Opener - According to the text what 3 things should you know by the end of Chapter 1?

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1 LOG ONTO TEXTBOOK CLASS WEB PAGE Opener - According to the text what 3 things should you know by the end of Chapter 1? (Hint see the Chapter Opener page) Origins, development, and achievements of early human life.

2 CHAPTER 1 MAIN OBJECTIVES 1. To review elements of chapter 1 (see opener) 2. Understand the migration patterns of early humans. 3. Focus on the changes that caused the end of the Paleolithic Era and the ensuing Neolithic Era. 4. Analyze the ELEMENTS that define CIVILIZATION.

3 CHAPTER 1 - REVIEW Human history? The study is a best guess but it is THE study! Geographers, archaeologists, anthropologists, and historians work to unravel human history. Early Humans Very primitive Progress = TOOLS/Farming/Domesticate Living with the environment Progress= Control the environment! Paleolithic Neolithic

4 PALEOLITHIC NEOLITHIC Paleo = old Neo + new Lithic = stone age

5 NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION AGRICULTURE! Grow some crops Domestic some animals All life changes Slow change Leads to Civilization

6 CH. 1 REVIEW CONTINUED Migration of early Humans: Out of Africa! Following food! Avoiding drought climate change

7 CH. 1 REVIEW CONTINUED Historians distinguish FIVE basic features found in most early civilizations. These FIVE features are: (1) Advanced Cities (2) Complex Institutions (3) Specialized Workers (4) Record keeping (5) Advanced Technology

8 ADVANCED CITES Not just large number of people Center of Trade!

9 SPECIALIZED WORKERS Specialization skilled in a special kind of work Artisans skilled in making a good by hand: Jewelry Tools Weapons (Metal) Clothing Pottery

10 COMPLEX INSTITUTIONS Government Religion

11 RECORD KEEPING Some system of Writing earliest :Cuneiform (Sumerian) What is usually the item that separates HISTORY/Pre-history

12 IMPROVED TECHNOLOGY Simple to us today but advanced to the people of the time!

13 CH POINTS All on send to A. Opener from first slide 10 pts. B. Mankind part 1 10 facts (First 22 minutes) + what interested you the most and why Link here : Log on with USERNAME and PIN 15 pts D. Page 24 Critical Thinking (Chart)! 1 answer each box! 10pts. E. Page 25 Primary Source Q s #1 and 2 -> Tell me the letter that is correct with the full answer. Then defend the answer by quoting from the Primary Source directly 1 statement (in quotes) that you say makes the answer correct. 10 pts. F. Illustration Q- #3- Correct Letter with Full answer then you explain why you think it is correct in a short statement. 10 pts.

14 CH. 2 REVIEW Opener: Why do you think the earliest civilizations formed in river valleys? To review elements of chapters 2 To analyze Law Codes of early Mesopotamia. To compare early forms of writing. To analyze religious beliefs of the ancient Egyptians

15 CH. 2 REVIEW CONTINUED First Civilizations! River Valleys Why?

16 CH. 2 REVIEW OF EARLY CIVILIZATIONS! Codes of Law Designed to organize society Code of Hammurabi Civil and Criminal Laws Law Codes reflect culture This code was not the first but the culmination of efforts by many to do the same thing! Eye for an Eye Fair or cruel

17 CH. 2 REVIEW CONTINUED Ancient Forms of Writing: Cuneiform 3100 BC

18 CH. 2 REVIEW CONTINUED! Ancient Forms of Writing: Egypt 3000 BC Hieroglyphics a form of picture writing Ideograms pictures that symbolized an idea or action Demotic a simpler form of writing for everyday use.

19 CH. 2 REVIEW Seals of the Indus Valley 2500 BC Chinese characters: from 1600 BC

20 CH. 2 REVIEW Good links on writing that might help: Religion Egypt -> Ammon-Re / Osiris and Isis Belief in an Afterlife Mummification

21 CH POINTS A. Opener from first slide 10 pts. B. Mankind part 1 10 facts (Last 22 minutes) + what interested you the most and why Link here : Log on with USERNAME and PIN 15 pts C. Page 57 Primary Source Q s #1 and 2 -> Tell me the letter that is correct with the full answer. Then defend the answer by quoting from the Primary Source directly 1 statement (in quotes) that you say makes the answer correct. (20 pts.) D. Map - Q- #3- Correct Letter with Full answer then you explain why you think it is correct in a short statement. (10 pts.)

22 CH. 3 OPENER HOW DOES TRADE FACILITATE (SPEED UP) THE SPREAD OF CULTURE? Objectives of Chapter 3: 1. To relate migrations of people and ideas to World History. 2. To understand how the beliefs of the Vedic Age led to Hinduism/Buddhism. 3. Associate TRADE to the spread of culture. 4. Understand how JUDAISM was unique 5. Identify where Judaism originated.

23 CHAPTER 3 Indo-Europeans Why would people move (Migrate?) What is the effect of this migration? Languages Religions Cultural beliefs Social Structures

24 CHAPTER 3 The Vedic period (or Vedic age): A period in history during which the Vedas, the oldest scriptures of Hinduism, were composed. Hinduism World s oldest religion? Culmination and Change Karma Dharma - Reincarnation Buddhism - Gautama Buddha- Siddhārtha Gautama -Shakyamuni, Buddha 4 NOBLE TRUTHS FOLD PATH -> Nirvana

25 CHAPTER 3 Seafarers Minoans Phoenicians

26 CH. 3 REVIEW Judaism Ch 2 section 4 Where Israel Torah Bible Old Testament Monotheistic unique Some of the most Persecuted people in All world history.

27

28 CHAPTER 3-50 POINTS A. Opener from first slide 10 pts. B. Look up The Silk Road record 10 facts about it tell how it Influenced World History. (10 Pts) D. Page 85 Primary Source Q s #1 and 2 -> Tell me the letter that is correct with the full answer. Then defend the answer by quoting from the Primary Source directly 1 statement (in quotes) that you explain how it makes the answer correct. 20pts E. Statue of Hittite god - Q- #3- Correct Letter with Full answer then you explain why you think it is correct in a short statement. 10 pts

29 CHAPTER 4 OPENER 2 QUESTIONS What are the first 4 EMPIRES that are examined in Chapter 4? What is an EMPIRE?

30 EMPIRE - DYNASTY Peoples conquering and influencing other peoples over large areas Ruling Families Effects culture Effects trade Causes WAR Cause enslavement Egypt /Nubia Pharaohs (women and men) Bible story Moses Pyramids/other monuments Mummies Gods Writing

31 ASSYRIANS Military machine Epic Gilgamesh Libraries

32 PERSIANS (IRANIAN?) 550 B.C Cyrus -> Cambyses -> Darius -> Xerxes Let conquered live by their own laws but no trouble Governor (Satrap) -> military tax collector -> Spies Royal Roads (becomes a common theme why?) Coins (common) -> Trade holds Empire together Zoroaster (Zorasterism) Prophet Good v- Evil One God Ahura Mazda Judgment day (sounds familiar?)

33 QIN UNIFY CHINA Confucianism was never a religion, but it was an ethical system, a system based on accepted principles of right and wrong. Confucius wanted to reform Chinese society by showing rulers how to govern wisely. Laozi is credited with being the first philosopher of Daoism (only the natural order was important) No one knows for sure whether he really existed. Laozi believed that government should do as little as possible and leave the people alone (If he existed)

34 MORE IDEAS TO ORGANIZE SOCIETY The Legalists taught that a ruler should provide rich rewards for people who carried out their duties well. Likewise, the disobedient should be harshly punished. Similar arguments will be seen in Europe and the United States The ruler (Shi Huangdi) who founded the Qin Dynasty employed Legalist ideas to subdue the warring states and unify his country

35 QIN GREAT WALL Centralization (Just like the US) System of Roads One Law Code One Currency and Coins Weights and Measures Axel lengths? Unify but Deny --- Freedom so many hate the Qin thus they fall Han take control

36 CHAPTER 4 50 POINTS A. Openers from the first slide 5 pts. B. Great Wall of China 10 facts (10 pts.) Link here: Entire program Log in with your User name and Pin Number C. What did you find to be the most interesting thing from the program and why! (5 pts.) E. Page 111 Primary Source Q s #1 and 2 -> Tell me the letter that is correct with the full answer. Then defend the answer by quoting from the Primary Source directly 1 statement (in quotes) that you say makes the answer correct. 20 pts F. Page 111 Relief - Q- #3- Correct Letter with Full answer then you explain why you think it is correct in a short statement. 10 pts.

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