1. STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES OF MESOPOTAMIA AND THE SURROUNDING MIDDLE EAST

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1 SOUTHWESTERN CHRISTIAN SCHOOL WORLD HISTORY STUDY GUIDE # 6 : ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA, PHOENICIA, AND JUDAISM 3,000 BC 200 BC LEARNING OBJECTIVES STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES OF MESOPOTAMIA AND THE SURROUNDING MIDDLE EAST STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO EXPLAIN THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF MESOPOTAMIA S GEOGRAPHY TO ITS ANCIENT CULTURE STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY AND EXPLAIN THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA, PHOENICIAN, AND JUDAIC CULTURES MADE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO EXPLAIN THE SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA S CULTURE AND OTHER ANCIENT CULTURES GEOGRAPHY : KNOWN AS THE FERTILE CRESCENT AND THE CRADLE OF CIVILIZATION SHORT SUBJECT VIDEO > THE FERTILE CRESCENT THE REGION WHERE WAS FIRST DEVELOPED IS CALLED THE 1

2 FARMERS MOVED INTO THE FERTILE LAND OF THE AND RIVERS FARMERS WERE ABLE TO THEIR FIELDS WITH RIVER WATER AND THEM BETTER FARMING MADE FOOD PRODUCTION MORE CERTAIN AND THE POPULATION THE STAGE WAS SET FOR A MAJOR CHANGE IN CIVILIZATION BRINGING ON : THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE GROWTH OF THE EXTENSION OF ROUTES GOVERNMENTS : SUMERIAN > 4000 BC : SHORT SUBJECT VIDEO > ANCIENT SUMER WHAT COUNTRY TODAY MAKES UP MOST OF MESOPOTAMIA? WHAT ACTIVITY WAS THE BASIS OF SUMERIAN CIVILIZATION? THE SUMERIANS TURNED THE DESERT INTO A FERTILE SUMER WAS DIVIDED INTO SEVERAL ABOUT PEOPLE WERE ESTIMATED TO LIVE IN A SUMERIAN 6. THE WAS THE CENTER OF SUMERIAN CITY LIFE 7. THE WAS ONE OF THE SUMERIAN S GREATEST 2

3 CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE WESTERN WORLD 8. THE SUMERIANS WERE ONE OF THE FIRST PEOPLE TO USE A WHEEL 9. THE SUMERIANS ALSO DEVELOPED THE PRINCIPLE OF THE WHICH WAS THEIR MOST IMPORTANT CONTRIBUTION TO ARCHITECTURE 10. WRITING WAS FIRST USED TO KEEP TRACK OF IN THE TEMPLES 1 WHAT ANIMAL HELPED THE ASSYRIANS CONQUER OTHER EMPIRES? 1 ONE THEORY AS TO WHY MESOPOTAMIAN CIVILIZATIONS FADED WAS THAT IRRIGATION SYSTEMS RUINED THE LAND BY BRINGING IN TOO MUCH BABYLONIANS > 1,800 BC : HAMMURABI S CODE - SHORT SUBJECT VIDEO > HAMMURABI S CODE IS ONE OF SOCIETY S MOST BASIC INSTITUTIONS AND ONE OF ITS MOST NECESSARY ONE OF THE EARLIEST ATTEMPTS TO INSTITUTIONALIZE LAWS OCCURRED IN ANCIENT HAMMURABI S WRITTEN CODE ALLOWED LAW TO BE A MATTER OF HAMMURABI S LAWS LAID OUT SPECIFIC RULES FOR TRADE, MARRIAGE THEFT, AND MURDER. IT ALSO SET SPECIFIC FOR SPECIFIC CRIMES 3

4 WHAT LATER EUROPEAN LEADER, LIKE HAMMURABI, CODIFIED LAWS ACROSS THE LANDS HE RULED? NEBUCHADNEZZAR ASSYRIANS / HITTITES > 1,400 BC - INVADERS FROM TURKEY AND SYRIA : PHOENICIANS > 700 BC - THE FIRST TO CONNECT CIVILIZATIONS ON DIFFERENT CONTINENTS : SHORT SUBJECT VIDEO > THE PHOENICIANS THE ECONOMY OF THE MEDITERRANEAN WORLD DEPENDED ON THE CITY OF IN NORTH AFRICA BECAME THE MOST POWERFUL OF THE PHOENICIAN EMPIRE THE GREATEST PHOENICIAN CONTRIBUTION TO THE WESTERN WORLD WAS THE TRANSLATION AND CREATION OF OUR 4

5 PERSIAN > 522 BC : - SATRAPS 4 MONOTHEISTIC - BARTER - SHORT SUBJECT VIDEO > CYRUS THE GREAT CYRUS WAS FROM THE NORTHERN SECTION OF WHAT IS TODAY THE COUNTRY OF AFTER CAPTURING BABYLON CYRUS TAKES A NEW APPROACH TO RULING AND STOPS : CITIES MASSIVE AMOUNTS OF CITIZENS DEFACING ( DESTROYING ) RELIGIOUS CYRUS FREED THE ENSLAVED CULTURAL SIMILARITIES WITH EGYPT : HIERARCHY - ZIGGURATS - 5

6 CULTURAL DIFFERENCES WITH EGYPT : CUNEIFORM - SHORT SUBJECT VIDEO > CUNEIFORM CUNEIFORM MEANS SHAPED STYLUSES ARE MADE FROM CUNEIFORM IS WRITTEN ON TABLETS STYLUS THE ROOTS OF JUDAISM : HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS OF A SIGNIFICANT CULTURE AND RELIGION : ABRAHAM 6

7 6. SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES FOR AN ANCIENT CULTURE AND RELIGION : DAVID AND GOLIATH TORAH - SHORT SUBJECT VIDEO > THE TORAH THE TORAH IS THE BOOKS OF AND THE OLD THE TORAH IS ONE OF THE CORNERSTONES OF THE JEWISH FAITH A CENTRAL PART OF A JEWISH RELIGIOUS SERVICE AT A SYNAGOGUE ( CHURCH / TEMPLE ) IS THE READING OF THE THE OTHER THREE CORNERSTONES OF JUDAISM ARE : THE THE THE LOVE OF COVENANT - ETHICS - 6. PATRIARCHAL - 7. CHAPTER READING > THE PATRIARCH IN CANAAN - PAGES WHO ARE THE PATRIARCHS? 7

8 HOW LONG DID THE PATRIARCHS LIVE IN CANAAN? HOW DID THE LACK OF A CENTRAL, UNIFIED GOVERNMENT IN CANAAN HELP ISRAEL? GIVE ONE EXAMPLE OF GOD S JUDGMENT ON THE LUSTFUL PEOPLE OF CANAAN. WHAT ONE THING MADE THE PATRIARCHS STAND OUT FROM THE CANAANITES? 6. HOW WERE THE PATRIARCHS SIMILAR TO THE CANAANITES? 7. HOW DID THEY DIFFER? 8

9 9

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