Problems are not stop signs, they are guidelines. --- Robert H. Schuller. #4.8 The Spread of Islam

Save this PDF as:
Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Problems are not stop signs, they are guidelines. --- Robert H. Schuller. #4.8 The Spread of Islam"

Transcription

1 Name: Due Date: #4.8 The Spread of Islam Aim: How did Islam spread throughout the world? REVIEW: The Religion of Islam The religion of Islam began in the Arabian Peninsula in the A.D. 600s by a man named Muhammad. Muslim tradition says that in A.D. 610, Muhammad had a vision in which a voice called him to preach Islam. He was considered a prophet, a messenger sent by God to share God s word with people. He told people there was only one true god to worship, Allah. The first people to become Muslims, or followers of Islam were Muhammad s family members. Slowly, Muhammad won the support of the poor. Muhammad was a skilled political and religious leader. He established an Islamic state and required the government to base its laws on the ideas of Islam. He formed an army to protect the Islamic state from enemies. The Islamic Civilization spread across Southwest Asia, North Africa, and into parts of Europe. It later spread into India and Southeast Asia. Islam is one of the most widely practiced religions in the world today. Approximately 25% of the people in the world are Muslim. As a result, they come from a variety of cultural backgrounds and speak many different languages. All Muslims regard the Qur an as the holy book of their religion and worship in religious buildings called mosques. 1. The religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam share a common belief in 1) nirvana 2) monotheism 3) reincarnation 4) polytheism 2. Which text is essential to the practice of Islam? 1) Bible 2) Vedas 3) Torah 4) Qur an 3. The Five Pillars of Faith of Islam and the Ten Commandments of Judaism and Christianity are similar in that they all 1) were set forth by the founder of the particular religion 2) offer a happy and easy life for those who follow their teachings 3) serve as guidelines to follow in personal conduct 4) indicate exactly how to achieve salvation 4. Mohammed's journey from Mecca to Medina in A.D. 622, is important to Muslim's because the journey 1) Resulted in Mohammed's early death 2) Ended Mohammed's attempts to spread Islam throughout Arabia 3) Established Byzantine rule throughout the region 4) Signified the establishment of the Islamic faith

2 ANNOTATIONS: As you read, analyze and annotate the text to answer the guiding question: How did Islam spread throughout the world? Highlight/underline important and specific information that helps you answer the guiding questions. Take notes in the margin summarize key concepts that relate to the guiding questions The Spread of Islam When Muhammad died in A.D. 632, he left no instructions about who should be the next leader of Islam. The community faced a crisis. Muslims believed they had a duty to carry the message of Allah throughout the world. However, they lacked a clear way to choose a new leader. Muslims knew that the Islamic state needed a strong leader to keep it united. A group of Muslim leaders chose a new type of leader called the caliph, or successor of Muhammad. Abu-Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali, the first four caliphs, were close friends or family members of Muhammad. They used the Qur an and Muhammad s actions as guides to leadership. The goal of the caliphs was to protect and spread Islam. They acted as both religious and political leaders and used their powerful armed forces to control their growing empires. Islam spread beyond the Middle East to other areas around the world. These caliphs were able to conquer lands beyond the Arabian Peninsula into Europe, West Africa, and other parts of Asia. These conquered lands became known as the Arab Empire. Arab armies won many victories. Arab soldiers were warriors who rode on horseback. They believed it was their religious duty to spread Islam. Many ancient caliphates justified their aggressive expansion policy as a holy war, or jihad. The purpose of a jihad was to spread Islam and Allah s rule throughout the world and convert new followers (sometimes through fighting or even war). Islam slowly spread through the different areas the Muslims conquered. Many people conquered by the Arabs converted, or changed, their religion to Islam. These conquered people also learned the Arabic language and customs. Trade also helped to spread Islam. The Arabian Peninsula was a crossroads of trade - because of its location in the center of the Middle East; towns within the Arabian Peninsula became trade centers. Trade routes connected the Arabian Peninsula to the major ocean and land trade routes. The Middle East was a bridge between Africa, Asia, and Europe, where goods were traded and new ideas were shared. The cultures of the Arabian Peninsula were in constant contact with one another for centuries. Along with the goods they sold, Arab merchants took Islamic beliefs to India, Africa, Europe, and Southeast Asia.

3 Even as the Muslims fought for expansion of Islam, divisions developed among them. After Muhammad died, conflicts arose over who would succeed him. From these conflicts arose two distinct Islamic groups the Sunni and the Shi a. These two groups exist among Muslims even today. The difference between the Sunni and Shi a were both political and religious. The Sunni, the larger group, supported the leadership of the early caliphs. They believed the Qur an was the only guide they needed between Allah and his followers. The Shi a disagreed. They believed that the only true successor had to be a direct descendant of Muhammad s daughter and son-in-law. They believed a person had to act as a guide between Allah and his followers. 1. Do you think Muhammad should have appointed a successor? Why or why not? Explain. 2. Why did Muslims split into two groups? TASK #1: Document Based Question (DBQ) Analysis DIRECTIONS: Many factors contributed to the spread of Islam throughout the world. Read, annotate, and analyze each document. Answer the questions. Document #1... Merchants were carriers of Islam rather than agents of Islamization. They opened routes and exposed isolated societies to external influences, but they were not themselves engaged in the propagation [spread] of Islam, which was the work of religious leaders. The leaders became integrated into African societies by playing religious, social, and political roles similar to those of traditional priests. Like traditional priests, Muslim men of religion were peacemakers, who pleaded for those who broke the king s laws. Mosques, like traditional shrines, were considered sanctuaries. Source: John L. Esposito, ed., The Oxford History of Islam, Oxford University Press, NYS Global Regents August According to the document, what are two ways Islam spread throughout the world?

4 Document #2 2. According to this map, by 750 CE, which three continents had Islam spread to? According to this map, what is one-way Islam spread throughout the world? Document #3 For centuries, Arabs had added to their poor resources by raiding (robbing) other Arab tribes, but the religion of Islam put a stop to this because the Muslim community was not permitted to attack one another. In turn Muslims raided non-muslim communities in the neighboring areas. There was nothing religious about these campaigns. For hundreds of years the Arabs would raid the richer settlements beyond the Arabian Peninsula such as Byzantium and Persia. Both Byzantium and Persia has been engaged for decades in a long series of wars with one another they were exhausted. Taking advantage of their exhaustion the Arabs were able to raid and conquer much of Persia and parts of Byzantium. 3. According to the document, how does this document explain how Islam spread so quickly? Document #4

5 As the Islamic Empire grew, the status of Christians and Jews was more clearly defined, and in some ways it was inferior to Muslims. In general, they were not forced to convert, but they suffered from restrictions. They paid a special tax; they were not supposed to wear certain colors; they could not marry Muslim women. 4. Considering the information provided by the document, why do you think some Jews and Christians might be motivated to convert to Islam? Document #5 Islam spread across Central Asia and into China along the Silk Road, as well as to the islands of Southeast Asia in what is now Malaysia, Indonesia, and the southern Philippines along the Indian Ocean trade routes. Arab and Persian traders were very successful in expanding Islam, due in part to their trade practices. Muslim merchants and suppliers gave one another better prices than they did for non-believers. These advantages made Islam an easy religious choice for many Asian merchants and traders to convert to. 5. How did trade help to spread Islam around the world? Explain. Document #6 The coastal city-states of East Africa, such as Mogadishu, Mombasa, Kilwa, and Sofala, connected merchants from overseas with traders from Africa s interior... Trade led to a blending of African, Arab, and Asian cultural influences along East Africa s coast. Because many foreign traders were Muslim, Islam gained hold along the East African coast as well. Many African rulers who governed the coastal city-states adopted Islam, and mosques appeared in cities and towns. 6. What word can be used to describe the process by which Islam became a popular religion in East Africa?

Islam. Outcomes: The Rise of Islam & Beliefs of Islam

Islam. Outcomes: The Rise of Islam & Beliefs of Islam Islam Outcomes: The Rise of Islam & Beliefs of Islam Constructive Response Questions 1. How was the development of Islam similar & different to Christianity? 2. Describe the core beliefs of a Muslim: What

More information

The rise of the Islamic Empire

The rise of the Islamic Empire The rise of the Islamic Empire 600-1250 The Rise of Islam The Arabian Peninsula is a crossroads of 3 con@nents: Africa, Europe and Asia Trade routes connected Arabia to many areas such as Byzan@ne, Persian,

More information

Christianity & Islam.

Christianity & Islam. Islam 1 1. Compare and contrast the development of Christianity & Islam. 2. Describe the core beliefs of a Muslim. 2 1. Origin of Islam 2. Core beliefs of Islam 3. Connections to Judaism & Christianity

More information

In the last section, you read about early civilizations in South America. In this section, you will read about the rise of Islam.

In the last section, you read about early civilizations in South America. In this section, you will read about the rise of Islam. CHAPTER 10 Section 1 (pages 263 268) The Rise of Islam BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about early civilizations in South America. In this section, you will read about the rise of Islam.

More information

Islamic World. Standard: Trace the origins and expansion of the Islamic World between 600 CE and 1300 CE.

Islamic World. Standard: Trace the origins and expansion of the Islamic World between 600 CE and 1300 CE. Islamic World Standard: Trace the origins and expansion of the Islamic World between 600 CE and 1300 CE. Essential Question: What were the origins and expansion of the Islamic World? Islam Element: Explain

More information

THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I

THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I MUHAMMAD THE PROFIT From Mecca in modern day Saudi Arabia Muhammad was a middle aged merchant who claimed the Angel Gabriel asked him to recite the word of God As a Merchant

More information

Chapter 10: The Muslim World,

Chapter 10: The Muslim World, Name Chapter 10: The Muslim World, 600 1250 DUE DATE: The Muslim World The Rise of Islam Terms and Names Allah One God of Islam Muhammad Founder of Islam Islam Religion based on submission to Allah Muslim

More information

THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I

THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I MUHAMMAD THE PROPHET From Mecca in modern day Saudi Arabia Muhammad was a middle aged merchant who claimed the Angel Gabriel asked him to recite the word of God. As a Merchant,

More information

[ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq

[ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq [ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq [ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq Learning Objectives Describe the civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia. Explain the origins and beliefs of Islam, including the significance

More information

The Rise of Islam. Muhammad changes the world

The Rise of Islam. Muhammad changes the world The Rise of Islam Muhammad changes the world LOCATION Arabian Peninsula Southwest Asia, AKA the Middle East Serves as a bridge between Africa, Asia, and Europe, allowing goods and ideas to be shared. SOUTHWEST

More information

and the Shi aa muslins What I need to know:

and the Shi aa muslins What I need to know: What I need to know: Explain the origins of Islam. Analyze how Islam spread across the Arabian Peninsula. Examine the split between the Sunni Muslims and the Shi aa muslins Born around 570 CE o Into a

More information

ISLAMIC CIVILIZATIONS A.D.

ISLAMIC CIVILIZATIONS A.D. ISLAMIC CIVILIZATIONS 600-1000 A.D. ISLAM VOCAB Muhammad the Prophet- the founder of Islam Islam- monotheistic religion meaning submission Muslim- followers of Islam Mecca- holy city to Arab people located

More information

THE CHRONOLOGY OF THE POST-CLASSICAL PERIOD (P. 108) 1. What did the end of the classical era and the end of the post-classical era have in common?

THE CHRONOLOGY OF THE POST-CLASSICAL PERIOD (P. 108) 1. What did the end of the classical era and the end of the post-classical era have in common? 600 CE 800 CE Name: Due Date: Unit III: The Postclassical Period, 500-1450: New Faith and New Commerce & Chapter 6 Reading Guide The First Global Civilization: The Rise of Spread of Islam THE CHRONOLOGY

More information

DBQ 4: Spread of Islam

DBQ 4: Spread of Islam Unit VI: Byzantine Empire (SOL 8) Your Name: Date: DBQ 4: Spread of Islam Big Idea According to the holy texts of the Muslims, in 610 CE a local merchant named Mohammad retreated to a cave outside the

More information

Fasting A person must eat only one meal a day, after sunset, every day during the holy month of

Fasting A person must eat only one meal a day, after sunset, every day during the holy month of What Muslims Believe Islam is a religion, believing in only one God. The Arabic word for God is The holy book for Muslims is the (also spelled Qu ran), which contains the rules for the religion revealed

More information

SSWH 5. Examine the political, economic, and cultural interactions within the Medieval Mediterranean World between 600 CE/AD and 1300 CE/AD.

SSWH 5. Examine the political, economic, and cultural interactions within the Medieval Mediterranean World between 600 CE/AD and 1300 CE/AD. SSWH 5 Examine the political, economic, and cultural interactions within the Medieval Mediterranean World between 600 CE/AD and 1300 CE/AD. SSWH 5 A Explain the origins of Islam and the growth of the Islamic

More information

Chapter 4: The Spread of Islam

Chapter 4: The Spread of Islam Chapter 4: The Spread of Islam Objectives of this Unit: You will learn how Islam spread initially after Muhammad s death. You will learn how conquest and trade led to the spread of Islam, blending of cultures,

More information

The Arab Empire and Its Successors Chapter 6, Section 2 Creation of an Arab Empire

The Arab Empire and Its Successors Chapter 6, Section 2 Creation of an Arab Empire The Arab Empire and Its Successors Chapter 6, Section 2 Creation of an Arab Empire Muhammad became a leader of the early Muslim community Muhammad s death left no leader he never named a successor and

More information

Unit 8: Islamic Civilization

Unit 8: Islamic Civilization Unit 8: Islamic Civilization Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.8 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the Islamic civilization from about 600 to 1000 AD by a) Describing the origin, beliefs, traditions,

More information

Islam. By: Mr. Galfayan, Ms. Tejeda Olvera, Mr. Soto. 5th Grade Textbook

Islam. By: Mr. Galfayan, Ms. Tejeda Olvera, Mr. Soto. 5th Grade Textbook Islam By: Mr. Galfayan, Ms. Tejeda Olvera, Mr. Soto 5th Grade Textbook The Spread of a Culture Imagine you are in a city filled with many different cultures and the religion of Islam in the mid-1100s.

More information

The Arabian Peninsula and Surrounding Lands

The Arabian Peninsula and Surrounding Lands G E O G R A P H Y C H A L L E N G E The Arabian Peninsula and Surrounding Lands 20 W 0 20 E FRANCE 40 N W SPAIN Cordoba N E Rome Tripoli Constantinople Athens Alexandria Cairo EGYPT Samarkand Antioch PERSIA

More information

7th - EXAM - CHAPTER 3

7th - EXAM - CHAPTER 3 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Where is the Arabian Peninsula located? a. the northwest corner of Asia c. the northeast corner of Asia

More information

Chapter 10. Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations

Chapter 10. Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Chapter 10 Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Section 1 The Byzantine Empire Capital of Byzantine Empire Constantinople Protected by Greek Fire Constantinople Controlled by: Roman Empire Christians Byzantines

More information

Hinduism and Buddhism Develop

Hinduism and Buddhism Develop Name CHAPTER 3 Section 2 (pages 66 71) Hinduism and Buddhism Develop BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about the Hittites and the Aryans. In this section, you will learn about the roots of

More information

The Rise of. Chap. 13 Lesson 2

The Rise of. Chap. 13 Lesson 2 The Rise of Chap. 13 Lesson 2 OBJECTIVES Explore the development and spread of Islam. Evaluate how trade affected Muslim ideas. Identify Muslims achievements. Key Content Most people on the dry Arabian

More information

As I Enter. Think about: Agenda: Holy Quotes! You decide- is it from the bible, the Torah, or the Quran?

As I Enter. Think about: Agenda: Holy Quotes! You decide- is it from the bible, the Torah, or the Quran? As I Enter Think about: Holy Quotes! You decide- is it from the bible, the Torah, or the Quran? Agenda: Notes on Islam Notes on Judaism Jerusalem Timeline Quotations from Holy Books Determine whether the

More information

The Islamic World and Africa. Chapter 9

The Islamic World and Africa. Chapter 9 The Islamic World and Africa Chapter 9 Rise of Islam Due to warfare between the Byzantine and Persian empires trade land routes were changed. Sea routes were now used, connecting India with Arabian Peninsula

More information

What is Islam? Second largest religion in the world. 1.2 Billion Muslims (20% of earth population) Based on beliefs on Jews & Christians

What is Islam? Second largest religion in the world. 1.2 Billion Muslims (20% of earth population) Based on beliefs on Jews & Christians Islamic Religion What is Islam? Second largest religion in the world 1.2 Billion Muslims (20% of earth population) Began in modern day Saudi Arabia Based on beliefs on Jews & Christians Abraham is first

More information

SSWH 5. Examine the political, economic, and cultural interactions within the Medieval Mediterranean World between 600 CE/AD and 1300 CE/AD.

SSWH 5. Examine the political, economic, and cultural interactions within the Medieval Mediterranean World between 600 CE/AD and 1300 CE/AD. SSWH 5 Examine the political, economic, and cultural interactions within the Medieval Mediterranean World between 600 CE/AD and 1300 CE/AD. Vocabulary Islam - a monotheistic religion that originated from

More information

NOTES: Unit 3 -Chapter 9: The Islamic World and Africa. In this chapter you will learn about developments in the during the.

NOTES: Unit 3 -Chapter 9: The Islamic World and Africa. In this chapter you will learn about developments in the during the. Name NOTES: Unit 3 -Chapter 9: The Islamic World and Africa Introduction In this chapter you will learn about developments in the during the. Important Ideas A. Mohammed founded in the seventh century.

More information

4. What was the primary international trade route during the Classical period?

4. What was the primary international trade route during the Classical period? Name: Due Date: Unit III: The Postclassical Period, 500-1450: New Faith and New Commerce & Chapter 6 Reading Guide The First Global Civilization: The Rise of Spread of Islam THE WORLD MAP CHANGES 1. The

More information

SSWH 5. Examine the political, economic, and cultural interactions within the Medieval Mediterranean World between 600 CE/AD and 1300 CE/AD.

SSWH 5. Examine the political, economic, and cultural interactions within the Medieval Mediterranean World between 600 CE/AD and 1300 CE/AD. SSWH 5 Examine the political, economic, and cultural interactions within the Medieval Mediterranean World between 600 CE/AD and 1300 CE/AD. Vocabulary Islam - a monotheistic religion that originated from

More information

Islam AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( )

Islam AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( ) Islam AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) Throughout most of its history, the people of the Arabian peninsula were subsistence farmers, lived in small fishing villages, or were nomadic traders

More information

Mk AD

Mk AD Mk 2018 The Rise of the Arab Islamic Empire 622AD - 1450 610AD The Arabian Peninsula: Muhammad, age 40 has visions and revelations he claimed came from God. These revelations were written down by friends.

More information

Chapter 13.2 The Arab Empire and the Caliphates & Islamic Civilization

Chapter 13.2 The Arab Empire and the Caliphates & Islamic Civilization Chapter 13.2 The Arab Empire and the Caliphates & Islamic Civilization Essential Questions How can religion influence the development of an empire? How might religious beliefs affect society, culture,

More information

Muslim Civilizations

Muslim Civilizations Muslim Civilizations Muhammad the Prophet Born ca. 570 in Mecca Trading center; home of the Kaaba Marries Khadija At 40 he goes into the hills to meditate; God sends Gabriel with a call Khadija becomes

More information

Southwest Asia s. Prominent Religions. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (Sunni & Shia)

Southwest Asia s. Prominent Religions. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (Sunni & Shia) Southwest Asia s Prominent Religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (Sunni & Shia) Standards SS7G8 The student will describe the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southwest Asia (Middle East).

More information

Eastern City-States and Empires of Africa

Eastern City-States and Empires of Africa Eastern City-States and Empires of Africa Overview As early as the Third Century C.E. the kingdom of Aksum was part of an extensive trade network. Aksum was an inland city so it had to build a port on

More information

The Origins of Islam. EQ: How could I compare and contrast the three major world religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam?

The Origins of Islam. EQ: How could I compare and contrast the three major world religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam? The Origins of Islam EQ: How could I compare and contrast the three major world religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam? Do you remember Sarah and Isaac? What about Hagar and Ishmael? Hagar and

More information

WHI.08: Islam and WHI.10: Africa

WHI.08: Islam and WHI.10: Africa Name: Date: Period: WHI08: Islam and WHI10: Africa WHI08 The student will demonstrate knowledge of Islamic civilization from about 600 to 1000 AD by a) describing the origin, beliefs, traditions, customs,

More information

Muslim Armies Conquer Many Lands

Muslim Armies Conquer Many Lands Main deas 1. Muslim armies conquered many lands into which slam slowly spread. 2. Trade helped slam spread into new areas. 3. A mix of cultures was one result of slam's spread. 4. slamic influence encouraged

More information

Warmup. Islam is a monotheistic religion. What does monotheistic mean? Belief in one god

Warmup. Islam is a monotheistic religion. What does monotheistic mean? Belief in one god ISLAM Warmup Islam is a monotheistic religion. What does monotheistic mean? Belief in one god Agenda Warmup Islam PPT & Notes Venn Diagram Islam, Christianity, Judaism Pre-Islamic Arabia Pre-Islamic Arabia

More information

netw rks Where in the world? When did it happen? Islamic Civilization Lesson 1 A New Faith ESSENTIAL QUESTION Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS

netw rks Where in the world? When did it happen? Islamic Civilization Lesson 1 A New Faith ESSENTIAL QUESTION Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS Lesson 1 A New Faith ESSENTIAL QUESTION How do religions develop? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did physical geography influence the Arab way of life? 2. What message did Muhammad preach to the people of Arabia?

More information

7/8 World History. Week 20. Byzantine Empire & Islam

7/8 World History. Week 20. Byzantine Empire & Islam 7/8 World History Week 20 Byzantine Empire & Islam Monday Do Now What are the three reasons that Rome fell? Objectives Understand the concepts of continuity and change over time. Key Terms Term Definition

More information

Islam. The Arabian Peninsula. "Islam (Mini Unit)." Learwood 7th Grade Social Studies. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 June 2014.

Islam. The Arabian Peninsula. Islam (Mini Unit). Learwood 7th Grade Social Studies. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 June 2014. Islam Review of Monotheistic Religions You have previously learned about two major world religions, Judaism and Christianity. Both religions are monotheistic, meaning a belief in only one god. Judaism,

More information

Islam emerges on the scene

Islam emerges on the scene Graphic Organizer The prophet Muhammad gains followers as he shares the new religion. He becomes both a political and religious leader. Leaders who follow him were known as caliphs, and their kingdoms

More information

UNIT 3 -CHAPTER 9: THE ISLAMIC WORLD AND AFRICA

UNIT 3 -CHAPTER 9: THE ISLAMIC WORLD AND AFRICA UNIT 3 -CHAPTER 9: THE ISLAMIC WORLD AND AFRICA INTRODUCTION In this chapter you will learn about developments in the Middle East and Africa during the post-classical era. ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS What are

More information

Overview of Islam. Today, Islam is the world s fastest growing religion with more than 1 billion followers throughout the world

Overview of Islam. Today, Islam is the world s fastest growing religion with more than 1 billion followers throughout the world Overview of Islam Today, Islam is the world s fastest growing religion with more than 1 billion followers throughout the world What was Arabia like before Muhammad? Arabia, the Birthplace of Islam The

More information

The Rise of Islam In the seventh century, a new faith took hold in the Middle East. The followers of Islam, Muslims, believe that Allah (God) transmit

The Rise of Islam In the seventh century, a new faith took hold in the Middle East. The followers of Islam, Muslims, believe that Allah (God) transmit The World of Islam The Rise of Islam In the seventh century, a new faith took hold in the Middle East. The followers of Islam, Muslims, believe that Allah (God) transmitted his words through Mohammad,

More information

11/22/15. Chapter 8, Part I

11/22/15. Chapter 8, Part I Chapter 8, Part I 224-651 1 3 rd century Iran Established by Ardashir Last pre-islamic heir to Persian Empire Successful maintenance of empire Money and military Hired Arab nomads to help protect borders

More information

Arabia before Muhammad

Arabia before Muhammad THE RISE OF ISLAM Arabia before Muhammad Arabian Origins By 6 th century CE = Arabic-speakers throughout Syrian desert Arabia before Muhammad Arabian Origins By 6 th century CE = Arabic-speakers throughout

More information

10. What was the early attitude of Islam toward Jews and Christians?

10. What was the early attitude of Islam toward Jews and Christians? 1. Which of the following events took place during the Umayyad caliphate? a. d) Foundation of Baghdad Incorrect. The answer is b. Muslims conquered Spain in the period 711 718, during the Umayyad caliphate.

More information

JOURNAL Arabian Peninsula

JOURNAL Arabian Peninsula Journal A Which of the following waterways does not surround the Arabian Peninsula? A. Red Sea B. Persian Gulf C. Arabian Sea D. Aral Sea Journal B Based on what you know about the Arabian Peninsula, do

More information

The Arabian Peninsula. Farming limited in Arabia Commerce lively Mecca, near Red Sea, most important of coastal towns

The Arabian Peninsula. Farming limited in Arabia Commerce lively Mecca, near Red Sea, most important of coastal towns The Rise of Islam The Arabian Peninsula Farming limited in Arabia Commerce lively Mecca, near Red Sea, most important of coastal towns Middle East: Climate Regions Fresh Groundwater Sources Mountain Ranges

More information

Lesson 24 The Origins and Spread of Islam Setting the Stage - Islam in Medieval Times

Lesson 24 The Origins and Spread of Islam Setting the Stage - Islam in Medieval Times Lesson 24 The Origins and Spread of Islam Setting the Stage - Islam in Medieval Times If you could zoom out a satellite picture of the Arabian Peninsula to see the surrounding land, you would find that

More information

Rise and Spread of Islam

Rise and Spread of Islam Rise and Spread of Islam I. Byzantine Regions A. Almost entirely Christian by 550 CE B. Priests and monks numerous - needed much money and food to support I. Byzantine Regions C. Many debates about true

More information

Abraham s Genealogy. Judaism-Torah. Islam-Quran Muhammad (the last prophet) Quran and the Five Pillars of Islam.

Abraham s Genealogy. Judaism-Torah. Islam-Quran Muhammad (the last prophet) Quran and the Five Pillars of Islam. Abraham s Genealogy 100-1500 HAGAR Islam-Quran ABRAHAM Judaism-Torah SARAH Ishmael Isaac 12 Arabian Tribes Jacob/Israel Esau Muhammad (the last prophet) Quran and the Five Pillars of Islam Mecca (Muslims)

More information

The Rise and Impact of Islam

The Rise and Impact of Islam The Rise and Impact of Islam Origins of Islam Muhammad (founder), Allah sent him an angel, Gabriel Muhammad was told he is a messenger. Islam: submission to the will of Allah in Arabic Muslim: one who

More information

Unit 3. World Religions

Unit 3. World Religions Unit 3 World Religions Growth of Islam uislam developed from a combination of ideas from the Greeks, Romans, Persians, Indians, and Byzantines to create its own specialized civilization. ØEarly in Islamic

More information

Where in the world? RESG When did it happen? Chapter 14 Map Title: Where in the World? File a.d. Name: 500 C14_L1_wsresg_01A.ai Map Size: 39p6 x 20p0

Where in the world? RESG When did it happen? Chapter 14 Map Title: Where in the World? File a.d. Name: 500 C14_L1_wsresg_01A.ai Map Size: 39p6 x 20p0 Lesson 1 A New Faith ESSENTIAL QUESTION How do religions develop? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did physical geography influence the Arab way of life? 2. What message did Muhammad preach to the people of Arabia?

More information

The Islamic Religion

The Islamic Religion The Islamic Religion Distribution and Diffusion of Islam Spread out of Medina through military conquest and relocation diffusion. Concentrated in the Middle East, Iberian Peninsula, and Northern Africa.

More information

Arabian Peninsula Most Arabs settled Bedouin Nomads minority --Caravan trade: Yemen to Mesopotamia and Mediterranean

Arabian Peninsula Most Arabs settled Bedouin Nomads minority --Caravan trade: Yemen to Mesopotamia and Mediterranean I. Rise of Islam Origins: Arabian Peninsula Most Arabs settled Bedouin Nomads minority --Caravan trade: Yemen to Mesopotamia and Mediterranean Brought Arabs in contact with Byzantines and Sasanids Bedouins

More information

I. The Rise of Islam. A. Arabs come from the Arabian Peninsula. Most early Arabs were polytheistic. They recognized a god named Allah and other gods.

I. The Rise of Islam. A. Arabs come from the Arabian Peninsula. Most early Arabs were polytheistic. They recognized a god named Allah and other gods. I. The Rise of Islam A. Arabs come from the Arabian Peninsula. Most early Arabs were polytheistic. They recognized a god named Allah and other gods. 1. Mecca and Muhammad Mecca was a great trading center

More information

THE ARAB EMPIRE. AP World History Notes Chapter 11

THE ARAB EMPIRE. AP World History Notes Chapter 11 THE ARAB EMPIRE AP World History Notes Chapter 11 The Arab Empire Stretched from Spain to India Extended to areas in Europe, Asia, and Africa Encompassed all or part of the following civilizations: Egyptian,

More information

3. Who was the founding prophet of Islam? a. d) Muhammad b. c) Abraham c. a) Ali d. b) Abu Bakr

3. Who was the founding prophet of Islam? a. d) Muhammad b. c) Abraham c. a) Ali d. b) Abu Bakr 1. Which of the following events took place during the Umayyad caliphate? a. d) Foundation of Baghdad b. c) Establishment of the Delhi sultanate c. a) Crusader conquest of Jerusalem d. b) Conquest of Spain

More information

Within your table groups, discuss why is it that we cannot talk about the medieval Middle east (Arabian Peninsula) without discussing religion.

Within your table groups, discuss why is it that we cannot talk about the medieval Middle east (Arabian Peninsula) without discussing religion. Arabia and Islam Within your table groups, discuss why is it that we cannot talk about the medieval Middle east (Arabian Peninsula) without discussing religion. List of Resources: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/teach/muslims/timeline.html

More information

THE ISLAMIC WORLD THROUGH 1450 Settle in this is going to be a long one

THE ISLAMIC WORLD THROUGH 1450 Settle in this is going to be a long one THE ISLAMIC WORLD THROUGH 1450 Settle in this is going to be a long one Pre-Islamic Bedouin Culture Well-established on the Arabian Peninsula, mostly nomadic, tribal, and polytheistic The Sheikh was the

More information

Big Idea Islam emerges in the Arabian Peninsula. Essential Question What are the beliefs of Islam?

Big Idea Islam emerges in the Arabian Peninsula. Essential Question What are the beliefs of Islam? Big Idea Islam emerges in the Arabian Peninsula. Essential Question What are the beliefs of Islam? 1 Words To Know Islam a monotheistic religion that emerged in the Arabian Peninsula (Middle East) in the

More information

ISLAM Festivities Ending Ramadan Microsoft Encarta 2006.

ISLAM Festivities Ending Ramadan Microsoft Encarta 2006. ISLAM Three of the great religions of the world have a number of things in common. These religions are one-god centered. They worship a personal God. Two of them, Christianity and Islam, stem from the

More information

Three world religions. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Three world religions. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Three world religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are major world religions. They are all examples of monotheism, or the belief in one supreme god. Judaism It is the

More information

Name Class Date. Vocabulary Builder. 1. Identify the person who declared himself a prophet of Allah. Describe him.

Name Class Date. Vocabulary Builder. 1. Identify the person who declared himself a prophet of Allah. Describe him. Section 1 DIRECTIONS Answer each question by writing a sentence that contains at least one word from the word bank. Muslims Muhammad Five Pillars of Islam jihad 1. Identify the person who declared himself

More information

Spanish invaders conquer parts of South America and introduce Catholicism to local people.

Spanish invaders conquer parts of South America and introduce Catholicism to local people. Directions: Examine the flow charts below. Each one shows a trigger event that resulted in significant cultural diffusion. Then, from the choices below, select the diffusion category that best matches

More information

Warm-Up: 10/2 Quotations from Holy Books

Warm-Up: 10/2 Quotations from Holy Books Warm-Up: 10/2 Quotations from Holy Books Each statement below comes from a Holy Book. Indicate whether you think the source of each statement is: (A)the Old Testament; (B)the New Testament; (C)the Qur

More information

The Islamic Empires Chapter 11

The Islamic Empires Chapter 11 The Islamic Empires Chapter 11 Islam arose in the Arabian peninsula in the early 600 s Mecca Medina- Jerusalem Caliph-successor to Muhammad Divisions grow -->who should rule after Muhammad's death Sunni

More information

Unit Three. The Middle East and Asia in the Medieval Age

Unit Three. The Middle East and Asia in the Medieval Age Unit Three The Middle East and Asia in the Medieval Age The Rise of Islam Chapter 10 Rise of Islam - Terms 1. Muhammad born into a powerful Meccan family, spent time alone in prayer & meditation; at the

More information

5/10/2018. The Islamic Civilization. A Study of the Faith / Empire / Culture. Mecca / Makkah. Isolated Peninsula. Southwestern = Fertile

5/10/2018. The Islamic Civilization. A Study of the Faith / Empire / Culture. Mecca / Makkah. Isolated Peninsula. Southwestern = Fertile The Islamic Civilization A Study of the Faith / Empire / Culture Mecca / Makkah 1 Isolated Peninsula Southwestern = Fertile Remainder = Arid Plains / Desert Agriculture along the coastal areas Bedouin

More information

ISLAM. AP World History Notes Chapter 11

ISLAM. AP World History Notes Chapter 11 ISLAM AP World History Notes Chapter 11 The Homeland of Islam Originated on the Arabian Peninsula Had long been inhabited by nomadic Arabs = the Bedouins Located along important trade routes Indian Ocean,

More information

Muhammad & The Rise of Islam

Muhammad & The Rise of Islam Muhammad & The Rise of Islam Overview of Islam Around 600 AD, a new monotheistic religion began called Islam: The faith was founded by the prophet Muhammad His followers, called Muslims, spread Islam throughout

More information

7 th Grade History. Chapter 1: The Tools of History. What are latitude and longitude? Hemispheres? (know equator and prime meridian)

7 th Grade History. Chapter 1: The Tools of History. What are latitude and longitude? Hemispheres? (know equator and prime meridian) Name 7 th Grade History Chapter 1: The Tools of History 1.1 Geography of the World (p.8-13) What is geography? Landforms and bodies of water Continents Weather vs. climate 1.2 Mapping the World (p.14-21)

More information

End. 5 minute timer. Include at least 3 bullet points

End. 5 minute timer. Include at least 3 bullet points End 5 minute timer Journal A Why were Bedouins nomads? A. Hostile invaders kept them on the move. B. They were hunters and followed animals from place to place. C. They moved from oasis to oasis in search

More information

Which number represents the view of Jerusalem as a holy city?

Which number represents the view of Jerusalem as a holy city? Floaters & Sinkers 3 Which number represents the view of Jerusalem as a holy city? 4 Which number represents the belief that Jesus is NOT the messiah? What great civilization controlled Jerusalem during

More information

MUSLIM WORLD. Honors World Civilizations, Chapter 10

MUSLIM WORLD. Honors World Civilizations, Chapter 10 MUSLIM WORLD Honors World Civilizations, Chapter 10 THIS CHAPTER OVERALL 3 sections: Rise of Islam Islam Expands Muslim Culture Your jobs: Take notes Participate Ask questions MUSLIM WORLD TODAY? Where

More information

Section 2. Objectives

Section 2. Objectives Objectives Explain how Muslims were able to conquer many lands. Identify the divisions that emerged within Islam. Describe the rise of the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties. Explain why the Abbasid empire

More information

Muslim Civilization Section 1

Muslim Civilization Section 1 Muslim Civilization Section 1 Muslim Civilization Section 1 Click the icon to play Listen to History audio. Click the icon below to connect to the Interactive Maps. Muslim Civilization Section 1 Main Idea

More information

Islam. Islam-Its Origins. The Qur an. The Qur an. A.D. 570 Muhammad was born

Islam. Islam-Its Origins. The Qur an. The Qur an. A.D. 570 Muhammad was born Islam Islam is Arabic for surrender, or submission. Its full connotation is the peace that comes from surrendering one s life to God. Muslim means one who submits. 20% of the world s population Indonesia-88%

More information

The Umayyad Dynasty. Brett Coffman Liberty High School AP World History

The Umayyad Dynasty. Brett Coffman Liberty High School AP World History The Umayyad Dynasty Brett Coffman Liberty High School AP World History The death of Muhammad Muhammad died in 632. Set off a problem that exists today the succession of the Islamic state Caliph Islamic

More information

Welcome to AP World History!

Welcome to AP World History! Welcome to AP World History! About the AP World History Course AP World History is designed to be the equivalent of a two-semester introductory college or university world history course. In AP World History

More information

In the emperor formally dedicated a new capital for the Roman Empire He called the city It became widely known as

In the emperor formally dedicated a new capital for the Roman Empire He called the city It became widely known as Chapter 6 Fill-in Notes THE BYZANTINE AND ISLAMIC EMPIRES Overview Roman Empire collapses in the West The Eastern Roman Empire became known as the Empire a blending of the and cultures which influenced

More information

YEAR 8- Social Studies Term 1 plan

YEAR 8- Social Studies Term 1 plan Week YEAR 8- Social Studies Term 1 plan 2016-2017 1 Introduction Students are given an overview of year 8 Social Studies and learning outcomes. Classroom expectations are made clear to students. Students

More information

Why study Religion? traditions and cultural expectations.

Why study Religion? traditions and cultural expectations. Why study Religion? As a key concept of social science, religion is a key factor that influences the development of civilizations and culture. Religion helps students to identify and understand behaviors.

More information

3 Major Monotheistic Religions

3 Major Monotheistic Religions 3 Major Monotheistic Religions the Abrahamic Religions Monotheism a belief in one god The 3 major monotheistic religions are: Judaism Christianity Islam Overview All 3 monotheistic religions view Jerusalem

More information

World Religions Islam

World Religions Islam World Religions Islam Ross Arnold, Summer 2015 World Religion Lectures August 21 Introduction: A Universal Human Experience August 28 Hinduism September 4 Judaism September 18 Religions of China & Japan

More information

Your Period 3 Maps are due NOW! Make sure your name is on the front page- submit it in the tray. This week s HW/Reading Schedule

Your Period 3 Maps are due NOW! Make sure your name is on the front page- submit it in the tray. This week s HW/Reading Schedule Your Period 3 Maps are due NOW! Make sure your name is on the front page- submit it in the tray. This week s HW/Reading Schedule Tonight s HW: Intro to Period 4 (610-615), Ch. 13 pp. 617-626. Finish taking

More information

Islam, the Quran, and the Five Pillars All Without a Flamewar: Crash Course World History #13

Islam, the Quran, and the Five Pillars All Without a Flamewar: Crash Course World History #13 Islam, the Quran, and the Five Pillars All Without a Flamewar: Crash Course World History #13 Today we re going to talk about Islam, which like Christianity and Judaism grew up on the east coast of the

More information

Chapter 11. The Worlds of Islam Afro-Eurasian Connections,

Chapter 11. The Worlds of Islam Afro-Eurasian Connections, Chapter 11 The Worlds of Islam Afro-Eurasian Connections, 600 1500 CHAPTER LEARNING OBJECTIVES I can examine the causes behind the spread of Islam I can explore the dynamism of the Islamic world as the

More information

Islam and Geography. Clara Kim All rights reserved.

Islam and Geography. Clara Kim All rights reserved. Islam and Geography Copyright Clara Kim 2007. All rights reserved. Deserts Only a small strip of fertile land in south of Saudi Arabia Few oases The rest is Desert Bedouins Nomads who live in the desert

More information

Capital = Constantinople Continued as the New ROME Kings saw themselves to still be considered ROMAN emperors

Capital = Constantinople Continued as the New ROME Kings saw themselves to still be considered ROMAN emperors Capital = Constantinople Continued as the New ROME Kings saw themselves to still be considered ROMAN emperors Constantinople Survived because it was far away from the Germanic tribe invasions It was the

More information

Chapter 9: Islam & the Arab Empire, Lesson 1: The First Muslims

Chapter 9: Islam & the Arab Empire, Lesson 1: The First Muslims Chapter 9: Islam & the Arab Empire, 600 1000 Lesson 1: The First Muslims World History Bell Ringer #39 11-28-17 Write down what you know about Islam in the lines provided below. It Matters Because Early

More information

Version A SOL Review Quiz 3 SOL 8 - Islamic Civilization SOL 9 - Early Middle Ages SOL 10 - Trade Routes, Japan, and African Kingdoms 1. Feudalism was a system where: feudal lords rented their lands land

More information

A brief overview. WORLD RELIGIONS / ETHICAL SYSTEMS

A brief overview. WORLD RELIGIONS / ETHICAL SYSTEMS A brief overview. WORLD RELIGIONS / ETHICAL SYSTEMS ESSENTIAL QUESTION How have belief systems impacted the development of cultures and historical events? WORLD RELIGIONS Purposes - Religion is a concept

More information