Name: Period: 10 points Scientific Revolution / Enlightenment Study Guide

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1 1. Define Scientific Revolution. Name: Period: 10 points Scientific Revolution / Enlightenment Study Guide 2. Name the scientist who incorporated scientific thought with philosophy and helped develop the scientific method? 3. Name the scientist who came up with the heliocentric theory. 4. Name the scientist who invented analytic geometry and the phrase I think therefore I am. 5. Name the scientist who published the theory of gravity and developed calculus. 6. Name the scientist who proved that planets move around the sun and that the planets moved in oval paths called ellipses. 7. Name the scientist who created astronomical observatory, precise instruments, and extensive research date on mars. 8. Name the scientist who was forced to recant by the Catholic Church for his beliefs. 9. What was the view of the world immediately prior to the start of the Scientific Revolution? 10. Define Empiricism. 11. List the true statements regarding the Scientific Revolution. 12. According to Locke, what is the foundation of government? 13. Thomas Jefferson based much of the Declaration of Independence on the ideas of which enlightenment thinker? 14. According to Thomas Hobbes, what is the best form of government? 15. Who was the enlightenment thinker that criticized absolute monarchs and favored the idea of self-government? 16.List the ways that Enlightenment ideas spread. 17. List the effects of the Enlightenment. 18. List the correct sequence of steps used in the scientific process. 19. Why did the Declaration of Independence embodied Enlightenment ideals? 20. Define the Enlightenment. 21. Name the philosopher who believed that all people are born free and equal, with the rights to life, liberty, and property. 22. Who was the encyclopedia written by? 23. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? 24. The Bill of Rights are the first ten amendments of the Constitution. 25. Define a republic 26. Define federal system. 27. Why did the Scientific Revolution influenced the American Revolution? 28. Overall, what was the greatest impact of the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment in Europe? a. believed in no cruel and unusual punishment b. believed in free speech c. believed in separation of powers between branches of government d. believed that reason could not explain everything, a person must have fait too e. believed that humans are good and the right to rule rests with the people ab. believed in equal education for men and women because both can contribute to society 29. Kant 30. Wollstonecraft 31. Beccaria 32. Voltaire 33. Montesquieu 34. Rousseau

2 Topic/Objective: Students will be able to 1. analyze event that led Enlightenment scientists and thinkers to question old ideas and to revolutionize art, religion, government, and society Name: Class / Period: Date: Essential Question: If I have seen farther than others, said Newton, it is because I have stood on the shoulders of Giants. Could this be said of most scientific accomplishments? Explain. Questions: The Scientific Revolution (6.1)

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6 Topic/Objective: Students will be able to 1. analyze event that led Enlightenment scientists and thinkers to question old ideas and to revolutionize art, religion, government, and society Name: Class / Period: Date: Essential Question: Explain how the following statement reflects Enlightenment ideas: Power should be a check to power Questions: The Enlightenment in Europe (6.2)

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10 Topic/Objective: Students will be able to 1. analyze event that led Enlightenment scientists and thinkers to question old ideas and to revolutionize art, religion, government, and society Name: Class / Period: Date: Essential Question: Which artistic Enlightenment development was most influential? Justify your answer. Questions: The Enlightenment Spreads (6.3)

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14 Topic/Objective: Students will be able to 1. analyze event that led Enlightenment scientists and thinkers to question old ideas and to revolutionize art, religion, government, and society Name: Class / Period: Date: Essential Question: Do you think the American Revolution would have happened if there had not been an Age of Enlightenment? Justify your answer. Questions: The American Revolution (6.4)

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18 Old Science New Science Causes of the Scientific Revolution

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