2. Which of the following luxury goods came to symbolize the Eurasian exchange system? a. Silk b. Porcelain c. Slaves d. Nutmeg

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1 1. Which of the following was a consequence of the exchange of diseases along the Silk Roads? a. Europeans developed some degree of immunity to Eurasian diseases. b. The Christian church in the Byzantine Empire weakened. c. Chinese officials sought to suppress long-distance trade. d. The population in the Americas was virtually wiped out. 2. Which of the following luxury goods came to symbolize the Eurasian exchange system? a. Silk b. Porcelain c. Slaves d. Nutmeg 3. How did Buddhism change as it spread along the Silk Roads? a. The gods of many peoples along the Silk Roads were incorporated as bodhisattvas. b. Buddhist doctrines became more esoteric as attention focused more on the psychological teachings of the original Buddha. c. Buddhist practices increasingly emphasized asceticism and withdrawal from society. d. The Buddha became more human and less divine. 4. Trade along the Silk Roads was facilitated by a. large and powerful states that provided security for merchants and travelers. b. the emergence of powerful states in Southeast Asia that controlled the trade. c. the collapse of the Indian Ocean trade network, which increased the importance of land routes. d. the emergence of the Swahili civilization, which provided most of the goods in demand. 5. The absence of which of the following made long-distance trade in the Americas difficult? a. Llamas b. Wheeled vehicles c. Rivers d. Organized governments 6. In which third-wave civilization did the state largely control trade, preventing a professional merchant class from emerging? a. Inca b. Mali c. Aztec d. China

2 7. Between 500 and 1500, the civilizations of Mesoamerica and the Andes a. had little to trade with each other because both regions had the same resources. b. ran similar regional economies controlled by the state. c. created the largest long-distance trade network in the Americas. d. seem to have had little direct contact with each other. 8. The states that emerged in West Africa between 500 and 1600 shared which of the following characteristics? a. An absence of urban or commercial centers b. A stateless system of government c. A reputation in the wider world for great riches d. A city-state system of government which stopped empires from forming 9. Which of the following states had the greatest control over economic exchange within its borders? a. The Aztec Empire b. China c. Byzantium d. The Inca Empire 10. Indian cultural influence in Southeast Asia a. began with the travels of the Buddha to this region toward the end of his life. b. was a matter of voluntary adoption and adaptation of Indian ideas by independent societies. c. resulted from the political conquest of the region by Emperor Ashoka. d. resulted in the region rejecting the influence of Islam. 11. The Silk Roads built upon earlier trading connections between Eurasian civilizations and a. Indian merchants. b. gathering and hunting societies. c. Bantu migrants. d. pastoral peoples. 12. How did the Silk Road trade affect peasants in China? a. Peasants focused more on producing luxury goods. b. Peasants only cultivated crops for subsistence. c. Peasants abandoned farming to go into commerce. d. Peasants converted to Buddhism in large numbers.

3 13. The spread of the Black Death from China to Europe in the fourteenth century occurred during an era of increased contact facilitated by a. Mongol rule. b. the spread of Islam. c. the spread of Buddhism. d. monsoon winds. 14. Which of the following technological innovations facilitated Indian Ocean commerce? a. Nyama b. Junks c. Quipus d. Pochteca 15. Which of the following is an example of the Indianization of Southeast Asia? a. The use of Arabic script to write the Swahili language b. The adoption of Islam as the state religion in Champa c. The architectural expression of Hinduism at Angkor Wat d. A bronze African lion with Indian designs 16. The political structure of Swahili civilization was similar to the a. large empires of ancient Rome and China. b. stateless cities of the Niger River Valley. c. complex societies of the Eastern Woodlands in North America. d. competitive and independent city-states of ancient Greece. 17. Which of the following characterizes the networks of exchange in the Americas? a. The Incas controlled all long-distance trade, resulting in the spread of their culture from South to North America. b. Networks were local, with the most active links within rather than between regions. c. Networks crisscrossed many cultures, creating a distinctive hybrid culture that encompassed virtually all of the Americas. d. The isthmus at Panama operated as the center for trade between North and South America. 18. Which statement characterizes the networks and webs of exchange that connected different parts of the world from 500 to 1500? a. Trade operated as means of establishing diplomatic relations between sovereign states. b. Regional trade organizations formed to establish monopolies on goods most in demand. c. Interaction among the major civilizations operated on a relatively equal basis. d. Competition for control of trade routes sparked numerous wars.

4 19. The Sand Roads linked North Africa and the Mediterranean world to the land and peoples of a. Borobudur. b. Great Zimbabwe. c. the Swahili civilization. d. interior West Africa. 20. Ships sailing along the trade routes shown in Map 7.2 in the textbook were dependent on a. slaves. b. oil. c. hinterlands. d. monsoons. 21. In which regions of the Afro-Eurasian trade network did religions from other areas arrive and have a profound impact between 500 and 1500 C.E.? 22. How did the Silk Roads, Sea Roads and Sand Roads evolve from earlier patterns of exchange?

5 23. How did international commerce affect the lives of women? 24. What was the relationship between the state and merchants in long-distance trade? 25. What positive and negative effects did long-distance trade bring? 26. The account of the Chinese monk Xuanzang's visit to India describes monks studying Mahayana teachings and the doctrines of the eighteen schools, as well as worldly books such as the Vedas. What does this suggest about Buddhism in India? a. Buddhist doctrine strictly adhered to the philosophy of the original Buddha. b. Buddhism had been replaced by Hinduism. c. Buddhism had absorbed many elements from Christianity. d. Buddhism was characterized by a strong scholarly tradition.

6 27. What does the Chinese monk Xuanzang describe in detail in his account of India? a. The caste system b. The goods available for sale c. The guild system d. The cuisine 28. Marco Polo's description of the city of Hangzhou, which he referred to as Kinsay, highlights the role of the city as an important center for a. trade. b. art. c. Confucianism. d. Christianity. 29. Which statement expresses Ibn Battuta's criticism of the people he encountered? a. their habit of wearing clean white garments on Fridays. b. their women show no bashfulness before men and do not veil themselves. c. their zeal for learning the Koran by heart. d. these people are punctilious in observing the hours of prayer. 30. In what way were Ibn Battuta's travel experiences different from those of Marco Polo? a. Ibn Battuta traveled with royal entourages while Marco Polo traveled with traders' caravans. b. c. Ibn Battuta encountered people who shared his faith and often spoke his language while Marco Polo encountered people with whom he had nothing in common. Marco Polo traveled within the realm of Christianity while Ibn Battuta traveled beyond the borders of Islam. d. Marco Polo traveled mostly within Africa while Ibn Battuta traveled only within Asia. 31. The eighth-century painting depicting an encounter between silk merchants and bandits on the Silk Road reflects the influence of a. Christianity. b. Buddhism. c. Islam. d. Hinduism. 32. The sixth-century painting of a Silk Road caravan shows that one of the services offered by caravanserai was a. shelter and food for animals in the caravan. b. access to credit and loans. c. places of worship for Muslim merchants. d. instruction in silk production.

7 33. In the tenth-century Chinese painting of a monk, which detail in the painting is a symbolic reference to the Buddha? a. The wheel b. The footprints c. The tiger d. The tree 34. The fourth-century Kushan pendant reflects the influence of a. Hinduism, Buddhism, and Greek mythology. b. Islam, Christianity, and Hellenistic culture. c. Manichaeism, Judaism, and Chinese culture. d. Zoroastrianism, Daoism, and Greek rationalism. 35. The sixteenth-century painting of Turkish dervishes performing the whirling dance highlights the blending of which two religious traditions? a. Manichaeism and Zoroastrianism b. Christianity and Islam c. Sufi Islam and shamanism d. Buddhism and Hinduism

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