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2 7. O u t c o m e s 1. Religion becomes playing card for War A. Real Catholics - Iberia, Italian City States B. Protestants United - England, Dutch, N Europe C. Team Divided - France, Holy Roman Empire 2. Economic Impact - $$ played into faith changes. i.e. German princes to cease Catholic assets. 3. Ideas spreading - More non-religious universities established fueling new thoughts. 4. Culture - Faith and lifestyles questions & changes. Shakespeare in Love 31min left to end.

3 Paris is worth a Mass. Beloved mostly after his death, Henry is seen as restoring the beauty of Paris. France in the late 1500s shows us the heart of the political problems of the Reformation. Henry of Navarre grows up Protestant w/ a French Catholic majority. Becoming the heir to throne, Good King Henry becomes the center of the Protestant/Catholic dispute. He becomes Catholic, then leaves his Catholic wife and Paris renouncing the faith. He must fight for his crown for years against Catholics allied with the Spanish, with the help of England s Elizabeth I. Successful he find himself outside of Paris, the last Catholic stronghold, realizing the city will be destroyed in battle. Famously, some say he says, Paris is worth a Mass. He converts back to avoid bloodshed upsetting Protestants like Elizabeth I, but is never accepted by Catholics and is assassinated after 12 failed attempts in 1610 by a Catholic. Can t make this stuff up!!!

4 8. Political Revolution I am the state and the state is me. I am the source of the light of this nation. It is legal because I wish it. French King Louis XIV

5 Parliament Controls Parliamentary Monarchies Netherlands & England (Glorious Rev) UNelected landowners & growing merchant class - adding to aristocracy - Monarch MUST work with Absolute Monarchies France, Russia, HRE Absolute power of the king. Monarch absolute! KING - Louis XIV of France I am the State. Bowing to bowel movements

6 9. Politics impacts other areas Parliament Controls POWER AND CULTURE The Nation-State - binding states by common culture - language & customs & religion. Binds, but these people have growing expectations of rights! MARKETS Mercantilism - Think State Monopolies - No foreign trade Local and colony trade ONLY - BIG DEAL!!!! Pushes colonization abroad! Video - Man in the Iron Mask 6:20.. KING - Louis XIV of France I am the State.

7 Copernicus Church v. Science Copernicus of Poland exemplifies the Church v. Science battle that will brew for hundreds of years. Simply, Copernicus said the sun was at the universe s center, not the prevailing earthcentered belief championed by the Church. Ironically, Copernicus devoted his work to the Church and the Pope. It is believed he died with the book he published about the sun s centering for the Pope in his hands, but the Church would dispute his findings for 300 years. Sometimes the right beliefs are not the most popular beliefs. See Skill 1

8 10. Scientific Rev & Enlightenment -Man can understand & learn & reason -Conflict - Church Teachings v. New Science Ideas, most already known by Arabs, Indians, and Chinese, but added Big Picture application Reason defines, not Church Planetary Motion around Sun Scientific Method - Bacon Laws of Motion and Gravity - Principia Movement of blood & muscles - Harvey Fertilizers and crop yields

9 Birth of Social Sciences - Soc, Poly Sci. Econ Toleration of all Christian religions Constitutions including rights for all men The Social Contract On Women Wollstonecraft will push adding WO to men in these rights! Competition advances market growth -Anti-Mercantilism! Late 1700s Adam Smith

10 11. More Cultural Changes 1. Literacy Changes - Desire & access to learn to read. 2. Pop. & Urbanization - science crop yields = fewer needed on farms 3. Marriage & Family - Parents live longer Young only inherit land upon death of father later marriages in 20s, frustration, pushed to cities or New World. 4. Proletariat Problems- growing class w/ some $, some ed., but LITTLE to NO POWER Fear among old (aristocracy) frustration among new (proletariat)

11 12. Age of Exploration 3. Columbus 5. Cortez Aztecs 7. Pizzaro Incas 1. Prince Henry 4. da Gama to India 2.Diaz - Gires discovery 6. Magellan

12 A. Toward a World Economy The Columbian Exchange To North America -Disease % -African Slaves to replace labor force -Cattle and Horses -Christianity To Europe -1st...Gold & Silver! -2nd -Corn and Potatoes Helps European Famine & creates pop. explosion! -3rd -Sugar & Tobacco

13 B. Players in Europe-New World Exploration #1 - Iberian Exploration Portuguese - Africa & Brazil Spain - Caribbean, Mexico, C America Treaty of Tordesillas - Pope divides Americas bt the 2 powers - W and E Goals - Plunder 1st, Colonize for God 2nd Late 1500s - Decline of both - Lacked strong banks many, many wars!! Spanish Armada defeated by British 1588

14 C. Players in Europe-New World Exploration $5,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 The Dutch decide to work together to build projects, buying shares, then dividing profits $1,000 $1,000 We put in $$, we share in the profits of the windmill s production

15 C. Players in Europe-New World Exploration $5,000 $1,000 $1,000 If you were a European who owned a ship trading in the Indies, what problems are there? $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 1/5 of a share in 5 ships Spread your risk Shares are cheaper

16 C. Players in Europe-New World Exploration #2 - British & Dutch & French Market Rise Key - Monarchs turn merchant success to private businesses or privateering!! India Companies developed! smaller investments w/ returns. 1/10 of 10 ships v. own 1 ship! capitalism develops by state funded monopoly trading! monopolies created by state blessed private armies! WHY? $$$$$$$$$$$$

17 1750 CE European Colonies

18 13. Big Picture - GROWTH Growing populations & taxes! - support wars and growing monarchies. Growing markets! Monopolistic principles. Monarchs desire only to trade in our network. Capitalism begins Growing frustrations! - Not enough opportunities. High taxes push growing numbers abroad. Huge Intellectual Growth! Learning and education on the rise will lead to more innovations

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