BC Religio ig ns n of S outh h A sia

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "BC Religio ig ns n of S outh h A sia"

Transcription

1 Religions of South Asia BC Hinduism gave birth to Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism Christianity Jesus Christ, son of God the Bible Islam Muhammadlast prophet to talk to Allah t he Quran Do you think Islam had an effect on Hindu India?

2 2. Hinduism? The religion of Hinduism developed and evolved over a long time in India, giving rise to a variety of beliefs and practices and to other religions, including Jainism

3 What is Hinduism? One of the oldest religions of humanity The religion of the Indian people Its origins are difficult to trace Brahman

4 How did Hinduism begin? No particular founder Indus River Valley Civilization >5000 years ago Aryans enter years ago Vedic Tradition years ago:

5 What do Hindus believe? One impersonal Ultimate Reality Brahman -the creator Atman, the soul, is Brahman trapped in matter Reincarnation reborn into this world lifetime after lifetime (Samsara) Karma spiritual impurity due to actions keeps us bound to this world (good and bad)

6 How does Hinduism direct life in this world? Dharma-set of spiritual duties-based on class and station Four stations of life (Caste) - priests & teachers, nobles & warriors, merchant class, servant class Four stages of life student, householder, retired, renunciant

7 What are the Sacred Texts? Shruti ( heard ) oldest, most authoritative: Four Vedas ( truth ) myths, rituals, chants Upanishads - metaphysical speculation Smriti ( remembered ) the Great Indian Epics: Ramayana Mahabharata (includes Bhagavad- Gita)

8 What are the spiritual practices of Hinduism? Yoga-meditation in order to attain moksha Ultimate goal of life to release Atman and reunite with the divine, becoming as one with Brahman (Moksha)

9 Who do Hindus worship? BC the major gods of the Hindu Pantheon Brahma, the creator god

10 Who do Hindus worship? BC the major gods of the Hindu Pantheon Vishnu, the preserver god Incarnates as ten avatars (descents) including: Rama (featured in the Ramayana) Krishna (featured in the Mahabharata) (Each shown with his consort, Sita and Radha, respectively)

11 Who do Hindus worship? BC the major gods of the Hindu Pantheon Shiva, god of constructive destruction (the transformer) Appears as Shiva Nataraj, lord of the dance of creation and with his wife, Parvati, and son Ganesha (the elephant headed remover of obstacles)

12 What about the goddesses? Devi the feminine divine BC Saraswati, goddess of wisdom, consort of Brahma

13 What about the goddesses? Devi the feminine divine Lakshmi, goddess of good fortune, consort of Vishnu

14 What about the goddesses? Devi the feminine divine Parvati, divine mother, wife of Shiva

15 What about the goddesses? Devi the feminine divine Durga, protectress Plus about 330 million other deities Kali, destroyer of demons

16 All these deities are but Manifest forms (attributes and functions) of the impersonal Brahman

17 Jainism BC 500 BC a group of Hindus broke away Mahavira Jainism thought Hindus placed too much emphasis on ritual Plus about 330 million other deities Ahimsa- nonviolence towards living things; avoid stealing and tell the truth

18 3. Buddhism Buddhism, which teaches people that they can escape the suffering of the world through the Buddhist teachings, developed in India and spread to other parts of Asia

19 Siddhartha Gautama ( BCE) Unlike Hinduism, Buddhism can be traced to one single founder, Siddhartha Gautama Prince of a small kingdom; he lived sheltered life and sought the answer to ending suffering After years of meditation searching for Nirvava he became Enlightened He transformed into Buddha

20 What is the fundamental cause of all suffering? BC Desire! Therefore, extinguish the self, don t obsess about oneself. Give up all materials and possessions of the world.

21 Four Noble Truths There is suffering in the world. To live is to suffer. (Dukkha) The cause of suffering is self-centered desire and attachments. (Tanha) The solution is to eliminate desire and attachments. (Nirvana = extinction ) To reach nirvana, one must follow the Eightfold Path.

22 Eightfold Path BC Right Understanding Right Intention Right Speech Right Action Right Livelihood Right Effort Right Concentration Right Mindfulness

23 Eightfold Path Nirvana The union with the ultimate spiritual reality. Escape from the cycle of rebirth. Reincarnation

24 Types of Buddhism Therevada Buddhism Mahayana Buddhism Tibetan Buddhism Zen Buddhism

25 Theravada Buddhism The oldest school of Buddhism. The Way of the Elders or the Small Vehicle. Found in southern Asia. The monastic life is the best way to achieve nirvana. Focus on wisdom and meditation. Goal is to become a Buddha, or Enlightened One. Over 100,000,000 followers today.

26 Mahayana Buddhism The Great Vehicle. Founded in northern Asia (China, Japan). Buddhism for the masses. Seek guidance from Boddhisatvas, wise beings. Goal: Not just individual escape from the wheel, but the salvation of all humanity through self-sacrifice of those enlightened few.

27 Tibetan Buddhism The Diamond Vehicle. [Vajrayana] Developed in Tibet in the 7c CE. A mix of Theravada and Mahayana. Boddhisatvas include Lamas, like the Dalai Lama. The Tibetan Book of the Dead [Bardo Thodol].

28 The Dalai Lama BC

29 Zen Buddhism The Meditation School. Seeks sudden enlightenment [satori] through meditation, arriving at emptiness [sunyata]. Use of meditation masters [Roshi]. Beauty, art, and aesthetics: Gardens. Archery. Tea ceremony. Calligraphy.

30 Buddhism in America (1999) BC

31 Relieve Stress & Meditate: Get a Mantra! BC Ohm...mani...padme...hung... Hail to the jewel in the lotus!

The following presentation can be found at el231/resource/buddhism.ppt (accessed April 21, 2010).

The following presentation can be found at  el231/resource/buddhism.ppt (accessed April 21, 2010). The following presentation can be found at http://www.nvcc.edu/home/lshulman/r el231/resource/buddhism.ppt (accessed April 21, 2010). Buddhism The middle way of wisdom and compassion A 2500 year old tradition

More information

How does Buddhism differ from Hinduism?

How does Buddhism differ from Hinduism? Buddhism The middle way of wisdom and compassion A 2500 year old tradition that began in India and spread and diversified throughout the Far East A philosophy, religion, and spiritual practice followed

More information

Hinduism and Buddhism

Hinduism and Buddhism Hinduism and Buddhism WHAT ARE THE MAIN BELIEFS OF HINDUISM & BUDDHISM? MS. JEREMIE Starter: Creation Myth Reflection Using your notes from the presentations, answer the following prompt: What similarities

More information

World Religions. Section 3 - Hinduism and Buddhism. Welcome, Rob Reiter. My Account Feedback and Support Sign Out. Choose Another Program

World Religions. Section 3 - Hinduism and Buddhism. Welcome, Rob Reiter. My Account Feedback and Support Sign Out. Choose Another Program Welcome, Rob Reiter My Account Feedback and Support Sign Out Choose Another Program Home Select a Lesson Program Resources My Classes 3 - World Religions This is what your students see when they are signed

More information

Decline of the Indus River Valley civilizations - -

Decline of the Indus River Valley civilizations - - Quick-Write: 8/30 Decline of the Indus River Valley civilizations - - Aryans - Aryans Aryans and Vedas Aryans and Vedas Aryans and Vedas Aryans and Social Order Aryans and Social Order - Caste System

More information

Is a drop of water the same thing as the entire ocean? 8/14/2013

Is a drop of water the same thing as the entire ocean? 8/14/2013 THE BASICS Hinduism World s oldest religion World's third largest religion, after Christianity and Islam Largely influenced later religions: Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism Nearly 1 billion followers 13% of

More information

Introduction. World Religions Unit

Introduction. World Religions Unit Introduction World Religions Unit Why Study Religions? Religion plays a key role in our world today Religion is a major component of the human experience Knowledge of people s religions helps us understand

More information

CLASSICAL INDIA FROM THE MAURYANS TO THE GUPTAS

CLASSICAL INDIA FROM THE MAURYANS TO THE GUPTAS CLASSICAL INDIA FROM THE MAURYANS TO THE GUPTAS RISE OF MAURYAN EMPIRE Ganges Republics Prior to Alexander, kshatriyan republics dominated, vied for power Maghda was one of the most dominant Western Intrusions

More information

Buddha discovered Three Universal Truths and Four Noble Truths, which he then taught to the people for the next 45 years.

Buddha discovered Three Universal Truths and Four Noble Truths, which he then taught to the people for the next 45 years. How did Buddhism begin? About 2500 years ago, a prince named Siddhartha Gautama began to question his sheltered, luxurious life in the palace. He left the palace and saw four sights: a sick man, an old

More information

1. Subcontinent - A large distinguishable part of a continent

1. Subcontinent - A large distinguishable part of a continent I. India A. Geography - Located in southern Asia, India is a triangular shaped subcontinent. 1. Subcontinent - A large distinguishable part of a continent 2. Due to the geographic diversity of India, over

More information

Hinduism: A Christian Perspective

Hinduism: A Christian Perspective Hinduism: A Christian Perspective Rick Rood gives us an understanding of this major world religion which is becoming more a part of the American scene with the growth of a Hindu immigrant population. Taking

More information

The Rise of Hinduism

The Rise of Hinduism The Rise of Hinduism Not many things have endured without major transformation for over 5,000 years. That's one reason Hindu traditions stand out. Hinduism might be the oldest religion on Earth. To understand

More information

Hinduism. AP World History Chapter 6ab

Hinduism. AP World History Chapter 6ab Hinduism AP World History Chapter 6ab Origins Originates in India from literature, traditions, and class system of Aryan invaders Developed gradually; took on a variety of forms and gods particular to

More information

As I Enter. Think about it: Agenda: What you know about Hinduism and Buddhism. Notes on Hinduism and Buddhism

As I Enter. Think about it: Agenda: What you know about Hinduism and Buddhism. Notes on Hinduism and Buddhism As I Enter Think about it: What you know about Hinduism and Buddhism Agenda: Notes on Hinduism and Buddhism Hinduism Hinduism Statistically, there are over 900 million Hindus in the world (1 in 7 people)

More information

Hinduism 4: Vedantic Hinduism

Hinduism 4: Vedantic Hinduism Eastern Religions Hinduism 4: Vedantic Hinduism 1. Trimurti and Brahma 2. Vishnu 3. The Avatars 4. More Vedantic Philosophy 5. Shiva Note: Gold and White 1 trimurti and brahma The 3 Faces of God Trimurti

More information

A Study of Stylistic Concern Comparing and Contrasting Buddhist and Hindu Sculpture

A Study of Stylistic Concern Comparing and Contrasting Buddhist and Hindu Sculpture A Study of Stylistic Concern Comparing and Contrasting Buddhist and Hindu Sculpture Aim Broaden students awareness of the artistic and cultural contributions of artists who lived and worked in the Indus

More information

The Historical Basis of Hinduism

The Historical Basis of Hinduism Hinduism The Historical Basis of Hinduism Hinduism is not founded by one particular person Because it is not confined to one person s beliefs, it absorbed ideas and practices that suited the social and

More information

Shinto Established: Founder: Geographic Origin: archipelago Currently Practiced: Significant Writings: Places of Worship:

Shinto Established: Founder: Geographic Origin: archipelago Currently Practiced: Significant Writings: Places of Worship: Shinto Shinto, which means "Way of the Gods," is the traditional religion of Japan that focuses on nature. Many consider Shinto to be a form of Animism due to the many similarities found between them.

More information

What is Hinduism?: world's oldest religion o igi g na n t a ed e d in n Ind n i d a reincarnation (rebirth) Karma

What is Hinduism?: world's oldest religion o igi g na n t a ed e d in n Ind n i d a reincarnation (rebirth) Karma What is Hinduism?: Hinduism is the world's oldest religion, with a billion followers, which makes it the world's third largest religion. Hinduism is a conglomeration of religious, philosophical, and cultural

More information

Brahman, Atman, and Moksha: The Supreme Spirit, the True Self, and Liberation

Brahman, Atman, and Moksha: The Supreme Spirit, the True Self, and Liberation Brahman, Atman, and Moksha: The Supreme Spirit, the True Self, and Liberation Brahman-the Supreme Spirit Many people think of God as being up there in heaven. We are down here in our world and God is elsewhere.

More information

Buddhism. Webster s New Collegiate Dictionary defines religion as the service and adoration of God or a god expressed in forms of worship.

Buddhism. Webster s New Collegiate Dictionary defines religion as the service and adoration of God or a god expressed in forms of worship. Buddhism Webster s New Collegiate Dictionary defines religion as the service and adoration of God or a god expressed in forms of worship. Most people make the relationship between religion and god. There

More information

Introduction to Hinduism. There is only one God, but endless are his aspects and endless are his names!

Introduction to Hinduism. There is only one God, but endless are his aspects and endless are his names! Introduction to Hinduism There is only one God, but endless are his aspects and endless are his names! The vast majority of Hindus live in India and Nepal Goal of Hinduism Moksha: release or liberation

More information

Chapter Test. History of Ancient India

Chapter Test. History of Ancient India Name Class Date MULTIPLE CHOICE Read each statement or question. On the lines below write the letter of the best answer. 1. Both Harappa and Mohenjo Daro were located near the a. city of Bodh Gaya. b.

More information

BUDDHISM Jews Metropolitan Tel Aviv, with 2.5 million Jews, is the world's largest Jewish city. It is followed by New York, with 1.

BUDDHISM Jews Metropolitan Tel Aviv, with 2.5 million Jews, is the world's largest Jewish city. It is followed by New York, with 1. Jews Metropolitan Tel Aviv, with 2.5 million Jews, is the world's largest Jewish city. It is followed by New York, with 1.9 million, Haifa 655,000, Los Angeles 621,000, Jerusalem 570,000, and southeast

More information

The Origin of World Religions

The Origin of World Religions The Origin of World Religions By Anita Ravi, Big History Project, adapted by Newsela staff on 07.30.16 Word Count 1,834 Level 880L Monk Praying at Thatbyinnyu Temple, Myanmar. Courtesy of Karen Kasmauski/Corbis.

More information

Section 1 The Indo-Europeans. Global Studies I Chapter 3. Indo-European Language Family. Migrations. Hittite Empire. Hittites

Section 1 The Indo-Europeans. Global Studies I Chapter 3. Indo-European Language Family. Migrations. Hittite Empire. Hittites Section 1 The Indo-Europeans Global Studies I Chapter 3 Indo-Europeans Nomadic peoples from the Eurasian steppes Dry grasslands that stretched north of the Caucasus ( the Great Steppe ) People and Ideas

More information

Gods & Spirits. Kenneth Feldmeier Office hours: Tuesday before class

Gods & Spirits. Kenneth Feldmeier Office hours: Tuesday before class Gods & Spirits Kenneth Feldmeier feldmekj@lavc.edu Office hours: Tuesday before class Recap: Where have we been, where do we go? The plan; this week we are going to discuss different ideas about gods and

More information

Chapter 15. Learning About World Religions: Hinduism

Chapter 15. Learning About World Religions: Hinduism Chapter 15 Learning About World Religions: Hinduism Chapter 15 Learning About World Religions: Hinduism What are the origins and beliefs of Hinduism? 15.1 Introduction In this chapter, you will learn about

More information

Ancient India. Section Notes Geography and Early India Origins of Hinduism Origins of Buddhism Indian Empires Indian Achievements

Ancient India. Section Notes Geography and Early India Origins of Hinduism Origins of Buddhism Indian Empires Indian Achievements Ancient India Section Notes Geography and Early India Origins of Hinduism Origins of Buddhism Indian Empires Indian Achievements History Close-up Life in Mohenjo Daro Quick Facts The Varnas Major Beliefs

More information

Teaching and Learning activities (possible)

Teaching and Learning activities (possible) Hinduism Years: Years 5, 6, 7 and 8 Unit 1: God and Other Beliefs About this Unit: This unit examines Hindu beliefs and how these beliefs affect Hindu lifestyle. Prior Learning: It is helpful if children

More information

Cultures of Persia, India, and china. WH I 4a-e

Cultures of Persia, India, and china. WH I 4a-e Cultures of Persia, India, and china WH I 4a-e Vocabulary Power Imperial Bureaucracy- How Persia governed its empire- Divided empire into provinces each with its own administrator Zoroastrianism- monotheistic

More information

Ancient India Summary Guide

Ancient India Summary Guide Name Period Date Ancient India Summary Guide Be able to spell and define the following key concept terms: Subcontinent: a large landmass, usually partially separated by land forms, that is smaller than

More information

in a variety of forms in many traditional societies. The Basics

in a variety of forms in many traditional societies. The Basics Introduction: Belief Systems Humans have always expressed a need to understand natural phenomenon and to answer questions regarding their way of life and what happens once they die. These needs resulted

More information

Judaism. Compton's by Britannica. Aug 1, 2011, n.p. Copyright 2011 Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.

Judaism. Compton's by Britannica. Aug 1, 2011, n.p. Copyright 2011 Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. World Religions Judaism Overview Along with Christianity and Islam, Judaism is one of the three major monotheistic religions of the world. It shares with them the belief in one God who is the creator and

More information

Buddhism 101. Distribution: predominant faith in Burma, Ceylon, Thailand and Indo-China. It also has followers in China, Korea, Mongolia and Japan.

Buddhism 101. Distribution: predominant faith in Burma, Ceylon, Thailand and Indo-China. It also has followers in China, Korea, Mongolia and Japan. Buddhism 101 Founded: 6 th century BCE Founder: Siddhartha Gautama, otherwise known as the Buddha Enlightened One Place of Origin: India Sacred Books: oldest and most important scriptures are the Tripitaka,

More information

Where in the world? When did it happen? Ancient India Lesson 1 Early Civilizations ESSENTIAL QUESTION. Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS

Where in the world? When did it happen? Ancient India Lesson 1 Early Civilizations ESSENTIAL QUESTION. Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS Lesson 1 Early Civilizations ESSENTIAL QUESTION How does geography influence the way people live? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did physical geography and climate influence the development of civilization in

More information

Outline Chapter 6: India and Southeast Asia, 1500 B.C.E C.E. I. Foundations of Indian Civilization, 1500 B.C.E. 300 C.E.

Outline Chapter 6: India and Southeast Asia, 1500 B.C.E C.E. I. Foundations of Indian Civilization, 1500 B.C.E. 300 C.E. Outline Chapter 6: India and Southeast Asia, 1500 B.C.E. 1025 C.E. I. Foundations of Indian Civilization, 1500 B.C.E. 300 C.E. A. The Indian Subcontinent 1. India has three topographical zones: (1) the

More information

Sanātana Dharma Sanskrit phrase "the eternal law"

Sanātana Dharma Sanskrit phrase the eternal law 1. Notebook Entry: Hinduism 2. How do we identify a belief system EQ: How does Hinduism fit our model of a belief system? code of ethics, place of origin, texts, impact, spread, divine being, founder,

More information

Unit 4: Ancient River Valley Civilizations - India

Unit 4: Ancient River Valley Civilizations - India Unit 4: Ancient River Valley Civilizations - India Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.4 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the civilization of Persia, India, and China in terms of chronology, geography,

More information

Evangelism: Defending the Faith

Evangelism: Defending the Faith Introduction We ve been ministering for the past several weeks from the overarching theme of: Evangelism. o Evangelize 1. Convert to Christianity 2. Be an advocate for a cause 3. To preach the gospel of

More information

The Comparative study between Hinduism and Buddhism

The Comparative study between Hinduism and Buddhism International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention ISSN (Online): 2319 7722, ISSN (Print): 2319 7714 Volume 2 Issue 5 ǁ May. 2013ǁ PP.27-31 The Comparative study between Hinduism and Buddhism

More information

Jnana, Dharma and Bhakti. The Hindu Way of Life and Three Paths to Moksha

Jnana, Dharma and Bhakti. The Hindu Way of Life and Three Paths to Moksha Jnana, Dharma and Bhakti The Hindu Way of Life and Three Paths to Moksha Hindu way of life u Three paths to moksha: 1. The path of knowledge (jnana-marga, jnana yoga) 2. The path of action (karma-marga,

More information

Chapter 9. State, Society, and the Quest for Salvation in India. 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter 9. State, Society, and the Quest for Salvation in India. 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Chapter 9 State, Society, and the Quest for Salvation in India 1 The Mauryan and Gupta Empires 321 B.C.E.-550 C.E. 2 India Before the Mauryan Dynasty 520 B.C.E., Persian emperor Darius conquers northwest

More information

Chapter 6 Religion 1

Chapter 6 Religion 1 Chapter 6 Religion 1 Religion Where are religions located? Why do they have different distributions? Effects on landscape Why does conflict arise among religious groups? 2 What is Religion? System of beliefs

More information

Culture: a people s way of life (how they meet their basic needs for food and shelter) language, literature, music, and art

Culture: a people s way of life (how they meet their basic needs for food and shelter) language, literature, music, and art Aspects of Culture What is Culture? Culture: a people s way of life (how they meet their basic needs for food and shelter) language, literature, music, and art beliefs about the world and religion technology

More information

Assessment: Learning About Religions: Buddhism

Assessment: Learning About Religions: Buddhism Name Date Assessment: Learning About Religions: Buddhism Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. The name Buddha meant one who was A. sorrowful. B. awakened. C. everlasting.

More information

World Religions. Essential Information

World Religions. Essential Information World Religions Essential Information Distribution of Major World Religions Essential Questions What is religion commitment or devotion to an organized system of beliefs, ceremonies and practices What

More information

Indian Civilization. Chapter Five: Ancient Civilizations of India and China. The Indus River Valley Civilization. Map 5.1

Indian Civilization. Chapter Five: Ancient Civilizations of India and China. The Indus River Valley Civilization. Map 5.1 Chapter Five: Ancient Civilizations of India and China Map 5.1 Indian Civilization The Indus River Valley Civilization Mohenjo-daro Agriculture-based society (cotton) Centralization Ecological disasters

More information

Characteristics of IRVC Communities Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro Early Civilizations of India

Characteristics of IRVC Communities Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro Early Civilizations of India Characteristics of IRVC Communities Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro Early Civilizations of India From the Indus River Valley Civilization to Hinduism today Laid out on a grid-pattern Food storage warehouses Buildings

More information

People and Ideas on the Move. Explain the Dynasty Cycle and Mandate of Heaven.

People and Ideas on the Move. Explain the Dynasty Cycle and Mandate of Heaven. People and Ideas on the Move Explain the Dynasty Cycle and Mandate of Heaven. Objectives Students will be able to describe the spread of Indo- Europeans Aryan Invasion Hittite Empire Terms: Caste, Vedas,

More information

D. B.I.L.T.: Beliefs. 1. What people believe influence what they do, say, wear, eat, etc.

D. B.I.L.T.: Beliefs. 1. What people believe influence what they do, say, wear, eat, etc. D. B.I.L.T.: Beliefs 1. What people believe influence what they do, say, wear, eat, etc. Does this have to be associated with an organized religion? What would be an example of your beliefs influencing

More information

Asia. Cultural Geography

Asia. Cultural Geography Asia Cultural Geography Religion v Some religions that are found in Asia are: A. Buddhism B. Hinduism C. Confucianism E. Shintoism F. Islam G. Christianity D. Taoism Hinduism v Hinduism is an ethnic religion

More information

The Story. But in the midst of all this beauty Gautama could not stop the questions from bubbling up. How did I get here?

The Story. But in the midst of all this beauty Gautama could not stop the questions from bubbling up. How did I get here? Buddhism The Story There once was a prince living in a palace who had the distinct sense that something was wrong. His name was Siddhartha Gautama. He probably lived sometime in the 6 th century B.C. The

More information

India and Southeast Asia, 1500 B.C.E C.E.

India and Southeast Asia, 1500 B.C.E C.E. CHAPTER 6 India and Southeast Asia, 1500 B.C.E. 1025 C.E. INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES After studying this chapter students should be able to: 1. Discuss the historical forces that led to the complex society

More information

Unit 2. World Religions and Belief Systems. Name:

Unit 2. World Religions and Belief Systems. Name: Unit 2 World Religions and Belief Systems Name: 1 Table of Contents Animism.9 Shintoism...10 Hinduism.15 Buddhism 20 Judaism..23 Christianity..27 Islam...29 Confucianism.35 2 What do you know about religions?

More information

Hinduism and Buddhism

Hinduism and Buddhism Hinduism and Buddhism PURPOSE OF SECTION: Explain the development and impact of Hinduism and Buddhism in India and subsequent diffusion of Buddhism. Hinduism National religion of India ॐ Based on variety

More information

Hinduism and Buddhism Develop

Hinduism and Buddhism Develop Name CHAPTER 3 Section 2 (pages 66 71) Hinduism and Buddhism Develop BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about the Hittites and the Aryans. In this section, you will learn about the roots of

More information

Hindu. Hinduism Sacred Images Narrative Traditions

Hindu. Hinduism Sacred Images Narrative Traditions Hindu Hinduism Sacred Images Narrative Traditions We have already learned that the stories of Hinduism came from the Vedic Texts. In the course of the first Millennium BCE the Vedas were succeeded by the

More information

Harappa and Mohenjo Daro

Harappa and Mohenjo Daro 4 ancient India and China.notebook Ancient India Geographically a subcontinent protected by the Himilayas and Hindu Kush Mtns. watered by the Indus and Ganges (holy) rivers secluded until the Aryan Invasion

More information

Chapter 6: Early India

Chapter 6: Early India Chapter 6: Early India Section 1: India s First Civilizations India looks like a diamond hanging from the bottom of Asia. India is a subcontinent landmass that s part of a continent but distinct from it.

More information

Chapter 7 - Lesson 2 "The Origins of Hinduism" p

Chapter 7 - Lesson 2 The Origins of Hinduism p Chapter 7 - Lesson 2 "The Origins of Hinduism" p.226-231 MAIN IDEAS Culture: A group of nomadic people moved into India and took over what was left of Harappan civilization. Government: Under Aryan rule,

More information

NAME DATE CLASS. Directions: In the space next to each vocabulary term, write the letter of the word or phrase most closely connected with it.

NAME DATE CLASS. Directions: In the space next to each vocabulary term, write the letter of the word or phrase most closely connected with it. Vocabulary Builder Activity A. Content Vocabulary Directions: In the space next to each vocabulary term, write the letter of the word or phrase most closely connected with it. 1. subcontinent 2. monsoon

More information

HINDUISM. A few preliminaries

HINDUISM. A few preliminaries HINDUISM A few preliminaries What is Hinduism? If you ask google what is Hinduism? you will get over 3,820,000 results... Hinduism is not a single, unified, monolithic religion... it is more like a family

More information

SIRS Discoverer : Document : Buddhism. Home Page Back Dictionary Thesaurus Help Tips Cite. Share. The Four Noble Truths and the

SIRS Discoverer : Document : Buddhism. Home Page Back Dictionary Thesaurus Help Tips Cite. Share. The Four Noble Truths and the Page 1 of 6 Home Page Back Dictionary Thesaurus Help Tips Cite Article may be transmitted to your email. Other transmissions are prohibited. Your email address: Include pictures? Share Compton's by Britannica

More information

SOL 4 - World History I. Ancient Persian, India & China

SOL 4 - World History I. Ancient Persian, India & China SOL 4 - World History I Ancient Persian, India & China Zoroastrianism was the main Persian religion, although other religions were tolerated. Persian Empire Built on earlier Central Asian and Mesopotamian

More information

Introduction to Buddhism

Introduction to Buddhism Introduction to Buddhism No divine beings. And, anatta, no soul Reality is a construct of our senses, an illusion Four noble truths Dukkha, All life is suffering Tanha, suffering is caused by desire Sunyata,

More information

Hinduism. By: Joe Othman, Jacob Zak, Gabe Dattilo, Ben Johnson

Hinduism. By: Joe Othman, Jacob Zak, Gabe Dattilo, Ben Johnson Hinduism By: Joe Othman, Jacob Zak, Gabe Dattilo, Ben Johnson Sacred Texts: Rig Veda There are four Vedas, Rig, Sama, Yajur, and Atharva Vedas known to be the first of Indian writing going as far back

More information

Cultural Diffusion and the image of the Buddha

Cultural Diffusion and the image of the Buddha Cultural Diffusion and the image of the Buddha 10-22-14 Directions: Using the map below and the attached images, explore how the image of the Buddha changed as Buddhism spread from India to other parts

More information

Introduction to Buddhism (Spring 09) Lecture 1 Prof. Mario Poceski

Introduction to Buddhism (Spring 09) Lecture 1 Prof. Mario Poceski Introduction to Buddhism (Spring 09) Lecture 1 Prof. Mario Poceski India s oldest known civilization Existence of complex urban culture with carefully planned towns Use of copper and bronze Invention

More information

WORLD RELIGIONS. Mr. Booth World History 2015

WORLD RELIGIONS. Mr. Booth World History 2015 WORLD RELIGIONS Mr. Booth World History 2015 5 Major Religions Christianity Islam Judaism Buddhism Hinduism + Confucianism/Taoism 5 Categories of Religions 1. Monotheistic Belief in one God (Christianity,

More information

WORLD RELIGIONS. Mr. Booth World History 2015

WORLD RELIGIONS. Mr. Booth World History 2015 WORLD RELIGIONS Mr. Booth World History 2015 5 Major Religions Christianity Islam Judaism Buddhism Hinduism + Confucianism/Taoism 5 Categories of Religions 1. Monotheistic Belief in one God (Christianity,

More information

Lesson 16 - Learning About World Religions: Buddhism Section 1 - Introduction

Lesson 16 - Learning About World Religions: Buddhism Section 1 - Introduction Lesson 16 - Learning About World Religions: Buddhism Section 1 - Introduction These young Buddhist monks stand in the large window of a Buddhist monastery in the nation of Myanmar, in Southeast Asia. Hinduism,

More information

Ancient India. Copyright 2014 History Gal. All rights reserved.

Ancient India. Copyright 2014 History Gal. All rights reserved. Ancient India Copyright 2014 History Gal. All rights reserved. Copyright 2014 History Gal. All rights reserved. Subcontinent Includes the modern-day countries of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh Location

More information

Chapter 16 Learning About World Religions: Buddhism. What are the main beliefs and teachings of Buddhism?

Chapter 16 Learning About World Religions: Buddhism. What are the main beliefs and teachings of Buddhism? Chapter 16 Learning About World Religions: Buddhism What are the main beliefs and teachings of Buddhism? 16.1. Introduction Keith Levit Photography //Worldofstock.com These young Buddhist monks stand in

More information

Prepare to Read Section 1 The Indus and Ganges River Valleys

Prepare to Read Section 1 The Indus and Ganges River Valleys 124 CHAPTER Prepare to Read Section 1 The Indus and Ganges River Valleys Objectives 1. Learn about India s geographic setting. 2. Find out about life in an ancient city of the Indus River valley. 3. Learn

More information

RELS SACRED TEXTS OF THE EAST Dr. June McDaniel Spring, 2012

RELS SACRED TEXTS OF THE EAST Dr. June McDaniel Spring, 2012 RELS 205.001 SACRED TEXTS OF THE EAST Dr. June McDaniel Spring, 2012 Office: 4 Glebe St, Room 101 Office hours: MW 2:00-4:00 Office phone: 953-5956 E-mail: mcdanielj@cofc.edu Texts: Handouts Patton, trans.

More information

6.3 Gupta Empire. pp Essential Question: What makes a culture unique? Standard 6.23

6.3 Gupta Empire. pp Essential Question: What makes a culture unique? Standard 6.23 6.3 Gupta Empire pp. 160-163 Essential Question: What makes a culture unique? Standard 6.23 Success Criteria: 1. The Gupta Empire prospered through trade of which goods? 2. Explain pilgrimages in your

More information

Facts About Buddhism!

Facts About Buddhism! By Emily Patrick 8J What is Buddhism? Buddhism is a religion that began in North Eastern India and is based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama. Buddhism is the main religion in Asian countries and

More information

HUMAN GEOGRAPHY. By Brett Lucas

HUMAN GEOGRAPHY. By Brett Lucas HUMAN GEOGRAPHY By Brett Lucas RELIGION Overview Distribution of Religion Christianity Islam Buddhism Hinduism Religious Conflict Distribution of Religions Religion & Culture Everyone has values and morals

More information

JEFFERSON COLLEGE. 3 Credit Hours

JEFFERSON COLLEGE. 3 Credit Hours JEFFERSON COLLEGE Course Syllabus PHL201 WORLD RELIGIONS 3 Credit Hours Prepared by: Thomas J. Ganey Revised Date: January 2006 by Michael Booker Arts and Science Education Dr. Mindy Selsor, Dean 2 PHL201

More information

Missions in a Hindu context

Missions in a Hindu context Missions in a Hindu context Belief System in Hinduism SRUTI means What is heard or Revelation consisting of Four Vedas Rig-Veda: the Prayer book Sama-Veda: the Song book Yajur-Veda: the Ritual book Atharvana-Veda:

More information

ESSENTIALS OF BUDDHISM

ESSENTIALS OF BUDDHISM Student s Guide ESSENTIALS OF BUDDHISM A Summary of the Beliefs and Practices of Buddhism TIMOTHY TENNENT Essentials of Buddhism Copyright 2017 BiblicalTraining.org Requests for information should be addressed

More information

04 Culture and Religion in Eurasia and North Africa, 500 BCE 500 CE

04 Culture and Religion in Eurasia and North Africa, 500 BCE 500 CE 04 Culture and Religion in Eurasia and North Africa, 500 BCE 500 CE Introduction In the period around 500 b.c.e., there was a great emergence of durable cultural traditions that have shaped the world ever

More information

A Story of Two Kings:

A Story of Two Kings: Vajrayana Buddhism Origins & History A Story of Two Kings: King Songtsen Gampo (reigned from 617-650 CE) had 5 wives, two of which were Buddhist - Tritsun was Nepalese and Wenzheng was Chinese. He built

More information

World History Unit 1 Lesson 1 Geography, etc

World History Unit 1 Lesson 1 Geography, etc Unit 1 Lesson 1 Geography, etc Cartographers,, or map makers, face two primary problems when drawing maps: 1) showing proper size, & 2) showing accurate shape. The processes, or methods, used by cartographers

More information

A division of Cosmic Multimedia Private Limited. Sim Waddo, Arpora Bartez, Goa INDIA CATALOGUE

A division of Cosmic Multimedia Private Limited. Sim Waddo, Arpora Bartez, Goa INDIA CATALOGUE A division of Cosmic Multimedia Private Limited Sim Waddo, Arpora Bartez, Goa - 403518 INDIA Buddhist posters Chakras posters ART FOR COSMIC CONSCIOUSNESS P.2 About Us Cosmic Publishing aims at publishing

More information

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8nn5uqe3c9w

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8nn5uqe3c9w https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8nn5uqe3c9w Indo-Aryan Migration: Waves of migration into the Indus Valley from people from Eastern Europe & Central Asia. Indus valley people were made up of local, dark

More information

The Population Factor

The Population Factor Amazing India! The Population Factor The world s 2 nd largest country with 1,121,800,000 Only 1/3 the size of the U.S. 1.7% natural increase 2025 approaching 1.4 billion World s largest! Will surpass

More information

Buddhism Stations Workbook

Buddhism Stations Workbook Buddhism Stations Workbook Directions: Each scholar will be assigned to a group of peers to learn about the basics of Buddhism. At each station, follow the station directions and use the documents to complete

More information

Preparation Read over the sections on Worldview, Religious terms and Answering Questions and Objections. Become familiar with these so that you are

Preparation Read over the sections on Worldview, Religious terms and Answering Questions and Objections. Become familiar with these so that you are Buddhism Buddhism Buddhists believe there is no god and no soul. They teach that the only way to attain peace is through emptying the self of all human desires, which they believe cause all suffering in

More information

India s Great Civilization

India s Great Civilization Chapter 8 1500 B.C. A.D. 500 India s Great Civilization Chapter Themes > Movement Aryans invade the Indian subcontinent and bring new ideas and practices. Section 1 > Innovation Hinduism and Buddhism emerge

More information

CLASSROOM SET DO NOT REMOVE Buddhism, Jainism, & Sikhism Documents

CLASSROOM SET DO NOT REMOVE Buddhism, Jainism, & Sikhism Documents Buddhism Document 1 Buddhism is a religion or philosophy founded in the 5th century BCE by Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha, born a prince of the Shakya clan in northern India. Much controversy surrounds

More information

HINDUISM PRESENTED BY SEAN JORDAN, MAX FISCHER, ADAM ZIELINSKI, JUSTIN MCCARTHY 19 OCTOBER,

HINDUISM PRESENTED BY SEAN JORDAN, MAX FISCHER, ADAM ZIELINSKI, JUSTIN MCCARTHY 19 OCTOBER, HINDUISM PRESENTED BY SEAN JORDAN, MAX FISCHER, ADAM ZIELINSKI, JUSTIN MCCARTHY 19 OCTOBER, 2017 2017 BASIC HINDU BELIEFS SIX BASIC BELIEFS Aatma Karma Reincarnation Brahma(Creator) Vishnu(Preserver) Shiva(Destroyer)

More information

World religions. Comparing and contrasting Hinduism and Christianity. Introduction

World religions. Comparing and contrasting Hinduism and Christianity. Introduction World religions Comparing and contrasting Hinduism and Christianity Introduction The topic of world s faiths and religions brings to mind a lot to be spoken about. The World today is characterized by people

More information

COMPARATIVE RELIGION

COMPARATIVE RELIGION 1 COMPARATIVE RELIGION (ANTH 203/INTST 203) Bellevue Community College - Winter, 2007 David Jurji, Ph.D. Welcome to Comparative Religion! There is much fascinating material to come and I hope you are ready

More information

Buddhism. The Basics I

Buddhism. The Basics I Buddhism The Basics I Goals Basic Background Legend of the Buddha Getting a sense of Buddha Rejecting the 6 Pillars of Religion 7 purposes of Buddhism Background Around 500 million followers Founded around

More information