7 th Grade History. Chapter 1: The Tools of History. What are latitude and longitude? Hemispheres? (know equator and prime meridian)

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1 Name 7 th Grade History Chapter 1: The Tools of History 1.1 Geography of the World (p.8-13) What is geography? Landforms and bodies of water Continents Weather vs. climate 1.2 Mapping the World (p.14-21) What are latitude and longitude? Hemispheres? (know equator and prime meridian) Physical vs. Political Maps 1.3 Discovering the Past (p.24-28) What is archeology? Anthropology? How are they similar and how are they different? Artifact Excavation Culture 1.4 Interpreting the Past (p.30-35) What are primary and secondary sources? (Be able to give examples of both) How can history be subjective? (Hint: interpretation) Chapter 2: The Expansion and Fall of Rome 2.1 The Rise and Expansion of Rome (p.46-51) How did Rome begin? What geographic factors allowed it to grow and expand? (Use the brainstorming bubble chart we made in class to help you) What was the Roman Republic? Where did power come from? What is an Empire? Who was the first real emperor of Rome? How did Christianity affect the Roman Empire?

2 How were Christians treated as the religion started to spread? 2.2 Decline and Fall of the Empire (p.52-56) What lead to Rome s decline? 1. Internal problems (politics, agriculture, military) 2. External problems (invasions) 3. Division of Empire (Who did this? What else did he do that was very significant?) 2.3 The Early Byzantine Empire (p.58-63) What is the Byzantine Empire? Who was Justinian? His code? Where is Constantinople and why did it become important to the Byzantine Empire? What leads to the split in Christianity? What s a schism? What two churches came from the split? 2.4 The Legacy of Rome (p.66-73) What is the Roman impact on the world? 1. Art (mosaic) 2. Stoicism 3. Architectural and engineering feats (aqueducts, roads, building methods) 4. Preservation of Christianity 5. Roman Law and Rights Where do we see Rome s influence in our own society today? Chapter 3: The Beginnings of Islam 3.1 Life on the Arabian Peninsula (p.84-91) What is the climate and terrain of the Arabian Peninsula like? What is a nomad and why were the Bedouins nomads? What are clans and what do they have to do with the Bedouins? What is an oasis and why were they important?

3 *Why was Arabia s location important insofar as trade was concerned? (Think about where it is located in relation to other continents). Be sure include how this impacted the area.* Why is Mecca an important city? What is a pilgrimage? What is monotheism? What is the Arabic name for God? 3.2 Islam and Mohammad (p.92-96) What are Muslims? Why did people find Islam attractive? What is the Qur an (Koran)? What is the Sunnah? What are the Five pillars of Islam? Who are the People of the Book and how are they connected? 3.3 Islam After Muhammad s Death (p ) Who was Abu Bakr and how was he related to Mohammad? What is a caliph? *Be able to explain why the Muslims were able to expand their empire. What enabled them to be victorious over the Byzantine and Persian Empires? Why did some people, namely Jews and Christians, welcome them?* When Islam splits, what are the two groups of Muslims called? Chapter 4: The Rise of the Muslim States 4.1 The Expansion of Muslim Rule (p ) Where is the Iberian Peninsula and what modern-day countries are on it? Why is it significant to the Muslim Empire? Where was the capital of the Muslim Empire under the Umayyads? What is a bureaucracy and how did the Umayyads use it in their government? What are some of the policies the Umayyads put into place in order to govern and maintain such a vast and culturally diverse empire? 4.2 A Golden Age in the East (p ) What is a standing army? Under the Abbasids, how were Jews and Christians treated?

4 To where did the Abbasids move the capital of the empire? *Be able to describe with some detail one of the advances made during this golden age. Think about art and design, bookmaking, literature, mathematics, astronomy, medicine, or some other area of which you might be familiar (check out p for more info).* 4.3 Muslim Rule in Spain (p ) Which Umayyad leader escaped massacre and made it to Muslim Spain? What was the Arabic name given to Muslim Spain? What was the capital of Muslim Spain? How was the capital city special? Think about the many areas of culture and technology that it had. How were Spanish, or Sephardic Jews treated in Muslim Spain? *TRIMESTER 1 Big Question: Compare and contrast how the Roman and Islamic Empires came to be so powerful: How are they alike in their rise to power? How are they different? What role did geography play in each s development?* Be able to label the following on a blank map like the one on the next page: AFRICA ASIA EUROPE ALGERIA MALI TUNISIA EGYPT MOROCCO SAUDI ARABIA JORDAN IRAQ ENGLAND ISRAEL SYRIA TURKEY ITALY GREECE FRANCE GERMANY SPAIN RUSSIA ATLANTIC OCEAN ARCTIC OCEAN Black Sea Red Sea Arabian Sea Persian Gulf Mediterranean Sea The Alps Ural Mts.

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