Enlightenment Scavenger Hunt (Introduction to the Historic Documents Unit) Mods: Clue # Question Answer/Notes: What does enlighten mean?

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1 Enlightenment Scavenger Hunt Name: (Introduction to the Historic Documents Unit) Clue # Question Answer/Notes: Mods: 1 See p. 384 in Merriam Webster s Collegiate Dictionary located in 2 places in the room: on top of the filing cabinets and on top of the shelf by the door. What does enlighten mean? 2 What is the Enlightenment? What was its purpose? The Enlightenment was a of the centuries in which ideas of God, reason, nature, and humanity were combined together into a world-view that gained wide popularity and acceptance in the West (all across Europe and the 13 colonies and other places in the world as well). It instigated revolutionary developments in art, philosophy, and politics. The purpose of the Enlightenment was to using, to challenge ideas grounded in and, and to advance knowledge through the. It promoted scientific thought, skepticism, and intellectual interchange. The Enlightenment was a

2 3 What were the ideals (basic principles) of the Enlightenment? 4 Who was Thomas Hobbes? What did he believe about human nature/human society? What Enlightenment idea did he promote? What age old belief did he challenge? 5 What was the Divine Right of Kings? 1) is the means and end of Enlightenment 2) The importance of (Freedom means to be able to think rationally for yourself... Reason will lead us to truth.) 3) Enlightenment is. (All hum ans are by nature.) 4) (Human history is the story of progress in the human condition.) 5) Secularism ( & should be separated.) 6) The centrality of economics to politics (A society s depends on how its is structured.) 7) The ideal of (People are capable of ruling themselves.) Thomas Hobbes was an. He believed that humans were out for & that society was naturally. Therefore, he advocated as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings. (Sovereignty is having complete over something... So the - or authority - over the.) This belief directly challenged the philosophy. Divine Right of Kings was the belief that

3 6 What does consent of the governed mean? Who developed the idea? What document included this idea as one its foundations? 7 Who believed in the idea of representative government? What other governmental principle did he advocate? Which document put these ideas into practice? 8 Who was Jean- Jacques Rousseau? What were his beliefs? What phrase did he coin? Consent of the governed means that., who was an English author that believed that the scientific method could be used to unlock the mysteries of human behavior, developed this idea. Consent of the governed became one of the foundations of the., a French author, believed in. (A representative government is one in which representatives are elected from a large group to serve in government and act on behalf of the people.) Montesquieu also argued that governments should operate in : one to make laws, one to carry them out, and one to interpret them. (We call this the separation of powers between the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government.) The puts these ideas into practice. Jean-Jacques Rousseau was who disagreed with the. He (unlike Hobbes) believed that ; therefore,, not God, gave. That meant if necessary. Rousseau coined the phrase.

4 9 What is social contract? How does it apply to us? What are natural rights, according to Locke? 10 To what did Enlightenment ideas lead? So why do we have to know about Enlightenment ideas? What are our unalienable rights In what document are they defined? Social contract is. It basically means that a government can only govern. The people will only give the government the power to govern them IF If the government does NOT protect the people s rights, Locke referred to the people s rights as natural rights : the right to As learned back with clue #2, the Enlightenment... Instigated in art, philosophy, and politics. The Enlightenment was a And the word revolution can be taken literally, too. Ultimately, the belief Enlightenment ideas led our forefathers to demand better treatment from the King of England. Of course, we know how the story goes: he ignored their requests, over and over again. So, is what he got! Jefferson adapted Locke s idea of natural rights calling them our unalienable rights and stating them as, which are written in our The Declaration says unalienable rights have been by their Creator, and for which

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