1 People and Ideas on the Move Explain the Dynasty Cycle and Mandate of Heaven.
2 Objectives Students will be able to describe the spread of Indo- Europeans Aryan Invasion Hittite Empire Terms: Caste, Vedas, and Indo-European.
3 People and Ideas on the Move C H B.C B.C.
4 Migratory Civilizations in E. Europe/ W. Asia Indo- Europeans Hittites Aryans
5 Indo-Europeans Indo refers to the Indian Subcontinent Europe in the West India in the East Where did the Indo-Europeans Come from? Nomadic peoples who came from the steppes (dry grasslands) between the Caucasus mountains PG. 62
6 Indo-European Language (p.61)
7 Which Languages are in the Indo-European family of Languages?
8 Hittites (2000 BCE) Hittites settle Anatolia (modern day Turkey) Geography: high, rocky plateau, rich in timber, minerals
9 Hittites (2000 B.C B.C.) Occupied Babylon, fought with Egypt over N. Syria Superior war technology Chariot (center wheel, Iron construction) Iron weapons (iron ore and charcoal readily available in mountains) Invasions from North led to decline Write: What land did Hittites want? What was their advantage over Egypt?
10 Aryans (1500 B.C. 250 B.C.) Pastoral People Occupy modern day Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, India
11 Aryans (1500 B.C. 250 B.C.) Little archeological (earthen) record Kept records using: Vedas Sacred literature (prayers, magical spells, instructions for performing rituals) Periodic lack/ loss of a writing system What is Vedas?
13 Aryan Civilization Cont. Development of a Caste System What is a Caste System? Aryan s portray a feeling of superiority over other races Aryan (nobles) vs. Dasas (Indian peoples known as slaves) Aryan Caste system is composed of multiple social classes: Brahmins (priests) Kshatriyas (Warriors) (Shatria) (Vaishyas) Peasants or Traders (Vysha) Shudras (non-aryan laborers or craftspeople) (shoedra) Caste is for life, determined work, marriage, eating arrangements
14 Caste System Cont. (Brahmins) Priests Warriors Traders (Shudras) Laborers Examine textbook on p. 64 (The Aryan Caste System)
15 Why do you feel they associate these individual Castes with the specific parts of the body?
16 Aryan Civilizations Cont. Kingdoms Arise 1000 B.C. minor kings desire to have territorial kingdoms Kingdom of Magadha arises as a result of the struggle for land and power (one major kingdom) Violence and confusion lead to new religions in India Development of Hinduism and Buddhism
17 Hinduism and Buddhism Develop In pairs, examine p in textbook. Create a Venn Diagram comparing: Beliefs Practices of Buddhism and Hinduism
18 Hinduism and Buddhism Develop Intermingling of Aryans and Non-Aryans leads to development of Hinduism As Hindu teachers attempt to explain Vedic hymns, their comments are written down as Upanishads These Upanishads later become the basis for the Hindu faith Hinduism ( BC) No single founder No single set of ideas See religion as a way to liberate the soul from the illusions, disappointments, and mistakes of everyday existence
19 Hinduism Believe that persons can achieve moksha, a state of perfect understanding of all things A person must understand the relationship between the atman (soul of a living being) and Brahman (world soul responsible for uniting all atmans) to achieve perfect understanding or moksha This understanding comes through a process of reincarnation, in which an individual soul or spirit is born again Karma (the following of good or bad deeds from one reincarnation to another) Determine life status, opportunity, ect.
21 Hinduism Worship of a god is not mandatory Free to choose from three paths to achieving moksha Path of right thinking, Path of right action, Path of religious devotion Good Karma results in good fortune, bad karma results bad
22 Hinduism Hinduism and the caste structure developed during the Aryan time period still dominate individual life As a result, Hindus are coerced into looking to religion for guidance in order to better their chances in future lives
23 Jainism Mahavira (founder, BC): Everything has a soul and so should not be harmed Jians preach tolerance of all religions Few efforts convert followers
24 Founding of Buddhism Buddhism is founded by Siddhartha Gautama ( BC) Isolated inside his father s palace until the age of 29 due to his father s hopes of him becoming a world leader Ventured outside four times at the age of 29 1 st saw an old man 2 nd saw a sick man 3 rd saw a corpse 4 th saw a holy man at peace
25 Buddhism Interpreted these experiences as every living thing experiences these misfortunes, but only a religious life can provide refuge and peace Siddhartha wandered the forests of India for 6 years searching for Enlightenment, or wisdom After 49 days of meditation, he understood the misfortunes and suffering in the world This Enlightenment gave him the title of the Enlightened One, or Buddha
26 Buddhism 1 st sermon was preached to five companions Laid out the four main ideas that he had come to understand Four Noble Truths 1. Life is filled with suffering and sorrow 2. The cause of all suffering is people s selfish desire for the temporary pleasures of this world 3. The way to end all suffering is to end all desires 4. The way to overcome such desires and attain enlightenment is to follow the Eightfold Path, which is called the Middle Way between desires and self-denial
27 Buddhism To achieve enlightenment or Nirvana, Buddha stated the need to follow the Eightfold Path: Right Views Right Resolve Right Speech Right Conduct Right Livelihood Right Effort Right Mindfulness Right Concentration Anyone capable of reaching Nirvana
28 Buddhism Rejected many gods of Hinduism Rejected the caste system Both believe in a perfect state of understanding, a break from the chain of reincarnations
29 Buddhism So what exactly happens when one achieves Nirvana? "Nirvana" is simply "understanding" Understanding about the very nature of your being. When you die with Nirvana, you get absorbed into the cosmic consiousness - the very consciousness that is part of the creation. If you chose to come back to further the creation process, you can (a la Buddhism)..if not, you do what the stars and planets do at a level inconceivable to humans... Humanity is just the beginning of an ever evolutionary process... enjoy the process...
30 Buddhism and Society (concluding facts) Many followers were laborers or craftspeople Buddha reluctantly admitted women Monks and nuns took vows of poverty, nonviolence, and celibacy Teachings of Buddha are documented in the Jatakas Buddhism spread throughout Asia and Indonesia
31 Buddha Gestures DHAMMACAKKA is the first sermon of Lord Buddha. In this mudra hands are raised in front of chest, while clinching the thumb and forefingers of both hands.
32 Buddha Gestures ABHAYAMUDRA means fearlessness and kindness. In this mudra, right hand is raised to level of shoulder while palm facing opposite.
33 Buddha Gestures Third position of mudra is called Right Hand BUMISPARA. Bumispara is made of two words Bumi and spara, Bumi means earth and spara means indicating towards. In this mudra right hand is extended towards the earth god, palm facing towards self and the fingers reaching below knee.
34 Buddha Gestures VARADA means generosity. In this position, hand is extended towards the earth while palm is kept open and outward. This position of Buddha s statue shows generosity.
35 Buddha Gestures VITARKA is next position of the statues, which means teaching. Vitarka position is a method of teaching to attain Lord Buddha. In this mudra the hand is raised while thumb is touching forefinger
36 Buddha Gestures Dhyana is a position of meditation, where legs are placed crossed above one another and the hands are place quietly into lap of legs. The word Dhyana is derived from pali language jhana means meditation.
37 Buddha Gestures Last position of Buddha s statue is known as ANJALI means resepect & greeting In this mudra, both the hands are raised in front the heart while palms touching each other. Anjali mudra is the Buddha s way of respecting and welcoming.
38 Origins of Judaism Hebrews settled in Canaan Modern day: Israel, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, Egypt The land God had promised to the Hebrew people
39 Origins of Judaism Early knowledge of Judaism comes from the Torah Torah: first five (5) books of the Hebrew Bible Abraham is chosen by God to be the father of the Hebrew people Moves his people to Canaan (1800 B.C.) Hebrews are Monotheists: God = Yahweh Covenant between Yahweh and Abraham protects Hebrews
40 Exodus Famine causes Hebrews to migrate to Egypt from Canaan = forced into slavery Exodus ( B.C.): Hebrews fled Egypt Remembered during Passover Instructed to leave blood of a spring lamb Festival of the unleavened bread Moses led Hebrews out of slavery
41 New Covenant Ten Commandments Spoken to Moses on Mount Sinai (2 stone tablets) Basis for civil and religious law in Judaism Formed a covenant between God and the Hebrew people
42 Desert Wandering Moses dies after 40 years of wandering Hebrews decide to return to Canaan Develop civilization (city-dwellers) 12 tribes (self-governing)
43 Formation of Israel Tribes die out due to lack of structure and support Tribe of Judah remains called Jews (Judaism) Kingdom of Israel Saul = drove out Philistines David = son-in-law established Jerusalem as capital, united the tribes, founded a dynasty Solomon = son of David Built trade empire, beautified city (temple contain tablets)
44 Decline of Israel Kingdom divides in two Israel Judah Both succumb to Assyrian attack Babylonians destroy Solomon s temple (Jerusalem)(586 B.C.) Persians conquer Babylon and allow 40,000 exiles to return to Jerusalem
Section 1 The Indo-Europeans Global Studies I Chapter 3 Indo-Europeans Nomadic peoples from the Eurasian steppes Dry grasslands that stretched north of the Caucasus ( the Great Steppe ) People and Ideas
People and Ideas on the Move, 2000 B.C. 250 B.C. Migrations by Indo-Europeans led to major changes in trade and language as well as to the foundations of three religions: Hinduism, Buddhism and Judaism.
Introduction World Religions Unit Why Study Religions? Religion plays a key role in our world today Religion is a major component of the human experience Knowledge of people s religions helps us understand
Cultures of Persia, India, and china WH I 4a-e Vocabulary Power Imperial Bureaucracy- How Persia governed its empire- Divided empire into provinces each with its own administrator Zoroastrianism- monotheistic
Welcome, Rob Reiter My Account Feedback and Support Sign Out Choose Another Program Home Select a Lesson Program Resources My Classes 3 - World Religions This is what your students see when they are signed
Unit 2 World Religions and Belief Systems Name: 1 Table of Contents Animism.9 Shintoism...10 Hinduism.15 Buddhism 20 Judaism..23 Christianity..27 Islam...29 Confucianism.35 2 What do you know about religions?
HWK#3-DUE MONDAY 8-20-12 DIRECTIONS: 1. TAKE CORNELL NOTES ON THE FOLLOWING TOPICS: JUDAISM, HINDUISM, BUDDHISM, CONFUCIANISM, DAOISM, LEGALISM 2. MAKE SURE KEY TERMS ARE PUT INTO NOTES-IF YOU DO NOT KNOW
Hinduism Practiced by the various cultures of the Indian subcontinent since 1500 BCE. Began in India with the Aryan invaders. Believe in one supreme force called Brahma, the creator, who is in all things.
Ancient India and China The Subcontinent Huge peninsula Pushes out into the Indian Ocean India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka Himalaya Hindu Kush Eastern and Western Ghats Mountains Rivers
Hinduism and Buddhism WHAT ARE THE MAIN BELIEFS OF HINDUISM & BUDDHISM? MS. JEREMIE Starter: Creation Myth Reflection Using your notes from the presentations, answer the following prompt: What similarities
Religions of South Asia 2500 250 BC Hinduism gave birth to Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism Christianity Jesus Christ, son of God the Bible Islam Muhammadlast prophet to talk to Allah t he Quran Do you think
India Notes The Indian Civilization The study of Ancient India includes 3 time periods: Indian Geography The 1 st Indian Civilization began along the River now located in the country of. Many people know
EARLY WORLD RELIGIONS Hinduism Buddhism Confucianism Legalism Daoism Judaism Christianity (Islam will be in the next unit) Religions of South Asia Religion in the Subcontinent Hinduism What is Hinduism?
Lesson 1 Summary Lesson 1: Geography of South Asia Use with pages 122 127. Vocabulary subcontinent a large region separated by water from other land areas monsoon season the rainy season subsistence farming
SOL 4 - World History I Ancient Persian, India & China Zoroastrianism was the main Persian religion, although other religions were tolerated. Persian Empire Built on earlier Central Asian and Mesopotamian
CLASSICAL INDIA FROM THE MAURYANS TO THE GUPTAS RISE OF MAURYAN EMPIRE Ganges Republics Prior to Alexander, kshatriyan republics dominated, vied for power Maghda was one of the most dominant Western Intrusions
Hinduism vs Buddhism Jennifer Vang 12/9/14 Hour 6 What is literal meaning for Buddhism? Buddhists means those who follow the teachings of the Buddha. What is the literal meaning for Hinduism? The followers
SECTION 2 Origins of Hinduism What You Will Learn Main Ideas 1. Indian society divided into distinct groups under the Aryans. 2. The Aryans practiced a religion known as Brahmanism. 3. Hinduism developed
Ancient India Section Notes Geography and Early India Origins of Hinduism Origins of Buddhism Indian Empires Indian Achievements History Close-up Life in Mohenjo Daro Quick Facts The Varnas Major Beliefs
Name Period Date Ancient India Summary Guide Be able to spell and define the following key concept terms: Subcontinent: a large landmass, usually partially separated by land forms, that is smaller than
Be able to locate the following on a map of the ancient world: Persian Gulf Mediterranean Sea Black Sea Indus River Tigris River Euphrates River India Huang He River Nile River Fertile Crescent Arabian
I. India A. Geography - Located in southern Asia, India is a triangular shaped subcontinent. 1. Subcontinent - A large distinguishable part of a continent 2. Due to the geographic diversity of India, over
4 ancient India and China.notebook Ancient India Geographically a subcontinent protected by the Himilayas and Hindu Kush Mtns. watered by the Indus and Ganges (holy) rivers secluded until the Aryan Invasion
India Notes The Indian Civilization The study of Ancient India includes 3 time periods: 1. Harappan Civilizations 2. Aryan INvasions & Rule 3. Indian Empires (Mauryan & Gupta) Indian Geography The 1 st
Unit 4: Ancient River Valley Civilizations - India Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.4 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the civilization of Persia, India, and China in terms of chronology, geography,
NAME HR The answers to be used in these questions are to be taken from the Textbook: WORLD HISTORY ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS from pages 218-244 1. India is a which is a large landmass that is like a continent,
World Religions Judaism Overview Along with Christianity and Islam, Judaism is one of the three major monotheistic religions of the world. It shares with them the belief in one God who is the creator and
Hinduism and Buddhism PURPOSE OF SECTION: Explain the development and impact of Hinduism and Buddhism in India and subsequent diffusion of Buddhism. Hinduism National religion of India ॐ Based on variety
Focus Question: How have scholars learned about India s first two civilizations, the Indus and the Aryan? As you read this section in your textbook, complete the following chart to sequence important events
WORLD HISTORY The Ancient Civilizations of India Indus River Valley The Ancient World https://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=j1iltq43rb g&feature=youtu.be Indus Valley Civilization Geography of the Indian Subcontinent
History of Ancient Israel I. Beginnings A. Abraham lays the foundation for a new religion (which will become JUDAISM ) 1. lived in the Mesopotamian city of UR with his wife SARAH 2. the Mesopotamians believed
THE BASICS Hinduism World s oldest religion World's third largest religion, after Christianity and Islam Largely influenced later religions: Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism Nearly 1 billion followers 13% of
Copyright 2014 History Gal. Israelites Location: It includes what modern day countries? Why do we know so much about the Israelites? What made the Israelites different from other ancient civilizations?
What is a Mudra? Mudras are symbolic hand gestures that play a major role in Hinduism and Buddhism. In addition, mudras are also present in the Indian dancing tradition, and are an important part of yoga,
Preview Main Idea / Reading Focus The Life of the Buddha The Teachings of Buddhism The Spread of Buddhism Map: Spread of Buddhism Buddhism Main Idea Buddhism Buddhism, which teaches people that they can
Christianity Islam Judaism Hinduism Buddhism Confucianism Religion an organized system of beliefs, ceremonies, and rules used to worship a God(s) Types of Religions 1. Monotheistic religions believe in
New Centers of Civilization C H A P T E R 3 S E C T I O N 3 The Role of Nomadic Peoples In the area of a civilization flourished around 4,000 years ago. On the edges of this civilization were, who occasionally
Lesson 1 Early Civilizations ESSENTIAL QUESTION How does geography influence the way people live? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did physical geography and climate influence the development of civilization in
Buddhism By: Ella Hans, Lily Schutzenhofer, Yiyao Wang, and Dua Ansari Origins of the Buddha Siddhartha Gautama, the founder of Buddhism, was born in 563 B.C.E Siddhartha was a warrior son of a king and
Chapter 3: Early Civilizations in India & China Section 1:Cities of the Indus Valley Section 2: Kingdoms of the Ganges Section 3: Early Civilization in China Section 1:Cities of the Indus Valley Summary:
SS7G12 The student will analyze the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southern and Eastern Asia. a. Explain the differences between an ethnic group and a religious group. b. Compare and contrast
Gods & Spirits Kenneth Feldmeier firstname.lastname@example.org Office hours: Tuesday before class Recap: Where have we been, where do we go? The plan; this week we are going to discuss different ideas about gods and
1. New Entry: Belief Systems Vocabulary 2. New Entry: Hinduism EQ: Explain how Hinduism fits our model for a belief system. By the end of class are objectives are to: -describe the origins, beliefs, and
Chapter 7 - Lesson 2 "The Origins of Hinduism" p.226-231 MAIN IDEAS Culture: A group of nomadic people moved into India and took over what was left of Harappan civilization. Government: Under Aryan rule,
1. Which culture is credited with the development of gunpowder, the abacus, and the compass? A) Chinese B) Persian C) Indian D) Japanese 2. Which geographic factor directly influenced the early interactions
In the Beginning Creation Myths Hinduism Buddhism In the second millennium BCE (2000 BCE) Indus valley cities disappeared. A series of invasions by Aryan people who introduced Sancrit, (the language of
Name Period Date Judaism: The Early Hebrews** Between 2000BCE and 1500BCE a new group appears in Southwest Asia o Called Hebrews o Simple Herders and Desert Nomads They develop a culture that eventually
Name: Date: Period: WHI04: India, China, and Persia WHI4 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the civilizations of Persia, India, and China in terms of chronology, geography, social structures, government,
Grade 6 World History: Ancient Civilizations Chapter 7: Ancient India Lesson 1: Geography and Indian Life Objectives 1. Describe the physical features, including the river systems, that characterized ancient
WORLD RELIGIONS Mr. Booth World History 2015 5 Major Religions Christianity Islam Judaism Buddhism Hinduism + Confucianism/Taoism 5 Categories of Religions 1. Monotheistic Belief in one God (Christianity,
Asia Cultural Geography Religion v Some religions that are found in Asia are: A. Buddhism B. Hinduism C. Confucianism E. Shintoism F. Islam G. Christianity D. Taoism Hinduism v Hinduism is an ethnic religion
Hinduism: A Christian Perspective Rick Rood gives us an understanding of this major world religion which is becoming more a part of the American scene with the growth of a Hindu immigrant population. Taking
Ancient History Review How much do you remember from 6th grade? Early Humans Early humans were hunter-gatherers. They relied on animals and plants for food. They moved constantly in search of their food.
Ancient Hebrews Unit Test Name: Date: Completion: Choose the correct name to complete each sentence: covenant Decalogue theocracy Moses Joshua David Solomon Samuel judges Israel Judah murex Phoenicians
Chapter 15 Learning About World Religions: Hinduism Chapter 15 Learning About World Religions: Hinduism What are the origins and beliefs of Hinduism? 15.1 Introduction In this chapter, you will learn about
World Religions Religion Religion is a belief in a supernatural power of powers that are regarded as the creator and maintainers of the universe. Three are three main types: 1. Monotheistic: a belief in
The Origin of World Religions By Anita Ravi, Big History Project, adapted by Newsela staff on 07.30.16 Word Count 1,834 Level 880L Monk Praying at Thatbyinnyu Temple, Myanmar. Courtesy of Karen Kasmauski/Corbis.
APHG CHAPTER 7: RELIGION KQ #1: WHAT IS RELIGION, AND WHAT ROLE DOES IT PLAY IN CULTURE? (5 slides) KQ #1: WHAT IS RELIGION, AND WHAT ROLE DOES IT PLAY IN CULTURE? Religion & language are the foundations
As I Enter Think about it: What you know about Hinduism and Buddhism Agenda: Notes on Hinduism and Buddhism Hinduism Hinduism Statistically, there are over 900 million Hindus in the world (1 in 7 people)
Aspects of Culture What is Culture? Culture: a people s way of life (how they meet their basic needs for food and shelter) language, literature, music, and art beliefs about the world and religion technology
Sikhism Buddhism * Eight Fold Path Daoism * Yin-Yang * Cosmogony WORLD RELIGIONS Confucianism Shintoism Hinduism RELIGION set of beliefs for a group of people Soul or spirit; a deity or higher being; life
AS I ENTER THINK ABOUT IT How did all these religions diffuse? What type of diffusion did the major Universalizing and Ethnic religions experience? What were each of the Cultural Hearths? Agenda Overview
Characteristics of IRVC Communities Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro Early Civilizations of India From the Indus River Valley Civilization to Hinduism today Laid out on a grid-pattern Food storage warehouses Buildings
WORLD RELIGIONS Mr. Booth World History 2015 5 Major Religions Christianity Islam Judaism Buddhism Hinduism + Confucianism/Taoism 5 Categories of Religions 1. Monotheistic Belief in one God (Christianity,
Ancient India Copyright 2014 History Gal. All rights reserved. Copyright 2014 History Gal. All rights reserved. Subcontinent Includes the modern-day countries of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh Location
Name Date Assessment: Learning About Religions: Buddhism Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. The name Buddha meant one who was A. sorrowful. B. awakened. C. everlasting.
SSWH 2 Presentation Ancient World SSWH 2 Identify the major achievements of Chinese and Indian societies to 500 CE/AD. China and India CHINA Mesopotamia Egypt You are here INDIA SSWH 2 Identify the major
Who was the Pharaoh who ruled for 66 years? Who was the female Pharaoh whose reign was one of Egypt s most peaceful? What was early religion meant to explain? What was the Egyptians view of the afterlife?
Buddha and Ashoka Crash Course World History Script: Part 1, The Vedas. So as you no doubt remember, the Indus River Valley was one of the earliest cradles of civilization, But that original civilization
How did Buddhism begin? About 2500 years ago, a prince named Siddhartha Gautama began to question his sheltered, luxurious life in the palace. He left the palace and saw four sights: a sick man, an old
What is Hinduism?: Hinduism is the world's oldest religion, with a billion followers, which makes it the world's third largest religion. Hinduism is a conglomeration of religious, philosophical, and cultural
Hinduism Origin Hinduism is an ethnic religion that evolved on the Indian subcontinent beginning about 3,500 years ago. Distribution/Diffusion Hinduism (shown above in hot pink) has approximately 806 million
Buddhism 101 Founded: 6 th century BCE Founder: Siddhartha Gautama, otherwise known as the Buddha Enlightened One Place of Origin: India Sacred Books: oldest and most important scriptures are the Tripitaka,
Thursday, February 23, 17 World Religions: Hinduism Objec+ve: Complete Warm-Up, discuss Do-Now, complete outline notes on Hinduism Do Now: What two major powers have controlled India? What is a Raj? What
Chapter 9 State, Society, and the Quest for Salvation in India 1 The Mauryan and Gupta Empires 321 B.C.E.-550 C.E. 2 India Before the Mauryan Dynasty 520 B.C.E., Persian emperor Darius conquers northwest
SARGON, the ruler of neighboring Akkad, invaded and conquered the citystates of Sumer around 2300 B.C.E. He built the first EMPIRE, known to history. An empire is several states and/or territories controlled
CHAPTER 7 NEW QUESTIONS AND IDEAS Anagha s school trip This was the first time Anagha was going on a school trip. They boarded the train from Pune (in Maharashtra) late at night, to go all the way to Varanasi
Name: Date: H.W.#: My World History Chapter 5 Judaism and the Jewish People Section 1 The Origins of Judaism and Section 3- The Jewish People Terms to understand when reading: 1. Jews a group of people
Page 1 of 6 4 The Origins of Judaism MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES RELIGIOUS AND ETHICAL SYSTEMS The Hebrews maintained monotheistic religious beliefs that were unique in the ancient world.
Chapter 2: First Civilizations- Africa and Asia Section 1: Section 2: Section 3: Section 4: Section 5: Ancient Kingdoms of the Nile Egyptian Civilization City-States of Ancient Sumer Invaders, Traders,