Monday, November I can explain how the major beliefs of Brahmanism evolved into Hinduism.

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1 Monday, November I can explain how the major beliefs of Brahmanism evolved into Hinduism.

2 Religions of Ancient India Chapter 6.2

3 Origins of Hinduism One of the world s oldest 3 rd largest religion after Chrisitianity and Islam Developed by the Aryans Started off as Brahmanism Sacred writings called the Vedas

4 Vedas Had to be memorized by Brahmin priests Spoken out loud After Aryans developed writing, the Vedas were written down in Sanskrit

5 What is Hinduism? Universal spirit called Brahman

6 Hinduism Ancient texts known as Upanishads Describe the search for Braham Says every living thing has a soul and is part of Braham At death, the soul leaves the body and joins with Braham

7 The Creator Brahma

8 The Preserver Vishnu

9 The Destroyer Shiva

10 Reincarnation Rebirth of the Soul Soul passes through many lives Before reaching Brahman

11 Karma People s status Based on past lives What a person does in previous life will decide how they are reborn If a person has bad karma, they are reborn in a lower form When good people die, they are reborn in a higher form of life

12 Dharma Personal duty to earn a better existence in the next life

13 How beliefs shape society All life is sacred Animals as well as people were treated with kindness and respect Made Indians more accepting of varna system A person who leads a good life is reborn into a higher jati

14 Tuesday, November I can write a narrative describing how Buddha s (Siddhartha Gautama s) life experiences influenced his moral teachings and how those teachings became a new religion that spread throughout India and Central Asia.

15 Rise of Buddhism Some Indians were not happy with Hinduism Some left their homes and looked for peace

16 Buddhism Buddhism is one of the world s major religions Most Buddhist live in SE Asia and E Asia Only a few live in India Buddha s birthplace

17 Siddhartha Gautama Became known as the Buddha Founded a new religion call Buddhism

18 Siddhartha Gautama Born c.563 B.C. in Nepal Was a rich prince Left is wife and newborn son to explore life Shocked at the misery of people For the first time he realized the world was filled with suffering Became a monk Stopped to meditate Gained followers

19 What did Buddha teach? Believed the world of the spirit was more important than the everyday world People suffer because they care too much about the wrong things Fame, money, and personal possessions lead to greed or anger Taught the 4 Noble Truths

20 Four Noble Truths 1. Life is full of suffering 2. people suffer because they desire worldly things and want to satisfy themselves 3. The way to end suffering is to stop desiring things. 4. The only way to stop desiring things is following the Eightfold Path

21 Eightfold Path to Enlightment 1. Know and understand the Four Noble Truths 2. Give up worldly things and do not harm others 3. Tell the truth, do not gossip, and do not speak badly of others 4. Do not commit evil acts, such as killing, stealing, or living an unclean life. 5. Do rewarding work 6. Work for good and oppose evil 7. Make sure your mind keeps your senses under control 8. practice meditation to see the world in a new way

22 Buddhism When people are free from earthly concerns, they reach nirvana-state of perfect peace Welcomed all people Placed little importance on varna system Believed in reincarnation People would reach the end of cycle of rebirth by following 8 Fold Path

23 Buddhism Many Untouchables and Indians in lower jati accepted Buddhism For the first time they had hope of reaching enlightenment

24 Buddhist divide Theravada-believe Buddha is a great teacher Mahayana-teaches Buddha is a god

25 Jainism Developed by Mahavira Became known as Jina-or conqueror Practice nonviolence toward ALL living things

26 Gandhi Led a nonviolent struggle against British rule Gandhi s nonviolent resistance influenced Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

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