Colonial America and the Enlightenment I. a. i.copernicus (1543), Galileo (1632) 1. Pushed the theory, challenged long held belief 2.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Colonial America and the Enlightenment I. a. i.copernicus (1543), Galileo (1632) 1. Pushed the theory, challenged long held belief 2."

Transcription

1 Colonial America and the Enlightenment I. a. i.copernicus (1543), Galileo (1632) 1. Pushed the theory, challenged long held belief 2. Challenged the church ii.isaac Newton (1687) 1. Used Francis Bacon s to help conclude the Laws of Physics 2. Got people to consider the heliocentric theory as a real possibility (through his writings about and ) a. Suggested that i. A God had created the universe and that it operated according to law. b. Logical Questions i. Wouldn t God have formulated laws governing as well? ii. If humans can use their to discover the mathematical laws governing the physical universe, why not the laws governing their own affairs? II. Old World Philosophers and Ideas a. i. Free people, remember this maxim: we may acquire liberty, but it is never recovered if it is once lost. ii.social contract--the agreement between and that says that people need to give up their absolute right to do. When you break this contract, the government can take away some. When the government breaks it, the leader can be impeached, or, in extreme cases, revolutions can be started. 1

2 III. 1. No laws are binding unless agreed upon by the people 2. No laws can restrain the people unless they agree to it b. i. The end of law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom. For in all the states of created beings capable of law, where there is no law, there is no freedom. ii. All mankind... being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions. 1. Men are born into the natural rights of,, and. 2. The Monarchy, or other government, got its power from the of the people. 3. The people give up certain of their rights in return for, and the ruler should hold his power only so long as he uses it. b. i. Any community that gets its laughs by pretending to be idiots will eventually be flooded by actual idiots who mistakenly believed that they re in good company. ii. One work suggested that God had made the earth and man much like a. It had all the things it needed in order to run perfectly on its own. He did not think it likely that God was checking in with humanity (Typology) c. i. The world embarrasses me, and I cannot dream that this watch exists and has no watchmaker. ii. What is tolerance? It is the consequence of humanity. We are all formed of frailty and error; let us pardon reciprocally each other's folly - that is the first law of nature. iii. Voltaire advocated for and thought that rationality was best. Key Concepts of the Colonial Era a. 2

3 i.often new scientists and philosophers were called 1. God created the universe but in its workings 2. The world operates according to God s, and through the use of reason we can those rules 3. Thought that it was that God would reveal himself only at particular times to. So less stock was placed in revealed religion 4. Thought that it was much more to believe that God had made it possible for all people at all times to discover natural laws through their Godgiven power of 5. Thought that every individual could be through b. Enlightenment i.a shift away from and religion as an for everything and a for actions. ii. Time should be spent seeking knowledge and learning about the and in it. iii.during the Age of Reason it was more acceptable to and long held beliefs of the past iv.this is where the idea of people pursue and is born. v., and became the new gods. For the previous seventeen hundred years the perfection of man was only to be obtained through grace vi.people arrive at truth by using reason rather than by relying on the of the past,, or on non-rational mental processes like 3

4 vii., rather than supernatural grace viewed as basis for the viii.this reliance on as a catalyst for encouraged the belief that each individual had the power to control ix.in order to reach perfection- - through and the use of logic. x.in order for people to they need to be from the constraints of rules like the ones that the government or religion would place on them. c. i.instead of human beings being considered bad -- The Enlightenment advocated ii.believed that the best form of worship was to do for others iii.since God wants people to be they worship God by helping other people. iv.if people used logic and reason in making choices, they v.humanitarianism took two faces 1. -which was not advocating equal rights for women, but did want to help stop the suffering of children, the poor and slaves (in Europe). 2. sought to educate and promoted independent thought 4

5 Colonial America and the Enlightenment Big Questions: 1. Which Old World Scholar was most influential to the American Revolution? 2. What is the most important key concept of the Enlightenment? IV. Old World Changes a. Scientific Revolution i.copernicus (1543), Galileo (1632) 1. Pushed the heliocentric theory, challenged long held geocentric belief 2. Challenged the church ii.isaac Newton (1687) 3. Used Francis Bacon s Scientific Method to help conclude the Laws of Physics 4. Got people to consider the heliocentric theory as a real possibility (through his writings about gravity and inertia) a. Suggested that i. A rational God had created the universe and that operated according to mathematical law. b. Logical Questions i. Wouldn t God have formulated laws governing human affairs as well? ii. If humans can use their reason to discover the mathematical laws governing the physical universe, why not the laws governing their own affairs? V. Old World Philosophers and Ideas d. Jean-Jacques Rousseau vi. Free people, remember this maxim: we may acquire liberty, but it is never recovered if it is once lost. vii.write a book called The Social Contract 5

6 ii.social contract--the agreement between people and government that says that people need to give up their absolute right to do whatever they want. When you break this contract, the government can take away some natural rights. When the government breaks it, the leader can be impeached, or, in extreme cases, revolutions can be started. 1. No laws are binding unless agreed upon by the people 2. No laws can restrain the people unless they agree to it e. John Locke viii. The end of law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom. For in all the states of created beings capable of law, where there is no law, there is no freedom. ix. All mankind... being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions. 3. Men are born into the rights of liberty, life, and property. 4. The Monarchy, or other government, got its power from the permission of the people. 5. This permission is a contract between the people and the government. 6. The people give up certain of their rights in return for just rule, and the ruler should hold his power only so long as he uses it justly. f. Voltaire x.the world embarrasses me, and I cannot dream that this watch exists and has no watchmaker. xi. What is tolerance? It is the consequence of humanity. We are all formed of frailty and error; let us pardon reciprocally each other's folly - that is the first law of nature. 6

7 VI. xii.voltaire advocated for human rights and was against organized religions. He thought that rationality using your mind was best. g. Rene Descartes-- Any community that gets its laughs by pretending to be idiots will eventually be flooded by actual idiots who mistakenly believed that they re in good company. xiii.developed the Scientific Method of Inquiry xiv.one work suggested that God had made the earth and man much like a clock. It had all the things it needed in order to run perfectly on its own. He did not think it likely that God was constantly checking in with humanity (Typology) Key Concepts of the Colonial Era h. Deism xv.often new scientists and philosophers were called Deists 7. God created the universe but does not interfere in its workings 8. The world operates according to God s rule, and through the use of reason we can discover those rules xvi.thought that it was unlikely that God would reveal himself only at particular times to particular people xvii.thought that it was much more reasonable to believe that God had made it possible for all people at all times to discover natural laws through their Godgiven power of reason xviii.thought that every individual could be perfected through reason xix.people arrive at truth by using reason rather than by relying on the authority of the past, on religion, or on non-rational mental processes like intuition xx.human sympathy, rather than supernatural grace viewed as basis for the moral life 7

8 xxi.this reliance on human sympathy as a catalyst for moral choice encouraged the belief that each individual had the power to control his or her spiritual destiny i. Enlightenment xxii.a shift away from superstition and religion as an explanation for everything and a motivator for actions. xxiii.the time period advocated seeking knowledge and learning about the universe and man s place in it. xxiv.during the Age of Reason it was more acceptable to challenge the traditions and long held beliefs of the past no one would come and try to kill you for standing against God. xxv.this is where the idea of people pursue individual happiness and liberty is born. xxvi. Reason, rationality and enlightenment became the new gods. For the previous seventeen hundred years the perfection of man was only to be obtained through grace after death xxvii.in order to reach perfection-utopia- through education and the use of logic. xxviii.in order for people to do good and be happy, they need to be free from the constraints of needless rules like the ones that the government or religion would place on them. xxix.because of this desire for logical freedom, the Enlightenment in Europe stood against organized religion as well as the monarchy. xxx.many people put less stock in revealed religion j. Humanitarianism xxxi.instead of human beings being considered bad Total Depravity--The Enlightenment advocated Humanitarianism xxxii.believed that the best form of worship was to do good for others xxxiii.since God wants people to be happy they worship God best by helping other people. xxxiv.if people used logic and reason in making choices, they were naturally good. xxxv.the average human being would actively work to make others happy. People were more interested in the progress of ordinary individuals and relating to their fellow beings through emotions and experiences they shared as colonists xxxvi.humanitarianism took two faces 9. Religious humanitarianism-which was not advocating equal rights for women, but did want to help stop the suffering of children, the poor and slaves (in Europe). 8

9 10. Secular humanitarianism sought to educate and promoted independent thought 9

NAME DATE CLASS. The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment Lesson 1 The Scientific Revolution. Moscow

NAME DATE CLASS. The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment Lesson 1 The Scientific Revolution. Moscow Lesson 1 The Scientific Revolution ESSENTIAL QUESTION How do new ideas change the way people live? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. How were the scientific ideas of early thinkers passed on to later generations? 2.

More information

CH 15: Cultural Transformations: Religion & Science, Enlightenment

CH 15: Cultural Transformations: Religion & Science, Enlightenment CH 15: Cultural Transformations: Religion & Science, 1450-1750 Enlightenment What was the social, cultural, & political, impact of the Scientific Revolution & Enlightenment? The Scientific Revolution was

More information

APEH ch 14.notebook October 23, 2012

APEH ch 14.notebook October 23, 2012 Chapter 14 Scientific Revolution During the 16th and 17th centuries, a few European thinkers questioned classical and medieval beliefs about nature, and developed a scientific method based on reason and

More information

You Will Be Able to Answer These Questions at the End of Class

You Will Be Able to Answer These Questions at the End of Class You Will Be Able to Answer These Questions at the End of Class FOCUS QUESTIONS 1. What was the Enlightenment? 2. How did the Enlightenment contribute to new theories regarding society and government? Focus

More information

Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment. Mrs. Brahe World History II

Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment. Mrs. Brahe World History II Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment Mrs. Brahe World History II Objectives Describe how the Scientific Revolution gave Europeans a new way to view humankind's place in the universe Discuss how

More information

The Age of Enlightenment

The Age of Enlightenment The Age of Enlightenment Path to the Enlightenment 18th century philosophical movement by those greatly impressed with the scientific revolution Use systematic logic and reason to solve the problems of

More information

APEH Chapter 6.notebook October 19, 2015

APEH Chapter 6.notebook October 19, 2015 Chapter 6 Scientific Revolution During the 16th and 17th centuries, a few European thinkers questioned classical and medieval beliefs about nature, and developed a scientific method based on reason and

More information

Thomas Hobbes ( )

Thomas Hobbes ( ) Student Handout 3.1 University of Oxford, England. Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) Hobbes was born in England. He did much traveling through France and Italy. During his travels, he met the astronomer Galileo

More information

2/8/ A New Way of Thinking: The Birth of Modern Science. Scientific Revolution

2/8/ A New Way of Thinking: The Birth of Modern Science. Scientific Revolution Robert W. Strayer Ways of the World: A Brief Global History First Edition CHAPTER XVI Religion and Science 1450 1750 Scientific Revolution A New Way of Thinking: The Birth of Modern Science The Scientific

More information

Mini-Unit #2. Enlightenment

Mini-Unit #2. Enlightenment 1 Mini-Unit #2 Enlightenment (new ideas) Assessment: Determine which 2 Enlightenment thinkers had the most impact on the rights of people. Defend your choices with specific evidence from the background

More information

The Age of Enlightenment: Philosophes

The Age of Enlightenment: Philosophes Era of Revolutions The Age of Enlightenment: Philosophes The Characteristics of the Enlightenment 1. Rationalism reason is the arbiter of all things. 2. Cosmology a new concept of man, his existence on

More information

Chapter 17 - Toward a New World View

Chapter 17 - Toward a New World View Chapter 17 - Toward a New World View Name I. Major Breakthroughs of the Scientific Revolution a. Scientific Thought in 1500 What was natural philosophy? Explain the "Aristotelian" view of the universe

More information

Understanding the Enlightenment Reading & Questions

Understanding the Enlightenment Reading & Questions Understanding the Enlightenment Reading & Questions The word Enlightenment refers to a change in outlook among many educated Europeans that began during the 1600s. The new outlook put great trust in reason

More information

Honors World History Midterm Review

Honors World History Midterm Review Name Period Date Honors World History Midterm Review Your midterm will be given in two sections: DBQ (there will be 3 short documents and 1 essential question to answer) and multiple choice (45 items total,

More information

Ideas of the Enlightenment

Ideas of the Enlightenment Ideas of the Enlightenment Freedom from oppression & Absolutism Freedom from slavery & needless Warfare Attacked medieval & feudal society Suspicious of superstition & church Supported free speech & religion

More information

POLI 342: MODERN WESTERN POLITICAL THOUGHT

POLI 342: MODERN WESTERN POLITICAL THOUGHT POLI 342: MODERN WESTERN POLITICAL THOUGHT THE POLITICS OF ENLIGHTENMENT (1685-1815) Lecturers: Dr. E. Aggrey-Darkoh, Department of Political Science Contact Information: eaggrey-darkoh@ug.edu.gh College

More information

The Enlightenment in Europe

The Enlightenment in Europe Name Date CHAPTER 22 Section 2 RETEACHING ACTIVITY The Enlightenment in Europe Multiple Choice Choose the best answer for each item. Write the letter of your answer in the blank. 1. The new intellectual

More information

THE AGE OF REASON PART II: THE ENLIGHTENMENT

THE AGE OF REASON PART II: THE ENLIGHTENMENT THE AGE OF REASON PART II: THE ENLIGHTENMENT 1700-1789 I BACKGROUND: 1. Refers to an intellectual movement, which stood for rationalist, liberal, humanitarian, and scientific trends of thought. The erosion

More information

Galileo Galilei Sir Isaac Newton Laws of Gravity & Motion UNLOCKE YOUR MIND

Galileo Galilei Sir Isaac Newton Laws of Gravity & Motion UNLOCKE YOUR MIND UNLOCKE YOUR MIND THE ENLIGHTENMENT IN EUROPE 1650-1800 THE ENLIGHTENMENT IN EUROPE Enlightenment: intellectual movement Philosophes: Intellectual Thinkers Inspired by the Scientific Revolution: Apply

More information

The Enlightenment. Main Ideas. Key Terms

The Enlightenment. Main Ideas. Key Terms The Enlightenment Main Ideas Eighteenth-century intellectuals used the ideas of the Scientific Revolution to reexamine all aspects of life. People gathered in salons to discuss the ideas of the philosophes.

More information

The Age of Enlightenment (or simply the Enlightenment or Age of Reason) was a cultural movement of intellectuals in 18th century Europe, that sought

The Age of Enlightenment (or simply the Enlightenment or Age of Reason) was a cultural movement of intellectuals in 18th century Europe, that sought The Age of Enlightenment (or simply the Enlightenment or Age of Reason) was a cultural movement of intellectuals in 18th century Europe, that sought to mobilize the power of reason in order to reform society

More information

Answer the following in your notebook:

Answer the following in your notebook: Answer the following in your notebook: Explain to what extent you agree with the following: 1. At heart people are generally rational and make well considered decisions. 2. The universe is governed by

More information

The Age of Enlightenment

The Age of Enlightenment The Age of Enlightenment By History.com, adapted by Newsela staff on 10.13.17 Word Count 927 Level 1040L A public lecture about a model solar system, with a lamp in place of the sun illuminating the faces

More information

French Absolutism, Enlightenment, & Revolution!

French Absolutism, Enlightenment, & Revolution! French Absolutism, Enlightenment, & Revolution! Outcome: The Enlightenment 1 Constructive Response Questions 2. What was the Enlightenment and who were some of the key contributors? 2 What Will We Learn?

More information

What did we just learn? Let s Review

What did we just learn? Let s Review What did we just learn? Let s Review Key Features of the Renaissance rise of humanism ( focus on ancient Greek and Roman civilization and the dignity and worth of the individual). independence and individualism

More information

Locke Resource Card. Quotes from Locke s Works

Locke Resource Card. Quotes from Locke s Works Locke Resource Card John Locke was a British philosopher who lived from 1632-1704. In 1690 Locke published one of his more famous books, The Second Treatise of Civil Government. The book addressed many

More information

The Enlightenment c

The Enlightenment c 1 The Enlightenment c.1700-1800 The Age of Reason Siecle de Lumiere: The Century of Light Also called the Age of Reason Scholarly dispute over time periods and length of era. What was it? Progressive,

More information

The Enlightenment. Reason Natural Law Hope Progress

The Enlightenment. Reason Natural Law Hope Progress The Enlightenment Reason Natural Law Hope Progress Enlightenment Discuss: What comes to your mind when you think of enlightenment? Enlightenment Movement of intellectuals who were greatly impressed with

More information

AP Euro Unit 5/C18 Assignment: A New World View

AP Euro Unit 5/C18 Assignment: A New World View AP Euro Unit 5/C18 Assignment: A New World View Be a History M.O.N.S.T.E.R! Vocabulary Overview Annotation The impact of science on the modern world is immeasurable. If the Greeks had said it all two thousand

More information

Enlightenment Scavenger Hunt (Introduction to the Historic Documents Unit) Mods: Clue # Question Answer/Notes: What does enlighten mean?

Enlightenment Scavenger Hunt (Introduction to the Historic Documents Unit) Mods: Clue # Question Answer/Notes: What does enlighten mean? Enlightenment Scavenger Hunt Name: (Introduction to the Historic Documents Unit) Clue # Question Answer/Notes: Mods: 1 See p. 384 in Merriam Webster s Collegiate Dictionary located in 2 places in the room:

More information

Name: Period: 10 points Scientific Revolution / Enlightenment Study Guide

Name: Period: 10 points Scientific Revolution / Enlightenment Study Guide 1. Define Scientific Revolution. Name: Period: 10 points Scientific Revolution / Enlightenment Study Guide 2. Name the scientist who incorporated scientific thought with philosophy and helped develop the

More information

AP World History Notes Chapter 16: Science and Religion ( )

AP World History Notes Chapter 16: Science and Religion ( ) AP World History Notes Chapter 16: Science and Religion (1450-1750) Popular interest in science spread throughout Europe More people used science to explain the universe, not the Church Monarchs set up

More information

Welcome back to WHAP! Monday, January 29, 2018

Welcome back to WHAP! Monday, January 29, 2018 Welcome back to WHAP! Monday, January 29, 2018 Turn your PERIOD 4 MAPS into the tray! We are studying the Scientific Revolution today. Be ready to take some notes. -> Choose an identity for tomorrow s

More information

The Enlightenment and Scientific Revolution

The Enlightenment and Scientific Revolution The Enlightenment and Scientific Revolution The Scientific Revolution CHART #1: EVOLUTION OF ASTRONOMY YEARS THEORY RELIGIOUS IMPACT PTOLEMY COPERNICUS BRAHE KEPLER GALILEO Chart #2: Breakthroughs in Medicine

More information

The Age of Exploration led people to believe that truth had yet to be discovered The Scientific Revolution questioned accepted beliefs and witnessed

The Age of Exploration led people to believe that truth had yet to be discovered The Scientific Revolution questioned accepted beliefs and witnessed The Enlightenment The Age of Exploration led people to believe that truth had yet to be discovered The Scientific Revolution questioned accepted beliefs and witnessed the use of reason to explain the laws

More information

1. Base your answer to the question on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.

1. Base your answer to the question on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies. 1. Base your answer to the question on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies. Which period began as a result of the actions shown in this cartoon? A) Italian Renaissance B) Protestant

More information

A New World of Reason and Reform ( ) The Scien=fic Revolu=on and the Enlightenment

A New World of Reason and Reform ( ) The Scien=fic Revolu=on and the Enlightenment A New World of Reason and Reform (1600-1800) The Scien=fic Revolu=on and the Enlightenment Merely Connect 1. To restore order in Europe in the 17 th century, European na=ons devised two new poli=cal systems:

More information

A world redrawn: Galileo s Daughter:

A world redrawn: Galileo s Daughter: Readings. A world redrawn: Who was Copernicus and what was his claim to fame? How did he defend his beliefs? Galileo s Daughter: Give three important facts about Galileo s life with regards to the Scientific

More information

What intellectual developments led to the emergence of the Enlightenment? In what type of social environment did the philosophes thrive, and what

What intellectual developments led to the emergence of the Enlightenment? In what type of social environment did the philosophes thrive, and what The Enlightenment Focus Questions: What intellectual developments led to the emergence of the Enlightenment? In what type of social environment did the philosophes thrive, and what role did women play

More information

A SURVEY OF CHRISTIAN HISTORY Thursday Morning Bible Study Week Seven: From May 18, 2017

A SURVEY OF CHRISTIAN HISTORY Thursday Morning Bible Study Week Seven: From May 18, 2017 A SURVEY OF CHRISTIAN HISTORY Thursday Morning Bible Study Week Seven: From 1720-1800 May 18, 2017 Therefore, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us also lay aside every weight,

More information

Intermediate World History B. Unit 7: Changing Empires, Changing Ideas. Lesson 1: Elizabethan England and. North American Initiatives Pg.

Intermediate World History B. Unit 7: Changing Empires, Changing Ideas. Lesson 1: Elizabethan England and. North American Initiatives Pg. Intermediate World History B Unit 7: Changing Empires, Changing Ideas Lesson 1: Elizabethan England and North American Initiatives Pg. 273-289 Lesson 2: England: Civil War and Empire Pg. 291-307 Lesson

More information

Background to Early Modern Philosophy. Philosophy 22 Fall, 2009 G. J. Mattey

Background to Early Modern Philosophy. Philosophy 22 Fall, 2009 G. J. Mattey Background to Early Modern Philosophy Philosophy 22 Fall, 2009 G. J. Mattey Modern Philosophy The modern period in Western philosophy began in the seventeenth century In its primary sense, modern philosophy

More information

Small Group Assignment 8: Science Replaces Scholasticism

Small Group Assignment 8: Science Replaces Scholasticism Unit 7: The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment 1 Small Group Assignment 8: Science Replaces Scholasticism Scholastics were medieval theologians and philosophers who focused their efforts on protecting

More information

The Enlightenment. Dare to know! Have the courage to use your own intelligence! ~ Immanuel Kant

The Enlightenment. Dare to know! Have the courage to use your own intelligence! ~ Immanuel Kant The Enlightenment Dare to know! Have the courage to use your own intelligence! ~ Immanuel Kant The Enlightenment Key Concepts: Reason Natural law Progress Liberty Happiness The Enlightenment Essential

More information

Declaration and Constitution: 18 th Century America

Declaration and Constitution: 18 th Century America Declaration and Constitution: 18 th Century America Psalm 33:6-12 From the Reformation to the Constitution Bill Petro your friendly neighborhood historian www.billpetro.com/v7pc 06/25/2006 1 Agenda Religion

More information

Final Exam Review. Age of Reason and Scientific Revolution

Final Exam Review. Age of Reason and Scientific Revolution CHY4U West and the World Final Exam Review For EACH unit use the textbook chapter AND your notes to create: 3 Multiple Choice Questions 2 True OR False 2 Who Am I? with 3 clues (hard to easy) Unit One

More information

A. True or False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately below.

A. True or False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately below. AP European History Mr. Mercado (Rev. 08) Chapter 18 Toward a New World-View Name A. True or False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately

More information

PL 406 HISTORY OF MODERN PHILOSOPHY Fall 2009

PL 406 HISTORY OF MODERN PHILOSOPHY Fall 2009 PL 406 HISTORY OF MODERN PHILOSOPHY Fall 2009 DAY / TIME: T & TH 10:30 11:45 A.M. INSTRUCTOR: PROF. JEAN-LUC SOLÈRE OFFICE: DEP. OF PHILOSOPHY, # 390 21 Campanella Way, 3 rd Floor TEL: 2-4670 OFFICE HOURS:

More information

World History 2 Enlightenment Packet Mr. Ackerman

World History 2 Enlightenment Packet Mr. Ackerman World History 2 Enlightenment Packet Mr. Ackerman Name: Quote Analysis: Directions: Explain the quote to the best of your ability. Also, explain why you think the speaker may have made this comment (in

More information

3.5 Analyze recognized works of American literature representing a variety of genres and traditions.

3.5 Analyze recognized works of American literature representing a variety of genres and traditions. CA Focus Standard: 3.5 Analyze recognized works of American literature representing a variety of genres and traditions. Objectives: 1. Describe the effect of European settlement on Native populations of

More information

Jeopardy. Thirteen O.Cs Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300

Jeopardy. Thirteen O.Cs Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Jeopardy Thirteen O.Cs Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500 Slavery in the Colonies Colonial Economics Protestant Reformation in American Diversity and Enlightenment Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q

More information

How Ancient Greece Influenced Western Civilization and The United States Government.

How Ancient Greece Influenced Western Civilization and The United States Government. How Ancient Greece Influenced Western Civilization and The United States Government. We can trace Western Philosophy to three main philosophers from Ancient Greece. SOCRATES PLATO ARISTOTLE Socrates and

More information

March 20, Unit 6 Enlightenment Invention Industrial Revolution. Where are we now?

March 20, Unit 6 Enlightenment Invention Industrial Revolution. Where are we now? Where are we now? The age of Kings is slowly coming to a close Europe is now moving into the modern world Ideas are changing throughout both scientifically and philosophically (Enlightenment) Change in

More information

THE PHILOSOPHES. Rousseau

THE PHILOSOPHES. Rousseau THE PHILOSOPHES Voltaire Montesquieu Rousseau Philosophes - public intellectuals dedicated to solving the problems of the World - wrote for a broad, educated public audience - fought to eradicate bigotry,

More information

A Quick Review of the Scientific Method Transcript

A Quick Review of the Scientific Method Transcript Screen 1: Marketing Research is based on the Scientific Method. A quick review of the Scientific Method, therefore, is in order. Text based slide. Time Code: 0:00 A Quick Review of the Scientific Method

More information

Carefully analyze the image in the Introduction of the Student Text. As you discuss the questions below with your class, record your answers.

Carefully analyze the image in the Introduction of the Student Text. As you discuss the questions below with your class, record your answers. The Enlightenment I N T E R A C T I V E S T U D E N T N O T E B O O K How have the ideas of the Enlightenment influenced modern government? P R E V I E W Carefully analyze the image in the Introduction

More information

Focus on mind and heart Enlightenment power of human reason to shape the world Appealed to? Pietism emotional, evangelical religious movement

Focus on mind and heart Enlightenment power of human reason to shape the world Appealed to? Pietism emotional, evangelical religious movement Focus on mind and heart Enlightenment power of human reason to shape the world Appealed to? Pietism emotional, evangelical religious movement stressed a dependence on God Appealed to? Both promoted power

More information

Notes on the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment

Notes on the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment Notes on the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment Nature and Nature s law lay hid in night God said, Let Newton be, and all was light. Alexander Pope, Essay on Man 1734 I. Scientific Revolution

More information

World History II Exam I Outline Scientific Revolution

World History II Exam I Outline Scientific Revolution World History II Exam I Outline Scientific Revolution Ptolemy Geocentric universe Nicolaus Copernicus Heliocentric Johannes Kepler Galileo Galilei -Isaac Newton Three laws of Motion Laws of Gravity Medicine

More information

Final Exam Review. Unit One ( ) Old World Challenged Chapters # 1,2,3

Final Exam Review. Unit One ( ) Old World Challenged Chapters # 1,2,3 CHY4U West and the World Final Exam Review Unit One (1500-1715) Old World Challenged Chapters # 1,2,3 Medieval times Age of Reason and Scientific Revolution Renaissance Age of Exploration Reformation Absolute

More information

Experiment with an Air Pump Joseph Wright

Experiment with an Air Pump Joseph Wright Experiment with an Air Pump Joseph Wright The Enlightenment The Enlightenment was an 18 th Century intellectual movement primarily among the upper and upper-middle class philosophes, that stressed the

More information

Soc 1 Lecture 2. Tuesday, January 13, 2009 Winter 2009

Soc 1 Lecture 2. Tuesday, January 13, 2009 Winter 2009 Soc 1 Lecture 2 Tuesday, January 13, 2009 Winter 2009 1 The Institutional Construction of the Self (Part 2) I. Announcements: http://www.soc.ucsb.edu/faculty/mohr/classes/soc1/ Readings available for next

More information

Name: Class: Date: The Enlightenment and Revolutions: Reading Essentials and Study Guide: Lesson 2

Name: Class: Date: The Enlightenment and Revolutions: Reading Essentials and Study Guide: Lesson 2 Reading Essentials and Study Guide The Enlightenment and Revolutions Lesson 2 The Ideas of the Enlightenment ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS Why do new ideas often spark change? How do new ways of thinking affect

More information

AP World History 12/9/2014. Chapter 17: The Transformation of the West Chapter Notes

AP World History 12/9/2014. Chapter 17: The Transformation of the West Chapter Notes AP World History Chapter 17: The Transformation of the West Chapter Notes The Italian Renaissance: Starts Italy due to independence of Italian City-states, there was a Northern Renaissance as well (based

More information

A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by:

A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by: A Pilgrim People The Story of Our Church Presented by: www.cainaweb.org Early Church Growth & Threats (30-312 AD) Controversies and Councils Rise of Christendom High Medieval Church Renaissance to Reformation

More information

The Dark Side of the Enlightenment

The Dark Side of the Enlightenment The Dark Side of the Enlightenment By Yoram Hazony, May 6, 2018 A lot of people are selling Enlightenment these days. After the Brexit vote and the election of President Trump, David Brooks published a

More information

REDESIGN Religion, Society, and Politics during the Enlightenment

REDESIGN Religion, Society, and Politics during the Enlightenment REDESIGN Religion, Society, and Politics during the Enlightenment *Remember, the philosophes were people who sought to apply the rules of reason and common sense to nearly all the major institutions and

More information

Enlightenment America

Enlightenment America Enlightenment America What was the Enlightenment & how did it change American culture in the 1700s? What examples illustrate American Enlightenment in the 1700s? How did Benjamin Franklin become a champion

More information

Name: Date: Period: Chapter 17 Reading Guide The Transformation of the West, p

Name: Date: Period: Chapter 17 Reading Guide The Transformation of the West, p Name: Date: Period: Chapter 16 Chapter 17 Reading Guide The Transformation of the West, 1450-1750 p.380-398 Using the maps on page 384 (Map 17.1) and 387 (Map 17.2): Mark Protestant countries with a P

More information

Supplemental Material 2a: The Proto-psychologists. In this presentation, we will have a short review of the Scientific Revolution and the

Supplemental Material 2a: The Proto-psychologists. In this presentation, we will have a short review of the Scientific Revolution and the Supplemental Material 2a: The Proto-psychologists Introduction In this presentation, we will have a short review of the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment period. Thus, we will briefly examine

More information

Y2 Lesson 20 Page numbers, version 12/2/15

Y2 Lesson 20 Page numbers, version 12/2/15 Y2 Lesson 20 Page numbers, version 12/2/15 p339: Jean-Jacques Rousseau Social Contract All page numbers below are from History of Philosophy unless otherwise indicated. His explanation of social authority

More information

BIBLICAL INTEGRATION IN SCIENCE AND MATH. September 29m 2016

BIBLICAL INTEGRATION IN SCIENCE AND MATH. September 29m 2016 BIBLICAL INTEGRATION IN SCIENCE AND MATH September 29m 2016 REFLECTIONS OF GOD IN SCIENCE God s wisdom is displayed in the marvelously contrived design of the universe and its parts. God s omnipotence

More information

LECTURE: COMING TO AMERICA

LECTURE: COMING TO AMERICA LECTURE: COMING TO AMERICA L E A R N I N G T A R G E T : I C A N D E S C R I B E W H O C A M E T O A M E R I C A A S S E T T L E R S A N D T H E R E A S O N S T H E Y C H O S E T O T R A V E L A N D L

More information

Take Home Exam #2. PHI 1700: Global Ethics Prof. Lauren R. Alpert

Take Home Exam #2. PHI 1700: Global Ethics Prof. Lauren R. Alpert PHI 1700: Global Ethics Prof. Lauren R. Alpert Name: Date: Take Home Exam #2 Instructions (Read Before Proceeding!) Material for this exam is from class sessions 8-15. Matching and fill-in-the-blank questions

More information

POLITICAL SCIENCE 3102 (B) Sascha Maicher (Fall 2014)

POLITICAL SCIENCE 3102 (B) Sascha Maicher (Fall 2014) FSS 7010 (Wednesdays 1PM-3PM) Course Evaluations: POLITICAL SCIENCE 3102 (B) Sascha Maicher (Fall 2014) 30% Three assigned summaries. Each should be 3 pages long, double spaced. There should be two pages

More information

As background to the modern era, summarize the chief contributions of each of the following to Western civilization:

As background to the modern era, summarize the chief contributions of each of the following to Western civilization: The Transformation of Western Civilization: 1450-1715 The AP European History Review- Pt. 1 As a first step in comprehensive review of European History in preparation for the AP exam, you need to collect

More information

Emergence of Modern Science

Emergence of Modern Science Chapter 16 Toward a New Heaven and a New Earth: The Scientific Revolution and the Learning Objectives Emergence of Modern Science In this chapter, students will focus on: The developments during the Middle

More information

(Secular) (Secularism) (Renaissance) (Reason & Logic)

(Secular) (Secularism) (Renaissance) (Reason & Logic) : * (Secular) (Religious) (Secularism) (Rationalism) (Renaissance) (Reason & Logic) (Ground Realities) (Spiritual World) (Religiousity) (Humanism) (Martin Luther:1483-1546) (Reason) (Reformation) (Doctrine

More information

Hobbes, Thomas Hobbes's influence. His life.

Hobbes, Thomas Hobbes's influence. His life. Hobbes, Thomas (1588 1679), was an English philosopher. His most famous work, Leviathan, or the Matter, Form, and Power of a Commonwealth, Ecclesiastical and Civil (1651), was concerned with political

More information

Chapter 16 Reading Guide The Transformation of the West, PART IV THE EARLY MODERN PERIOD, : THE WORLD SHRINKS (PG.

Chapter 16 Reading Guide The Transformation of the West, PART IV THE EARLY MODERN PERIOD, : THE WORLD SHRINKS (PG. Name: Due Date: Chapter 16 Reading Guide The Transformation of the West, 1450-1750 PART IV THE EARLY MODERN PERIOD, 1450-1750: THE WORLD SHRINKS (PG. 354-361) 1. The title for this unit is The World Shrinks

More information

BLHS-108 Enlightenment, Revolution and Democracy Fall 2017 Mondays 6:30-10:05pm Room: C215

BLHS-108 Enlightenment, Revolution and Democracy Fall 2017 Mondays 6:30-10:05pm Room: C215 Catherine McKenna, Ph.D. cjm22@georgetown.edu BLHS-108 Enlightenment, Revolution and Democracy Fall 2017 Mondays 6:30-10:05pm Room: C215 Office hours 5:30-6:30 Mondays and by appointment Course Description:

More information

Assignment 8 & 8e Mighty Pens and Swords Dec (due)

Assignment 8 & 8e Mighty Pens and Swords Dec (due) PreAP WC II 1819 Assignment 8 & 8e Mighty Pens and Swords Dec 6-1 3 (due) Read Quest see Chapter 8; Sources SEE BELOW Terms to take note of (may appear on a pop quiz of some kind ) Enlightenment philosophes

More information

Arabic sciences between theory of knowledge and history, Review

Arabic sciences between theory of knowledge and history, Review Reference: Rashed, Rushdi (2002), "Arabic sciences between theory of knowledge and history" in philosophy and current epoch, no.2, Cairo, Pp. 27-39. Arabic sciences between theory of knowledge and history,

More information

RADICAL ENLIGHTENMENT

RADICAL ENLIGHTENMENT RADICAL ENLIGHTENMENT Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750 JONATHAN I. ISRAEL OXPORD UNIVERSITY PRESS Preface Acknowledgements List of Plates List of Figures List of Map and Tables Abbreviations

More information

World Civilizations. The Transformation of the West. The Transformation of the West. The Global Experience AP* Sixth Edition

World Civilizations. The Transformation of the West. The Transformation of the West. The Global Experience AP* Sixth Edition World Civilizations The Global Experience AP* Sixth Edition Chapter 17 The Transformation of the West, 1450-1750 The Transformation of the West The Transformation of the West I. The Renaissance II. The

More information

The Age of Reason. 21H.433 Instructor: David Ciarlo Spring, 2004 TR Description:

The Age of Reason. 21H.433 Instructor: David Ciarlo Spring, 2004 TR Description: 21H.433 Instructor: David Ciarlo Spring, 2004 TR 11-12.30 Description: The Age of Reason In this class we will study some of the key elements in the transition from tradition to modernity that emerged

More information

The Renaissance. The Rebirth of European Progress

The Renaissance. The Rebirth of European Progress The Renaissance The Rebirth of European Progress The Collapse of Rome and the Middle Ages When the western portion of the Roman Empire collapsed, much of the European continent entered a period of disunity

More information

Modern Europe- Cooke January, 2015 Modern Europe Midterm Study Guide

Modern Europe- Cooke January, 2015 Modern Europe Midterm Study Guide Modern Europe- Cooke Name: January, 2015 Modern Europe Midterm Study Guide The exam is on Thursday, January 22 nd at 8:00 am (arrive by 7:50 am). Location: B435, B436 and B437 (exact room assignments for

More information

Chapter 17 The Age of Enlightenment: Eighteenth-Century Thought

Chapter 17 The Age of Enlightenment: Eighteenth-Century Thought Chapter 17 The Age of Enlightenment: Eighteenth-Century Thought The Ideas of Isaac Newton His law of universal gravitation showed the power of the human mind Encouraged natural philosophers to approach

More information

Biblical Faith is Not "Blind It's Supported by Good Science!

Biblical Faith is Not Blind It's Supported by Good Science! The word science is used in many ways. Many secular humanists try to redefine science as naturalism the belief that nature is all there is. As a committed Christian you have to accept that the miracles

More information

Principle Approach Education

Principle Approach Education Principle Approach Education Seven Leading Ideas of America s Christian History and Government by Rosalie June Slater Reprinted from Teaching and Learning: The Principle Approach 1. The Christian Idea

More information

GUIDED READING The Enlightenment in Europe

GUIDED READING The Enlightenment in Europe GUIDED READING The Enlightenment in Europe ) Section 2 A. Summarizing As you read this section, fill in the diagram by describing the beliefs of Enlightenment thinkers and writers. I.Voltaire 2. Montesquieu

More information

European Culture and Politics ca Objective: Examine events from the Middle Ages to the mid-1700s from multiple perspectives.

European Culture and Politics ca Objective: Examine events from the Middle Ages to the mid-1700s from multiple perspectives. European Culture and Politics ca. 1750 Objective: Examine events from the Middle Ages to the mid-1700s from multiple perspectives. What s wrong with this picture??? What s wrong with this picture??? The

More information

Enlightenment Challenges Society

Enlightenment Challenges Society Enlightenment Challenges Society Religion Church = Freedom Limiting Institution Most philosophes anticlerical (against influence of a hierarchical, institutional Church organization) Not necessarily against

More information

Study Questions to accompany UNIVERSAL HISTORY OF THE WORLD Published by Golden Press, 1966 THE AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT VOLUME

Study Questions to accompany UNIVERSAL HISTORY OF THE WORLD Published by Golden Press, 1966 THE AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT VOLUME Study Questions to accompany UNIVERSAL HISTORY OF THE WORLD Published by Golden Press, 1966 THE AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT VOLUME 10 1543 1789 Questions compiled by Karen North, 2002 *permission is given for

More information

The Influence and Legacy of Deism in Eighteenth Century America

The Influence and Legacy of Deism in Eighteenth Century America Rollins College Rollins Scholarship Online Master of Liberal Studies Theses Spring 2011 The Influence and Legacy of Deism in Eighteenth Century America Tiffany E. Piland Rollins College, tpiland@rollins.edu

More information

What. A New Way of Thinking...modern consciousness.

What. A New Way of Thinking...modern consciousness. A New Way of Thinking...modern consciousness. What The Renaissance and the Reformation facilitated the breakdown of the medieval worldview. The physical world could be managed and understood by people.

More information

French Revolution. By Rush Webster, Gary Ulrich, Isabelle Herringer, Lilah Hwang

French Revolution. By Rush Webster, Gary Ulrich, Isabelle Herringer, Lilah Hwang French Revolution By Rush Webster, Gary Ulrich, Isabelle Herringer, Lilah Hwang The Terror, a stage of the French Revolution in which the corrupt nobility were publicly executed by the enraged and impoverished

More information

The Enlightenment in Europe. Chapter 22, Section 2

The Enlightenment in Europe. Chapter 22, Section 2 The Enlightenment in Europe Chapter 22, Section 2 Thomas Hobbes All humans were naturally selfish and wicked, therefore governments must keep order. People should hand over their rights to a strong ruler.

More information

Success quote. I have never found a person who didn t do better at work when he was appreciated rather than criticized. -Charles Schwab paraphrase

Success quote. I have never found a person who didn t do better at work when he was appreciated rather than criticized. -Charles Schwab paraphrase 17.1 Enlightenment Success quote I have never found a person who didn t do better at work when he was appreciated rather than criticized. -Charles Schwab paraphrase Coffee s influence on age of reason

More information