AP World History Chapter 3. Classical Civilization India

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "AP World History Chapter 3. Classical Civilization India"

Transcription

1 AP World History Chapter 3 Classical Civilization India

2

3 Aryan Civilization Indo European people who migrated across Europe and Asia. No Archeological record of early Aryans. Priests called Vedas kept oral stories that were passed down for generations. The Vedas oral histories were written down around 1500 B.C.E

4 Aryan Society Aryans loved fighting, drinking, and playing dice. They broke their society into four groups. Brahmins or Priests. Kshatriyas or Warriors. Vaisyas or merchants, artists, farmers and herders. Sudras or natives conquered by Aryans. Later the for groups were divided by economic status. Slowly castes developed subdividing the people.

5

6 Aryan Religious Beliefs Aryans were polytheistic. Indra = God of Thunder, War= Weapon Thunderbolt. Varuna = God of Order. Agni = God of Fire = Messenger. Brahman = God of all things. Mystics = People who seek spiritual things. Rajahs = Elected warrior leaders.

7 Nomads to Farmers The Aryans began to settle in villages then cities. Rajahs became hereditary monarchs. By 500 B.C.E many Rajahs controlled a new civilization of both Aryans and natives. Written language of Sanskrit began to appear.

8

9 Mahabharata India s greatest epic poem. Story of Aryans fighting each other. Five royal brothers fight one battle that lasts 18 days.

10 Ramayana The hero Rama must rescue Sita his beautiful bride from the demon king Ravana. The monkey general Hanuman helps Rama rescue Sita. Rama = ideal king. Sita = ideal women.

11 Classical Age India Alexander the Great. We learn about the Maurya empire from a Greek diplomat.

12

13 Chandragupta, Maurya Empire The first leader who conquered northern India. The empire was maintained by a well organized Bureaucracy. The government built roads, harbors, collected taxes, and had royal courts.

14 Asoka The most honored Maurya emperor. He conquered the Deccan region at the cost of 100,000 dead. He then converted to Buddhism. He stopped all conquest and became a vegetarian. He built stone pillars announcing peace and prosperity and helped unite a divided people.

15

16 Advances Literature. Fables, and folk tales in the Sanskrit language Most famous play was Shakuntala. Art. Murals or wall paintings, Sexually vivid. Architecture, stone temples, stupa s or domes. Lots of carvings. Physicians. Plastic surgery. Vaccination of people against small pox. Math. Concept of Zero. Decimal system based on 10.

17

18 Kushan Empire Nomadic Empire that spread rapidly across the northern empire. The Kushans adopted elements of the Hellenistic culture of Bactria. They adopted the Greek alphabet to suit their own language

19

20

21 Gupta Destroyed About the time of the Roman Empires collapse the White Huns overran the Gupta empire. India split into many kingdoms for almost a 1000 years.

22 Many Gods or One Hinduism has no founder but grew out of many cultures and people. One of the worlds most complex religions. God is one, but wise people know it by many names. Brahman is the one god but people worship him as thousands of different gods.

23 Hindu Beliefs Reincarnation Rebirth of the soul. Can be reborn up or down in the cast system. Gurus Great knowledge leads people as a teacher. Mystics Religious leaders

24

25

26

27 Varuna God of the Sky

28 Hindu Sacred Texts Bhagavad- Gita. Teaches duty over personal desires and ambitions.

29 The Goal of Life Every person on earth has a atman or Brahman. The goal is to achieve moksha or union with your Brahman. You must free yourself of selfish desires. It may take several lives to obtain. Reincarnation is the rebirth of the soul.

30 Karma and Dharma Karma deals with all actions in this life that affect his or her status in the next life. All existence is ranked. Humans are at the top then comes animals, plants, and rocks. Dharma is the duties that each class of people must accomplish to progress.

31 Opposition to the Brahmins Some people rejected traditional Hinduism for a more extreme form.

32 Early Life The early life of Gautama was spent in a palace surrounded by luxury. Prince Gautama married and had a son. Gautama was sheltered by his father who did not want him to become a traveling holy man.

33 The Search Gautama was riding one day and came across a dead man, a sick person, and an old man. He left his family to find a place without suffering. why is their so much suffering in life? He sat under a tree for 48 days pondering the mystery of life. he answered the question, his name changed to Buddha. the enlightened one. Nirvana and Moksha.

34

35 Four Noble Truths All life is filled with pain and suffering. The cause of suffering is the desire for things that are really illusions, such as riches, power, and long life. The cure for suffering is to overcome desire. Overcome desire by following the Eightfold Path.

36 Buddhism and Hinduism Compared Both Buddhism and Hinduism believe in the cycle of rebirth. Buddhism grew out of Hinduism. Both stress non- violence.

37

38 Buddhist Sacred Texts The Tripitaka or Three Baskets of Wisdom Overcome evil with good. Overcome the liar with truth.

39 Two Sects of Buddhism Theravada: Followed the original teachings of Buddha closely. Mahayana: Worship Buddha even though Buddha taught the people not to worship him. Afterlife with many heavens and hells.

40 Decline of Buddhism in India Hinduism eventually absorbed some Buddhist ideas. Hinduism added Buddha to their long list of Gods. Muslim armies destroyed the few remaining Buddhist centers of learning in the North.

41

42

43

44

45 Priest Morning Rituals

46 The Upanishads The Upanishads are philosophical texts considered to be an early source of Hindu religion. More than 200 are known. All Upanishads have been passed down in oral tradition.

47 Kamasutra It presents itself as a guide to a virtuous and gracious living. A book on practical advice on sex.

48 Stupa s A stupa is a mound- like structure containing Buddhist relics, typically the remains of Buddha, used by Buddhists as a place of worship.

49 Economy and Society Patriarchal arranged marriages companionate Textiles Iron working Steel Long- distance trade Indian Influence Spread Via trade Buddhism

50 China and India Contrasts Indian sensuality v. Chinese restraint in art India more rigid socially Similarities large peasant classes patriarchy

WORLD HISTORY. The Ancient Civilizations of India

WORLD HISTORY. The Ancient Civilizations of India WORLD HISTORY The Ancient Civilizations of India Indus River Valley The Ancient World https://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=j1iltq43rb g&feature=youtu.be Indus Valley Civilization Geography of the Indian Subcontinent

More information

APWH. Physical Geo. & Climate: India 9/11/2014. Chapter 3 Notes

APWH. Physical Geo. & Climate: India 9/11/2014. Chapter 3 Notes APWH Chapter 3 Notes Physical Geo. & Climate: India Deccan Plateau & Hindu Kush Major bodies of water: Indus and Ganges, Indian Ocean, etc. Mountain Ranges: Himalayas, Ghats, etc. Desert: Thar Monsoons:

More information

Ancient India. Section Notes Geography and Early India Origins of Hinduism Origins of Buddhism Indian Empires Indian Achievements

Ancient India. Section Notes Geography and Early India Origins of Hinduism Origins of Buddhism Indian Empires Indian Achievements Ancient India Section Notes Geography and Early India Origins of Hinduism Origins of Buddhism Indian Empires Indian Achievements History Close-up Life in Mohenjo Daro Quick Facts The Varnas Major Beliefs

More information

India is separated from the north by the Himalayan and Hindu Kush Mountains.

India is separated from the north by the Himalayan and Hindu Kush Mountains. Ancient India Geography Of India India is called a subcontinent. Subcontinent: a large landmass that is smaller than a continent India is separated from the north by the Himalayan and Hindu Kush Mountains.

More information

1. Subcontinent - A large distinguishable part of a continent

1. Subcontinent - A large distinguishable part of a continent I. India A. Geography - Located in southern Asia, India is a triangular shaped subcontinent. 1. Subcontinent - A large distinguishable part of a continent 2. Due to the geographic diversity of India, over

More information

Unit 4: Ancient River Valley Civilizations - India

Unit 4: Ancient River Valley Civilizations - India Unit 4: Ancient River Valley Civilizations - India Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.4 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the civilization of Persia, India, and China in terms of chronology, geography,

More information

Classical India. A Z.S. Crossen Production

Classical India. A Z.S. Crossen Production Classical India A Z.S. Crossen Production Chapter 3 Summary The Framework for Indian History: Geography and the Formative Period Patterns in Classical India Political Institutions Religion and Culture

More information

World Religions. Section 3 - Hinduism and Buddhism. Welcome, Rob Reiter. My Account Feedback and Support Sign Out. Choose Another Program

World Religions. Section 3 - Hinduism and Buddhism. Welcome, Rob Reiter. My Account Feedback and Support Sign Out. Choose Another Program Welcome, Rob Reiter My Account Feedback and Support Sign Out Choose Another Program Home Select a Lesson Program Resources My Classes 3 - World Religions This is what your students see when they are signed

More information

Click to read caption

Click to read caption 3. Hinduism and Buddhism Ancient India gave birth to two major world religions, Hinduism and Buddhism. Both had common roots in the Vedas, a collection of religious hymns, poems, and prayers composed in

More information

India has several unique geographical regions that helped to shape Indian culture and society.

India has several unique geographical regions that helped to shape Indian culture and society. India has several unique geographical regions that helped to shape Indian culture and society. Aryan Warriors who spoke an Indo-European language invaded India, conquered the Dravidian people that lived

More information

Ancient India and China

Ancient India and China Ancient India and China The Subcontinent Huge peninsula Pushes out into the Indian Ocean India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka Himalaya Hindu Kush Eastern and Western Ghats Mountains Rivers

More information

The only cure for suffering is to follow the Eightfold Path, a middle road between a life devoted to pleasure and a life of harsh self-denial.

The only cure for suffering is to follow the Eightfold Path, a middle road between a life devoted to pleasure and a life of harsh self-denial. Chapter 4 Empires of India and China (600 B.C. A.D. 550) In what ways is Hinduism a complex religion? What are the major teachings of the Buddha? How did Buddhism spread beyond India to become a major

More information

India Notes. The study of Ancient India includes 3 time periods:

India Notes. The study of Ancient India includes 3 time periods: India Notes The Indian Civilization The study of Ancient India includes 3 time periods: Indian Geography The 1 st Indian Civilization began along the River now located in the country of. Many people know

More information

CLASSICAL INDIA FROM THE MAURYANS TO THE GUPTAS

CLASSICAL INDIA FROM THE MAURYANS TO THE GUPTAS CLASSICAL INDIA FROM THE MAURYANS TO THE GUPTAS RISE OF MAURYAN EMPIRE Ganges Republics Prior to Alexander, kshatriyan republics dominated, vied for power Maghda was one of the most dominant Western Intrusions

More information

Ancient India Summary Guide

Ancient India Summary Guide Name Period Date Ancient India Summary Guide Be able to spell and define the following key concept terms: Subcontinent: a large landmass, usually partially separated by land forms, that is smaller than

More information

World History Topic 3 Reading Guide Ancient India and China

World History Topic 3 Reading Guide Ancient India and China 1 World History Topic 3 Reading Guide Ancient India and China Lesson 1: Early Civilization in South China Key Terms Using your text, or https://quizlet.com/_5flv2d, write each term in your own words subcontinent

More information

Mauryan, Kūshan, &Gupta Empire India

Mauryan, Kūshan, &Gupta Empire India Mauryan, Kūshan, &Gupta Empire India Background Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan) 2 Major Cities: Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro 2 Major Rivers: Indus & Ganges River Seasonal monsoons brought water to crops

More information

Decline of the Indus River Valley civilizations - -

Decline of the Indus River Valley civilizations - - Quick-Write: 8/30 Decline of the Indus River Valley civilizations - - Aryans - Aryans Aryans and Vedas Aryans and Vedas Aryans and Vedas Aryans and Social Order Aryans and Social Order - Caste System

More information

Why we re covering this

Why we re covering this India s Religions Why we re covering this As the world became more united under the imperialist movement, interactions between cultures caused an increasing number of internal and social clashes The primary

More information

Empires of India and China

Empires of India and China Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. Chapter 4, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 4 Empires of India and

More information

Origins of Hinduism Buddhism, and Jainism

Origins of Hinduism Buddhism, and Jainism Origins of Hinduism Buddhism, and Jainism Nature of faith Religions build on the experiences of cultural groups. Hinduism is unique in that it doesn t trace its origins to the clarity of teachings of

More information

APWH Chapters 4 & 9.notebook September 11, 2015

APWH Chapters 4 & 9.notebook September 11, 2015 Chapters 4 & 9 South Asia The first agricultural civilization in India was located in the Indus River valley. Its two main cities were Mohenjo Daro and Harappa. Its writing, however, has never been deciphered,

More information

Indian Empires: Mauryan and Gupta

Indian Empires: Mauryan and Gupta Indian Empires: Mauryan and Gupta After a civilization falls, what impact does it have on history? How do belief systems unite or divide people? Geography Deccan Plateau, dry, sparsely populated Mountains

More information

Review Questions 1. What were the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro like?

Review Questions 1. What were the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro like? Focus Question: How have scholars learned about India s first two civilizations, the Indus and the Aryan? As you read this section in your textbook, complete the following chart to sequence important events

More information

India Notes. How do the different monsoons affect the climate of India?

India Notes. How do the different monsoons affect the climate of India? India Notes The Indian Civilization The study of Ancient India includes 3 time periods: 1. Harappan Civilizations 2. Aryan INvasions & Rule 3. Indian Empires (Mauryan & Gupta) Indian Geography The 1 st

More information

Indian Empires: Mauryan and Gupta

Indian Empires: Mauryan and Gupta Indian Empires: Mauryan and Gupta After a civilization falls, what impact does it have on history? How do belief systems unite or divide people? Geography Deccan Plateau, dry, sparsely populated Mountains

More information

Introduction. World Religions Unit

Introduction. World Religions Unit Introduction World Religions Unit Why Study Religions? Religion plays a key role in our world today Religion is a major component of the human experience Knowledge of people s religions helps us understand

More information

Bell Work. How can religion dictate cultural life in a place?

Bell Work. How can religion dictate cultural life in a place? Bell Work How can religion dictate cultural life in a place? 1 Hinduism grew out of many varied beliefs of different peoples who settled in India. It has many gods and goddesses and many forms of worship.

More information

Hindu Kush. Himalayas. monsoon. Harappan Civilization. planned city. Lesson Main Ideas. Physical Geography of India. Mountains and Waterways.

Hindu Kush. Himalayas. monsoon. Harappan Civilization. planned city. Lesson Main Ideas. Physical Geography of India. Mountains and Waterways. Grade 6 World History: Ancient Civilizations Chapter 7: Ancient India Lesson 1: Geography and Indian Life Objectives 1. Describe the physical features, including the river systems, that characterized ancient

More information

netw rks Where in the world? When did it happen? Ancient India Lesson 1 Early Civilizations ESSENTIAL QUESTION Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS

netw rks Where in the world? When did it happen? Ancient India Lesson 1 Early Civilizations ESSENTIAL QUESTION Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS Lesson 1 Early Civilizations ESSENTIAL QUESTION How does geography influence the way people live? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did physical geography and climate influence the development of civilization in

More information

Cultures of Persia, India, and china. WH I 4a-e

Cultures of Persia, India, and china. WH I 4a-e Cultures of Persia, India, and china WH I 4a-e Vocabulary Power Imperial Bureaucracy- How Persia governed its empire- Divided empire into provinces each with its own administrator Zoroastrianism- monotheistic

More information

Ancient India. Copyright 2014 History Gal. All rights reserved.

Ancient India. Copyright 2014 History Gal. All rights reserved. Ancient India Copyright 2014 History Gal. All rights reserved. Copyright 2014 History Gal. All rights reserved. Subcontinent Includes the modern-day countries of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh Location

More information

Chapter 6. Daily Focus Skills Transparency 6 3

Chapter 6. Daily Focus Skills Transparency 6 3 Chapter 6 Daily Focus Skills Transparency 6 3 India s First Empires Chapter 6 Section 3 Objectives for this lesson Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present, and future.

More information

Ancient India and China. Chapter 3

Ancient India and China. Chapter 3 Ancient India and China Chapter 3 Chapter 3: Ancient India and China Section 1: Early Civilizations of India and Pakistan Main Idea #1: The Indian subcontinent is broken down into 3 parts: Deccan Plateau,

More information

BC Religio ig ns n of S outh h A sia

BC Religio ig ns n of S outh h A sia Religions of South Asia 2500 250 BC Hinduism gave birth to Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism Christianity Jesus Christ, son of God the Bible Islam Muhammadlast prophet to talk to Allah t he Quran Do you think

More information

UNIT TWO In this unit we will analyze Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Indian, and Chinese culture.

UNIT TWO In this unit we will analyze Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Indian, and Chinese culture. UNIT TWO In this unit we will analyze Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Indian, and Chinese culture. UNIT TWO In this unit we will analyze Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Indian, and Chinese culture.

More information

Vocabulary (Pgs )

Vocabulary (Pgs ) Vocabulary (Pgs 194-216) Himalayas Monsoons Sanskrit Raja Caste Guru Hinduism Brahman Reincarnation Dharma Karma Buddhism Nirvana Theocracy Dynasty Stupa Pilgrim First Civilizations The first Indian civilizations

More information

Hinduism and Buddhism

Hinduism and Buddhism Hinduism and Buddhism WHAT ARE THE MAIN BELIEFS OF HINDUISM & BUDDHISM? MS. JEREMIE Starter: Creation Myth Reflection Using your notes from the presentations, answer the following prompt: What similarities

More information

The emergence of South Asian Civilization. September 26, 2013

The emergence of South Asian Civilization. September 26, 2013 The emergence of South Asian Civilization. September 26, 2013 Review What was the relationship of Han China to Vietnam, and to Korea? Who were the Xiongnu? (What is a barbarian?) What was the Silk Road?

More information

India and China Chapter 3.

India and China Chapter 3. India and China Chapter 3 http://www.studentsfriend.com/sfcimage/map13see.jpeg Geography Impacts Early India India is a subcontinent Hindu-Kush and Himalaya Mountains to north Indus and Ganges Rivers in

More information

Where in the world? When did it happen? Ancient India Lesson 1 Early Civilizations ESSENTIAL QUESTION. Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS

Where in the world? When did it happen? Ancient India Lesson 1 Early Civilizations ESSENTIAL QUESTION. Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS Lesson 1 Early Civilizations ESSENTIAL QUESTION How does geography influence the way people live? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did physical geography and climate influence the development of civilization in

More information

Name: Document Packet Week 6 - Belief Systems: Polytheism Date:

Name: Document Packet Week 6 - Belief Systems: Polytheism Date: Name: Document Packet Week 6 - Belief Systems: Polytheism Date: In this packet you will have all the documents for the week. This document packet must be in class with you every day. We will work with

More information

Chapter 3 The Land of India Indian subcontinent Himalaya. Ganges River, Deccan monsoons India s First Civilization

Chapter 3 The Land of India Indian subcontinent Himalaya. Ganges River, Deccan monsoons India s First Civilization Chapter 3 The Land of India The Indian subcontinent is located along the southern edge of Asia. Its diverse geography has a number of core regions. In the north are the highest mountains in the world,

More information

What were the major accomplishments of the civilizations of India and China during the Classical Era?

What were the major accomplishments of the civilizations of India and China during the Classical Era? WORD WALL #3: Aryans Emperor Asoka Confucius Hinduism Mauryan Empire Qin Dynasty Reincarnation Gupta Empire Shih Huang-ti Caste System Zhou Dynasty Great Wall of China Buddha Mandate of Heaven Han Dynasty

More information

Himalaya Tallest mountains in the world. Hindu Kush To the NW, above the Indus river.

Himalaya Tallest mountains in the world. Hindu Kush To the NW, above the Indus river. Ancient India Himalaya Tallest mountains in the world. Hindu Kush To the NW, above the Indus river. Khyber Pass Mountain pass in the Hindu Kush. This was the passage for invaders who entered India. 29,

More information

Name: Date: Period: #: Chapter 9: Outline Notes Ancient India

Name: Date: Period: #: Chapter 9: Outline Notes Ancient India Name: Date: Period: #: Lesson 9.1 Early Civilizations Chapter 9: Outline Notes Ancient India The Geography of India: India and several other countries make up the of India. o A subcontinent is a large

More information

Chapter 7 - Lesson 2 "The Origins of Hinduism" p

Chapter 7 - Lesson 2 The Origins of Hinduism p Chapter 7 - Lesson 2 "The Origins of Hinduism" p.226-231 MAIN IDEAS Culture: A group of nomadic people moved into India and took over what was left of Harappan civilization. Government: Under Aryan rule,

More information

Classical Civilizations. World History Honors Unit 2

Classical Civilizations. World History Honors Unit 2 Classical Civilizations World History Honors Unit 2 Unit 2 India China Ancient Greece Ancient Rome Hinduism One of the oldest religions on earth today Probably created by combining traditions from Vedic

More information

Buddha and Ashoka Crash Course World History Script:

Buddha and Ashoka Crash Course World History Script: Buddha and Ashoka Crash Course World History Script: Part 1, The Vedas. So as you no doubt remember, the Indus River Valley was one of the earliest cradles of civilization, But that original civilization

More information

Hinduism and Buddhism

Hinduism and Buddhism Hinduism and Buddhism Hinduism Backstory Oldest continually practiced religion in the world Originated in Indus River Valley 4,500 years ago (modern-day India and Pakistan) Currently 3 rd largest religion

More information

Chapter 8: Indian Empires New Arrivals in South Asia

Chapter 8: Indian Empires New Arrivals in South Asia Chapter 8: Indian Empires New Arrivals in South Asia The Spread of Aryan Settlement Aryans are named for their use of Sanskrit and other languages included in the Indo-Aryan family of languages Arrived

More information

the Mauryan Empire. Rise of the Maurya Empire

the Mauryan Empire. Rise of the Maurya Empire DUE 02/22/19 Name: Lesson Three - Ancient India Empires (Mauryan and Gupta) 6.28 Describe the growth of the Maurya Empire and the political and moral achievements of the Emperor Asoka. 6.29 Identify the

More information

Lesson 1: Geography of South Asia

Lesson 1: Geography of South Asia Lesson 1 Summary Lesson 1: Geography of South Asia Use with pages 122 127. Vocabulary subcontinent a large region separated by water from other land areas monsoon season the rainy season subsistence farming

More information

What you will learn in this unit...

What you will learn in this unit... Belief Systems What you will learn in this unit... What are the characteristics of major religions? How are they similar and different? How have major religions affected culture? How have belief systems

More information

Indian Identity. Sanskrit promoted as language of educated (minimal)

Indian Identity. Sanskrit promoted as language of educated (minimal) Chapter 3 India Indian Identity More culturally diverse due to geography makes political unity difficult The developing religion doesn t foster unity but individuality Encouraged patriarchal control, tight-knit

More information

The Caste System. Assignment #12 in ISN

The Caste System. Assignment #12 in ISN The Caste System Assignment #12 in ISN Directions Each of you have been assigned a caste. You must follow the rules of your caste Sudras You must stand in the back of the class Vaisyas Sit in the back

More information

NAME DATE CLASS. Directions: In the space next to each vocabulary term, write the letter of the word or phrase most closely connected with it.

NAME DATE CLASS. Directions: In the space next to each vocabulary term, write the letter of the word or phrase most closely connected with it. Vocabulary Builder Activity A. Content Vocabulary Directions: In the space next to each vocabulary term, write the letter of the word or phrase most closely connected with it. 1. subcontinent 2. monsoon

More information

WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer

WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer Subject(s) Social Studies Conceptual Lenses Grade/Course 6 th Grade Social Studies Religion Unit of Study Classic India Society Structure Unit Title Karma, Krishna, and Castes

More information

Geography of India. Deccan Plateau

Geography of India. Deccan Plateau Geography of India Deccan Plateau India is considered a subcontinent because of its size. It is actually a part of Asia. In the north are high mountains, the Himalayas and Hindu Kush. In the center is

More information

Ancient India & Its First Empires. SSWH1b, 2a, 2c (Hinduism/ Buddhism)

Ancient India & Its First Empires. SSWH1b, 2a, 2c (Hinduism/ Buddhism) Ancient India & Its First Empires SSWH1b, 2a, 2c (Hinduism/ Buddhism) SSWH1 Analyze the origins, structures, and interactions of societies in the ancient world from 3500 BCE/BC to 500 BCE/BC. b. Describe

More information

Religion in Ancient India

Religion in Ancient India Religion in Ancient India Hinduism The Aryans Aryans Invaders from Central Asia Raja king / ruler of Aryan village Sanskrit स स क त व क writing system of the Aryans The Vedas Vedas most important Sanskrit

More information

,ESSON -!). 'EOGRAPHY 'OVERNMENT #ULTURE SHARED 4!+)

,ESSON -!). 'EOGRAPHY 'OVERNMENT #ULTURE SHARED 4!+) Page 1 of 7 Page 2 of 7 Page 3 of 7 Page 4 of 7 Page 5 of 7 Page 6 of 7 Page 7 of 7 Page 1 of 6 Page 2 of 6 Page 3 of 6 Aryan Migrations into India, 1500 250 B.C. The Aryan Migrations In about A SI A River

More information

Religion and Philosophy during the Classical Era. Key Concept 2.1 The development and codification of religious and cultural traditions

Religion and Philosophy during the Classical Era. Key Concept 2.1 The development and codification of religious and cultural traditions Religion and Philosophy during the Classical Era Key Concept 2.1 The development and codification of religious and cultural traditions Breaking down the WHAP standard As empires increased in size and interactions

More information

Hinduism. Hinduism is a religion as well as a social system (the caste system).

Hinduism. Hinduism is a religion as well as a social system (the caste system). Hinduism Practiced by the various cultures of the Indian subcontinent since 1500 BCE. Began in India with the Aryan invaders. Believe in one supreme force called Brahma, the creator, who is in all things.

More information

Buddha discovered Three Universal Truths and Four Noble Truths, which he then taught to the people for the next 45 years.

Buddha discovered Three Universal Truths and Four Noble Truths, which he then taught to the people for the next 45 years. How did Buddhism begin? About 2500 years ago, a prince named Siddhartha Gautama began to question his sheltered, luxurious life in the palace. He left the palace and saw four sights: a sick man, an old

More information

Section Quiz. Ancient India. Section 1

Section Quiz. Ancient India. Section 1 Section 1 MULTIPLE CHOICE Read each question. On the lines below write the letter of the best answer. 1. The Harappan civilization developed in the valley of which river? a. the Inga b. the Tigris c. the

More information

REVIEW INDIA ANSWER KEY

REVIEW INDIA ANSWER KEY REVIEW INDIA ANSWER KEY VOCABULARY Definition Sepoy Indian soldier under British command Jewel of the crown Term referring to India as the most valuable of all British colonies Sepoy Mutiny Uprising of

More information

Religions of South Asia. Hinduism Sikhism Buddhism Jainism

Religions of South Asia. Hinduism Sikhism Buddhism Jainism Religions of South Asia Hinduism Sikhism Buddhism Jainism Hinduism Historical Origins: Hinduism is one of the world s oldest religions and originated in India in about 1500 BC. Scholars believe that it

More information

India s First Empires

India s First Empires Section 1 India s First Empires The Mauryas and the Guptas establish empires, but neither unifies India permanently. 1 India s First Empires The Mauryan Empire Is Established Chandragupta Maurya Seizes

More information

Be able to locate the following on a map of the ancient world:

Be able to locate the following on a map of the ancient world: Be able to locate the following on a map of the ancient world: Persian Gulf Mediterranean Sea Black Sea Indus River Tigris River Euphrates River India Huang He River Nile River Fertile Crescent Arabian

More information

RELIGIONS AND PHILOSOPHIES ORGANIZER KEY POINTS REVIEW

RELIGIONS AND PHILOSOPHIES ORGANIZER KEY POINTS REVIEW RELIGIONS AND PHILOSOPHIES ORGANIZER KEY POINTS REVIEW HINDUISM Major religion practiced in India Oldest Religion in the world that we know of Started from the Aryan Vedic civilization around 1500 BCE

More information

Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism, & the Philosophy of Confucianism

Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism, & the Philosophy of Confucianism Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism, & the Philosophy of Confucianism This is a group of people who share a common culture and have a similar language. These characteristics have been part of their community

More information

Chapter 6: India and Southeast Asia 1500 B.C.E.-600 C.E. AP World History

Chapter 6: India and Southeast Asia 1500 B.C.E.-600 C.E. AP World History Chapter 6: India and Southeast Asia 1500 B.C.E.-600 C.E. AP World History I. Foundations of Indian Civilization, 1500 B.C.E.-300 C.E. A. The Indian Subcontinent 1. India has three topographical zones:

More information

Monday, November I can explain how the major beliefs of Brahmanism evolved into Hinduism.

Monday, November I can explain how the major beliefs of Brahmanism evolved into Hinduism. Monday, November 16 6.25 I can explain how the major beliefs of Brahmanism evolved into Hinduism. Religions of Ancient India Chapter 6.2 Origins of Hinduism One of the world s oldest 3 rd largest religion

More information

World History: Patterns of Interaction. People and Ideas on the Move, 2000 B.C. 250 B.C.

World History: Patterns of Interaction. People and Ideas on the Move, 2000 B.C. 250 B.C. People and Ideas on the Move, 2000 B.C. 250 B.C. Migrations by Indo-Europeans led to major changes in trade and language as well as to the foundations of three religions: Hinduism, Buddhism and Judaism.

More information

SOL 4 - World History I. Ancient Persian, India & China

SOL 4 - World History I. Ancient Persian, India & China SOL 4 - World History I Ancient Persian, India & China Zoroastrianism was the main Persian religion, although other religions were tolerated. Persian Empire Built on earlier Central Asian and Mesopotamian

More information

ANCIENT INDIA. The land and the Climate

ANCIENT INDIA. The land and the Climate ANCIENT INDIA India is located in southern Asia. On a map, India looks like a huge triangle of land pushing into the Indian Ocean. Natural barriers separate India from the rest of Asia. The Bay of Bengal

More information

1. subcontinent: South Asia is called a subcontinent because it is a large region supported by water from other land areas. (p.

1. subcontinent: South Asia is called a subcontinent because it is a large region supported by water from other land areas. (p. Name Period Chapter 5 Vocabulary: Ancient India and Persia DIRECTIONS: Use your glossary to write the definition on the line next to each vocabulary term. Then draw a picture or symbol in the box that

More information

Section 1 The Indo-Europeans. Global Studies I Chapter 3. Indo-European Language Family. Migrations. Hittite Empire. Hittites

Section 1 The Indo-Europeans. Global Studies I Chapter 3. Indo-European Language Family. Migrations. Hittite Empire. Hittites Section 1 The Indo-Europeans Global Studies I Chapter 3 Indo-Europeans Nomadic peoples from the Eurasian steppes Dry grasslands that stretched north of the Caucasus ( the Great Steppe ) People and Ideas

More information

Harappa and Mohenjo Daro

Harappa and Mohenjo Daro 4 ancient India and China.notebook Ancient India Geographically a subcontinent protected by the Himilayas and Hindu Kush Mtns. watered by the Indus and Ganges (holy) rivers secluded until the Aryan Invasion

More information

Section 3. Empires of China and India. The Mauryan Empire

Section 3. Empires of China and India. The Mauryan Empire The Mauryan Empire Many small kingdoms existed across India in 300s BC Each kingdom had own ruler; no central authority united them Magadha a dominant kingdom near Ganges Strong leader, Chandragupta Maurya

More information

Origins of Hinduism. Indian Society Divides

Origins of Hinduism. Indian Society Divides SECTION 2 Origins of Hinduism What You Will Learn Main Ideas 1. Indian society divided into distinct groups under the Aryans. 2. The Aryans practiced a religion known as Brahmanism. 3. Hinduism developed

More information

Chapter 3 Reading Guide Classical Civilization: INDIA

Chapter 3 Reading Guide Classical Civilization: INDIA Name: Due Date: Chapter 3 Reading Guide Classical Civilization: INDIA UNIT SUMMARY The Framework for Indian History: Geography and a Formative Period. Important reasons for India s distinctive path lie

More information

In this chapter, you will learn about the origins and beliefs of Hinduism. Hinduism is the most influential set of religious beliefs in modern India.

In this chapter, you will learn about the origins and beliefs of Hinduism. Hinduism is the most influential set of religious beliefs in modern India. 1. Introduction This statue represents Rama, who is a role model as both a man and a ruler, in the way to live by the rules of dharma. In this chapter, you will learn about the origins and beliefs of Hinduism.

More information

World History (Survey) Chapter 1: People and Ideas on the Move, 3500 B.C. 259 B.C.

World History (Survey) Chapter 1: People and Ideas on the Move, 3500 B.C. 259 B.C. World History (Survey) Chapter 1: People and Ideas on the Move, 3500 B.C. 259 B.C. Section 1: Indo-European Migrations While some peoples built civilizations in the great river valleys, others lived on

More information

Chapter 15. Learning About World Religions: Hinduism

Chapter 15. Learning About World Religions: Hinduism Chapter 15 Learning About World Religions: Hinduism Chapter 15 Learning About World Religions: Hinduism What are the origins and beliefs of Hinduism? 15.1 Introduction In this chapter, you will learn about

More information

Topics Covered: (Israelites, monotheism, Judaism, Ten Commandments, Torah, Talmud, Diaspora)

Topics Covered: (Israelites, monotheism, Judaism, Ten Commandments, Torah, Talmud, Diaspora) HWK#3-DUE MONDAY 8-20-12 DIRECTIONS: 1. TAKE CORNELL NOTES ON THE FOLLOWING TOPICS: JUDAISM, HINDUISM, BUDDHISM, CONFUCIANISM, DAOISM, LEGALISM 2. MAKE SURE KEY TERMS ARE PUT INTO NOTES-IF YOU DO NOT KNOW

More information

Buddhism. enlightenment) Wisdom will emerge if your mind is clear and pure. SLMS/08

Buddhism. enlightenment) Wisdom will emerge if your mind is clear and pure. SLMS/08 Buddhism SLMS/08 By about 600 BCE, many people in India had become dissatisfied with Brahmin power and privilege. Many began to question the rigid caste system of Hinduism, and began looking for other

More information

Monotheistic. Greek words mono meaning one and theism meaning god-worship

Monotheistic. Greek words mono meaning one and theism meaning god-worship Animism An ancient religion that centralizes it s beliefs around the belief that human-like spirits are present in animals, plants, and all other natural objects. The spirits are believed to be the souls

More information

Indias First Empires. Terms and Names

Indias First Empires. Terms and Names India and China Establish Empires Indias First Empires Terms and Names Mauryan Empire First empire in India, founded by Chandragupta Maurya Asoka Grandson of Chandragupta; leader who brought the Mauryan

More information

Kick Off: Homework: What is reincarnation? Write the question and answer it on page 2 of your packet! Quiz: EVEN: 10/23/17 ODD: 10/24/17

Kick Off: Homework: What is reincarnation? Write the question and answer it on page 2 of your packet! Quiz: EVEN: 10/23/17 ODD: 10/24/17 Kick Off: What is reincarnation? Write the question and answer it on page 2 of your packet! Quiz: EVEN: 10/23/17 ODD: 10/24/17 Homework: Unit 2 Vocabulary - Due at the end of the Unit! Quiz - Next week!

More information

Chapter Test. History of Ancient India

Chapter Test. History of Ancient India Name Class Date MULTIPLE CHOICE Read each statement or question. On the lines below write the letter of the best answer. 1. Both Harappa and Mohenjo Daro were located near the a. city of Bodh Gaya. b.

More information

Chapter 9. State, Society, and the Quest for Salvation in India. 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter 9. State, Society, and the Quest for Salvation in India. 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Chapter 9 State, Society, and the Quest for Salvation in India 1 The Mauryan and Gupta Empires 321 B.C.E.-550 C.E. 2 India Before the Mauryan Dynasty 520 B.C.E., Persian emperor Darius conquers northwest

More information

1. Introduction affected specific

1. Introduction affected specific 1. Introduction In this chapter, you will learn about the origins and beliefs of Hinduism. Hinduism is the most influential set of religious beliefs in modern India. The ancient traditions that gave rise

More information

WORLD RELIGIONS. Buddhism. Hinduism. Daoism * Yin-Yang * Cosmogony. Sikhism. * Eight Fold Path. Confucianism Shintoism

WORLD RELIGIONS. Buddhism. Hinduism. Daoism * Yin-Yang * Cosmogony. Sikhism. * Eight Fold Path. Confucianism Shintoism Sikhism Buddhism * Eight Fold Path Daoism * Yin-Yang * Cosmogony WORLD RELIGIONS Confucianism Shintoism Hinduism RELIGION set of beliefs for a group of people Soul or spirit; a deity or higher being; life

More information

Starter A: 10/4 B: 10/5

Starter A: 10/4 B: 10/5 Starter A: 10/4 B: 10/5 Brainstorm, Sort and Label: With your neighbor: name everything you know about Ancient China and India. Procedures: 1. Write down the things associated with the topic 2. Group the

More information

I. Introduction to Hinduism. Unit 3 SG 5

I. Introduction to Hinduism. Unit 3 SG 5 I. Introduction to Hinduism Unit 3 SG 5 A. The Indian Subcontinent 1. The vast majority of Hindus live in India and Nepal 2. Hinduism is an ethnic religion. B. Beliefs Common to Religions in India 1.

More information

Hinduism vs Buddhism. Jennifer Vang 12/9/14 Hour 6

Hinduism vs Buddhism. Jennifer Vang 12/9/14 Hour 6 Hinduism vs Buddhism Jennifer Vang 12/9/14 Hour 6 What is literal meaning for Buddhism? Buddhists means those who follow the teachings of the Buddha. What is the literal meaning for Hinduism? The followers

More information

Chapter 6: Early India

Chapter 6: Early India Chapter 6: Early India Section 1: India s First Civilizations India looks like a diamond hanging from the bottom of Asia. India is a subcontinent landmass that s part of a continent but distinct from it.

More information

Buddhism. Ancient India and China Section 3. Preview

Buddhism. Ancient India and China Section 3. Preview Preview Main Idea / Reading Focus The Life of the Buddha The Teachings of Buddhism The Spread of Buddhism Map: Spread of Buddhism Buddhism Main Idea Buddhism Buddhism, which teaches people that they can

More information