Muslim Civilizations

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Muslim Civilizations"

Transcription

1 Muslim Civilizations

2 Muhammad the Prophet Born ca. 570 in Mecca Trading center; home of the Kaaba Marries Khadija At 40 he goes into the hills to meditate; God sends Gabriel with a call Khadija becomes first convert to Allah and Islam Muhammad s Call to Prophecy and First Revelation; 1425 from Heart, Afghanistan

3 622 Muhammad flees Mecca for Yathrib He s welcomed; people convert and become the first community Umma unites the clans In 630 Muhammad returns to Mecca; destroys the Kaaba 632 Muhammad dies The Hijra

4 Teachings of Islam Quran; Arabic Five Pillars; declaration, prayer, giving alms, fasting and Ramadan, the Hajj Mosques Jihad People of the Book

5 The Kaaba

6 Islamic Law Governs daily life; determines ethical behavior; influences family relations Extends rights and protection to women; spiritually equal In reality, different roles and rights Frieze of Mohammed, Supreme Court building

7 Building a Muslim Empire Early challenges; Muhammad dies without a successor Abu Bakr becomes the first caliph They make war on the Byzantines and Persians under the first four caliphs

8 Divisions Within Islam Shiites; believe Ali to be Muhammad s successor; Imams, divine religious leaders descended from Ali and Fatima Sunnis; no prophet after Mohammad; any good Muslim male could lead; caliph Abu Bakr (second from left)

9 The Umayyad Caliphate ; After Ali s death, the Umayyad caliphs rule Capital is Damascus Armies on horseback spread out to Egypt, Spain, Africa, into Byzantium and the Indus River Valley Great Mosque of Damascus

10 Muslim Success Other empires are weakened Common faith united them into a unified state Orderly system of administration Treat conquered people fairly Dome of the Rock; built by Abd al-malik ( )

11 A New Caliphate Conquests slow and economic tensions increase in 700s Shiites and non-arab Muslims support Abu al-abas; founds the Abbasid dynasty Capital moves to Baghdad Last Umayyad flees to Cordoba The Abbasid Palace in Baghdad, built in the 13th century. Courtesy of Saleh Iraq Home Page

12 Decline of the Muslim Empire The Abbasids never rule Spain By 850 their control of their empire begins falling apart In the 900s the Seljuk Turks enter the Middle East 1216 the Mongols swarm out of Central Asia Seljuk empire at the time of its greatest extent The Mongol Empire and its successor khanates

13 The Golden Age Muslim merchants create vast trade network; Silk Road Spreads products, technologies, knowledge, religions, diseases, money economies between East Asia and Europe The Silk Road extends from Southern Europe through Arabia, Egypt, Persia, India, and China.

14 Art and Architecture Baghdad, Cairo, Cordoba, Timbuktu are centers of learning Scholars translate Greek philosophers, Roman, Hindu, Buddhist texts Advances in Math and Medicine

15 Mongol and Muslim Empires

16 India s Muslim Empires 550 the Gupta Empire falls; Hindu and Buddhist rulers Trade networks link India, China, Middle East, Southeast Asia Arabs conquer Indus Valley in 711 Late 1100s the sultan of Ghur defeats the Hindus

17 Changes in Government and Muslim traditions of government Turks, Persians, Arabs migrate as office holders Trade between India and Muslim lands increases Arab scholars bring Greek and Persian learning to the area Society The Qutub Minaret is the world's tallest brick minarett at 72.5 metres.

18 Effects of Muslim Conquest Destruction of Buddhist temples weakens the religion in South Asia Hindus were killed or forced to convert The two religions faced off; eventually the sultans became more tolerant Hinduism accepted; rajahs 1398 Timur invaded India

19 1526 Mongols under Babur invade India again Sets up the Mughal Dynasty; Akbar, , greatest Mughal ruler High point of art and architecture under Shah Jahan The Mughals

20 The Ottoman and Safavid Empires 1300s the Ottomans, Turks from central Asia migrate into Asia Minor In 1453 they take Constantinople; rename it Istanbul Under Suleiman it reached from Hungary to Arabia to the Middle East and North Africa

21 Ottoman Culture Suleiman has absolute power, strengthens government Rules with grand vizier and council Society organized into classes After his death the empire begins a slow decline Selimiye mosque; Edirne

22 The Safavid Empire 1500s; Persia Shah Abbas the Great centralizes government; revives the glory of the old Persian Empire After his death pressure from the Ottomans leads to their decline The Bridge of 33 Arches

Chapter 10: Section 1 Main Ideas

Chapter 10: Section 1 Main Ideas Chapter 10: Section 1 Main Ideas Main Idea #1: Islam was created by Muhammad in 570 ACE Main Idea #2: Islam is monotheistic, Allah is God, Quran is the sacred text of Islam, and Prophets were Abraham,

More information

Section 2. Objectives

Section 2. Objectives Objectives Explain how Muslims were able to conquer many lands. Identify the divisions that emerged within Islam. Describe the rise of the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties. Explain why the Abbasid empire

More information

The rise of the Islamic Empire

The rise of the Islamic Empire The rise of the Islamic Empire 600-1250 The Rise of Islam The Arabian Peninsula is a crossroads of 3 con@nents: Africa, Europe and Asia Trade routes connected Arabia to many areas such as Byzan@ne, Persian,

More information

Abu Bakr: Caliph: Caliphate: Sunni: Shiite: Sufis: Dhimmis: Umayyads: Abbasids: Terms, People, and Places

Abu Bakr: Caliph: Caliphate: Sunni: Shiite: Sufis: Dhimmis: Umayyads: Abbasids: Terms, People, and Places Abu Bakr: Caliph: Caliphate: Sunni: Shiite: Sufis: Dhimmis: Umayyads: Abbasids: Terms, People, and Places Lesson Objectives Explain how Muslims were able to conquer many lands. Identify the divisions that

More information

I. The Rise of Islam. A. Arabs come from the Arabian Peninsula. Most early Arabs were polytheistic. They recognized a god named Allah and other gods.

I. The Rise of Islam. A. Arabs come from the Arabian Peninsula. Most early Arabs were polytheistic. They recognized a god named Allah and other gods. I. The Rise of Islam A. Arabs come from the Arabian Peninsula. Most early Arabs were polytheistic. They recognized a god named Allah and other gods. 1. Mecca and Muhammad Mecca was a great trading center

More information

Unit 8: Islamic Civilization

Unit 8: Islamic Civilization Unit 8: Islamic Civilization Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.8 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the Islamic civilization from about 600 to 1000 AD by a) Describing the origin, beliefs, traditions,

More information

Islamic World. Standard: Trace the origins and expansion of the Islamic World between 600 CE and 1300 CE.

Islamic World. Standard: Trace the origins and expansion of the Islamic World between 600 CE and 1300 CE. Islamic World Standard: Trace the origins and expansion of the Islamic World between 600 CE and 1300 CE. Essential Question: What were the origins and expansion of the Islamic World? Islam Element: Explain

More information

ISLAMIC CIVILIZATIONS A.D.

ISLAMIC CIVILIZATIONS A.D. ISLAMIC CIVILIZATIONS 600-1000 A.D. ISLAM VOCAB Muhammad the Prophet- the founder of Islam Islam- monotheistic religion meaning submission Muslim- followers of Islam Mecca- holy city to Arab people located

More information

Your Period 3 Maps are due NOW! Make sure your name is on the front page- submit it in the tray. This week s HW/Reading Schedule

Your Period 3 Maps are due NOW! Make sure your name is on the front page- submit it in the tray. This week s HW/Reading Schedule Your Period 3 Maps are due NOW! Make sure your name is on the front page- submit it in the tray. This week s HW/Reading Schedule Tonight s HW: Intro to Period 4 (610-615), Ch. 13 pp. 617-626. Finish taking

More information

What is Islam? Second largest religion in the world. 1.2 Billion Muslims (20% of earth population) Based on beliefs on Jews & Christians

What is Islam? Second largest religion in the world. 1.2 Billion Muslims (20% of earth population) Based on beliefs on Jews & Christians Islamic Religion What is Islam? Second largest religion in the world 1.2 Billion Muslims (20% of earth population) Began in modern day Saudi Arabia Based on beliefs on Jews & Christians Abraham is first

More information

Rise and Spread of Islam

Rise and Spread of Islam Rise and Spread of Islam I. Byzantine Regions A. Almost entirely Christian by 550 CE B. Priests and monks numerous - needed much money and food to support I. Byzantine Regions C. Many debates about true

More information

The Arabian Peninsula. Farming limited in Arabia Commerce lively Mecca, near Red Sea, most important of coastal towns

The Arabian Peninsula. Farming limited in Arabia Commerce lively Mecca, near Red Sea, most important of coastal towns The Rise of Islam The Arabian Peninsula Farming limited in Arabia Commerce lively Mecca, near Red Sea, most important of coastal towns Middle East: Climate Regions Fresh Groundwater Sources Mountain Ranges

More information

Arabian Peninsula Most Arabs settled Bedouin Nomads minority --Caravan trade: Yemen to Mesopotamia and Mediterranean

Arabian Peninsula Most Arabs settled Bedouin Nomads minority --Caravan trade: Yemen to Mesopotamia and Mediterranean I. Rise of Islam Origins: Arabian Peninsula Most Arabs settled Bedouin Nomads minority --Caravan trade: Yemen to Mesopotamia and Mediterranean Brought Arabs in contact with Byzantines and Sasanids Bedouins

More information

Chapter 10. Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations

Chapter 10. Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Chapter 10 Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Section 1 The Byzantine Empire Capital of Byzantine Empire Constantinople Protected by Greek Fire Constantinople Controlled by: Roman Empire Christians Byzantines

More information

[ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq

[ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq [ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq [ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq Learning Objectives Describe the civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia. Explain the origins and beliefs of Islam, including the significance

More information

The Islamic Empires Chapter 11

The Islamic Empires Chapter 11 The Islamic Empires Chapter 11 Islam arose in the Arabian peninsula in the early 600 s Mecca Medina- Jerusalem Caliph-successor to Muhammad Divisions grow -->who should rule after Muhammad's death Sunni

More information

Chapter 10: The Muslim World,

Chapter 10: The Muslim World, Name Chapter 10: The Muslim World, 600 1250 DUE DATE: The Muslim World The Rise of Islam Terms and Names Allah One God of Islam Muhammad Founder of Islam Islam Religion based on submission to Allah Muslim

More information

The Rise of Islam. Muhammad changes the world

The Rise of Islam. Muhammad changes the world The Rise of Islam Muhammad changes the world LOCATION Arabian Peninsula Southwest Asia, AKA the Middle East Serves as a bridge between Africa, Asia, and Europe, allowing goods and ideas to be shared. SOUTHWEST

More information

This chapter will focus on Mohammad, the beliefs of Muslims, and the Islamic empires that ruled from North Africa to India.

This chapter will focus on Mohammad, the beliefs of Muslims, and the Islamic empires that ruled from North Africa to India. Chapter Introduction Chapter Introduction This chapter will focus on Mohammad, the beliefs of Muslims, and the Islamic empires that ruled from North Africa to India. Section 1: The Rise of Islam Section

More information

THE ISLAMIC WORLD THROUGH 1450 Settle in this is going to be a long one

THE ISLAMIC WORLD THROUGH 1450 Settle in this is going to be a long one THE ISLAMIC WORLD THROUGH 1450 Settle in this is going to be a long one Pre-Islamic Bedouin Culture Well-established on the Arabian Peninsula, mostly nomadic, tribal, and polytheistic The Sheikh was the

More information

Chapter 4: The Spread of Islam

Chapter 4: The Spread of Islam Chapter 4: The Spread of Islam Objectives of this Unit: You will learn how Islam spread initially after Muhammad s death. You will learn how conquest and trade led to the spread of Islam, blending of cultures,

More information

THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I

THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I MUHAMMAD THE PROPHET From Mecca in modern day Saudi Arabia Muhammad was a middle aged merchant who claimed the Angel Gabriel asked him to recite the word of God. As a Merchant,

More information

In the last section, you read about early civilizations in South America. In this section, you will read about the rise of Islam.

In the last section, you read about early civilizations in South America. In this section, you will read about the rise of Islam. CHAPTER 10 Section 1 (pages 263 268) The Rise of Islam BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about early civilizations in South America. In this section, you will read about the rise of Islam.

More information

The Islamic World and Africa. Chapter 9

The Islamic World and Africa. Chapter 9 The Islamic World and Africa Chapter 9 Rise of Islam Due to warfare between the Byzantine and Persian empires trade land routes were changed. Sea routes were now used, connecting India with Arabian Peninsula

More information

Meeting People Umayyad (oo MY uhd) Sufi (SOO fee) Abbasid (uh BA suhd) Suleiman I (SOO lay MAHN) Mogul (MOH guhl) Akbar (AK buhr)

Meeting People Umayyad (oo MY uhd) Sufi (SOO fee) Abbasid (uh BA suhd) Suleiman I (SOO lay MAHN) Mogul (MOH guhl) Akbar (AK buhr) Islamic Empires What s the Connection? In Section 1, you learned how Islam spread from Madinah to Makkah. In time, Islam s followers brought their beliefs to all of Southwest Asia and parts of Southeast

More information

10. What was the early attitude of Islam toward Jews and Christians?

10. What was the early attitude of Islam toward Jews and Christians? 1. Which of the following events took place during the Umayyad caliphate? a. d) Foundation of Baghdad Incorrect. The answer is b. Muslims conquered Spain in the period 711 718, during the Umayyad caliphate.

More information

Chapter 13.2 The Arab Empire and the Caliphates & Islamic Civilization

Chapter 13.2 The Arab Empire and the Caliphates & Islamic Civilization Chapter 13.2 The Arab Empire and the Caliphates & Islamic Civilization Essential Questions How can religion influence the development of an empire? How might religious beliefs affect society, culture,

More information

The Arab Empire and Its Successors Chapter 6, Section 2 Creation of an Arab Empire

The Arab Empire and Its Successors Chapter 6, Section 2 Creation of an Arab Empire The Arab Empire and Its Successors Chapter 6, Section 2 Creation of an Arab Empire Muhammad became a leader of the early Muslim community Muhammad s death left no leader he never named a successor and

More information

Muslim Empires Chapter 19

Muslim Empires Chapter 19 Muslim Empires 1450-1800 Chapter 19 AGE OF GUNPOWDER EMPIRES 1450 1800 CHANGED THE BALANCE OF POWER This term applies to a number of states, all of which rapidly expanded during the late 15th and over

More information

netw rks Where in the world? When did it happen? Islamic Civilization Lesson 1 A New Faith ESSENTIAL QUESTION Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS

netw rks Where in the world? When did it happen? Islamic Civilization Lesson 1 A New Faith ESSENTIAL QUESTION Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS Lesson 1 A New Faith ESSENTIAL QUESTION How do religions develop? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did physical geography influence the Arab way of life? 2. What message did Muhammad preach to the people of Arabia?

More information

THE ARAB EMPIRE. AP World History Notes Chapter 11

THE ARAB EMPIRE. AP World History Notes Chapter 11 THE ARAB EMPIRE AP World History Notes Chapter 11 The Arab Empire Stretched from Spain to India Extended to areas in Europe, Asia, and Africa Encompassed all or part of the following civilizations: Egyptian,

More information

3. Who was the founding prophet of Islam? a. d) Muhammad b. c) Abraham c. a) Ali d. b) Abu Bakr

3. Who was the founding prophet of Islam? a. d) Muhammad b. c) Abraham c. a) Ali d. b) Abu Bakr 1. Which of the following events took place during the Umayyad caliphate? a. d) Foundation of Baghdad b. c) Establishment of the Delhi sultanate c. a) Crusader conquest of Jerusalem d. b) Conquest of Spain

More information

Expansion. Many clan fought each other. Clans were unified under Islam. Began military attacks against neighboring people

Expansion. Many clan fought each other. Clans were unified under Islam. Began military attacks against neighboring people Islamic Empires Expansion Many clan fought each other Clans were unified under Islam Began military attacks against neighboring people Defeated Byzantine area of Syria Egypt Northern Africa Qur an permitted

More information

Islam AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( )

Islam AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( ) Islam AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) Throughout most of its history, the people of the Arabian peninsula were subsistence farmers, lived in small fishing villages, or were nomadic traders

More information

Chapter 10: From the Crusades to the New Muslim Empires

Chapter 10: From the Crusades to the New Muslim Empires Chapter 10: From the Crusades to the New Muslim Empires Guiding Question: How did the Crusades affect the lives of Christians, Muslims, and Jews? Name: Due Date: Period: Overview: The Crusades were a series

More information

TURN IN YOUR FINAL DRAFT OF YOUR ESSAY WITH YOUR ROUGH DRAFT AND THINKING MAP ATTACHED!

TURN IN YOUR FINAL DRAFT OF YOUR ESSAY WITH YOUR ROUGH DRAFT AND THINKING MAP ATTACHED! TURN IN YOUR FINAL DRAFT OF YOUR ESSAY WITH YOUR ROUGH DRAFT AND THINKING MAP ATTACHED! In your journals- How do you think the Muslims interaction with the Hindus in India will be similar/different than

More information

Arabia before Muhammad

Arabia before Muhammad THE RISE OF ISLAM Arabia before Muhammad Arabian Origins By 6 th century CE = Arabic-speakers throughout Syrian desert Arabia before Muhammad Arabian Origins By 6 th century CE = Arabic-speakers throughout

More information

and the Shi aa muslins What I need to know:

and the Shi aa muslins What I need to know: What I need to know: Explain the origins of Islam. Analyze how Islam spread across the Arabian Peninsula. Examine the split between the Sunni Muslims and the Shi aa muslins Born around 570 CE o Into a

More information

Where in the world? RESG When did it happen? Chapter 14 Map Title: Where in the World? File a.d. Name: 500 C14_L1_wsresg_01A.ai Map Size: 39p6 x 20p0

Where in the world? RESG When did it happen? Chapter 14 Map Title: Where in the World? File a.d. Name: 500 C14_L1_wsresg_01A.ai Map Size: 39p6 x 20p0 Lesson 1 A New Faith ESSENTIAL QUESTION How do religions develop? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did physical geography influence the Arab way of life? 2. What message did Muhammad preach to the people of Arabia?

More information

Muslim Civilization Section 1

Muslim Civilization Section 1 Muslim Civilization Section 1 Muslim Civilization Section 1 Click the icon to play Listen to History audio. Click the icon below to connect to the Interactive Maps. Muslim Civilization Section 1 Main Idea

More information

The Rise of Islam In the seventh century, a new faith took hold in the Middle East. The followers of Islam, Muslims, believe that Allah (God) transmit

The Rise of Islam In the seventh century, a new faith took hold in the Middle East. The followers of Islam, Muslims, believe that Allah (God) transmit The World of Islam The Rise of Islam In the seventh century, a new faith took hold in the Middle East. The followers of Islam, Muslims, believe that Allah (God) transmitted his words through Mohammad,

More information

Foundations of World Civilization: Notes 21 Islam Copyright Bruce Owen 2009 We left the Mediterranean world with the fall of the western Roman empire

Foundations of World Civilization: Notes 21 Islam Copyright Bruce Owen 2009 We left the Mediterranean world with the fall of the western Roman empire Foundations of World Civilization: Notes 21 Islam Copyright Bruce Owen 2009 We left the Mediterranean world with the fall of the western Roman empire the last nominal emperor of the Western Roman empire,

More information

Fasting A person must eat only one meal a day, after sunset, every day during the holy month of

Fasting A person must eat only one meal a day, after sunset, every day during the holy month of What Muslims Believe Islam is a religion, believing in only one God. The Arabic word for God is The holy book for Muslims is the (also spelled Qu ran), which contains the rules for the religion revealed

More information

Reading Essentials and Study Guide

Reading Essentials and Study Guide Lesson 2 The Arab Empire and the Caliphates ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS How can religion influence the development of an empire? How might religious beliefs affect society, culture, and politics? Reading HELPDESK

More information

THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I

THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I MUHAMMAD THE PROFIT From Mecca in modern day Saudi Arabia Muhammad was a middle aged merchant who claimed the Angel Gabriel asked him to recite the word of God As a Merchant

More information

The Muslim World. Ottomans, Safavids, Mughals

The Muslim World. Ottomans, Safavids, Mughals The Muslim World Ottomans, Safavids, Mughals SSWH12 Describe the development and contributions of the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires. 12a. Describe the development and geographical extent of the

More information

Gunpowder Empires. AP World History. Revised and used with permission from and thanks to Nancy Hester, East View High School, Georgetown, Tx.

Gunpowder Empires. AP World History. Revised and used with permission from and thanks to Nancy Hester, East View High School, Georgetown, Tx. Gunpowder Empires AP World History Revised and used with permission from and thanks to Nancy Hester, East View High School, Georgetown, Tx. With the advent of gunpowder (China), the Empires that had access

More information

World History I Mrs. Rogers Sem

World History I Mrs. Rogers Sem World History I Mrs. Rogers Sem. 1 2012 Chapter 10 Study Guide: Muslim Civilizations Section 1: Rise of Islam Bedouins (bed-oh-ins): a tribe of nomads that lived in the desert of the Arabian peninsula

More information

Name Class Date. Vocabulary Builder. 1. Identify the person who declared himself a prophet of Allah. Describe him.

Name Class Date. Vocabulary Builder. 1. Identify the person who declared himself a prophet of Allah. Describe him. Section 1 DIRECTIONS Answer each question by writing a sentence that contains at least one word from the word bank. Muslims Muhammad Five Pillars of Islam jihad 1. Identify the person who declared himself

More information

Essential Question: Bellringer Name the 3 Gunpowder Empires and 2 things that they had in common.

Essential Question: Bellringer Name the 3 Gunpowder Empires and 2 things that they had in common. Essential Question: What were the achievements of the gunpowder empires : Ottomans, Safavids, & Mughals? Bellringer Name the 3 Gunpowder Empires and 2 things that they had in common. From 1300 to 1700,

More information

NOTES: Unit 3 -Chapter 9: The Islamic World and Africa. In this chapter you will learn about developments in the during the.

NOTES: Unit 3 -Chapter 9: The Islamic World and Africa. In this chapter you will learn about developments in the during the. Name NOTES: Unit 3 -Chapter 9: The Islamic World and Africa Introduction In this chapter you will learn about developments in the during the. Important Ideas A. Mohammed founded in the seventh century.

More information

5/8/2015. The Islamic Civilization. A Study of the Faith / Empire / Culture. Isolated Peninsula. Southwestern = Fertile

5/8/2015. The Islamic Civilization. A Study of the Faith / Empire / Culture. Isolated Peninsula. Southwestern = Fertile The Islamic Civilization A Study of the Faith / Empire / Culture Mecca / Makkah 1 Isolated Peninsula Southwestern = Fertile Remainder = Arid Plains / Desert Agriculture along the coastal areas Bedouin

More information

Early Modern Middle East and Asia. Mr. Stikes

Early Modern Middle East and Asia. Mr. Stikes Early Modern Middle East and Asia Mr. Stikes SSWH12 The student will examine the origins and contributions of the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires. a. Describe the geographical extent of the Ottoman

More information

Islam. By: Mr. Galfayan, Ms. Tejeda Olvera, Mr. Soto. 5th Grade Textbook

Islam. By: Mr. Galfayan, Ms. Tejeda Olvera, Mr. Soto. 5th Grade Textbook Islam By: Mr. Galfayan, Ms. Tejeda Olvera, Mr. Soto 5th Grade Textbook The Spread of a Culture Imagine you are in a city filled with many different cultures and the religion of Islam in the mid-1100s.

More information

11/24/2015. Islam. Outcome: Islamic Empires

11/24/2015. Islam. Outcome: Islamic Empires Islam Outcome: Islamic Empires 1 Constructive Response Question 3.Generalize who were the Ottomans, Mughals, and Safavids? 2 What will we learn? 1.Islamic culture 2.The Ottoman Empire 3.The Mughals 4.The

More information

5/10/2018. The Islamic Civilization. A Study of the Faith / Empire / Culture. Mecca / Makkah. Isolated Peninsula. Southwestern = Fertile

5/10/2018. The Islamic Civilization. A Study of the Faith / Empire / Culture. Mecca / Makkah. Isolated Peninsula. Southwestern = Fertile The Islamic Civilization A Study of the Faith / Empire / Culture Mecca / Makkah 1 Isolated Peninsula Southwestern = Fertile Remainder = Arid Plains / Desert Agriculture along the coastal areas Bedouin

More information

Unit 3. World Religions

Unit 3. World Religions Unit 3 World Religions Growth of Islam uislam developed from a combination of ideas from the Greeks, Romans, Persians, Indians, and Byzantines to create its own specialized civilization. ØEarly in Islamic

More information

Ottoman Empire. 1400s-1800s

Ottoman Empire. 1400s-1800s Ottoman Empire 1400s-1800s 1. Original location of the Ottoman Empire Asia Minor (Turkey) Origins of the Ottoman Empire After Muhammad s death in 632 A.D., Muslim faith & power spread throughout Middle

More information

Mk AD

Mk AD Mk 2018 The Rise of the Arab Islamic Empire 622AD - 1450 610AD The Arabian Peninsula: Muhammad, age 40 has visions and revelations he claimed came from God. These revelations were written down by friends.

More information

The Rise of. Chap. 13 Lesson 2

The Rise of. Chap. 13 Lesson 2 The Rise of Chap. 13 Lesson 2 OBJECTIVES Explore the development and spread of Islam. Evaluate how trade affected Muslim ideas. Identify Muslims achievements. Key Content Most people on the dry Arabian

More information

4. What was the primary international trade route during the Classical period?

4. What was the primary international trade route during the Classical period? Name: Due Date: Unit III: The Postclassical Period, 500-1450: New Faith and New Commerce & Chapter 6 Reading Guide The First Global Civilization: The Rise of Spread of Islam THE WORLD MAP CHANGES 1. The

More information

MUSLIM WORLD. Honors World Civilizations, Chapter 10

MUSLIM WORLD. Honors World Civilizations, Chapter 10 MUSLIM WORLD Honors World Civilizations, Chapter 10 THIS CHAPTER OVERALL 3 sections: Rise of Islam Islam Expands Muslim Culture Your jobs: Take notes Participate Ask questions MUSLIM WORLD TODAY? Where

More information

APWH Chapter 27.notebook January 04, 2016

APWH Chapter 27.notebook January 04, 2016 Chapter 27 Islamic Gunpowder Empires The Ottoman Empire was established by Muslim Turks in Asia Minor in the 14th century, after the collapse of Mongol rule in the Middle East. It conquered the Balkans

More information

Question of Periodization

Question of Periodization Question of Periodization Periodization: AP World History is broken into six chronological periods of study. Period 3(Ch9-16): Regional and Transregional Interactions, c. 600CE to 1450 CE (20% of AP Exam)

More information

Problems are not stop signs, they are guidelines. --- Robert H. Schuller. #4.8 The Spread of Islam

Problems are not stop signs, they are guidelines. --- Robert H. Schuller. #4.8 The Spread of Islam Name: Due Date: #4.8 The Spread of Islam Aim: How did Islam spread throughout the world? REVIEW: The Religion of Islam The religion of Islam began in the Arabian Peninsula in the A.D. 600s by a man named

More information

THE CHRONOLOGY OF THE POST-CLASSICAL PERIOD (P. 108) 1. What did the end of the classical era and the end of the post-classical era have in common?

THE CHRONOLOGY OF THE POST-CLASSICAL PERIOD (P. 108) 1. What did the end of the classical era and the end of the post-classical era have in common? 600 CE 800 CE Name: Due Date: Unit III: The Postclassical Period, 500-1450: New Faith and New Commerce & Chapter 6 Reading Guide The First Global Civilization: The Rise of Spread of Islam THE CHRONOLOGY

More information

1 - Introduction to the Islamic Civilizations

1 - Introduction to the Islamic Civilizations 1 - Introduction to the Islamic Civilizations Aim: How are the Islamic Civilizations (1500-1800) similar? Do Now: How do empires increase their power? Questions Think Marks Summary How did Islam enable

More information

Unit Three. The Middle East and Asia in the Medieval Age

Unit Three. The Middle East and Asia in the Medieval Age Unit Three The Middle East and Asia in the Medieval Age The Rise of Islam Chapter 10 Rise of Islam - Terms 1. Muhammad born into a powerful Meccan family, spent time alone in prayer & meditation; at the

More information

As I Enter. Think about: Agenda: Holy Quotes! You decide- is it from the bible, the Torah, or the Quran?

As I Enter. Think about: Agenda: Holy Quotes! You decide- is it from the bible, the Torah, or the Quran? As I Enter Think about: Holy Quotes! You decide- is it from the bible, the Torah, or the Quran? Agenda: Notes on Islam Notes on Judaism Jerusalem Timeline Quotations from Holy Books Determine whether the

More information

The World Of Islam. By: Hazar Jaber

The World Of Islam. By: Hazar Jaber The World Of Islam By: Hazar Jaber Islam : literally means Submission, Peace. Culture Politics Why is it complicated? The story how it all began Muhammad (pbuh) was born in Mecca (570-632 AD) At age 40

More information

The World of Islam. Chapter 6

The World of Islam. Chapter 6 The World of Islam Chapter 6 STANDARD WHI.8a The student will demonstrate knowledge of Islamic civilization from about 600 to 1000 A.D. (C.E.) by a) describing the origin, beliefs, traditions, customs,

More information

WHI.08: Islam and WHI.10: Africa

WHI.08: Islam and WHI.10: Africa Name: Date: Period: WHI08: Islam and WHI10: Africa WHI08 The student will demonstrate knowledge of Islamic civilization from about 600 to 1000 AD by a) describing the origin, beliefs, traditions, customs,

More information

Let s review the three Gunpowder Empires of the Islamic World during the Early Modern Era ( )!

Let s review the three Gunpowder Empires of the Islamic World during the Early Modern Era ( )! Let s review the three Gunpowder Empires of the Islamic World during the Early Modern Era (1450-1750)! India 3 continents: SE Europe, N. Africa, SW Asia Persia (Iran today) Longest lastingexisted until

More information

Chapter 9: Islam & the Arab Empire, Lesson 3: Islamic Civilization

Chapter 9: Islam & the Arab Empire, Lesson 3: Islamic Civilization Chapter 9: Islam & the Arab Empire, 600 1000 Lesson 3: Islamic Civilization World History Bell Ringer #41 12-4-17 1. What led to the development of the Islamic caliphate? A. The death of Muhammad left

More information

Chapter 11. The Worlds of Islam Afro-Eurasian Connections,

Chapter 11. The Worlds of Islam Afro-Eurasian Connections, Chapter 11 The Worlds of Islam Afro-Eurasian Connections, 600 1500 CHAPTER LEARNING OBJECTIVES I can examine the causes behind the spread of Islam I can explore the dynamism of the Islamic world as the

More information

The Worlds of Islam: Afro-Eurasian Connections

The Worlds of Islam: Afro-Eurasian Connections CHAPTER 9 The Worlds of Islam: Afro-Eurasian Connections 600 1500 CHAPTER LEARNING OBJECTIVES To examine the causes behind the spread of Islam To explore the dynamism of the Islamic world as the most influential

More information

Welcome to AP World History!

Welcome to AP World History! Welcome to AP World History! About the AP World History Course AP World History is designed to be the equivalent of a two-semester introductory college or university world history course. In AP World History

More information

Big Idea Suleiman the Magnificent rules during a Golden Age. Essential Question How did Suleiman the Magnificent gain and maintain power?

Big Idea Suleiman the Magnificent rules during a Golden Age. Essential Question How did Suleiman the Magnificent gain and maintain power? Big Idea Suleiman the Magnificent rules during a Golden Age. Essential Question How did Suleiman the Magnificent gain and maintain power? 1 Words To Know Sultan the leader of the Ottoman Empire, like a

More information

The Umayyad Dynasty. Brett Coffman Liberty High School AP World History

The Umayyad Dynasty. Brett Coffman Liberty High School AP World History The Umayyad Dynasty Brett Coffman Liberty High School AP World History The death of Muhammad Muhammad died in 632. Set off a problem that exists today the succession of the Islamic state Caliph Islamic

More information

11 ISLAM 570 C.E C.E.

11 ISLAM 570 C.E C.E. 11 ISLAM 570 C.E. 1500 C.E. SUBMISSION TO ALLAH: MUSLIM CIVILIZATION BRIDGES THE WORLD COMMENTARY The thesis of Chapter 11 is clearly stated by Howard Spodek on page 334: Islam was not only a faith, not

More information

In the emperor formally dedicated a new capital for the Roman Empire He called the city It became widely known as

In the emperor formally dedicated a new capital for the Roman Empire He called the city It became widely known as Chapter 6 Fill-in Notes THE BYZANTINE AND ISLAMIC EMPIRES Overview Roman Empire collapses in the West The Eastern Roman Empire became known as the Empire a blending of the and cultures which influenced

More information

O"oman Empire. AP World History 19a

Ooman Empire. AP World History 19a O"oman Empire AP World History 19a Founded by Turks Started in Anatolia Controlled Balkan Peninsula and parts of eastern Europe Acquired much of the Middle East, North Africa, and region between the Black

More information

UNIT 3 -CHAPTER 9: THE ISLAMIC WORLD AND AFRICA

UNIT 3 -CHAPTER 9: THE ISLAMIC WORLD AND AFRICA UNIT 3 -CHAPTER 9: THE ISLAMIC WORLD AND AFRICA INTRODUCTION In this chapter you will learn about developments in the Middle East and Africa during the post-classical era. ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS What are

More information

Period 4: Global Interactions, c Chapter 21: SW Asia & the Indian Ocean, pp Mrs. Osborn RHS APWH

Period 4: Global Interactions, c Chapter 21: SW Asia & the Indian Ocean, pp Mrs. Osborn RHS APWH Period 4: Global Interactions, c. 1450-1750 Chapter 21: SW Asia & the Indian Ocean, 1500-1750 pp. 521-543 Mrs. Osborn RHS APWH AP Objectives. You should be able to Describe the increase in interactions

More information

Chapter 9 1. Explain why Islam is considered more than a religion, but rather a way of life?

Chapter 9 1. Explain why Islam is considered more than a religion, but rather a way of life? Chapters 9-18 Study Guide Review Chapter 9 1. Explain why Islam is considered more than a religion, but rather a way of life? The Quran and the Sunnah guide Muslims on how to live their lives. 2. What

More information

Chapter 19: The Muslim Empires

Chapter 19: The Muslim Empires Chapter 19: The Muslim Empires 1450-1800 19-1 THE RISE AND EXPANSION OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE Rise of the Ottoman Turks In the 13 th century a group of Turks under Osman start gaining power in the northwest

More information

Chapter 21: The Muslim Empires. The Ottoman Empire 2/12/14. AP World History

Chapter 21: The Muslim Empires. The Ottoman Empire 2/12/14. AP World History Chapter 21: The Muslim Empires AP World History! Ottomans gain ground in Asia Minor (Anatolia) throughout the 1350 s! 1453: Ottoman capture of Constantinople under the Ottoman sultan Mehmed II! Ottomans

More information

Abraham s Genealogy. Judaism-Torah. Islam-Quran Muhammad (the last prophet) Quran and the Five Pillars of Islam.

Abraham s Genealogy. Judaism-Torah. Islam-Quran Muhammad (the last prophet) Quran and the Five Pillars of Islam. Abraham s Genealogy 100-1500 HAGAR Islam-Quran ABRAHAM Judaism-Torah SARAH Ishmael Isaac 12 Arabian Tribes Jacob/Israel Esau Muhammad (the last prophet) Quran and the Five Pillars of Islam Mecca (Muslims)

More information

Teachings of Islam. 5 Pillars of Islam (cornerstone of religion)

Teachings of Islam. 5 Pillars of Islam (cornerstone of religion) Teachings of Islam 5 Pillars of Islam (cornerstone of religion) Shahada الش هادة Declaration of Faith Salah الصالة - Prayer Zakah الزكاة - Almsgiving Sawm الصوم Fasting (Ramadan) Hajj الحج - Pilgrimage

More information

SSWH 5. Examine the political, economic, and cultural interactions within the Medieval Mediterranean World between 600 CE/AD and 1300 CE/AD.

SSWH 5. Examine the political, economic, and cultural interactions within the Medieval Mediterranean World between 600 CE/AD and 1300 CE/AD. SSWH 5 Examine the political, economic, and cultural interactions within the Medieval Mediterranean World between 600 CE/AD and 1300 CE/AD. Vocabulary Islam - a monotheistic religion that originated from

More information

Muslim Advances from Suleimaniye Mosque, Istanbul

Muslim Advances from Suleimaniye Mosque, Istanbul Muslim Advances from 1450-1800 Suleimaniye Mosque, Istanbul Rise of the Ottoman Turks! During the 13 th century, Turks under Osman begin building power in Anatolia they had received land in this area from

More information

Name: Period 3: 500 C.E C.E. Chapter 13: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia Chapter 14: The Expansive Realm of Islam

Name: Period 3: 500 C.E C.E. Chapter 13: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia Chapter 14: The Expansive Realm of Islam Chapter 13: The Resurgence of Empire in East Asia Chapter 14: The Expansive Realm of Islam 1. How is the rise of neo-confucianism related to the increasing popularity of Buddhism? Can you think of other

More information

SSWH 5. Examine the political, economic, and cultural interactions within the Medieval Mediterranean World between 600 CE/AD and 1300 CE/AD.

SSWH 5. Examine the political, economic, and cultural interactions within the Medieval Mediterranean World between 600 CE/AD and 1300 CE/AD. SSWH 5 Examine the political, economic, and cultural interactions within the Medieval Mediterranean World between 600 CE/AD and 1300 CE/AD. SSWH 5 A Explain the origins of Islam and the growth of the Islamic

More information

Divisions and Controversies in Islam and the Umayyad Dynasty. by Sasha Addison

Divisions and Controversies in Islam and the Umayyad Dynasty. by Sasha Addison Divisions and Controversies in Islam and the Umayyad Dynasty by Sasha Addison Death of Muhammad The prophet to the Muslim people was not immortal and so did die on June 8, 632 in Medina located in current

More information

Chapter 17: Half Done Notes

Chapter 17: Half Done Notes Name Date Period Class Chapter 17: Half Done Notes Directions: So we are trying this out to see how it you guys like it and whether you find it an effective way to learn, analyze, and retain information

More information

CHAPTER SEVEN Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South and Southeast Asia

CHAPTER SEVEN Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South and Southeast Asia CHAPTER SEVEN Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South and Southeast Asia World Civilizations, The Global Experience AP* Edition, 5th Edition Stearns/Adas/Schwartz/Gilbert *AP and

More information

The Origins of Islam. EQ: How could I compare and contrast the three major world religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam?

The Origins of Islam. EQ: How could I compare and contrast the three major world religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam? The Origins of Islam EQ: How could I compare and contrast the three major world religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam? Do you remember Sarah and Isaac? What about Hagar and Ishmael? Hagar and

More information

The Muslim World

The Muslim World The Muslim World 600-1650 Deserts, Towns, and Travelers The Arabian Peninsula was the crossroads of three continents: Africa, Europe, and Asia. Only a tiny strip of fertile land in the south and a few

More information