APWH Chapters 4 & 9.notebook September 11, 2015

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "APWH Chapters 4 & 9.notebook September 11, 2015"

Transcription

1 Chapters 4 & 9 South Asia The first agricultural civilization in India was located in the Indus River valley. Its two main cities were Mohenjo Daro and Harappa. Its writing, however, has never been deciphered, so little is known about this civilization. There is no evidence of centralized political authority. Harappan society engaged in long distance trade with Mesopotamia societies, mostly in luxury goods. There is evidence of a social hierarchy. Harappan religion included belief in man gods and an emphasis on fertility. The original inhabitants of India were probably Dravidian. 1

2 2

3 Aryan migrants came into India in waves after 1500 BC, and settled in the North around the Ganges River. They spoke an Indo European language, and they came originally from Eastern Europe. Indian culture is a result of the blending over centuries of the cultures of the native Dravidians and the Aryan migrants. The Aryans had lighter skin than the native Dravidians. The migrants created a social hierarchy, probably originally based on skin color, despite extensive intermarriage over the centuries. This hierarchy, which would b justified by their religion, was known as the caste system (varna). Each group within the caste is known as a jati, and each jati had its own occupation. Your membership was set at birth, and it determined your occupation and spouse. 3

4 4

5 The caste system is a very rigid and inflexible hierarchy. From top to bottom: priests (brahmins), warriors and rulers, merchants, farmers, servants, and "untouchables." Untouchables do the dirtiest work. Belief in reincarnation justified the hierarchy. During your life you build up karma, good or bad. Karma is the moral balance of the universe, and all living creatures' souls are interconnected. Life was seen as cyclical: birth, death, and rebirth. Marriage was typically arranged by parents when the husband and wife were still children, since one cannot marry outside the caste, and society was very patriarchal. Child brides were often sent to live with their husbands' families. They cremated their dead. It was expected that uppercaste widows throw themselves on their husbands' funeral pyres. Sati: widow burning. 5

6 The earliest written source for the religion developed by Aryans in India is the Vedas, which are the oldest sacred scripture in the world. They contain stories of the gods and of ancient battles and heroes, and are written in Sanskrit (the ancestor of most modern Indian languages). This period (before 600 BC) in Indian history is known as the Vedic Age. During the Vedic Age India was never politically unified. Chiefdoms evolved int small kingdoms across India. The caste system served as the main source of social order. The main gods were considered to be manifestations of the same universal, divine force. Gods were worshipped in temples, where their idols were housed. The faithful were supposed to make offerings and sacrifices to the gods. Priests were responsible for conducting elaborate rituals. The faithful were encouraged to deepen their spiritual life through meditation, exercise (yoga), fasting, and discipline. The ultimate goal of these techniques is t be freed from worldly distractions and be liberated from reincarnation through an understanding of deeper spiritual truths and join the universal soul (Brahman) for eternity. 6

7 For most of India's history, India was divided politically. India is also very diverse geographically and culturally. Multiple languages are spoken there, it has many different climates, and its social barriers (the caste system) were very strong. Despite its usual political divisions, Indian civilization retained a coherent character. Indian math was advanced. Indians invented our numerals. India was only unified twice in its early history. Maurya Empire (324 BC 184 BC): Established by Chandragupta Maurya, who was probably inspired by Alexander the Great. The empire's greatest leader was his grandson Ashoka (r.269 BC 232 BC), who took the empire to its greatest size. He converted to Buddhism and he became a pacifist. The empire fell as local rulers reestablished control over their territories. Gupta Empire ( ): Established by Chandra Gupta. It was smaller and less centralized than the Maurya Empire. It was officially Hindu. It was brought down by an invasion of Huns. Indian merchants, who enjoyed a relatively high status, were very active in trade beyond India, along the Silk Road and across the Indian Ocean. India is a major source of gems, spices, and textiles. Indian sailors relied on the predictable monsoon winds to sail around the Indian Ocean. 7

8 8

9 APWH Chapters 4 & 9.notebook 9

10 APWH Chapters 4 & 9.notebook 10

11 Hinduism Hinduism developed from the Vedic religion of India's Aryan invaders. It is polytheistic. There are millions of gods which are versions (avatars) of a few main gods. The main gods are considered to be manifestations of the same universal, divine force. The main gods, like Vishnu or Shiva, stand for creation, preservation, and destruction. Gods are worshipped in temples, where their idols are housed. Hindus visit idols and leave gifts for them. Pilgrimages to particular temples and to the Ganges River, which is sacred,are very important in Hindu practice. Hinduism became the official religion of India during the Gupta Empire and is still the religion of the vast majority of Indians. Indian merchants spread Hinduism through trading networks across Southeast Asia. It is still followed in Bali. 11

12 Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama (563 BC 483 BC) was an Indian prince who wandered and meditated, looking to discover the meaning of life. Once he achieved enlightenment, he discovered: The Four Noble Truths 1) Life is suffering 2) Suffering arises from desire 3) The solution to suffering is to curb your desires 4) Curb your desires by following the Eightfold Path (meditation, and leading a moderate, simple, peaceful life) Siddhartha was known to his followers as the Buddha, "the Enlightened One." After his death, his followers spread his teaching and wrote his life's story. Buddhists believe in the soul and in reincarnation, but they reject the Hindu caste system. Buddhists are equal, even by gender. If the Buddhist achieves enlightenment, the soul will not be reincarnated, but rather achieve nirvana: a state of perfect peace in union with the universe. Monasticism: Some Buddhists abandon worldly life and live in isolated communities, monasteries, where they devote themselves to meditation in order to achieve enlightenment. Both men and women can do this. Monks and nuns live and dress simply, own nothing, and remain celibate. Buddhist pilgrims visit sites associated with the Buddha, and stupas, shrines which contain relics of the Buddha. 12

13 Buddhism spread along trade routes beyond India. Monks traveling along the Silk Road helped spread Buddhism into Central Asia, China, Tibet, Mongolia, Japan, and Korea. Buddhism spread through the Indian Ocean trading network to Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia (Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar) and the East Indies. Ironically, there are almost no Buddhists in India. Buddhism was flexible when it came to the concept of God. People who became Buddhists could continue worshipping their local gods in addition to following Buddhism. Many also worship the Buddha himself. Buddhists can be monotheistic or polytheistic, or not worship any god at all. 13

14 14

15 15

1. Subcontinent - A large distinguishable part of a continent

1. Subcontinent - A large distinguishable part of a continent I. India A. Geography - Located in southern Asia, India is a triangular shaped subcontinent. 1. Subcontinent - A large distinguishable part of a continent 2. Due to the geographic diversity of India, over

More information

Ancient India and China

Ancient India and China Ancient India and China The Subcontinent Huge peninsula Pushes out into the Indian Ocean India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka Himalaya Hindu Kush Eastern and Western Ghats Mountains Rivers

More information

APWH. Physical Geo. & Climate: India 9/11/2014. Chapter 3 Notes

APWH. Physical Geo. & Climate: India 9/11/2014. Chapter 3 Notes APWH Chapter 3 Notes Physical Geo. & Climate: India Deccan Plateau & Hindu Kush Major bodies of water: Indus and Ganges, Indian Ocean, etc. Mountain Ranges: Himalayas, Ghats, etc. Desert: Thar Monsoons:

More information

India is separated from the north by the Himalayan and Hindu Kush Mountains.

India is separated from the north by the Himalayan and Hindu Kush Mountains. Ancient India Geography Of India India is called a subcontinent. Subcontinent: a large landmass that is smaller than a continent India is separated from the north by the Himalayan and Hindu Kush Mountains.

More information

India Notes. The study of Ancient India includes 3 time periods:

India Notes. The study of Ancient India includes 3 time periods: India Notes The Indian Civilization The study of Ancient India includes 3 time periods: Indian Geography The 1 st Indian Civilization began along the River now located in the country of. Many people know

More information

Ancient India. Section Notes Geography and Early India Origins of Hinduism Origins of Buddhism Indian Empires Indian Achievements

Ancient India. Section Notes Geography and Early India Origins of Hinduism Origins of Buddhism Indian Empires Indian Achievements Ancient India Section Notes Geography and Early India Origins of Hinduism Origins of Buddhism Indian Empires Indian Achievements History Close-up Life in Mohenjo Daro Quick Facts The Varnas Major Beliefs

More information

WORLD RELIGIONS. Buddhism. Hinduism. Daoism * Yin-Yang * Cosmogony. Sikhism. * Eight Fold Path. Confucianism Shintoism

WORLD RELIGIONS. Buddhism. Hinduism. Daoism * Yin-Yang * Cosmogony. Sikhism. * Eight Fold Path. Confucianism Shintoism Sikhism Buddhism * Eight Fold Path Daoism * Yin-Yang * Cosmogony WORLD RELIGIONS Confucianism Shintoism Hinduism RELIGION set of beliefs for a group of people Soul or spirit; a deity or higher being; life

More information

Himalaya Tallest mountains in the world. Hindu Kush To the NW, above the Indus river.

Himalaya Tallest mountains in the world. Hindu Kush To the NW, above the Indus river. Ancient India Himalaya Tallest mountains in the world. Hindu Kush To the NW, above the Indus river. Khyber Pass Mountain pass in the Hindu Kush. This was the passage for invaders who entered India. 29,

More information

Decline of the Indus River Valley civilizations - -

Decline of the Indus River Valley civilizations - - Quick-Write: 8/30 Decline of the Indus River Valley civilizations - - Aryans - Aryans Aryans and Vedas Aryans and Vedas Aryans and Vedas Aryans and Social Order Aryans and Social Order - Caste System

More information

Unit 4: Ancient River Valley Civilizations - India

Unit 4: Ancient River Valley Civilizations - India Unit 4: Ancient River Valley Civilizations - India Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.4 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the civilization of Persia, India, and China in terms of chronology, geography,

More information

Lesson 1: Geography of South Asia

Lesson 1: Geography of South Asia Lesson 1 Summary Lesson 1: Geography of South Asia Use with pages 122 127. Vocabulary subcontinent a large region separated by water from other land areas monsoon season the rainy season subsistence farming

More information

Hindu Kush. Himalayas. monsoon. Harappan Civilization. planned city. Lesson Main Ideas. Physical Geography of India. Mountains and Waterways.

Hindu Kush. Himalayas. monsoon. Harappan Civilization. planned city. Lesson Main Ideas. Physical Geography of India. Mountains and Waterways. Grade 6 World History: Ancient Civilizations Chapter 7: Ancient India Lesson 1: Geography and Indian Life Objectives 1. Describe the physical features, including the river systems, that characterized ancient

More information

ANCIENT INDIA. The land and the Climate

ANCIENT INDIA. The land and the Climate ANCIENT INDIA India is located in southern Asia. On a map, India looks like a huge triangle of land pushing into the Indian Ocean. Natural barriers separate India from the rest of Asia. The Bay of Bengal

More information

SOL 4 - World History I. Ancient Persian, India & China

SOL 4 - World History I. Ancient Persian, India & China SOL 4 - World History I Ancient Persian, India & China Zoroastrianism was the main Persian religion, although other religions were tolerated. Persian Empire Built on earlier Central Asian and Mesopotamian

More information

Vocabulary (Pgs )

Vocabulary (Pgs ) Vocabulary (Pgs 194-216) Himalayas Monsoons Sanskrit Raja Caste Guru Hinduism Brahman Reincarnation Dharma Karma Buddhism Nirvana Theocracy Dynasty Stupa Pilgrim First Civilizations The first Indian civilizations

More information

Cultures of Persia, India, and china. WH I 4a-e

Cultures of Persia, India, and china. WH I 4a-e Cultures of Persia, India, and china WH I 4a-e Vocabulary Power Imperial Bureaucracy- How Persia governed its empire- Divided empire into provinces each with its own administrator Zoroastrianism- monotheistic

More information

Chapter 6: India and Southeast Asia 1500 B.C.E.-600 C.E. AP World History

Chapter 6: India and Southeast Asia 1500 B.C.E.-600 C.E. AP World History Chapter 6: India and Southeast Asia 1500 B.C.E.-600 C.E. AP World History I. Foundations of Indian Civilization, 1500 B.C.E.-300 C.E. A. The Indian Subcontinent 1. India has three topographical zones:

More information

Hinduism. Hinduism is a religion as well as a social system (the caste system).

Hinduism. Hinduism is a religion as well as a social system (the caste system). Hinduism Practiced by the various cultures of the Indian subcontinent since 1500 BCE. Began in India with the Aryan invaders. Believe in one supreme force called Brahma, the creator, who is in all things.

More information

Mauryan, Kūshan, &Gupta Empire India

Mauryan, Kūshan, &Gupta Empire India Mauryan, Kūshan, &Gupta Empire India Background Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan) 2 Major Cities: Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro 2 Major Rivers: Indus & Ganges River Seasonal monsoons brought water to crops

More information

Ancient India Summary Guide

Ancient India Summary Guide Name Period Date Ancient India Summary Guide Be able to spell and define the following key concept terms: Subcontinent: a large landmass, usually partially separated by land forms, that is smaller than

More information

The emergence of South Asian Civilization. September 26, 2013

The emergence of South Asian Civilization. September 26, 2013 The emergence of South Asian Civilization. September 26, 2013 Review What was the relationship of Han China to Vietnam, and to Korea? Who were the Xiongnu? (What is a barbarian?) What was the Silk Road?

More information

Buddhism. Ancient India and China Section 3. Preview

Buddhism. Ancient India and China Section 3. Preview Preview Main Idea / Reading Focus The Life of the Buddha The Teachings of Buddhism The Spread of Buddhism Map: Spread of Buddhism Buddhism Main Idea Buddhism Buddhism, which teaches people that they can

More information

Geography of India. Deccan Plateau

Geography of India. Deccan Plateau Geography of India Deccan Plateau India is considered a subcontinent because of its size. It is actually a part of Asia. In the north are high mountains, the Himalayas and Hindu Kush. In the center is

More information

India has several unique geographical regions that helped to shape Indian culture and society.

India has several unique geographical regions that helped to shape Indian culture and society. India has several unique geographical regions that helped to shape Indian culture and society. Aryan Warriors who spoke an Indo-European language invaded India, conquered the Dravidian people that lived

More information

AP World History Chapter 3. Classical Civilization India

AP World History Chapter 3. Classical Civilization India AP World History Chapter 3 Classical Civilization India Aryan Civilization Indo European people who migrated across Europe and Asia. No Archeological record of early Aryans. Priests called Vedas kept

More information

India Notes. How do the different monsoons affect the climate of India?

India Notes. How do the different monsoons affect the climate of India? India Notes The Indian Civilization The study of Ancient India includes 3 time periods: 1. Harappan Civilizations 2. Aryan INvasions & Rule 3. Indian Empires (Mauryan & Gupta) Indian Geography The 1 st

More information

Classical India. A Z.S. Crossen Production

Classical India. A Z.S. Crossen Production Classical India A Z.S. Crossen Production Chapter 3 Summary The Framework for Indian History: Geography and the Formative Period Patterns in Classical India Political Institutions Religion and Culture

More information

Monday, November I can explain how the major beliefs of Brahmanism evolved into Hinduism.

Monday, November I can explain how the major beliefs of Brahmanism evolved into Hinduism. Monday, November 16 6.25 I can explain how the major beliefs of Brahmanism evolved into Hinduism. Religions of Ancient India Chapter 6.2 Origins of Hinduism One of the world s oldest 3 rd largest religion

More information

CLASSICAL INDIA FROM THE MAURYANS TO THE GUPTAS

CLASSICAL INDIA FROM THE MAURYANS TO THE GUPTAS CLASSICAL INDIA FROM THE MAURYANS TO THE GUPTAS RISE OF MAURYAN EMPIRE Ganges Republics Prior to Alexander, kshatriyan republics dominated, vied for power Maghda was one of the most dominant Western Intrusions

More information

Click to read caption

Click to read caption 3. Hinduism and Buddhism Ancient India gave birth to two major world religions, Hinduism and Buddhism. Both had common roots in the Vedas, a collection of religious hymns, poems, and prayers composed in

More information

Indian Identity. Sanskrit promoted as language of educated (minimal)

Indian Identity. Sanskrit promoted as language of educated (minimal) Chapter 3 India Indian Identity More culturally diverse due to geography makes political unity difficult The developing religion doesn t foster unity but individuality Encouraged patriarchal control, tight-knit

More information

Ancient India & Its First Empires. SSWH1b, 2a, 2c (Hinduism/ Buddhism)

Ancient India & Its First Empires. SSWH1b, 2a, 2c (Hinduism/ Buddhism) Ancient India & Its First Empires SSWH1b, 2a, 2c (Hinduism/ Buddhism) SSWH1 Analyze the origins, structures, and interactions of societies in the ancient world from 3500 BCE/BC to 500 BCE/BC. b. Describe

More information

World Religions. Section 3 - Hinduism and Buddhism. Welcome, Rob Reiter. My Account Feedback and Support Sign Out. Choose Another Program

World Religions. Section 3 - Hinduism and Buddhism. Welcome, Rob Reiter. My Account Feedback and Support Sign Out. Choose Another Program Welcome, Rob Reiter My Account Feedback and Support Sign Out Choose Another Program Home Select a Lesson Program Resources My Classes 3 - World Religions This is what your students see when they are signed

More information

Classical Civilizations. World History Honors Unit 2

Classical Civilizations. World History Honors Unit 2 Classical Civilizations World History Honors Unit 2 Unit 2 India China Ancient Greece Ancient Rome Hinduism One of the oldest religions on earth today Probably created by combining traditions from Vedic

More information

netw rks Where in the world? When did it happen? Ancient India Lesson 1 Early Civilizations ESSENTIAL QUESTION Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS

netw rks Where in the world? When did it happen? Ancient India Lesson 1 Early Civilizations ESSENTIAL QUESTION Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS Lesson 1 Early Civilizations ESSENTIAL QUESTION How does geography influence the way people live? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did physical geography and climate influence the development of civilization in

More information

Which is true about the Ganges River?

Which is true about the Ganges River? ROUND 1 Which is true about the Ganges River? 1. The river is ignored by Indian religious rituals. 2. People do not drink the water because it is so polluted. 3. Many people use the river for transportation

More information

Where in the world? When did it happen? Ancient India Lesson 1 Early Civilizations ESSENTIAL QUESTION. Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS

Where in the world? When did it happen? Ancient India Lesson 1 Early Civilizations ESSENTIAL QUESTION. Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS Lesson 1 Early Civilizations ESSENTIAL QUESTION How does geography influence the way people live? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did physical geography and climate influence the development of civilization in

More information

Name: Date: Period: #: Chapter 9: Outline Notes Ancient India

Name: Date: Period: #: Chapter 9: Outline Notes Ancient India Name: Date: Period: #: Lesson 9.1 Early Civilizations Chapter 9: Outline Notes Ancient India The Geography of India: India and several other countries make up the of India. o A subcontinent is a large

More information

Ancient India. Copyright 2014 History Gal. All rights reserved.

Ancient India. Copyright 2014 History Gal. All rights reserved. Ancient India Copyright 2014 History Gal. All rights reserved. Copyright 2014 History Gal. All rights reserved. Subcontinent Includes the modern-day countries of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh Location

More information

NAME DATE CLASS. Directions: In the space next to each vocabulary term, write the letter of the word or phrase most closely connected with it.

NAME DATE CLASS. Directions: In the space next to each vocabulary term, write the letter of the word or phrase most closely connected with it. Vocabulary Builder Activity A. Content Vocabulary Directions: In the space next to each vocabulary term, write the letter of the word or phrase most closely connected with it. 1. subcontinent 2. monsoon

More information

1. subcontinent: South Asia is called a subcontinent because it is a large region supported by water from other land areas. (p.

1. subcontinent: South Asia is called a subcontinent because it is a large region supported by water from other land areas. (p. Name Period Chapter 5 Vocabulary: Ancient India and Persia DIRECTIONS: Use your glossary to write the definition on the line next to each vocabulary term. Then draw a picture or symbol in the box that

More information

Indian Empires: Mauryan and Gupta

Indian Empires: Mauryan and Gupta Indian Empires: Mauryan and Gupta After a civilization falls, what impact does it have on history? How do belief systems unite or divide people? Geography Deccan Plateau, dry, sparsely populated Mountains

More information

Indian Empires: Mauryan and Gupta

Indian Empires: Mauryan and Gupta Indian Empires: Mauryan and Gupta After a civilization falls, what impact does it have on history? How do belief systems unite or divide people? Geography Deccan Plateau, dry, sparsely populated Mountains

More information

What were the major accomplishments of the civilizations of India and China during the Classical Era?

What were the major accomplishments of the civilizations of India and China during the Classical Era? WORD WALL #3: Aryans Emperor Asoka Confucius Hinduism Mauryan Empire Qin Dynasty Reincarnation Gupta Empire Shih Huang-ti Caste System Zhou Dynasty Great Wall of China Buddha Mandate of Heaven Han Dynasty

More information

General Info Location: south central Asia Peninsula in the Indian Ocean at equator Borded by China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh Climate Temperate - Abov

General Info Location: south central Asia Peninsula in the Indian Ocean at equator Borded by China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh Climate Temperate - Abov India General Info Location: south central Asia Peninsula in the Indian Ocean at equator Borded by China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh Climate Temperate - Above 70 degrees Monsoon Seasons 3 Major land regions

More information

Religion in Ancient India

Religion in Ancient India Religion in Ancient India Hinduism The Aryans Aryans Invaders from Central Asia Raja king / ruler of Aryan village Sanskrit स स क त व क writing system of the Aryans The Vedas Vedas most important Sanskrit

More information

Review Questions 1. What were the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro like?

Review Questions 1. What were the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro like? Focus Question: How have scholars learned about India s first two civilizations, the Indus and the Aryan? As you read this section in your textbook, complete the following chart to sequence important events

More information

Ancient India and China. Chapter 3

Ancient India and China. Chapter 3 Ancient India and China Chapter 3 Chapter 3: Ancient India and China Section 1: Early Civilizations of India and Pakistan Main Idea #1: The Indian subcontinent is broken down into 3 parts: Deccan Plateau,

More information

World History: Patterns of Interaction. People and Ideas on the Move, 2000 B.C. 250 B.C.

World History: Patterns of Interaction. People and Ideas on the Move, 2000 B.C. 250 B.C. People and Ideas on the Move, 2000 B.C. 250 B.C. Migrations by Indo-Europeans led to major changes in trade and language as well as to the foundations of three religions: Hinduism, Buddhism and Judaism.

More information

Hinduism and Buddhism

Hinduism and Buddhism Hinduism and Buddhism Hinduism Backstory Oldest continually practiced religion in the world Originated in Indus River Valley 4,500 years ago (modern-day India and Pakistan) Currently 3 rd largest religion

More information

APHG CHAPTER 7: RELIGION

APHG CHAPTER 7: RELIGION APHG CHAPTER 7: RELIGION KQ #1: WHAT IS RELIGION, AND WHAT ROLE DOES IT PLAY IN CULTURE? (5 slides) KQ #1: WHAT IS RELIGION, AND WHAT ROLE DOES IT PLAY IN CULTURE? Religion & language are the foundations

More information

10/14/2015. Indian subcontinent. Monsoon winds 1500 BCE 1025 CE

10/14/2015. Indian subcontinent. Monsoon winds 1500 BCE 1025 CE 1500 BCE 1025 CE Indian subcontinent Modern Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka North: mountains, meadows of Hindu Kush/Himalayan Mountains Indus and Ganges River basins Indian Ocean

More information

Section Quiz. Ancient India. Section 1

Section Quiz. Ancient India. Section 1 Section 1 MULTIPLE CHOICE Read each question. On the lines below write the letter of the best answer. 1. The Harappan civilization developed in the valley of which river? a. the Inga b. the Tigris c. the

More information

WORLD HISTORY. The Ancient Civilizations of India

WORLD HISTORY. The Ancient Civilizations of India WORLD HISTORY The Ancient Civilizations of India Indus River Valley The Ancient World https://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=j1iltq43rb g&feature=youtu.be Indus Valley Civilization Geography of the Indian Subcontinent

More information

1. STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES OF THE INDIAN SUBCONTINENT AND THE SURROUNDING REGION

1. STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES OF THE INDIAN SUBCONTINENT AND THE SURROUNDING REGION SOUTHWESTERN CHRISTIAN SCHOOL WORLD HISTORY STUDY GUIDE # 8 : ANCIENT INDIA 3,000 BC 200 BC LEARNING OBJECTIVES STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES OF THE INDIAN SUBCONTINENT

More information

UNIT TWO In this unit we will analyze Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Indian, and Chinese culture.

UNIT TWO In this unit we will analyze Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Indian, and Chinese culture. UNIT TWO In this unit we will analyze Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Indian, and Chinese culture. UNIT TWO In this unit we will analyze Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Indian, and Chinese culture.

More information

Starter A: 10/4 B: 10/5

Starter A: 10/4 B: 10/5 Starter A: 10/4 B: 10/5 Brainstorm, Sort and Label: With your neighbor: name everything you know about Ancient China and India. Procedures: 1. Write down the things associated with the topic 2. Group the

More information

What you will learn in this unit...

What you will learn in this unit... Belief Systems What you will learn in this unit... What are the characteristics of major religions? How are they similar and different? How have major religions affected culture? How have belief systems

More information

Spirituality in India

Spirituality in India Spirituality in India Hinduism One of the oldest major religions. Polytheism: belief in many gods. Hindus do not eat beef. Fourth largest world religion. (Christianity 1, Islam 2, Buddhism 3) Hindu Facts

More information

World History (Survey) Chapter 1: People and Ideas on the Move, 3500 B.C. 259 B.C.

World History (Survey) Chapter 1: People and Ideas on the Move, 3500 B.C. 259 B.C. World History (Survey) Chapter 1: People and Ideas on the Move, 3500 B.C. 259 B.C. Section 1: Indo-European Migrations While some peoples built civilizations in the great river valleys, others lived on

More information

AIM: How does Buddhism influence the lives of its followers? DO NOW: How did The Buddha achieve enlightenment?

AIM: How does Buddhism influence the lives of its followers? DO NOW: How did The Buddha achieve enlightenment? AIM: How does Buddhism influence the lives of its followers? DO NOW: How did The Buddha achieve enlightenment? Moral Action The Eight-Fold Path Wisdom Right Understanding: Seeing the world as it is, not

More information

Origins of Hinduism Buddhism, and Jainism

Origins of Hinduism Buddhism, and Jainism Origins of Hinduism Buddhism, and Jainism Nature of faith Religions build on the experiences of cultural groups. Hinduism is unique in that it doesn t trace its origins to the clarity of teachings of

More information

World History Topic 3 Reading Guide Ancient India and China

World History Topic 3 Reading Guide Ancient India and China 1 World History Topic 3 Reading Guide Ancient India and China Lesson 1: Early Civilization in South China Key Terms Using your text, or https://quizlet.com/_5flv2d, write each term in your own words subcontinent

More information

Culture: a people s way of life (how they meet their basic needs for food and shelter) language, literature, music, and art

Culture: a people s way of life (how they meet their basic needs for food and shelter) language, literature, music, and art Aspects of Culture What is Culture? Culture: a people s way of life (how they meet their basic needs for food and shelter) language, literature, music, and art beliefs about the world and religion technology

More information

Hinduism and Buddhism

Hinduism and Buddhism Hinduism and Buddhism WHAT ARE THE MAIN BELIEFS OF HINDUISM & BUDDHISM? MS. JEREMIE Starter: Creation Myth Reflection Using your notes from the presentations, answer the following prompt: What similarities

More information

REVIEW INDIA ANSWER KEY

REVIEW INDIA ANSWER KEY REVIEW INDIA ANSWER KEY VOCABULARY Definition Sepoy Indian soldier under British command Jewel of the crown Term referring to India as the most valuable of all British colonies Sepoy Mutiny Uprising of

More information

Use the chart below to take notes on where each group migrated and on the features of its culture. Indo-Europeans

Use the chart below to take notes on where each group migrated and on the features of its culture. Indo-Europeans Name CHAPTER 3 Section 1 (pages 61 65) The Indo-Europeans BEFORE YOU READ In the last chapter, you read about peoples who built civilizations in the great river valleys. In this section, you will learn

More information

Chapter 3 Reading Guide Classical Civilization: INDIA

Chapter 3 Reading Guide Classical Civilization: INDIA Name: Due Date: Chapter 3 Reading Guide Classical Civilization: INDIA UNIT SUMMARY The Framework for Indian History: Geography and a Formative Period. Important reasons for India s distinctive path lie

More information

Key Concept 2.1. Define DIASPORIC COMMUNITY.

Key Concept 2.1. Define DIASPORIC COMMUNITY. Key Concept 2.1 As states and empires increased in size and contacts between regions intensified, human communities transformed their religious and ideological beliefs and practices. I. Codifications and

More information

Chapter 6: Early India

Chapter 6: Early India Chapter 6: Early India Section 1: India s First Civilizations India looks like a diamond hanging from the bottom of Asia. India is a subcontinent landmass that s part of a continent but distinct from it.

More information

Chapter 4 & 5. Ancient India & Ancient China

Chapter 4 & 5. Ancient India & Ancient China Chapter 4 & 5 Ancient India & Ancient China Section 2 - The Beginnings of Hinduism Where did Hinduism come from? Mixed with many cultures Became very complex World s oldest living religion Developed over

More information

Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism, & the Philosophy of Confucianism

Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism, & the Philosophy of Confucianism Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism, & the Philosophy of Confucianism This is a group of people who share a common culture and have a similar language. These characteristics have been part of their community

More information

RELIGIONS AND PHILOSOPHIES ORGANIZER KEY POINTS REVIEW

RELIGIONS AND PHILOSOPHIES ORGANIZER KEY POINTS REVIEW RELIGIONS AND PHILOSOPHIES ORGANIZER KEY POINTS REVIEW HINDUISM Major religion practiced in India Oldest Religion in the world that we know of Started from the Aryan Vedic civilization around 1500 BCE

More information

Chapter 6. Daily Focus Skills Transparency 6 3

Chapter 6. Daily Focus Skills Transparency 6 3 Chapter 6 Daily Focus Skills Transparency 6 3 India s First Empires Chapter 6 Section 3 Objectives for this lesson Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present, and future.

More information

Chapter 3. People and Ideas on the Move 3500 B.C. 259 B.C.

Chapter 3. People and Ideas on the Move 3500 B.C. 259 B.C. Chapter 3 People and Ideas on the Move 3500 B.C. 259 B.C. Time Line 2000 B.C. Hittites migrate to Anatolia. 1100 B.C. Phoenicians begin to dominate Mediterranean trade. 259 B.C. 3500 B.C. 1500 B.C. Aryans

More information

The earliest inhabitants of India settled along the banks of the

The earliest inhabitants of India settled along the banks of the NAME HR The answers to be used in these questions are to be taken from the Textbook: WORLD HISTORY ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS from pages 218-244 1. India is a which is a large landmass that is like a continent,

More information

1. Which culture is credited with the development of gunpowder, the abacus, and the compass? A) Chinese B) Persian C) Indian D) Japanese 2.

1. Which culture is credited with the development of gunpowder, the abacus, and the compass? A) Chinese B) Persian C) Indian D) Japanese 2. 1. Which culture is credited with the development of gunpowder, the abacus, and the compass? A) Chinese B) Persian C) Indian D) Japanese 2. Which geographic factor directly influenced the early interactions

More information

INDIA MID-TERM REVIEW

INDIA MID-TERM REVIEW INDIA MID-TERM REVIEW 1. The Indus valley civilization The Indus valley civilization, along with the Aryan culture, is one of the two ancient origins of Indian civilization. The Indus valley civilization,

More information

Chapter 9. State, Society, and the Quest for Salvation in India. 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter 9. State, Society, and the Quest for Salvation in India. 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Chapter 9 State, Society, and the Quest for Salvation in India 1 The Mauryan and Gupta Empires 321 B.C.E.-550 C.E. 2 India Before the Mauryan Dynasty 520 B.C.E., Persian emperor Darius conquers northwest

More information

Name: Date: Block: The Beginnings - Tracking early Hinduism

Name: Date: Block: The Beginnings - Tracking early Hinduism Name: Date: Block: Discussion Questions - Episode 1: The Beginnings - Tracking early Hinduism Chapter 1: The First Indians 1. What was significant about the first settlers of India? 2. Where is it believed

More information

India and the Indian Ocean Basin

India and the Indian Ocean Basin Date Chapter 16 India and the Indian Ocean Basin A Review of the India s history up 500 CE Key Developments 2500 BCE Urban civiliza on first appeared in the Indian sub-con nent with the Indus Valley civiliza

More information

Hinduism and Buddhism Develop

Hinduism and Buddhism Develop 2 Hinduism and Buddhism Develop MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES RELIGIOUS AND ETHICAL SYSTEMS The beliefs of the Vedic Age developed into Hinduism and Buddhism. Almost one-fifth of the world

More information

HHS-World Studies World Religion Review: Belief Systems

HHS-World Studies World Religion Review: Belief Systems HHS-World Studies World Religion Review: Belief Systems Name Date Period Essential Questions -What are the characteristics of major religions? -How are they similar and different? -How have major religions

More information

Topics Covered: (Israelites, monotheism, Judaism, Ten Commandments, Torah, Talmud, Diaspora)

Topics Covered: (Israelites, monotheism, Judaism, Ten Commandments, Torah, Talmud, Diaspora) HWK#3-DUE MONDAY 8-20-12 DIRECTIONS: 1. TAKE CORNELL NOTES ON THE FOLLOWING TOPICS: JUDAISM, HINDUISM, BUDDHISM, CONFUCIANISM, DAOISM, LEGALISM 2. MAKE SURE KEY TERMS ARE PUT INTO NOTES-IF YOU DO NOT KNOW

More information

World History Unit 1 Lesson 1 Geography, etc

World History Unit 1 Lesson 1 Geography, etc Unit 1 Lesson 1 Geography, etc Cartographers,, or map makers, face two primary problems when drawing maps: 1) showing proper size, & 2) showing accurate shape. The processes, or methods, used by cartographers

More information

Chapter Test. History of Ancient India

Chapter Test. History of Ancient India Name Class Date MULTIPLE CHOICE Read each statement or question. On the lines below write the letter of the best answer. 1. Both Harappa and Mohenjo Daro were located near the a. city of Bodh Gaya. b.

More information

Name: Document Packet Week 6 - Belief Systems: Polytheism Date:

Name: Document Packet Week 6 - Belief Systems: Polytheism Date: Name: Document Packet Week 6 - Belief Systems: Polytheism Date: In this packet you will have all the documents for the week. This document packet must be in class with you every day. We will work with

More information

The Caste System. Assignment #12 in ISN

The Caste System. Assignment #12 in ISN The Caste System Assignment #12 in ISN Directions Each of you have been assigned a caste. You must follow the rules of your caste Sudras You must stand in the back of the class Vaisyas Sit in the back

More information

Chapter 3 The Land of India Indian subcontinent Himalaya. Ganges River, Deccan monsoons India s First Civilization

Chapter 3 The Land of India Indian subcontinent Himalaya. Ganges River, Deccan monsoons India s First Civilization Chapter 3 The Land of India The Indian subcontinent is located along the southern edge of Asia. Its diverse geography has a number of core regions. In the north are the highest mountains in the world,

More information

WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer

WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer Subject(s) Social Studies Conceptual Lenses Grade/Course 6 th Grade Social Studies Religion Unit of Study Classic India Society Structure Unit Title Karma, Krishna, and Castes

More information

Indias First Empires. Terms and Names

Indias First Empires. Terms and Names India and China Establish Empires Indias First Empires Terms and Names Mauryan Empire First empire in India, founded by Chandragupta Maurya Asoka Grandson of Chandragupta; leader who brought the Mauryan

More information

Unit 2. World Religions and Belief Systems. Name:

Unit 2. World Religions and Belief Systems. Name: Unit 2 World Religions and Belief Systems Name: 1 Table of Contents Animism.9 Shintoism...10 Hinduism.15 Buddhism 20 Judaism..23 Christianity..27 Islam...29 Confucianism.35 2 What do you know about religions?

More information

Introduction. World Religions Unit

Introduction. World Religions Unit Introduction World Religions Unit Why Study Religions? Religion plays a key role in our world today Religion is a major component of the human experience Knowledge of people s religions helps us understand

More information

Outline Chapter 6: India and Southeast Asia, 1500 B.C.E C.E. I. Foundations of Indian Civilization, 1500 B.C.E. 300 C.E.

Outline Chapter 6: India and Southeast Asia, 1500 B.C.E C.E. I. Foundations of Indian Civilization, 1500 B.C.E. 300 C.E. Outline Chapter 6: India and Southeast Asia, 1500 B.C.E. 1025 C.E. I. Foundations of Indian Civilization, 1500 B.C.E. 300 C.E. A. The Indian Subcontinent 1. India has three topographical zones: (1) the

More information

Chapter 24 Physical Geography of South Asia The land Where Continents Collided

Chapter 24 Physical Geography of South Asia The land Where Continents Collided Chapter 24 Physical Geography of South Asia The land Where Continents Collided Section 1 Landforms and Resources Mt. Everest (29,035 ft.) is part of the Himalayan Mountains that form the border of the

More information

The only cure for suffering is to follow the Eightfold Path, a middle road between a life devoted to pleasure and a life of harsh self-denial.

The only cure for suffering is to follow the Eightfold Path, a middle road between a life devoted to pleasure and a life of harsh self-denial. Chapter 4 Empires of India and China (600 B.C. A.D. 550) In what ways is Hinduism a complex religion? What are the major teachings of the Buddha? How did Buddhism spread beyond India to become a major

More information

Harappa and Mohenjo Daro

Harappa and Mohenjo Daro 4 ancient India and China.notebook Ancient India Geographically a subcontinent protected by the Himilayas and Hindu Kush Mtns. watered by the Indus and Ganges (holy) rivers secluded until the Aryan Invasion

More information

Why we re covering this

Why we re covering this India s Religions Why we re covering this As the world became more united under the imperialist movement, interactions between cultures caused an increasing number of internal and social clashes The primary

More information

India and China Chapter 3.

India and China Chapter 3. India and China Chapter 3 http://www.studentsfriend.com/sfcimage/map13see.jpeg Geography Impacts Early India India is a subcontinent Hindu-Kush and Himalaya Mountains to north Indus and Ganges Rivers in

More information

THE FIRST CIVILIZATIONS. Chapter 1, Section 1 Glencoe World History Modern Times

THE FIRST CIVILIZATIONS. Chapter 1, Section 1 Glencoe World History Modern Times THE FIRST CIVILIZATIONS Chapter 1, Section 1 Glencoe World History Modern Times Ancient Mesopotamia Main Idea: In ancient Mesopotamia, city-states elaborated the concept of the law code and divine kingship

More information