Welcome to AP World History!

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1 Welcome to AP World History! About the AP World History Course AP World History is designed to be the equivalent of a two-semester introductory college or university world history course. In AP World History students investigate significant events, individuals, developments, and processes in six historical periods from approximately 8000 B.C.E. to the present. Students develop and use the same skills, practices, and methods employed by historians: analyzing primary and secondary sources; developing historical arguments; making historical comparisons; and utilizing reasoning about contextualization, causation, and continuity and change over time. The course provides five themes that students explore throughout the course in order to make connections among historical developments in different times and places: interaction between humans and the environment; development and interaction of cultures; state building, expansion, and conflict; creation, expansion, and interaction of economic systems; and development and transformation of social structures. Prerequisites There are no prerequisites for the AP World History course. Students should be able to read a college-level textbook and write grammatically correct, complete sentences. *Use the link below to access the full course and exam description effective Fall Textbooks The AP World History textbooks will be available for pick up at the South River High School Main Office starting Monday July 24 th. Please make sure you complete the sign-out sheet. Summer Assignment Follow the directions below to complete the Chapter 7 and Chapter 8 Reading Guides. The summer assignment will be graded based on completion and the material will be reviewed as a class. If you have any questions, please contact me at Related video:

2 Chapter 7 : The Rise & Spread of Islam Reading Guide Textbook Pages Directions: While reading chapter 7 in the textbook, complete the reading guide. This assignment must be HANDWRITTEN on a separate sheet of paper and submitted for grading (based on completion) on Friday September 15, Define the following vocabulary terms. (Hint for AP World survival: knowing the vocab is key to knowing the information. Your definition should include the following: 1) Identification - What is it / Why is it important? 2) When & where the term applies - Ex. Classical Rome, Early Modern France) Chapter 7 Terms: Bedouin Mecca Ka aba Animism Polytheism Monotheism Khadija Qu ran Umma Caliph Sunni Shia Caliphate Damascus Berbers 1) Describe Pre-Islamic Arabia - The Land & Lifestyle: - Causes of clan rivalry & struggles: - Gender roles: - Religion: 2) Develop a timeline of the life of Muhammad. Focus on the following events - Birth & Early Life, Adolescence, Revelations & the Qur an, Flight to Mecca - Causes & Effects, Heading Home in 629, Muhammad s Death - Effects 3) Why was Islam seen as a desirable religion to the divided peoples of Arabia?

3 4) What are the five pillars of Islam? 5) Ridda Wars - Causes: - Effects: 6) Arab Conquests & Expansion - Where? - What was their motive? 7) The Sunni-Shi a Split - Cause of the split - - Who do the Sunni s support? - Who do the Shi a follow? *This division created differences in belief, ritual, and law, leading to great hostility between the two branches. 8) Umayyad Empire: Early 700 s (p169) - Where? - Capital City? - Social Class Divisions (Discuss the differences between Muslim Arabs, Non-Arab converts (mawali) & the dhimmi - - Women during the Umayyad Period - - Major Causes of the Umayyad Decline & Fall - 9) Who supported the Abbasid party, allowing them to rise to power? Why did they support the Abbasids? 10) Abbasid Empire (p174) - Capital City? - Why were more people converting? - Describe three factors that led to the commercial boom during the Abbasid Empire: a) b) c)

4 Chapter 8 : Abbasid Decline & Spread of Islam to S & SE Asia Reading Guide Textbook Pages Directions: While reading chapter 8 in the textbook, complete the reading guide. This assignment must be HANDWRITTEN on a separate sheet of paper and submitted for grading (based on completion) on Friday September 15, Define the following vocabulary terms. (Hint for AP World survival: knowing the vocab is key to knowing the information. Your definition should include the following: 1) Identification - What is it / Why is it important? 2) When & where the term applies - Ex. Classical Rome, Early Modern France) Chapter 8 Terms: Buyids Lanteen Seljuk Turks Crusades Ulama Mongols Chinggis Khan Mamluks Malacca Demak THE ISLAMIC HEARTLANDS IN THE MIDDLE AND LATE ABBASID ERA 1) What symptoms of decline began under al-mahdi? 2) What was the most important problem the Abbasids faced? IMPERIAL EXTRAVAGANCE AND SUCCESSION DISPUTES 3) What piece of literature immortalized Harun al-rashid s court? 4) Who wielded power at the caliph s expense? 5) What ended the real power of the caliphs? IMPERIAL BREAKDOWN AND AGRARIAN DISORDER *6) How is Abbasid decline similar to Roman decline?

5 DECLINING POSITION OF WOMEN IN THE FAMILY AND SOCIETY 7) What became symbols of women s subjugation during the Abbasid Caliphate? 8) How did women try to gain power and control? 9) Was this treatment of women a change from the past or had it remained constant? NOMADIC INCURSIONS AND THE ECLIPSE OF CALIPHAL POWER 10) What groups began to break away from the Abbasid Caliphate? 11) What group of leaders took the title of sultan? How long did that last? 12) Name and describe the group that took power in THE IMPACT OF THE CHRISTIAN CRUSADES 13) What piece of real estate was desired by both Christians and Muslims? 14) To what extent was the Christian challenge successful? 15) Who united the Muslims to reconquer land lost to the Christians? 16) Who was impacted the most from the Crusades? How? AN AGE OF LEARNING AND ARTISTIC REFINEMENTS 17) Describe some of the artistic advancements Islam is famous for. THE FULL FLOWERING OF PERSIAN LITERATURE 18) How did Persian culture find its way into the Islamic Caliphate? ACHIEVEMENTS IN THE SCIENCES 19) What did the Muslims preserve? 20) What innovations did Muslim traders introduce to Europe from China?

6 RELIGIOUS TRENDS AND THE NEW PUSH OF EXPANSION 21) Describe the contradictory trends in Islam. 22) What was the purpose and teachings of the Sufis? NEW WAVES OF NOMADIC INVASIONS AND THE END OF THE CALIPHATE 23) What new nomadic band challenged the caliphate? 24) When did they conquer Baghdad? 25) Who stopped them and where? THE COMING OF ISLAM TO SOUTH ASIA 26) How were the new Muslim invaders different from previous invaders? 27) How are Islam and Hinduism different (religiously and socially)? VISUALIZING THE PAST: THE PATTERNS OF ISLAM S GLOBAL EXPANSIONS (CHART-PG. 193) 28) Which areas have the highest absolute numbers of Muslims in the present day? Is this distribution what you would have expected or is it surprising? 29) What were the main ways that Islam was transmitted to most areas? What does this say about the popular notion that Islam was historically a militant religion spread primarily by forcible conversion? 30) Does Islam appear to be able to coexist with other faiths? Explain. POLITICAL DIVISIONS AND THE FIRST MUSLIM INVASIONS 31) Why did Muslim rule bring little change to India? 32) What caused parts of India to welcome Muslim conquerors? INDIAN INFLUENCES ON ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION 33) What were the staging areas for Islam to spread to SE Asia?

7 FROM BOOTY TO EMPIRE: THE SECOND WAVE OF MUSLIM INVASIONS 34) What were Mahmud s motivations to conquer India from Afghanistan? 35) Where was the new capital? PATTERNS OF CONVERSION 36) Where were the largest Muslim communities in India found? 37) How were most Indians converted to Islam? 38) How did the Sufis connect with the Indians? 39) From what class and religion did most converts come? Why? PATTERNS OF ACCOMMODATION 40) Who helped the Muslims run their empire in India? 41) What negative rituals regarding women did the Muslims adopt from the Hindus? ISLAMIC CHALLENGE AND HINDU REVIVAL 42) Define acculturation. STAND-OFF: THE MUSLIM PRESENCE IN INDIA AT THE END OF THE SULTANATE PERIOD 44) What should you remember about India when examining the spread of Islamic civilization? THE SPREAD OF ISLAM TO SOUTHEAST ASIA 45) What two great trading complexes came together here? 46) The collapse of what trading empire opened the door for the spread of Islam? How? TRADING CONTACTS AND CONVERSION 47) What paved the way for peaceful conversion? 48) What was Muslim law used for? 49) In what areas did Islam encounter resistance to conversion? Why?

8 SUFI MYSTICS AND THE NATURE OF SOUTEAST ASIAN ISLAM 50) Why were the Sufis more successful in gaining converts? 51) How were the importance and role of women different here? GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: ISLAM: A BRIDGE BETWEEN WORLDS 52) Summarize the significance of Islamic civilization to global history? 53) What tendencies or problems would eventually put the Muslims at a disadvantage to their European counterparts?

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