Rise and Spread of Islam

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Rise and Spread of Islam"

Transcription

1 Rise and Spread of Islam

2 I. Byzantine Regions A. Almost entirely Christian by 550 CE B. Priests and monks numerous - needed much money and food to support

3 I. Byzantine Regions C. Many debates about true nature of Christianity - many heresies and much violence 1. Arianism c. 300; Jesus not co-eternal with God; non-trinitarian 2. Nestorianism c. 400; Jesus exists as two persons, the man Jesus and the divine Son of God, or Logos, rather than as a unified person; nontrinitarian 3. Monophysitism c. 400; response to Nestorianism; Jesus and God are a unified, inseperable being; non-trinitarian; Orthodox position = One being, two aspects

4 II. Area saw conflict between empires: first, Rome and Parthia; then Byzantium and Persia - empires fixated on fighting each other, did not look much to south (Arabia)

5

6 III. Parthia/Persia A. Parthians gradually pushed Hellenistic kingdoms out of Mesopotamia by 63 BCE B. Parthians and Romans fought over Mesopotamia with no clear victor C. Both sides used rival Arab tribes to guard southern borders

7 III. Parthia/Persia (cont) D. Parthians succeeded by Sassanid Persians in 225 CE 1. Sassanids and Byzantines face off 2. Both sides still use rival Arab tribes as frontier guards 3. Both groups try to force Arabs to follow religion of their paymasters (Zoroastrianism vs. Christianity)

8 IV. Situation on Arabian Peninsula c. 550 CE A. Not conquered by any empire; area not a single state but a bit of a backwater B. Arab tribes divided among themselves; intertribal warfare the norm

9

10 IV. Situation on Arabian Peninsula c. 550 CE (cont) C. Significant amount of trade moving through the Hejaz D. Region also a place of escape for religious refugees from Byzantines and Persians 1. Led to cultural interchange/diffusion 2. Many religions in area as a result: animism, Christianity, Judaism 3. Main trading center was city of Mecca/Makkah

11 Kaaba Central temple of Mecca (still at center of Great Mosque)

12 V. Basics of Islam A. Holy book is the Koran (Qu ran) revealed to Muhammad in bits by angel Gabriel 1. Originally oral; soon written down 2. Poetry; divided into 114 suras or chapters arranged by length from longest to shortest 3. Similar in concept but not form to Torah and Bible 4. Contains most basic principles of Islam (Five Pillars)

13 V. Basics of Islam B. Traditions Hadiths 1. Stories about Muhammad and followers during his lifetime 2. Collected about 200 years later; six sets of which two are chief, 3. Assumed to be roughly accurate (similar to Christian gospels)

14 V. Basics of Islam C. Relationship of human and God (Allah) 1. Personal relationship between god and worshipper. 2. Does not require formal clergy, only scholars. Encourages debate not obedience

15 V. Basics of Islam D. No separation between holy and everyday; religious and secular; church and state. E. Sharia - Islamic law based off Koran and Hadith as interpreted by Muslim scholars (ulema) 1. New ideas for time 2. All equal in eyes of religious law (all equal before eyes of Allah)

16 V. Basics of Islam A. Two main branches; divided over succession as caliph (leader of Islam) after Muhammad 1. Shia - minority - Felt leader should be a relative of Mohammed. Lost struggle when Imam Hussein (grandson of Muhammad) was killed at Karbala (in modern Iraq)

17 V. Basics of Islam A. Two main branches 2. Sunni - majority - Thought leaders should be drawn from all faithful. 3. Like most other religions it has many variations and interpretations within two main branches; many of differences of opinion within the basic principles.

18 VI. Rise, Flourishing, and Fall of Caliphate A. Spread quickly! 1. Attractiveness of new religion (social justice, equality, tolerance) 2. Power and fervor (strong religious feeling) of Arab armies 3. By 674 besieging Constantinople and established in N. Africa

19 VI. Rise, Flourishing, and Fall of Caliphate B. Caliphate (the joint secular and religious rule of the new Muslim empire) - oneness of Islam C Beginning of Umayyad Caliphate - first Caliphate outside of Arabia (Damascus) - real beginning of cultured Islamic civilization 1. Marked by death of Muhammad s relatives Ali and then Hussein 2. End of leadership by Muhammad s kin and friends (Shi Ali Party of Ali - became Shia or Shi ites)

20 VI. Rise, Flourishing, and Fall of Caliphate (cont) C. Umayyads continued spread of Islamic power and culture , Conquer Spain; 711, conquer Sind (Pakistan); 717, besieging Constantinople (2nd), 732, fighting Franks in Southern France , Dome of Rock (Jerusalem); 705, Great Mosque of Damascus

21

22 VI. Rise, Flourishing, and Fall of Caliphate (cont) D. Abbasids replace Umayyads in Islamic culture flowers 1. Draw support from non-arab Muslims ongoing process in Islam Arab to non-arab dominance 2. Found new capital of Baghdad

23 VI. Rise, Flourishing, and Fall of Caliphate (cont) E. Decay 1. By 900 empire begins to disintegrate into rival kingdoms and caliphates; Muslim central power weakens 2. Loss of central power combined with wealth also attracts enemies a. European Crusaders strike in 1096 b. Caliphate destroyed by Mongols in 1258

24 VI. Rise, Flourishing, and Fall of Caliphate (cont) F. Fall of empire unimportant to religion it continues to spread and convert new peoples

25

26 VII. New Power Centers A. Persians Converted early and were power brokers/rulers by Abbasid era 1. New Persian Empire (Safavids) by 1400s, existed into present 2. Blended Islam with ancient culture; created a hybrid 3. Islam less strict. Ex. allowed drinking of wine a. Shi a after 16 th century, not Sunni b. Art depicted the human figure; not done in Arab art

27

28 VII. New Power Centers B. Turks - Group of nomadic tribes from Central Asia that converted to Islam in bits starting around 800 CE.

29 VII. New Power Centers B. Turks 1. Seljuks - First Turks that entered Middle East; some were slaves, others soldiers in Abbasid caliphate s armies. C set up own kingdoms (under weak control of caliphate). Destroyed by Mongols in 1200s. 2. Mamluks - Slave-soldiers in Egypt (many not Turks). Seized power from Arabs; defeated Mongols. Ruled Egypt into the 1800s.

30 VII. New Power Centers B. Turks 3. Ottomans - One of the Turkish kingdoms after Mongol rule faded in mid-1300s. Created an empire that covered the entire Middle East (except Persia) until 1918.

31 VII. New Power Centers C. Mongols - Destroyed what was left of the Arab Muslim empire by conquering Mideast except Egypt.

32 VII. New Power Centers C. Mongols 1. Ruled a vast empire from China to Poland to Egypt 2. Most in West became Muslim within 50 years (c. 1300). 3. Lost power to Turks by mid-1300s in Middle East; remained a power in Central Asia.

33 VII. New Power Centers C. Mongols 4. Mongol-descended peoples conquered Afghanistan, then India founding the Mogul Empire (further Islamized India beyond Delhi Sultanate)

34

35

Muslim Civilizations

Muslim Civilizations Muslim Civilizations Muhammad the Prophet Born ca. 570 in Mecca Trading center; home of the Kaaba Marries Khadija At 40 he goes into the hills to meditate; God sends Gabriel with a call Khadija becomes

More information

3. Who was the founding prophet of Islam? a. d) Muhammad b. c) Abraham c. a) Ali d. b) Abu Bakr

3. Who was the founding prophet of Islam? a. d) Muhammad b. c) Abraham c. a) Ali d. b) Abu Bakr 1. Which of the following events took place during the Umayyad caliphate? a. d) Foundation of Baghdad b. c) Establishment of the Delhi sultanate c. a) Crusader conquest of Jerusalem d. b) Conquest of Spain

More information

Islam AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( )

Islam AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( ) Islam AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) Throughout most of its history, the people of the Arabian peninsula were subsistence farmers, lived in small fishing villages, or were nomadic traders

More information

The Arabian Peninsula. Farming limited in Arabia Commerce lively Mecca, near Red Sea, most important of coastal towns

The Arabian Peninsula. Farming limited in Arabia Commerce lively Mecca, near Red Sea, most important of coastal towns The Rise of Islam The Arabian Peninsula Farming limited in Arabia Commerce lively Mecca, near Red Sea, most important of coastal towns Middle East: Climate Regions Fresh Groundwater Sources Mountain Ranges

More information

10. What was the early attitude of Islam toward Jews and Christians?

10. What was the early attitude of Islam toward Jews and Christians? 1. Which of the following events took place during the Umayyad caliphate? a. d) Foundation of Baghdad Incorrect. The answer is b. Muslims conquered Spain in the period 711 718, during the Umayyad caliphate.

More information

I. The Rise of Islam. A. Arabs come from the Arabian Peninsula. Most early Arabs were polytheistic. They recognized a god named Allah and other gods.

I. The Rise of Islam. A. Arabs come from the Arabian Peninsula. Most early Arabs were polytheistic. They recognized a god named Allah and other gods. I. The Rise of Islam A. Arabs come from the Arabian Peninsula. Most early Arabs were polytheistic. They recognized a god named Allah and other gods. 1. Mecca and Muhammad Mecca was a great trading center

More information

[ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq

[ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq [ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq [ 6.5 ] History of Arabia and Iraq Learning Objectives Describe the civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia. Explain the origins and beliefs of Islam, including the significance

More information

The Arab Empire and Its Successors Chapter 6, Section 2 Creation of an Arab Empire

The Arab Empire and Its Successors Chapter 6, Section 2 Creation of an Arab Empire The Arab Empire and Its Successors Chapter 6, Section 2 Creation of an Arab Empire Muhammad became a leader of the early Muslim community Muhammad s death left no leader he never named a successor and

More information

Section 2. Objectives

Section 2. Objectives Objectives Explain how Muslims were able to conquer many lands. Identify the divisions that emerged within Islam. Describe the rise of the Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties. Explain why the Abbasid empire

More information

Chapter 10. Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations

Chapter 10. Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Chapter 10 Byzantine & Muslim Civilizations Section 1 The Byzantine Empire Capital of Byzantine Empire Constantinople Protected by Greek Fire Constantinople Controlled by: Roman Empire Christians Byzantines

More information

ISLAMIC CIVILIZATIONS A.D.

ISLAMIC CIVILIZATIONS A.D. ISLAMIC CIVILIZATIONS 600-1000 A.D. ISLAM VOCAB Muhammad the Prophet- the founder of Islam Islam- monotheistic religion meaning submission Muslim- followers of Islam Mecca- holy city to Arab people located

More information

Arabia before Muhammad

Arabia before Muhammad THE RISE OF ISLAM Arabia before Muhammad Arabian Origins By 6 th century CE = Arabic-speakers throughout Syrian desert Arabia before Muhammad Arabian Origins By 6 th century CE = Arabic-speakers throughout

More information

What is Islam? Second largest religion in the world. 1.2 Billion Muslims (20% of earth population) Based on beliefs on Jews & Christians

What is Islam? Second largest religion in the world. 1.2 Billion Muslims (20% of earth population) Based on beliefs on Jews & Christians Islamic Religion What is Islam? Second largest religion in the world 1.2 Billion Muslims (20% of earth population) Began in modern day Saudi Arabia Based on beliefs on Jews & Christians Abraham is first

More information

Arabian Peninsula Most Arabs settled Bedouin Nomads minority --Caravan trade: Yemen to Mesopotamia and Mediterranean

Arabian Peninsula Most Arabs settled Bedouin Nomads minority --Caravan trade: Yemen to Mesopotamia and Mediterranean I. Rise of Islam Origins: Arabian Peninsula Most Arabs settled Bedouin Nomads minority --Caravan trade: Yemen to Mesopotamia and Mediterranean Brought Arabs in contact with Byzantines and Sasanids Bedouins

More information

Chapter 10: The Muslim World,

Chapter 10: The Muslim World, Name Chapter 10: The Muslim World, 600 1250 DUE DATE: The Muslim World The Rise of Islam Terms and Names Allah One God of Islam Muhammad Founder of Islam Islam Religion based on submission to Allah Muslim

More information

In the last section, you read about early civilizations in South America. In this section, you will read about the rise of Islam.

In the last section, you read about early civilizations in South America. In this section, you will read about the rise of Islam. CHAPTER 10 Section 1 (pages 263 268) The Rise of Islam BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about early civilizations in South America. In this section, you will read about the rise of Islam.

More information

The Rise of Islam In the seventh century, a new faith took hold in the Middle East. The followers of Islam, Muslims, believe that Allah (God) transmit

The Rise of Islam In the seventh century, a new faith took hold in the Middle East. The followers of Islam, Muslims, believe that Allah (God) transmit The World of Islam The Rise of Islam In the seventh century, a new faith took hold in the Middle East. The followers of Islam, Muslims, believe that Allah (God) transmitted his words through Mohammad,

More information

THE ISLAMIC WORLD THROUGH 1450 Settle in this is going to be a long one

THE ISLAMIC WORLD THROUGH 1450 Settle in this is going to be a long one THE ISLAMIC WORLD THROUGH 1450 Settle in this is going to be a long one Pre-Islamic Bedouin Culture Well-established on the Arabian Peninsula, mostly nomadic, tribal, and polytheistic The Sheikh was the

More information

Unit 8: Islamic Civilization

Unit 8: Islamic Civilization Unit 8: Islamic Civilization Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.8 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the Islamic civilization from about 600 to 1000 AD by a) Describing the origin, beliefs, traditions,

More information

THE ARAB EMPIRE. AP World History Notes Chapter 11

THE ARAB EMPIRE. AP World History Notes Chapter 11 THE ARAB EMPIRE AP World History Notes Chapter 11 The Arab Empire Stretched from Spain to India Extended to areas in Europe, Asia, and Africa Encompassed all or part of the following civilizations: Egyptian,

More information

In the emperor formally dedicated a new capital for the Roman Empire He called the city It became widely known as

In the emperor formally dedicated a new capital for the Roman Empire He called the city It became widely known as Chapter 6 Fill-in Notes THE BYZANTINE AND ISLAMIC EMPIRES Overview Roman Empire collapses in the West The Eastern Roman Empire became known as the Empire a blending of the and cultures which influenced

More information

Your Period 3 Maps are due NOW! Make sure your name is on the front page- submit it in the tray. This week s HW/Reading Schedule

Your Period 3 Maps are due NOW! Make sure your name is on the front page- submit it in the tray. This week s HW/Reading Schedule Your Period 3 Maps are due NOW! Make sure your name is on the front page- submit it in the tray. This week s HW/Reading Schedule Tonight s HW: Intro to Period 4 (610-615), Ch. 13 pp. 617-626. Finish taking

More information

THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I

THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I MUHAMMAD THE PROPHET From Mecca in modern day Saudi Arabia Muhammad was a middle aged merchant who claimed the Angel Gabriel asked him to recite the word of God. As a Merchant,

More information

netw rks Where in the world? When did it happen? Islamic Civilization Lesson 1 A New Faith ESSENTIAL QUESTION Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS

netw rks Where in the world? When did it happen? Islamic Civilization Lesson 1 A New Faith ESSENTIAL QUESTION Terms to Know GUIDING QUESTIONS Lesson 1 A New Faith ESSENTIAL QUESTION How do religions develop? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did physical geography influence the Arab way of life? 2. What message did Muhammad preach to the people of Arabia?

More information

Fasting A person must eat only one meal a day, after sunset, every day during the holy month of

Fasting A person must eat only one meal a day, after sunset, every day during the holy month of What Muslims Believe Islam is a religion, believing in only one God. The Arabic word for God is The holy book for Muslims is the (also spelled Qu ran), which contains the rules for the religion revealed

More information

Gunpowder Empires. AP World History. Revised and used with permission from and thanks to Nancy Hester, East View High School, Georgetown, Tx.

Gunpowder Empires. AP World History. Revised and used with permission from and thanks to Nancy Hester, East View High School, Georgetown, Tx. Gunpowder Empires AP World History Revised and used with permission from and thanks to Nancy Hester, East View High School, Georgetown, Tx. With the advent of gunpowder (China), the Empires that had access

More information

and the Shi aa muslins What I need to know:

and the Shi aa muslins What I need to know: What I need to know: Explain the origins of Islam. Analyze how Islam spread across the Arabian Peninsula. Examine the split between the Sunni Muslims and the Shi aa muslins Born around 570 CE o Into a

More information

Islam. Islam-Its Origins. The Qur an. The Qur an. A.D. 570 Muhammad was born

Islam. Islam-Its Origins. The Qur an. The Qur an. A.D. 570 Muhammad was born Islam Islam is Arabic for surrender, or submission. Its full connotation is the peace that comes from surrendering one s life to God. Muslim means one who submits. 20% of the world s population Indonesia-88%

More information

Name Class Date. Vocabulary Builder. 1. Identify the person who declared himself a prophet of Allah. Describe him.

Name Class Date. Vocabulary Builder. 1. Identify the person who declared himself a prophet of Allah. Describe him. Section 1 DIRECTIONS Answer each question by writing a sentence that contains at least one word from the word bank. Muslims Muhammad Five Pillars of Islam jihad 1. Identify the person who declared himself

More information

Chapter 10: From the Crusades to the New Muslim Empires

Chapter 10: From the Crusades to the New Muslim Empires Chapter 10: From the Crusades to the New Muslim Empires Guiding Question: How did the Crusades affect the lives of Christians, Muslims, and Jews? Name: Due Date: Period: Overview: The Crusades were a series

More information

The Rise of Islam. Muhammad changes the world

The Rise of Islam. Muhammad changes the world The Rise of Islam Muhammad changes the world LOCATION Arabian Peninsula Southwest Asia, AKA the Middle East Serves as a bridge between Africa, Asia, and Europe, allowing goods and ideas to be shared. SOUTHWEST

More information

Mk AD

Mk AD Mk 2018 The Rise of the Arab Islamic Empire 622AD - 1450 610AD The Arabian Peninsula: Muhammad, age 40 has visions and revelations he claimed came from God. These revelations were written down by friends.

More information

Welcome to AP World History!

Welcome to AP World History! Welcome to AP World History! About the AP World History Course AP World History is designed to be the equivalent of a two-semester introductory college or university world history course. In AP World History

More information

As I Enter. Think about: Agenda: Holy Quotes! You decide- is it from the bible, the Torah, or the Quran?

As I Enter. Think about: Agenda: Holy Quotes! You decide- is it from the bible, the Torah, or the Quran? As I Enter Think about: Holy Quotes! You decide- is it from the bible, the Torah, or the Quran? Agenda: Notes on Islam Notes on Judaism Jerusalem Timeline Quotations from Holy Books Determine whether the

More information

Islamic World. Standard: Trace the origins and expansion of the Islamic World between 600 CE and 1300 CE.

Islamic World. Standard: Trace the origins and expansion of the Islamic World between 600 CE and 1300 CE. Islamic World Standard: Trace the origins and expansion of the Islamic World between 600 CE and 1300 CE. Essential Question: What were the origins and expansion of the Islamic World? Islam Element: Explain

More information

Where in the world? RESG When did it happen? Chapter 14 Map Title: Where in the World? File a.d. Name: 500 C14_L1_wsresg_01A.ai Map Size: 39p6 x 20p0

Where in the world? RESG When did it happen? Chapter 14 Map Title: Where in the World? File a.d. Name: 500 C14_L1_wsresg_01A.ai Map Size: 39p6 x 20p0 Lesson 1 A New Faith ESSENTIAL QUESTION How do religions develop? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How did physical geography influence the Arab way of life? 2. What message did Muhammad preach to the people of Arabia?

More information

World History I Mrs. Rogers Sem

World History I Mrs. Rogers Sem World History I Mrs. Rogers Sem. 1 2012 Chapter 10 Study Guide: Muslim Civilizations Section 1: Rise of Islam Bedouins (bed-oh-ins): a tribe of nomads that lived in the desert of the Arabian peninsula

More information

The Umayyad Dynasty. Brett Coffman Liberty High School AP World History

The Umayyad Dynasty. Brett Coffman Liberty High School AP World History The Umayyad Dynasty Brett Coffman Liberty High School AP World History The death of Muhammad Muhammad died in 632. Set off a problem that exists today the succession of the Islamic state Caliph Islamic

More information

Problems are not stop signs, they are guidelines. --- Robert H. Schuller. #4.8 The Spread of Islam

Problems are not stop signs, they are guidelines. --- Robert H. Schuller. #4.8 The Spread of Islam Name: Due Date: #4.8 The Spread of Islam Aim: How did Islam spread throughout the world? REVIEW: The Religion of Islam The religion of Islam began in the Arabian Peninsula in the A.D. 600s by a man named

More information

Teachings of Islam. 5 Pillars of Islam (cornerstone of religion)

Teachings of Islam. 5 Pillars of Islam (cornerstone of religion) Teachings of Islam 5 Pillars of Islam (cornerstone of religion) Shahada الش هادة Declaration of Faith Salah الصالة - Prayer Zakah الزكاة - Almsgiving Sawm الصوم Fasting (Ramadan) Hajj الحج - Pilgrimage

More information

Foundations of World Civilization: Notes 21 Islam Copyright Bruce Owen 2009 We left the Mediterranean world with the fall of the western Roman empire

Foundations of World Civilization: Notes 21 Islam Copyright Bruce Owen 2009 We left the Mediterranean world with the fall of the western Roman empire Foundations of World Civilization: Notes 21 Islam Copyright Bruce Owen 2009 We left the Mediterranean world with the fall of the western Roman empire the last nominal emperor of the Western Roman empire,

More information

NOTES: Unit 3 -Chapter 9: The Islamic World and Africa. In this chapter you will learn about developments in the during the.

NOTES: Unit 3 -Chapter 9: The Islamic World and Africa. In this chapter you will learn about developments in the during the. Name NOTES: Unit 3 -Chapter 9: The Islamic World and Africa Introduction In this chapter you will learn about developments in the during the. Important Ideas A. Mohammed founded in the seventh century.

More information

Reading Essentials and Study Guide

Reading Essentials and Study Guide Lesson 2 The Arab Empire and the Caliphates ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS How can religion influence the development of an empire? How might religious beliefs affect society, culture, and politics? Reading HELPDESK

More information

Islam. By: Mr. Galfayan, Ms. Tejeda Olvera, Mr. Soto. 5th Grade Textbook

Islam. By: Mr. Galfayan, Ms. Tejeda Olvera, Mr. Soto. 5th Grade Textbook Islam By: Mr. Galfayan, Ms. Tejeda Olvera, Mr. Soto 5th Grade Textbook The Spread of a Culture Imagine you are in a city filled with many different cultures and the religion of Islam in the mid-1100s.

More information

Enemies & Neighbours: Re-negotiating Empire & Islam

Enemies & Neighbours: Re-negotiating Empire & Islam Enemies & Neighbours: Re-negotiating Empire & Islam Enemies & Neigbours In century following Conquest of Constantinople, Ottomans achieved greatest geographical extent of empire: Empire of the seas (Mediterranean

More information

Chapter 10: Section 1 Main Ideas

Chapter 10: Section 1 Main Ideas Chapter 10: Section 1 Main Ideas Main Idea #1: Islam was created by Muhammad in 570 ACE Main Idea #2: Islam is monotheistic, Allah is God, Quran is the sacred text of Islam, and Prophets were Abraham,

More information

HISTORY OF THE PALESTINIAN-ISRAELI CONFLICT

HISTORY OF THE PALESTINIAN-ISRAELI CONFLICT HISTORY OF THE PALESTINIAN-ISRAELI CONFLICT Two peoples claim the same land: On the day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying to your descendent I have this land -Genesis 15:18 (from the Torah &

More information

Warmup. Islam is a monotheistic religion. What does monotheistic mean? Belief in one god

Warmup. Islam is a monotheistic religion. What does monotheistic mean? Belief in one god ISLAM Warmup Islam is a monotheistic religion. What does monotheistic mean? Belief in one god Agenda Warmup Islam PPT & Notes Venn Diagram Islam, Christianity, Judaism Pre-Islamic Arabia Pre-Islamic Arabia

More information

Chapter 13.2 The Arab Empire and the Caliphates & Islamic Civilization

Chapter 13.2 The Arab Empire and the Caliphates & Islamic Civilization Chapter 13.2 The Arab Empire and the Caliphates & Islamic Civilization Essential Questions How can religion influence the development of an empire? How might religious beliefs affect society, culture,

More information

Unit Three. The Middle East and Asia in the Medieval Age

Unit Three. The Middle East and Asia in the Medieval Age Unit Three The Middle East and Asia in the Medieval Age The Rise of Islam Chapter 10 Rise of Islam - Terms 1. Muhammad born into a powerful Meccan family, spent time alone in prayer & meditation; at the

More information

THE CHRONOLOGY OF THE POST-CLASSICAL PERIOD (P. 108) 1. What did the end of the classical era and the end of the post-classical era have in common?

THE CHRONOLOGY OF THE POST-CLASSICAL PERIOD (P. 108) 1. What did the end of the classical era and the end of the post-classical era have in common? 600 CE 800 CE Name: Due Date: Unit III: The Postclassical Period, 500-1450: New Faith and New Commerce & Chapter 6 Reading Guide The First Global Civilization: The Rise of Spread of Islam THE CHRONOLOGY

More information

The rise of the Islamic Empire

The rise of the Islamic Empire The rise of the Islamic Empire 600-1250 The Rise of Islam The Arabian Peninsula is a crossroads of 3 con@nents: Africa, Europe and Asia Trade routes connected Arabia to many areas such as Byzan@ne, Persian,

More information

Unit 3. World Religions

Unit 3. World Religions Unit 3 World Religions Growth of Islam uislam developed from a combination of ideas from the Greeks, Romans, Persians, Indians, and Byzantines to create its own specialized civilization. ØEarly in Islamic

More information

Essential Question: Bellringer Name the 3 Gunpowder Empires and 2 things that they had in common.

Essential Question: Bellringer Name the 3 Gunpowder Empires and 2 things that they had in common. Essential Question: What were the achievements of the gunpowder empires : Ottomans, Safavids, & Mughals? Bellringer Name the 3 Gunpowder Empires and 2 things that they had in common. From 1300 to 1700,

More information

Big Idea The Ottoman Empire Expands. Essential Question How did the Ottomans expand their empire?

Big Idea The Ottoman Empire Expands. Essential Question How did the Ottomans expand their empire? Big Idea The Ottoman Empire Expands. Essential Question How did the Ottomans expand their empire? 1 Words To Know Sultan the leader of the Ottoman Empire, like a emperor or a king. Religious tolerance

More information

Southwest Asia s. Prominent Religions. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (Sunni & Shia)

Southwest Asia s. Prominent Religions. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (Sunni & Shia) Southwest Asia s Prominent Religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (Sunni & Shia) Standards SS7G8 The student will describe the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southwest Asia (Middle East).

More information

Question of Periodization

Question of Periodization Question of Periodization Periodization: AP World History is broken into six chronological periods of study. Period 3(Ch9-16): Regional and Transregional Interactions, c. 600CE to 1450 CE (20% of AP Exam)

More information

Chapter 4: The Spread of Islam

Chapter 4: The Spread of Islam Chapter 4: The Spread of Islam Objectives of this Unit: You will learn how Islam spread initially after Muhammad s death. You will learn how conquest and trade led to the spread of Islam, blending of cultures,

More information

Unit 4: Byzantine Empire, Islamic Empires, Ottoman Empire

Unit 4: Byzantine Empire, Islamic Empires, Ottoman Empire Name: Block: Unit 4: Byzantine Empire, Islamic Empires, Ottoman Empire A.) Byzantine Empire 1. Human and hysical Geography 2. Achievements (law-justinian Code, engineering, art, and commerce) 3. The Orthodox

More information

The Worlds of Islam: Afro-Eurasian Connections

The Worlds of Islam: Afro-Eurasian Connections CHAPTER 9 The Worlds of Islam: Afro-Eurasian Connections 600 1500 CHAPTER LEARNING OBJECTIVES To examine the causes behind the spread of Islam To explore the dynamism of the Islamic world as the most influential

More information

11/24/2015. Islam. Outcome: Islamic Empires

11/24/2015. Islam. Outcome: Islamic Empires Islam Outcome: Islamic Empires 1 Constructive Response Question 3.Generalize who were the Ottomans, Mughals, and Safavids? 2 What will we learn? 1.Islamic culture 2.The Ottoman Empire 3.The Mughals 4.The

More information

THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I

THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I THE RISE OF ISLAM U N I T I I I MUHAMMAD THE PROFIT From Mecca in modern day Saudi Arabia Muhammad was a middle aged merchant who claimed the Angel Gabriel asked him to recite the word of God As a Merchant

More information

N. Africa & S.W. Asia. Chapter #8, Section #2

N. Africa & S.W. Asia. Chapter #8, Section #2 N. Africa & S.W. Asia Chapter #8, Section #2 Muhammad & Islam Mecca Located in the mountains of western Saudi Arabia Began as an early trade center Hub for camel caravans trading throughout Southwest Asia

More information

Abraham s Genealogy. Judaism-Torah. Islam-Quran Muhammad (the last prophet) Quran and the Five Pillars of Islam.

Abraham s Genealogy. Judaism-Torah. Islam-Quran Muhammad (the last prophet) Quran and the Five Pillars of Islam. Abraham s Genealogy 100-1500 HAGAR Islam-Quran ABRAHAM Judaism-Torah SARAH Ishmael Isaac 12 Arabian Tribes Jacob/Israel Esau Muhammad (the last prophet) Quran and the Five Pillars of Islam Mecca (Muslims)

More information

Chapter 11. The Worlds of Islam Afro-Eurasian Connections,

Chapter 11. The Worlds of Islam Afro-Eurasian Connections, Chapter 11 The Worlds of Islam Afro-Eurasian Connections, 600 1500 CHAPTER LEARNING OBJECTIVES I can examine the causes behind the spread of Islam I can explore the dynamism of the Islamic world as the

More information

Chapter 22 Southwest Asia pg Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Iran pg

Chapter 22 Southwest Asia pg Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Iran pg Chapter 22 Southwest Asia pg. 674 695 22 1 Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Iran pg. 677 681 Assume the role of a leader of an oil rich country. Why would you maybe need to diversify your country s economy? What

More information

O"oman Empire. AP World History 19a

Ooman Empire. AP World History 19a O"oman Empire AP World History 19a Founded by Turks Started in Anatolia Controlled Balkan Peninsula and parts of eastern Europe Acquired much of the Middle East, North Africa, and region between the Black

More information

Expansion. Many clan fought each other. Clans were unified under Islam. Began military attacks against neighboring people

Expansion. Many clan fought each other. Clans were unified under Islam. Began military attacks against neighboring people Islamic Empires Expansion Many clan fought each other Clans were unified under Islam Began military attacks against neighboring people Defeated Byzantine area of Syria Egypt Northern Africa Qur an permitted

More information

Making of the Modern World 13 New Ideas and Cultural Contacts Spring 2016, Lecture 4. Fall Quarter, 2011

Making of the Modern World 13 New Ideas and Cultural Contacts Spring 2016, Lecture 4. Fall Quarter, 2011 Making of the Modern World 13 New Ideas and Cultural Contacts Spring 2016, Lecture 4 Fall Quarter, 2011 Two things: the first is that you are the sultan of the universe and the ruler of the world, and

More information

The Islamic World and Africa. Chapter 9

The Islamic World and Africa. Chapter 9 The Islamic World and Africa Chapter 9 Rise of Islam Due to warfare between the Byzantine and Persian empires trade land routes were changed. Sea routes were now used, connecting India with Arabian Peninsula

More information

Divisions and Controversies in Islam and the Umayyad Dynasty. by Sasha Addison

Divisions and Controversies in Islam and the Umayyad Dynasty. by Sasha Addison Divisions and Controversies in Islam and the Umayyad Dynasty by Sasha Addison Death of Muhammad The prophet to the Muslim people was not immortal and so did die on June 8, 632 in Medina located in current

More information

World History I. Robert Taggart

World History I. Robert Taggart World History I Robert Taggart Table of Contents To the Student.............................................. v A Note About Dates........................................ vii Unit 1: The Earliest People

More information

11/22/15. Chapter 8, Part I

11/22/15. Chapter 8, Part I Chapter 8, Part I 224-651 1 3 rd century Iran Established by Ardashir Last pre-islamic heir to Persian Empire Successful maintenance of empire Money and military Hired Arab nomads to help protect borders

More information

Abu Bakr: Caliph: Caliphate: Sunni: Shiite: Sufis: Dhimmis: Umayyads: Abbasids: Terms, People, and Places

Abu Bakr: Caliph: Caliphate: Sunni: Shiite: Sufis: Dhimmis: Umayyads: Abbasids: Terms, People, and Places Abu Bakr: Caliph: Caliphate: Sunni: Shiite: Sufis: Dhimmis: Umayyads: Abbasids: Terms, People, and Places Lesson Objectives Explain how Muslims were able to conquer many lands. Identify the divisions that

More information

5/10/2018. The Islamic Civilization. A Study of the Faith / Empire / Culture. Mecca / Makkah. Isolated Peninsula. Southwestern = Fertile

5/10/2018. The Islamic Civilization. A Study of the Faith / Empire / Culture. Mecca / Makkah. Isolated Peninsula. Southwestern = Fertile The Islamic Civilization A Study of the Faith / Empire / Culture Mecca / Makkah 1 Isolated Peninsula Southwestern = Fertile Remainder = Arid Plains / Desert Agriculture along the coastal areas Bedouin

More information

Muslim Civilization Section 1

Muslim Civilization Section 1 Muslim Civilization Section 1 Muslim Civilization Section 1 Click the icon to play Listen to History audio. Click the icon below to connect to the Interactive Maps. Muslim Civilization Section 1 Main Idea

More information

UNIT 3 -CHAPTER 9: THE ISLAMIC WORLD AND AFRICA

UNIT 3 -CHAPTER 9: THE ISLAMIC WORLD AND AFRICA UNIT 3 -CHAPTER 9: THE ISLAMIC WORLD AND AFRICA INTRODUCTION In this chapter you will learn about developments in the Middle East and Africa during the post-classical era. ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS What are

More information

The World of Islam. Chapter 6

The World of Islam. Chapter 6 The World of Islam Chapter 6 STANDARD WHI.8a The student will demonstrate knowledge of Islamic civilization from about 600 to 1000 A.D. (C.E.) by a) describing the origin, beliefs, traditions, customs,

More information

Middle East Regional Review

Middle East Regional Review Middle East Regional Review Foundations-600 BCE Paleolithic (Old Stone Age)- to about 10,000 years ago Nomadic, Hunter-Gatherers Adapted to environment- use of fire, developed stone tools Summarize the

More information

Muhammad, Islam & Finance. Barry Maxwell

Muhammad, Islam & Finance. Barry Maxwell Muhammad, Islam & Finance Barry Maxwell Saudi Arabia & USA Pre-Islamic Arabian Peninsula Harsh terrain No rivers & lakes Mecca Water & food scarce No empires or large scale civilizations No normal law

More information

Muslim Empires Chapter 19

Muslim Empires Chapter 19 Muslim Empires 1450-1800 Chapter 19 AGE OF GUNPOWDER EMPIRES 1450 1800 CHANGED THE BALANCE OF POWER This term applies to a number of states, all of which rapidly expanded during the late 15th and over

More information

Let s review the three Gunpowder Empires of the Islamic World during the Early Modern Era ( )!

Let s review the three Gunpowder Empires of the Islamic World during the Early Modern Era ( )! Let s review the three Gunpowder Empires of the Islamic World during the Early Modern Era (1450-1750)! India 3 continents: SE Europe, N. Africa, SW Asia Persia (Iran today) Longest lastingexisted until

More information

The Origins of Islam. EQ: How could I compare and contrast the three major world religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam?

The Origins of Islam. EQ: How could I compare and contrast the three major world religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam? The Origins of Islam EQ: How could I compare and contrast the three major world religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam? Do you remember Sarah and Isaac? What about Hagar and Ishmael? Hagar and

More information

The Islamic Empire absorbed several cultures and dominated trade between Asia and the Mediterranean sea.

The Islamic Empire absorbed several cultures and dominated trade between Asia and the Mediterranean sea. HOW DID ISLAM EXPAND? After Muhammad s death, Islamic Empire expanded from Arabian Peninsula to the Atlantic Ocean in the West and to the Indian Ocean in the East A) The Expansion Of Islam (632-846) 632

More information

5/8/2015. The Islamic Civilization. A Study of the Faith / Empire / Culture. Isolated Peninsula. Southwestern = Fertile

5/8/2015. The Islamic Civilization. A Study of the Faith / Empire / Culture. Isolated Peninsula. Southwestern = Fertile The Islamic Civilization A Study of the Faith / Empire / Culture Mecca / Makkah 1 Isolated Peninsula Southwestern = Fertile Remainder = Arid Plains / Desert Agriculture along the coastal areas Bedouin

More information

The Islamic Empires Chapter 11

The Islamic Empires Chapter 11 The Islamic Empires Chapter 11 Islam arose in the Arabian peninsula in the early 600 s Mecca Medina- Jerusalem Caliph-successor to Muhammad Divisions grow -->who should rule after Muhammad's death Sunni

More information

4. What was the primary international trade route during the Classical period?

4. What was the primary international trade route during the Classical period? Name: Due Date: Unit III: The Postclassical Period, 500-1450: New Faith and New Commerce & Chapter 6 Reading Guide The First Global Civilization: The Rise of Spread of Islam THE WORLD MAP CHANGES 1. The

More information

The Umayyads and Abbasids

The Umayyads and Abbasids The Umayyads and Abbasids The Umayyad Caliphate was founded in 661 by Mu awiya the governor or the Syrian province during Ali s reign. Mu awiya contested Ali s right to rule, arguing that Ali was elected

More information

The Rise of. Chap. 13 Lesson 2

The Rise of. Chap. 13 Lesson 2 The Rise of Chap. 13 Lesson 2 OBJECTIVES Explore the development and spread of Islam. Evaluate how trade affected Muslim ideas. Identify Muslims achievements. Key Content Most people on the dry Arabian

More information

ISLAM THE FIRST TRANS- REGIONAL CIVILIZATION

ISLAM THE FIRST TRANS- REGIONAL CIVILIZATION ISLAM THE FIRST TRANS- REGIONAL CIVILIZATION CURRENT MUSLIM WORLD PRE-ISLAMIC ARABIA The Arabian peninsula Largely deserts with mountains, oases Fertile areas in the southern mountains around Yemen Nomadic

More information

MUSLIM WORLD. Honors World Civilizations, Chapter 10

MUSLIM WORLD. Honors World Civilizations, Chapter 10 MUSLIM WORLD Honors World Civilizations, Chapter 10 THIS CHAPTER OVERALL 3 sections: Rise of Islam Islam Expands Muslim Culture Your jobs: Take notes Participate Ask questions MUSLIM WORLD TODAY? Where

More information

Judaism. World Religions. Judaism continued. The Temple of Solomon. The Hebrew Bible ca B.C.E.

Judaism. World Religions. Judaism continued. The Temple of Solomon. The Hebrew Bible ca B.C.E. Judaism World Religions The Hebrews were a tribe of people from Mesopotamia They believed in one supreme, all-knowing creator, which is called monotheism As God s chosen people, the Hebrews were bound

More information

World History: Patterns of Interaction

World History: Patterns of Interaction Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500-1500 Byzantine, Russian, and Turkish cultures develop, while Christian and Islamic societies fight over religious issues and territory. Byzantines, Russians,

More information

Name. The Crusades. Aim #1: What were the Crusades?

Name. The Crusades. Aim #1: What were the Crusades? Name The Crusades Aim #1: What were the Crusades? The Crusades were a series of wars starting in 1095 CE that lasted into the end of the 13th century (1200s) in which European Christians tried to win control

More information

1 - Introduction to the Islamic Civilizations

1 - Introduction to the Islamic Civilizations 1 - Introduction to the Islamic Civilizations Aim: How are the Islamic Civilizations (1500-1800) similar? Do Now: How do empires increase their power? Questions Think Marks Summary How did Islam enable

More information

8.2 Muhammad and Islam

8.2 Muhammad and Islam 8.2 Muhammad and Islam LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1. Summarize the early life of Muhammad and the origins of Islam. 2. Analyze the differences and similarities among the three main monotheistic religions. 3.

More information

1. What is the difference between a market, command, and traditional economy?

1. What is the difference between a market, command, and traditional economy? Study Guide for 1 st Nine Weeks QPA 1. What is the difference between a market, command, and traditional economy? Traditional: People produce for themselves what they need to survive. They farm, hunt &

More information

Islam emerges on the scene

Islam emerges on the scene Graphic Organizer The prophet Muhammad gains followers as he shares the new religion. He becomes both a political and religious leader. Leaders who follow him were known as caliphs, and their kingdoms

More information