Deserts. Sahara (North Africa) & Arabian Desert

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Deserts. Sahara (North Africa) & Arabian Desert"

Transcription

1 MIDDLE EAST

2 Middle East Climate

3 Deserts Sahara (North Africa) & Arabian Desert

4 Desert Landscape Sand dunes 15% of Sahara Rocky desert 85% of Sahara

5 Areas With Freshwater Areas with Mediterranean Climate Same climate as So. Cal. Rainy winter, Dry summer On Med. coast above 32 o N

6 Areas With Water Mountains Atlas Mtns. Zagros Mtns. Yemen

7 Mountains of Yemen

8 Areas With Water River Valleys Nile River Tigris & Euphrates

9 River Valleys Ancient Civilizations Nile Valley - Egypt

10 LANGUAGES Arabic Originated in Arabian Peninsula South of Taurus & Zagros Mtns.

11 Arabic

12 LANGUAGES Non-Arab Mountainous North Turkish Farsi in

13 LANGUAGES Hebrew in.

14 ISLAM Followers are Muslims Began with Muhammad Lived ~ 600 AD Born in Mecca (Saudi Arabia) Holiest City

15 Five Pillars of Islam 1. Make a profession of faith There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is His prophet

16 PILLARS OF ISLAM 2. Pray 5x/day towards Mecca 3. Charity

17 PILLARS OF ISLAM 4. Daytime fasting during Ramadan 5. Pilgrimage to Mecca

18 Islam Division Sunni Muslims Most Muslim countries Shi ite Muslims Iran, Iraq

19 THE MAGHREB 3 Countries: M.A.T. Were French Colonies until 1950s Atlas Mtns. Med. Climate Sahara

20 ATLAS MOUNTAINS Over 13,000 in Highest mtns

21 MOROCCO Strait of Gibraltar

22 MOROCCO Casablanca

23 EGYPT Most Populated Nile River Water supply Floods Deposited fertile silt

24 Nile River Valley 95% of Egypt s pop.

25 Aswan High Dam & Lake Nasser Benefits: Electricity Year-round irrigation More ag production Benefits of Dam:

26 Aswan High Dam & Lake Nasser Negative Effects: Silt trapped. No more floods depositing fertile silt Med Sea fishing

27 Cairo Largest city Only subway

28 Giza Pyramids

29 Alexandria 2 nd largest city Summer

30 Suez Canal Mediterranean Red Sea Built 1860s By Brit & French 1956 Egypt gained control Tolls

31 Sinai Peninsula Mt. Sinai

32 Mt. Sinai Moses 10 Commandments

33 LEBANON Mediterranean Climate No desert

34 LEBANON Mountains (10,000 ) Cedar Forests

35 LEBANON Beirut - capital

36 LEBANON Ancient Home of the Phoenicians Became Christian Arab Conquest, 700 AD Brought Islam Under French control 1920s-1940s French is the 2 nd language

37 LEBANON Diverse population 60% Muslim 40% Christian

38 LEBANON Civil War 1980s Christians vs. Muslims Emigration of Christians Peaceful now

39 ISRAEL 1/50 the size of Calif. Unique religion/language of the Mid East

40 Israel s People 80% Jewish, Hebrew-speaking

41 ISRAEL S PEOPLE 20% Muslim Arabs

42 ISRAEL Country est Historically called Palestine Med. Sea in west Water Features in east Sea of Galilee Main source of freshwater Jordan River Dead Sea

43 DEAD SEA 1300 below sea level. Lowest elevation.. Extremely salty

44 Dead Sea

45 ISRAEL S CLIMATE North ½ Med climate Rainy in winter South ½ - Negev Desert

46 Negev Desert in South

47 The Promised Land of the Jews God promised Palestine to Abraham s Descendants Jews are Abraham s Descendants Jerusalem Jewish Capital King Solomon s temple Destroyed in 70 A.D. Western Wall remains Holiest Place for Jews

48 Jerusalem Dome of the Rock Holy for Muslims Muhammad rose to heaven

49 Jerusalem Holiest Place for Christians Jesus death (crucifixion) & resurrection

50 Arab-Jewish Conflict Britain ruled 1920s 1940s UN plan to divide Palestine Jewish state ( Israel ) (green on map) Est Arab state ( Palestine ) (yellow on map) Not accepted by Arabs

51 Arab-Jewish Conflict Both believe Palestine should be theirs Promised land for Jews Arabs lived there s AD

52 ARAB-JEWISH WARS Israel conquered additional land after 1948 West Bank Gaza Strip

53 JORDAN Desert Petra

54

55 SYRIA Civil War 2011-Present (2016) 3-way war Govt, Rebels, & ISIS ( Islamic State ) ISIS Group of Islamic extremists Want strict Islamic law Conquering much of Syria & Iraq Violence against: Christians Moderate Muslims

56 SYRIA S CIVIL WAR Mass Migration of Refugees 4 mln left Syria (20% of population) Many trying to go to Europe Esp. Germany

57 IRAQ Mesopotamia T & E Rivers World s first: Agriculture Cities (Babylon )

58 IRAQ Was led by Saddam Hussein Overthrown in U.S. invasion 2003 ISIS controls parts of Iraq

59 ARABIAN PENINSULA Saudi Arabia Yemen Oman United Arab Emirates Qatar Bahrain Kuwait

60 Desert Nomads Bedouins Herders of

61

62 PERSIAN GULF 60% of World s Oil #1 Saudi Arabia

63 Oil Exports from the Persian Gulf Exported to: Europe & Japan USA (12% of U.S. oil demand)

64 PERSIAN GULF CITIES Oil Wealth Rapid Urban Development

65 DUBAI, UNITED ARAB EMIRATES World s tallest building

66 DUBAI Incredible shopping malls

67 TURKEY In Europe & Asia

68 BOSPORUS STRAIT Europe Asia

69 ISTANBUL On the Bosporus Old name: Constantinople Center for Christianity until 1400s

70 TURKEY S CLIMATE Mostly Mediterranean No desert Xlnt Agriculture

71 Iran Old name = Persia 1979 Revolution Relations with USA Trying to develop Nuclear Weapons?

72 AFGHANISTAN Desert & Mtns (25,000 ) Difficult to conquer or control

73 Afghan People Muslim, but not Arab Pashto Language Very Poor Opium

74 AFGHANISTAN HISTORY Ruled by Taliban, 1990s Permitted al-qaeda training bases Osama bin Laden founded/funded Al-Qaeda From Saudi Arabia Killed 2011

NORTH AFRICA & SOUTHWEST ASIA

NORTH AFRICA & SOUTHWEST ASIA NORTH AFRICA & SOUTHWEST ASIA Setting the Boundaries North of Sub-Saharan Africa From Atlantic Ocean to Afghanistan/Pakistan Region defined by Climate Culture Petroleum SW Asia = The Middle East Crossroads

More information

The Middle East Today: Political Map

The Middle East Today: Political Map The Middle East Today: Political Map 19 13 2 18 12 17 11--> 8--> 9 5 7 16 6

More information

Chapter 22 Southwest Asia pg Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Iran pg

Chapter 22 Southwest Asia pg Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Iran pg Chapter 22 Southwest Asia pg. 674 695 22 1 Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Iran pg. 677 681 Assume the role of a leader of an oil rich country. Why would you maybe need to diversify your country s economy? What

More information

CITY COLLEGE NORTH AFRICA & SOUTHWEST ASIA

CITY COLLEGE NORTH AFRICA & SOUTHWEST ASIA CITY COLLEGE NORTH AFRICA & SOUTHWEST ASIA PIVOTAL LOCATION EARLY CULTURE HEARTHS MAJOR GEOGRAPHICAL QUALITIES OF THE REALM Physical Aridity Oil Cultural Culture Hearths World Religions Conflict MAJOR

More information

Chapter 22 Human Geography of Southwest Asia: Religion, Politics, and Oil

Chapter 22 Human Geography of Southwest Asia: Religion, Politics, and Oil SLIDE 1 Chapter 22 Human Geography of Southwest Asia: Religion, Politics, and Oil The rise of major religions thousands of years ago and the discovery of oil in the past century have drastically shaped

More information

The Countries of Southwest Asia. Chapter 23

The Countries of Southwest Asia. Chapter 23 The Countries of Southwest Asia Chapter 23 The Countries of Southwest Asia (Middle East) Creation of Israel After WWII, Jews had no where to go. In 1948, The United Nations decided to split Palestine between

More information

North Africa, Southwest Asia and Central Asia. Chapter 10

North Africa, Southwest Asia and Central Asia. Chapter 10 North Africa, Southwest Asia and Central Asia Chapter 10 Physical Features Atlas Mountains Sahara Desert Physical Features - Water Seas and Waterways in this region have helped people trade more with Africa,

More information

Babylon was the center of the Babylonian empire. It s location made it a crossroads of trade making it a very rich city.

Babylon was the center of the Babylonian empire. It s location made it a crossroads of trade making it a very rich city. I Can Statements - 2nd Quarter Assessment: Southwest Asia, For the test, make sure you know the following information. The Ancient Civilization information can also be located in your guided readings,

More information

Introduction to Islam, SW Asia & North Africa

Introduction to Islam, SW Asia & North Africa Introduction to Islam, SW Asia & North Africa May 20, 2008 GEOG 1982 Islam History & Facts Distribution Veiling Political Islam History of SW Asia 20 th century Arab Israeli Conflict Northern Africa Lecture

More information

UNIT 7 SOUTHWEST ASIA

UNIT 7 SOUTHWEST ASIA UNIT 7 SOUTHWEST ASIA CHAPTER 21 PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF SOUTHWEST ASIA: HARSH AND ARID LANDS 21.1: LANDFORMS AND RESOURCES The Arabian Peninsula Most distinctive landform in in SW Asia Borders: The Anatolian

More information

Chapter 7: North Africa and Southwest Asia Part One: pages Teacher Notes

Chapter 7: North Africa and Southwest Asia Part One: pages Teacher Notes I. Major Geographic Qualities Chapter 7: North Africa and Southwest Asia Part One: pages 342-362 Teacher Notes 1) Several of the world s greatest civilizations based in its river valleys and basins 2)

More information

TURKEY, SYRIA, LEBANON, JORDAN

TURKEY, SYRIA, LEBANON, JORDAN TURKEY, SYRIA, LEBANON, JORDAN TURKEY Turkey is a little larger than Texas. It bridges two continents: Europe and Asia The Asian part of Turkey is called Asia Minor. Three rivers separate the European

More information

Section 1 North Africa pages Chapter 18 MIDDLE KINGDOM BC OLD KINGDOM

Section 1 North Africa pages Chapter 18 MIDDLE KINGDOM BC OLD KINGDOM Section 1 North Africa pages 439-442 442 Chapter 18 Cultural Geography of North Africa, Southwest Asia, and Central Asia Berbers native ethnic groups in NA; farmers today, used to be nomads Arabs united

More information

Chapter 16: The Eastern Mediterranean. Unit 7

Chapter 16: The Eastern Mediterranean. Unit 7 Chapter 16: The Eastern Mediterranean Unit 7 Section 1: Physical Geography Landforms This region includes the following countries: Syria Jordan Lebanon Israel Palestinian territories The Eastern Mediterranean

More information

I. Major Geographic Qualities: (page 345) II. Defining the Realm ( )

I. Major Geographic Qualities: (page 345) II. Defining the Realm ( ) Chapter 7: North Africa and Southwest Asia Part One: pages 342-362 Student Notes Please do not write on the T-Lines, those are reserved for the teacher s notes you will get later. I. Major Geographic Qualities:

More information

The Middle East and North Africa

The Middle East and North Africa The Middle East and North Africa 1) Location Where is the Middle East? The Middle East is at the crossroads of three Continents: 1. Asia 2. Africa 3. Europe What is the Middle East Region? Areas west of

More information

Cultural Geography of North Africa, Southwest, and Central Asia. Chapter 18, Section 1: North Africa

Cultural Geography of North Africa, Southwest, and Central Asia. Chapter 18, Section 1: North Africa Cultural Geography of North Africa, Southwest, and Central Asia Chapter 18, Section 1: North Africa Important Vocabulary Nomad: groups of people who move from place to place depending on the season and

More information

Chapter 18. The Cultural Geography of North Africa, Southwest and Central Asia

Chapter 18. The Cultural Geography of North Africa, Southwest and Central Asia Chapter 18 The Cultural Geography of North Africa, Southwest and Central Asia Chapter Objectives Explain population patterns found in North Africa, Southwest Asia, and Central Asia. Discuss the history

More information

Deserts. the Empty Quarter is the largest sand desert in the world.

Deserts. the Empty Quarter is the largest sand desert in the world. Saudi Arabia GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES Saudi Arabia Part of the Arabian Peninsula Saudi Arabia is one fourth the size of the United States Deserts cover much of the east and south There are mountain ranges in

More information

North Africa 1/13/2010. Climate. Middle East: Eurocentric term for eastern Mediterranean; commonly used Islamic World: implies unity of believers

North Africa 1/13/2010. Climate. Middle East: Eurocentric term for eastern Mediterranean; commonly used Islamic World: implies unity of believers North Africa Middle East: Eurocentric term for eastern Mediterranean; commonly used Islamic World: implies unity of believers Also ignores non-muslims Arab: refers to ethnicity Muslim: refers to believer

More information

Exercise 2: Are the following statements true or false? 6) Persians are an ethnic group that live in Iran.

Exercise 2: Are the following statements true or false? 6) Persians are an ethnic group that live in Iran. Exercise 2: Are the following statements true or false? The Middle East is a region which is located in ;veral continents. 2) The Middle East is also known as the Arabic ( Peninsula. 3) The Middle East

More information

Creating the Modern Middle East

Creating the Modern Middle East Creating the Modern Middle East Diverse Peoples When the followers of Muhammad swept out of the Arabian Peninsula in the the ancient lands of Mesopotamia, Palestine, and Persia in the mid-600`s they encountered

More information

Historical Background of the Middle East

Historical Background of the Middle East Historical Background of the Middle East The Middle East is a geographical region that has been of great importance in history since ancient times. Strategically located, it is a natural land bridge connecting

More information

The Modern Middle East Or As I like to call it

The Modern Middle East Or As I like to call it The Modern Middle East Or As I like to call it How did this. Turn into this Which the US has been in for over TEN years, doing this Modern Middle East Holy City of Jerusalem Dome of the Rock The Western

More information

Chapter 7: North Africa and Southwest Asia Part Two: pages Regions of the Realm Teacher Notes

Chapter 7: North Africa and Southwest Asia Part Two: pages Regions of the Realm Teacher Notes Chapter 7: North Africa and Southwest Asia Part Two: pages 363 398 Regions of the Realm Teacher Notes I. Egypt and Lower Nile Basin (363-369) General Information: Egypt controls the Suez Canal This region

More information

Geographic Understandings

Geographic Understandings Geographic Understandings SS7G5 The student will locate selected features in Southwestern Asia (Middle East). a. Locate on a world and regional political-physical map: Euphrates River, Jordan River, Tigris

More information

UNIT 7 SOUTHWEST ASIA

UNIT 7 SOUTHWEST ASIA UNIT 7 SOUTHWEST ASIA CHAPTER 21 PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF SOUTHWEST ASIA: HARSH AND ARID LANDS 21.1: LANDFORMS AND RESOURCES The Arabian Peninsula Most distinctive landform in in SW Asia Borders strategic

More information

Physical Geography This region is extremely arid, and most areas receive less than 18 of precipitation per year. the dry terrain varies from huge

Physical Geography This region is extremely arid, and most areas receive less than 18 of precipitation per year. the dry terrain varies from huge The Middle East Physical Geography This region is extremely arid, and most areas receive less than 18 of precipitation per year. the dry terrain varies from huge tracts of sand dunes to great salt flats.

More information

ISLAMIC CIVILIZATIONS A.D.

ISLAMIC CIVILIZATIONS A.D. ISLAMIC CIVILIZATIONS 600-1000 A.D. ISLAM VOCAB Muhammad the Prophet- the founder of Islam Islam- monotheistic religion meaning submission Muslim- followers of Islam Mecca- holy city to Arab people located

More information

Palestine and the Mideast Crisis. Israel was founded as a Jewish state in 1948, but many Palestinian Arabs refused to recognize it.

Palestine and the Mideast Crisis. Israel was founded as a Jewish state in 1948, but many Palestinian Arabs refused to recognize it. Palestine and the Mideast Crisis Israel was founded as a Jewish state in 1948, but many Palestinian Arabs refused to recognize it. Palestine and the Mideast Crisis (cont.) After World War I, many Jews

More information

The Middle East. Common term for the arid region consis5ng of Southwest Asia and parts of North Africa/ Southeast Europe.

The Middle East. Common term for the arid region consis5ng of Southwest Asia and parts of North Africa/ Southeast Europe. The Middle East Common term for the arid region consis5ng of Southwest Asia and parts of North Africa/ Southeast Europe. Strategically located at the crossroads of 3 con5nents Eurocentric by nature- The

More information

SW Asia (Middle East) 2 nd Nine Weeks EOTT/Semester Exam Study Guide

SW Asia (Middle East) 2 nd Nine Weeks EOTT/Semester Exam Study Guide SW Asia (Middle East) 2 nd Nine Weeks EOTT/Semester Exam Study Guide #1 Geographically speaking, which country lies between Iraq and Afghanistan? ANSWER Iran lies between Iraq and Afghanistan. #2 The Suez

More information

Middle East Regional Review

Middle East Regional Review Middle East Regional Review Foundations-600 BCE Paleolithic (Old Stone Age)- to about 10,000 years ago Nomadic, Hunter-Gatherers Adapted to environment- use of fire, developed stone tools Summarize the

More information

[ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq

[ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq [ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq [ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq Learning Objectives Describe the civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia. Explain the origins and beliefs of Islam, including the significance

More information

GEOGRAPHY OF THE MIDDLE EAST A BRIEF INTRODUCTION

GEOGRAPHY OF THE MIDDLE EAST A BRIEF INTRODUCTION GEOGRAPHY OF THE MIDDLE EAST A BRIEF INTRODUCTION DATE SEPTEMBER 28, 2016 NOTES BY DENIS BAŠIĆ Some basic information on the Muslim World FOR THE EXACT, CURRENT NUMBER OF PEOPLE ON THE PLANET CHECK THE

More information

1. What is the difference between a market, command, and traditional economy?

1. What is the difference between a market, command, and traditional economy? Study Guide for 1 st Nine Weeks QPA 1. What is the difference between a market, command, and traditional economy? Traditional: People produce for themselves what they need to survive. They farm, hunt &

More information

7 th Grade History. Chapter 1: The Tools of History. What are latitude and longitude? Hemispheres? (know equator and prime meridian)

7 th Grade History. Chapter 1: The Tools of History. What are latitude and longitude? Hemispheres? (know equator and prime meridian) Name 7 th Grade History Chapter 1: The Tools of History 1.1 Geography of the World (p.8-13) What is geography? Landforms and bodies of water Continents Weather vs. climate 1.2 Mapping the World (p.14-21)

More information

I know about the city of Babylon and why it was important to Mesopotamia.

I know about the city of Babylon and why it was important to Mesopotamia. I know about the city of Babylon and why it was important to Mesopotamia. Babylon was the center of the Babylonian empire. Its location made it a crossroads of trade making it a very rich city. I know

More information

Chapter 7: North Africa and Southwest Asia Part Two: pages Student Notes

Chapter 7: North Africa and Southwest Asia Part Two: pages Student Notes Name: Date: Period: Chapter 7: North Africa and Southwest Asia Part Two: pages 363-398 Student Notes I. Egypt and Lower Nile Basin (363-369) General Information: Egypt controls the Suez Canal (Connects

More information

War in Afghanistan War in Iraq Arab Spring War in Syria North Korea 1950-

War in Afghanistan War in Iraq Arab Spring War in Syria North Korea 1950- War in Afghanistan 2001-2014 War in Iraq 2003-2010 Arab Spring 2010-2011 War in Syria 2011- North Korea 1950- Began as a result of 9/11 attacks September 11, 2001 Four hijacked planes in the U.S. Two crashed

More information

In this ancient carving, Hammurabi receives his code of laws from the sun god.

In this ancient carving, Hammurabi receives his code of laws from the sun god. Section 2 Prepare to Read Southwest Asia Cultures and History Objectives In this section, you will 1. Find out that one of the world s earliest civilizations grew in Southwest Asia. 2. Understand that

More information

22.3 The Northeast. Historical Geography. Subregion includes: Fertile Crescent Mesopotamia

22.3 The Northeast. Historical Geography. Subregion includes: Fertile Crescent Mesopotamia 22.3 The Northeast Historical Geography Fertile Crescent Mesopotamia Subregion includes: Culture Ethnicities Turks, Kurds, Persians Languages Religion Muslims in the Middle East War and Refugees Causes

More information

Islam. Outcomes: The Rise of Islam & Beliefs of Islam

Islam. Outcomes: The Rise of Islam & Beliefs of Islam Islam Outcomes: The Rise of Islam & Beliefs of Islam Constructive Response Questions 1. How was the development of Islam similar & different to Christianity? 2. Describe the core beliefs of a Muslim: What

More information

The Arabian Peninsula. Farming limited in Arabia Commerce lively Mecca, near Red Sea, most important of coastal towns

The Arabian Peninsula. Farming limited in Arabia Commerce lively Mecca, near Red Sea, most important of coastal towns The Rise of Islam The Arabian Peninsula Farming limited in Arabia Commerce lively Mecca, near Red Sea, most important of coastal towns Middle East: Climate Regions Fresh Groundwater Sources Mountain Ranges

More information

Arabian Peninsula Most Arabs settled Bedouin Nomads minority --Caravan trade: Yemen to Mesopotamia and Mediterranean

Arabian Peninsula Most Arabs settled Bedouin Nomads minority --Caravan trade: Yemen to Mesopotamia and Mediterranean I. Rise of Islam Origins: Arabian Peninsula Most Arabs settled Bedouin Nomads minority --Caravan trade: Yemen to Mesopotamia and Mediterranean Brought Arabs in contact with Byzantines and Sasanids Bedouins

More information

Christianity & Islam.

Christianity & Islam. Islam 1 1. Compare and contrast the development of Christianity & Islam. 2. Describe the core beliefs of a Muslim. 2 1. Origin of Islam 2. Core beliefs of Islam 3. Connections to Judaism & Christianity

More information

CHAPTER 21. Central and Southwest Asia. Regional Atlas Study Guide. 2 Chapter 21. A. As You Read. B. Reviewing Vocabulary

CHAPTER 21. Central and Southwest Asia. Regional Atlas Study Guide. 2 Chapter 21. A. As You Read. B. Reviewing Vocabulary CHAPTER 21 Regional Atlas Study Guide Central and Southwest Asia Directions: As you work through the Regional Atlas, complete the chart below. Under each main idea, write two or three supporting details.

More information

Southwest and Central Asia. The Birthplace of Civilization and 3 Major Religions

Southwest and Central Asia. The Birthplace of Civilization and 3 Major Religions Southwest and Central Asia The Birthplace of Civilization and 3 Major Religions Asia is so large, that it is often divided into the different regions seen below. We are going to study them in the following

More information

STUDY GUIDE. Population Patterns. Cultural Diversity in Region. Chapter 18, Section 1. Terms to Know DRAWING FROM EXPERIENCE ORGANIZING YOUR THOUGHTS

STUDY GUIDE. Population Patterns. Cultural Diversity in Region. Chapter 18, Section 1. Terms to Know DRAWING FROM EXPERIENCE ORGANIZING YOUR THOUGHTS Chapter 18, Section 1 For use with textbook pages 439 443. Population Patterns Terms to Know ethnic diversity Differences among groups based on their languages, customs, and beliefs (page 439) infrastructure

More information

The rise of the Islamic Empire

The rise of the Islamic Empire The rise of the Islamic Empire 600-1250 The Rise of Islam The Arabian Peninsula is a crossroads of 3 con@nents: Africa, Europe and Asia Trade routes connected Arabia to many areas such as Byzan@ne, Persian,

More information

I. ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA

I. ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA I. ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA II. FINAL VERSION 2 Kings 24:7 And the king of Egypt did not come again out of his land, for the king of Babylon had taken all that belonged to the king of Egypt from the Brook of

More information

The Rise of. Chap. 13 Lesson 2

The Rise of. Chap. 13 Lesson 2 The Rise of Chap. 13 Lesson 2 OBJECTIVES Explore the development and spread of Islam. Evaluate how trade affected Muslim ideas. Identify Muslims achievements. Key Content Most people on the dry Arabian

More information

Southwest Asia s. Prominent Religions. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (Sunni & Shia)

Southwest Asia s. Prominent Religions. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (Sunni & Shia) Southwest Asia s Prominent Religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (Sunni & Shia) Standards SS7G8 The student will describe the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southwest Asia (Middle East).

More information

Ancient River Valley Civilizations

Ancient River Valley Civilizations Ancient River Valley Civilizations Permanent Settlements During the New Stone Age, permanent settlements appeared in river valleys and around the Fertile Crescent. River valleys provided rich soil for

More information

Building Background Directions: Use this sheet to take notes from the Building Background PowerPoint slides on Day 1 of the investigation.

Building Background Directions: Use this sheet to take notes from the Building Background PowerPoint slides on Day 1 of the investigation. Building Background Directions: Use this sheet to take notes from the Building Background PowerPoint slides on Day 1 of the investigation. 1) SEE-THINK-WONDER What do you SEE in the What do you THINK this

More information

The Golden Age: Muslim Achievements

The Golden Age: Muslim Achievements The Golden Age: Muslim Achievements You can have your script theme be a commercial, documentary or story. Your script should incorporate major achievements of the Islamic empire during the Golden Age (750-1258).

More information

Israeli-Palestinian Arab Conflict

Israeli-Palestinian Arab Conflict Israeli-Palestinian Arab Conflict Middle East after World War II Middle Eastern nations achieved independence The superpowers tried to secure allies Strategic importance in the Cold War Vital petroleum

More information

7th - EXAM - CHAPTER 3

7th - EXAM - CHAPTER 3 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Where is the Arabian Peninsula located? a. the northwest corner of Asia c. the northeast corner of Asia

More information

The Arabian Peninsula and Surrounding Lands

The Arabian Peninsula and Surrounding Lands G E O G R A P H Y C H A L L E N G E The Arabian Peninsula and Surrounding Lands 20 W 0 20 E FRANCE 40 N W SPAIN Cordoba N E Rome Tripoli Constantinople Athens Alexandria Cairo EGYPT Samarkand Antioch PERSIA

More information

YEAR 7- Social Studies Term 1 plan

YEAR 7- Social Studies Term 1 plan Week Topic YEAR 7- Social Studies Term 1 plan 2016-2017 Learning outcomes 1 Introduction Students are given an overview of year 7 Social Studies and learning outcomes. Classroom expectations are made clear

More information

North Africa, Southwest Asia, and Section 1: North Africa

North Africa, Southwest Asia, and Section 1: North Africa CHAPTER Why It Matters This region has served as the crossroads for Asia, Africa, and Europe. As a result, the region has been home to many ethnic groups and cultures. CULTURAL GEOGRAPHY OF North Africa,

More information

EQ: What are the key characteristics of Southwest Asia s major ethnic groups? (AKS #44b)

EQ: What are the key characteristics of Southwest Asia s major ethnic groups? (AKS #44b) EQ: What are the key characteristics of Southwest Asia s major ethnic groups? (AKS #44b) Explain the differences between an ethnic group and a religious group. Explain the diversity of religions within

More information

Warmup. Islam is a monotheistic religion. What does monotheistic mean? Belief in one god

Warmup. Islam is a monotheistic religion. What does monotheistic mean? Belief in one god ISLAM Warmup Islam is a monotheistic religion. What does monotheistic mean? Belief in one god Agenda Warmup Islam PPT & Notes Venn Diagram Islam, Christianity, Judaism Pre-Islamic Arabia Pre-Islamic Arabia

More information

Arabia before Muhammad

Arabia before Muhammad THE RISE OF ISLAM Arabia before Muhammad Arabian Origins By 6 th century CE = Arabic-speakers throughout Syrian desert Arabia before Muhammad Arabian Origins By 6 th century CE = Arabic-speakers throughout

More information

5/27/2011. Middle East? OR Near East? OR Southwest Asia? OR.?

5/27/2011. Middle East? OR Near East? OR Southwest Asia? OR.? ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS: 1) What special challenges has the Middle East s physical geography presented to its inhabitants. How have they adapted? 2) What is oil politics and why is it a major cause of conflict?

More information

Three world religions. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Three world religions. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Three world religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are major world religions. They are all examples of monotheism, or the belief in one supreme god. Judaism It is the

More information

What is Islam? Second largest religion in the world. 1.2 Billion Muslims (20% of earth population) Based on beliefs on Jews & Christians

What is Islam? Second largest religion in the world. 1.2 Billion Muslims (20% of earth population) Based on beliefs on Jews & Christians Islamic Religion What is Islam? Second largest religion in the world 1.2 Billion Muslims (20% of earth population) Began in modern day Saudi Arabia Based on beliefs on Jews & Christians Abraham is first

More information

The Origins of Islam. EQ: How could I compare and contrast the three major world religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam?

The Origins of Islam. EQ: How could I compare and contrast the three major world religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam? The Origins of Islam EQ: How could I compare and contrast the three major world religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam? Do you remember Sarah and Isaac? What about Hagar and Ishmael? Hagar and

More information

The Islamic Religion

The Islamic Religion The Islamic Religion Distribution and Diffusion of Islam Spread out of Medina through military conquest and relocation diffusion. Concentrated in the Middle East, Iberian Peninsula, and Northern Africa.

More information

Which number represents the view of Jerusalem as a holy city?

Which number represents the view of Jerusalem as a holy city? Floaters & Sinkers 3 Which number represents the view of Jerusalem as a holy city? 4 Which number represents the belief that Jesus is NOT the messiah? What great civilization controlled Jerusalem during

More information

Middle East : a hotbed of conflicts

Middle East : a hotbed of conflicts Theme 2 History Middle East : a hotbed of conflicts Introduction : Locate the area : Middle East is an Anglo Saxon term. It designs the area from Egypt to Afghanistan and from Turkey to the Arabic peninsula

More information

WESTERN IMPERIALISM AND ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISM: what relation? Jamie Gough Department of Town and Regional Planning, Sheffield University

WESTERN IMPERIALISM AND ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISM: what relation? Jamie Gough Department of Town and Regional Planning, Sheffield University WESTERN IMPERIALISM AND ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISM: what relation? Jamie Gough Department of Town and Regional Planning, Sheffield University Lecture given 14 March 07 as part of Sheffield Student Union s

More information

Arabian Sea. National boundary National capital Other city. ~ Area occupied by ~ Israel since 1967 _ Palestinian selt-rule

Arabian Sea. National boundary National capital Other city. ~ Area occupied by ~ Israel since 1967 _ Palestinian selt-rule _ National boundary National capital Other city ~ Area occupied by ~ Israel since 1967 _ Palestinian selt-rule Arabian Sea Lambert Conlorma\ Conic projection ~C_reating the Modern Middle East. ection Preview

More information

Rise and Spread of Islam

Rise and Spread of Islam Rise and Spread of Islam I. Byzantine Regions A. Almost entirely Christian by 550 CE B. Priests and monks numerous - needed much money and food to support I. Byzantine Regions C. Many debates about true

More information

Chapter 10. Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations

Chapter 10. Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Chapter 10 Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Section 1 The Byzantine Empire Capital of Byzantine Empire Constantinople Protected by Greek Fire Constantinople Controlled by: Roman Empire Christians Byzantines

More information

Unit 8: Islamic Civilization

Unit 8: Islamic Civilization Unit 8: Islamic Civilization Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.8 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the Islamic civilization from about 600 to 1000 AD by a) Describing the origin, beliefs, traditions,

More information

Islam. Islam-Its Origins. The Qur an. The Qur an. A.D. 570 Muhammad was born

Islam. Islam-Its Origins. The Qur an. The Qur an. A.D. 570 Muhammad was born Islam Islam is Arabic for surrender, or submission. Its full connotation is the peace that comes from surrendering one s life to God. Muslim means one who submits. 20% of the world s population Indonesia-88%

More information

I. The Rise of Islam. A. Arabs come from the Arabian Peninsula. Most early Arabs were polytheistic. They recognized a god named Allah and other gods.

I. The Rise of Islam. A. Arabs come from the Arabian Peninsula. Most early Arabs were polytheistic. They recognized a god named Allah and other gods. I. The Rise of Islam A. Arabs come from the Arabian Peninsula. Most early Arabs were polytheistic. They recognized a god named Allah and other gods. 1. Mecca and Muhammad Mecca was a great trading center

More information

DIA Alumni Association. The Mess in the Middle East August 19, 2014 Presented by: John Moore

DIA Alumni Association. The Mess in the Middle East August 19, 2014 Presented by: John Moore DIA Alumni Association The Mess in the Middle East August 19, 2014 Presented by: John Moore The Mess in the Middle East Middle East Turmoil Trends since Arab Spring started Iraq s civil war; rise of the

More information

Event A: The Decline of the Ottoman Empire

Event A: The Decline of the Ottoman Empire Event A: The Decline of the Ottoman Empire Beginning in the late 13 th century, the Ottoman sultan, or ruler, governed a diverse empire that covered much of the modern Middle East, including Southeastern

More information

Islam. The Arabian Peninsula. "Islam (Mini Unit)." Learwood 7th Grade Social Studies. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 June 2014.

Islam. The Arabian Peninsula. Islam (Mini Unit). Learwood 7th Grade Social Studies. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 June 2014. Islam Review of Monotheistic Religions You have previously learned about two major world religions, Judaism and Christianity. Both religions are monotheistic, meaning a belief in only one god. Judaism,

More information

Muhammad & The Rise of Islam

Muhammad & The Rise of Islam Muhammad & The Rise of Islam Overview of Islam Around 600 AD, a new monotheistic religion began called Islam: The faith was founded by the prophet Muhammad His followers, called Muslims, spread Islam throughout

More information

Israel and the Middle East. The Last Six Thousand Years

Israel and the Middle East. The Last Six Thousand Years Israel and the Middle East The Last Six Thousand Years Two Parts 1. From 3800 B.C. to the birth of Jesus Christ 2. From the birth of Jesus Christ to the present Lay the Groundwork for This Historical Survey

More information

Southwest Asia (Middle East) History Vocabulary Part 1

Southwest Asia (Middle East) History Vocabulary Part 1 Southwest Asia (Middle East) History Vocabulary Part 1 Mandate An official order to carry out something example The government issued a mandate for citizens to carry identification. Partition To divide

More information

Islam and Religion in the Middle East

Islam and Religion in the Middle East Islam and Religion in the Middle East The Life of Young Muhammad Born in 570 CE to moderately influential Meccan family Early signs that Muhammad would be Prophet Muhammad s mother (Amina) hears a voice

More information

Professor Shibley Telhami,, Principal Investigator

Professor Shibley Telhami,, Principal Investigator 2008 Annual Arab Public Opinion Poll Survey of the Anwar Sadat Chair for Peace and Development at the University of Maryland (with Zogby International) Professor Shibley Telhami,, Principal Investigator

More information

As I Enter. Think about: Agenda: Holy Quotes! You decide- is it from the bible, the Torah, or the Quran?

As I Enter. Think about: Agenda: Holy Quotes! You decide- is it from the bible, the Torah, or the Quran? As I Enter Think about: Holy Quotes! You decide- is it from the bible, the Torah, or the Quran? Agenda: Notes on Islam Notes on Judaism Jerusalem Timeline Quotations from Holy Books Determine whether the

More information

What Is Religion, and What Role Does It Play in Culture?

What Is Religion, and What Role Does It Play in Culture? RELIGION Chapter 7 What Is Religion, and What Role Does It Play in Culture? Religion: A system of beliefs and practices that attempts to order life in terms of culturally perceived ultimate priorities

More information

Islam AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( )

Islam AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( ) Islam AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) Throughout most of its history, the people of the Arabian peninsula were subsistence farmers, lived in small fishing villages, or were nomadic traders

More information

Warm-Up: 10/2 Quotations from Holy Books

Warm-Up: 10/2 Quotations from Holy Books Warm-Up: 10/2 Quotations from Holy Books Each statement below comes from a Holy Book. Indicate whether you think the source of each statement is: (A)the Old Testament; (B)the New Testament; (C)the Qur

More information

Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia, Ra's Al Ghar (SuDoc D 5.356:62418/990) By U.S. Dept of Defense

Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia, Ra's Al Ghar (SuDoc D 5.356:62418/990) By U.S. Dept of Defense Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia, Ra's Al Ghar (SuDoc D 5.356:62418/990) By U.S. Dept of Defense If looking for a book Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia, Ra's al Ghar (SuDoc D 5.356:62418/990) by U.S. Dept of Defense

More information

ANCIENT WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 2: THE FIRST CIVILIZATIONS

ANCIENT WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 2: THE FIRST CIVILIZATIONS ANCIENT WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 2: THE FIRST CIVILIZATIONS 1 SECTION 1: ANCIENT KINGDOMS OF THE NILE The Origins of Egypt and its people resides in the Nile River Valley. A river that spans 4000 miles and

More information

Fasting A person must eat only one meal a day, after sunset, every day during the holy month of

Fasting A person must eat only one meal a day, after sunset, every day during the holy month of What Muslims Believe Islam is a religion, believing in only one God. The Arabic word for God is The holy book for Muslims is the (also spelled Qu ran), which contains the rules for the religion revealed

More information

Abraham s Genealogy. Judaism-Torah. Islam-Quran Muhammad (the last prophet) Quran and the Five Pillars of Islam.

Abraham s Genealogy. Judaism-Torah. Islam-Quran Muhammad (the last prophet) Quran and the Five Pillars of Islam. Abraham s Genealogy 100-1500 HAGAR Islam-Quran ABRAHAM Judaism-Torah SARAH Ishmael Isaac 12 Arabian Tribes Jacob/Israel Esau Muhammad (the last prophet) Quran and the Five Pillars of Islam Mecca (Muslims)

More information

Iraq. Dale Lightfoot Oklahoma State University. Series Editor Charles F. Gritzner South Dakota State University

Iraq. Dale Lightfoot Oklahoma State University. Series Editor Charles F. Gritzner South Dakota State University AFGHANISTAN ARGENTINA AUSTRALIA AUSTRIA BAHRAIN BERMUDA BOLIVIA BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA BRAZIL CANADA CHILE CHINA COSTA RICA CROATIA CUBA EGYPT ENGLAND ETHIOPIA FRANCE REPUBLIC OF GEORGIA GERMANY GHANA

More information

The Middle East Crisis and US Involvement

The Middle East Crisis and US Involvement The Middle East Crisis and US Involvement Why did the Jews leave their Homeland? The Diaspora Jews le? their homeland of PalesBne for Europe, Africa, other parts of the Middle East when the Roman Empire

More information

Section 1. Objectives

Section 1. Objectives Objectives Understand how Muhammad became the prophet of Islam. Describe the teachings of Islam. Explain how Islam helped shape the way of life of its believers. Terms and People Bedouins nomadic herders

More information

THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I

THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I MUHAMMAD THE PROFIT From Mecca in modern day Saudi Arabia Muhammad was a middle aged merchant who claimed the Angel Gabriel asked him to recite the word of God As a Merchant

More information

War on Terrorism Notes

War on Terrorism Notes War on Terrorism Notes Member of Ba'ath Party Mixing Arab nationalist, pan Arabism, Arab socialist and antiimperialist interests. Becomes president in 1979 Iranians and Iraqis fight because of religious

More information

830,000 square miles. Surrounding: Jordan Iraq Kuwait Qatar United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) Oman Yemen

830,000 square miles. Surrounding: Jordan Iraq Kuwait Qatar United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) Oman Yemen Middle East 830,000 square miles Surrounding: Jordan Iraq Kuwait Qatar United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) Oman Yemen The Arabic writing is the Islamic statement of faith, "There is no God but Allah and Muhammad

More information