Assessment: The Roman Catholic Church in Medieval Europe

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1 Name Date Assessment: The Roman Catholic Church in Medieval Europe Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. Historians sometimes call the Middle Ages in western Europe the A. Age of Faith. B. Age of Reason. C. Age of Exploration. D. Age of Enlightenment. 2. Community life in western Europe during the Middle Ages centered on A. the school. B. the theater. C. the church. D. the town hall. 3. Who decreed that Rome would stop persecuting Christians? A. Benedict B. Constantine C. Gregory VII D. Charlemagne 4. What group of clergy members belongs on the blank row? A. monks B. parishes C. mendicants D. archbishops 5. Which of the following was a main activity of a monastery? A. educating all the children in a village B. providing defense for the local manor C. training young men to become knights D. providing safe places for travelers to stay

2 6. Which of the following is a main reason why the clergy were recorders and advisers to kings? A. They could read and write. B. They were honest and wise. C. They owned most of the land. D. They made all the people obey. 7. The actions below are examples of what process? prohibiting kings from appointing priests outlawing the selling of Church positions excommunicating Holy Roman emperor Henry IV A. developing a hierarchy of Church officials B. strengthening the power of the Church C. improving efficiency in government D. protecting the wealth of monarchs 8. Which of the following describes the plot of the Canterbury Tales? A. The Holy Roman emperor apologizes to the pope. B. St. Francis starts the Franciscan order. C. A group of people goes on a religious pilgrimage. D. A group of knights goes on a quest for a holy relic. 9. Which of these is a sacrament in the Roman Catholic Church? A. birthday B. marriage C. graduation D. pilgrimage 10. Who would have been most likely to make the following statement? "I am traveling to Jerusalem to show God how sorry I am for having sinned. I pray we have a safe journey." A. a monk B. a priest C. a pilgrim D. a king 11. What was a main goal of the Crusades? A. to teach Christians how to read B. to set up monasteries in Germany C. to take Jerusalem from the Muslims D. to spread Christianity to the Byzantines

3 12. Most Gothic cathedrals had all these features except A. stained-glass windows. B. broad ditches called moats. C. arches called flying buttresses D. roof sculptures called gargoyles. 13. In the Middle Ages, many universities grew out of A. pilgrimage sites. B. cathedral schools. C. Charlemagne's court. D. convent schools. 14. Whose ideas does this diagram describe? A. Charlemagne B. Pope Gregory C. Saint Benedict D. Thomas Aquinas 15. Saint Benedict is best known for starting A. the monastic way of life. B. the Roman Catholic Church. C. the pilgrimage to Canterbury. D. the conflict between church and state. 16. Saint Francis of Assisi founded an order of mendicant friars. How did they differ from monks? A. They promised not to marry. B. They owned no personal property. C. They raised their own food. D. They lived among ordinary people.

4 Applying Social Studies Skills Use the passage below and your knowledge of history to answer the questions. Concerning the Amount of Food... [L]et two cooked dishes suffice for all the [monks]: and, if it is possible to obtain apples or growing vegetables, a third may be added. One full pound of bread shall suffice for a day, whether there be one [main meal], or a breakfast and a supper... But if, perchance, some greater labor shall have been performed, it shall be in the will and power of the abbot...to increase anything; [overeating] above all things being guarded against, so that indigestion may never seize a monk: for nothing is so contrary to every Christian as [overeating], as our Lord says: "Take heed to yourselves, lest you hearts be overcharged with [overeating]." But to younger boys the same quantity shall not be served, but less than that to the older ones; moderation being observed in all things. But the eating of the flesh and quadrupeds [red meat] shall be abstained from altogether by everyone, excepting alone the week and the sick. - from the Rule of Saint Benedict, # Based on rule 39, describe the basic food allowance a Benedictine monk may receive per day. 18. In what two situations may a monk receive more than the normal amount or type of food? 19. Why do you think that Benedict is concerned with overeating and the amount of food younger boys may eat?

5 Exploring the Essential Question: How influential was the Roman Catholic Church in medieval Europe? 20. Rate the influence of the Roman Catholic Church in medieval Europe in each of the categories listed below. Circle a number from 1 (least influence) to 5 (most influence). Then write an explanation of your rating, supporting it with details from the chapter. Influence on community activity Influence on the economy Influence on politics Influence on education _ Influence on the architecture

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