade 6 World History: Ancient Civilizations Chapter 7: Ancient India Lesson 1: Geography and Indian Life Objectives 1. Describe the physical features, including the river systems, that characterized ancient India. 2. Describe the development of early Indian cities. 3. Analyze Harappan civilization. Vocabulary subcontinent Hindu Kush Himalayas monsoon Harappan Civilization planned city Physical Geography of India Lesson Main Ideas Mountains and Waterways Climate

2 Cities in the Indus Valley Early Inhabitants Great Cities Dealing with Problems Harappan Culture

3 Harappan Religion A Widespread and Prosperous Culture Challenges to Harappan Life Lesson Summary

4 Lesson Review 1. What are the advantages and disadvantages of having monsoons? 2. What evidence showed archaeologists that an ancient civilization had existed in the Indus Valley? 3. What economic activities allowed Harappan civilization to begin along the Indus and Saraswati rivers? 4. What evidence suggested that Harappan civilization was prosperous? 5. What are two positive and two negative4 effects of India's great rivers? 6. How are conditions in India similar to those in Sumer? 7. What development marked the start of civilization along the Indus River? 8. Which crop did the people of the Indus Valley grow before anyone else in Asia? 9. What were some distinctive features of Indus Valley cities? 10. How does the complexity of the Indus Valley cities suggest strong leadership? 11. What prevents people today from reading the written records of Harappan civilization? 12. What evidence exists of religious practice in Harappan civilization? 13. What do scientists believe may have led to the decline of the Harappan civilization? 14. What examples support the idea that Harappan civilization was spread over a wide area?

5 Grade 6 World History: Ancient Civilizations Chapter 7: Ancient India Lesson 2: The Origins of Hinduism Objectives Describe the significance of the Aryan migrations into India. Analyze the social structure of the caste system. Summarize the features of Brahmanism and Hinduism. Vocabulary Aryan caste Brahmanism Hinduism reincarnation karma Aryans Move into India Lesson Main Ideas The Indo-European Migration The Aryan Invasions Changes to Indian Life

6 The Caste System Aryan Beliefs and Brahmanism Hinduism: The Religion of India Many Gods Many Lives

7 Many Paths to God Lesson Summary

8 Lesson Review How did Hinduism grow out of the beliefs of Brahmanism? How did the Aryan culture differ from Harappan culture? What was the social structure of the Aryan caste system? How does karma relate to reincarnation? What changed the long-held theory that Aryan invaders drove out the Harappan people? What values of a warrior culture does the passage from the Bhagavad Gita express? How has the thinking about the Aryan invasion changed? What happened when the Aryans encountered the Dravidians? What were the key features of the caste system? Who were the Brahmans? what are some of the key features of Hinduism? How did Brahmanism change over time? What did Hinduism gain from Brahmanism?

9 Grade 6 World History: Ancient Civilizations Chapter 7: Ancient India Lesson 3: Buddhism and India's Golden Age Objectives Describe the life and teachings of the Buddha and the spread of Buddhism. Describe the growth of the Maurya empire and the achievements of Asoka. analyze the golden age of the guptas, including developments in art and science. Vocabulary ahimsa Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama nirvana dharma Asoka The Rise of Buddhism Lesson Main Ideas The Buddha's Life and Teachings Buddhism Changes The Maurya Empire

10 A United India Asoka, the Buddhist King Changes to Hinduism The Golden Age of the Guptas The Gupta Empire Art and Literature

11 Mathematics, Science, and Metallurgy Trade Spreads Indian Culture Lesson Summary

12 Lesson Review How were the Maurya and Gupta empires of India alike? The Buddha's Eightfold Path stressed right behavior in eight areas. What were they? How did Buddhism influence Asoka as a ruler? What were the important achievements in Indian literature? Was Hinduism or Buddhism more similar to ancient Egyptian religion? Why? If historians found an engraved rock pillar from Asoka's time, would that be a primary source or a secondary source? Explain. What were the beliefs and practices common to Buddhism and Hinduism? What change did Chandragupta Maurya bring to India? What were the most notable features of Asoka's rule? How did the rise of Buddhism in India affect Hinduism? What lead to the collapse of the Maurya Empire? What developments marked India's golden age under Chandra Gupta II? What developments from the golden age of the Guptas influence our lives today? What are some question a historian might ask about Gupta Indian that help reveal why it was such a fertile time for Indian art and science?

13 Grade 6 World History: Ancient Civilizations Chapter 7: Ancient India Lesson 4: The Legacy of India Objectives Summarize the religious legacy, including Hinduism and Buddhism, left to the world by ancient India. Describe the artistic legacy of the ancient Indians. Describe the contributions of the ancient Indians to the field of mathematics. Vocabulary Mohandas Gandhi Hindu-Arabic numerals India's Religious Legacy Lesson Main Ideas Hinduism and Buddhism Today Hindu and Buddhist Influence India's Artistic Legacy The Legacy of Indian Mathematics

14 Lesson Summary Lesson Review Which of India's legacies has made the biggest impact on your life? Explain. What ancient Hindu and Buddhist practice inspired both Mohandas Gandhi and martin Luther King, Jr.? Which ancient Indian arts influenced Southeast Asian culture? What number system did Indian mathematicians invent? What are three main ways Indian religon, art, music, literature, and dance reached the rest of the world? How did Indian numerals come to be called Arabic numerals? What does the popularity of yoga today suggest about the impact of Indian culture?

15 What are two pieces of Indian literature that continue to influence the world today? What is one example given of how Indian influences can be seen in buildings elsewhere in the world? Why do you think Indian artistic contributions had influence beyond India and continue to influence the world today? What Indian invention do you use in math class every day? How would you summarize the Indian contribution to modern-day mathematics?

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