The Enlightenment and Scientific Revolution

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1 The Enlightenment and Scientific Revolution The Scientific Revolution CHART #1: EVOLUTION OF ASTRONOMY YEARS THEORY RELIGIOUS IMPACT PTOLEMY COPERNICUS BRAHE KEPLER GALILEO Chart #2: Breakthroughs in Medicine Galen Years Theory Religious Impact Vesalius Paracelsus Harvey Chart #3: The 2 Scientific Methods Bacon Descartes

2 Inductive Reasoning (define): Deductive Reasoning (define): Similarities Differences Religious Impact Chart #4: Newton explain his major contributions: Laws of Universal Gravitation Laws of Motion Religious Beliefs

3 The Enlightenment and Scientific Revolution Study Guide #2 Hunt Chapter 17 pages Define Enlightenment: The Birth of the Enlightenment Chart #5: The New Skepticism Definition of The New Skepticism How did it undermine Religious Authority? How did it undermine State Authority? Chart #6: Explain the Theories and Impact of each of the Following: Fontenelle On Religion On Politics On Science Bayle Voltaire Montesquieu The Enlightenment and Scientific Revolution

4 Define philosophes: Study Guide #3 Hunt Chapter 18 pages The Enlightenment at Its Height Chart #7: General Information on the Enlightenment 1. 5 Major Beliefs Shared by Most Philosophes 1. 6 Major Ways Their Ideas Were Spread What role did women have in the Enlightenment? Chart #8: Atheism v Deism: Define both and explain their roles in the Enlightenment Atheism Deism

5 Chart #9: A Few of the Philosophes: Explain their beliefs in terms of the following. Political Religious Social Natives Voltaire X Diderot X X X Hume X X Raynal X X X Montesquieu X X X Chart #10: Adam Smith: explain Smith s Economic philosophies on each of the following. Nature of Man Labor Government Role International Trade Chart # 11: Jean Jacques Rousseau: explain Rousseau s philosophies on each of the following:

6 Nature of Man Society Education Politics (Social Contract) Romanticism Chart #12: Limits of the Enlightenment: Explain how each of the following impeded the spread of the Enlightenment. Thinkers/Beliefs Church Governments Explain 3 different ways in which the ideas of the Enlightenment were able to spread.

7 Chart #13: The German Thinkers: Explain their theories Lessing Kant Chart #14: Describe the following movements of the Enlightenment and their respective impacts on Europe. Description Impact Romanticism The Great Awakening Jewish Revivalism Methodism

8 The Enlightenment and Scientific Revolution Study Guide #4 Hunt Chapter 18 pages Society and Culture in an Age of Enlightenment Chart # 15: Role of the Nobles Privileges Kept Role in the Enlightenment France England Prussia Russia Austria Chart #16: The Middle Classes: Describe the following Middle Class societies and what role they each played in the Enlightenment. The Masonic Lodges Role in the Enlightenment Academies and Societies Grand Tours Chart #17: The Arts: Describe how each of the following styles reflected and impacted the Enlightenment.

9 Description Impact on Enlightenment Neoclassicism Rococo Musical Performances Classical Music Literature

10 CHART #18: Peasants How did each of the following countries governments try to help the increasing numbers of poor. England Germany France

11 The Enlightenment and Scientific Revolution Study Guide #5 Hunt Chapter 18 pages DEFINE: Enlightened Despot: State Power in an Era of Reform CHART #18: Complete the Chart to Describe the Major Wars of the 18 th Century The Players (Countries) The Reasons The Results War of Austrian Succession Seven Years War First Partition of Poland

12 CHART #19: State Sponsored Reform Describe the following Despots policies. Administrative and Legal Reform Religious Reform Educational Reform Frederick II Joseph II Catherine the Great CHART #20: Feudalism: Describe the impact each of the following Enlightened Despots had on Feudalism. Catherine the Great [Russia] Joseph II [Austria] Leopold II [Austria] Frederick the Great [Prussia]

13 CHART #21: The Pugachev Rebellion DEFINE: Cossacks: CAUSES EVENTS RESULTS CHART #22: Public Opinion Explain how public opinion impacted each of the following, and how they ultimately impacted Government. Gustavus II Wilkes Affaire Gordon Riots The Marriage of Figaro CHART #23: Identify how the Enlightenment impacted each of the following aspects of the American Revolution.

14 Declaration of Independence Boston Tea Party 1 st Continental Congress 2 nd Continental Congress Foreign Aid US Constitution Bill of Rights

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