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1 PreAP WC II 1819 Assignment 8 & 8e Mighty Pens and Swords Dec (due) Read Quest see Chapter 8; Sources SEE BELOW Terms to take note of (may appear on a pop quiz of some kind ) Enlightenment philosophes Marquis de Condorcet Denis Diderot David Hume Scottish Enlightenment Frances Hutcheson Adam Smith natural law Thomas Hobbes "state of nature" social contract John Locke limited government Montesquieu Jean Jacques Rousseau general will Pietism John Wesley Great Awakening Navigation Acts Proclamation of 1763 Quebec Act Sons of Liberty American War of Independence George Washington US Dec. of Independence Battle of Saratoga Battle of Yorktown James Madison US Bill of Rights King George III Written work This is in the prep [homework] category [30% weighting] TIP: A 5 point answer should be the equivalent of 1 to 2 paragraphs; a 10 point answer is 2-3 paragraphs. 1a. Complete the GUIDED NOTES [attached] Or 1b. Do FIVE pages of notes - style of your choosing. [20] FRYE 2. READ Condorcet (Sources, p ). Summarize the attitude of the French Enlightenment as expressed by Condorcet. Quote Condorcet TWICE as you do so in a 1-2 paragraph summary; please HIGHLIGHT the quotes. [5] 3. PREPARE TO WRITE ESSAY - 3 CHOICES BELOW/over These topics go back to the previous unit [chapters 6 and 7] and also connect to chapter 8. 3A. Turn in a detailed OUTLINE for your essay [5] (you can use the form on the back) you will get that back to. 3b. [aka. Assignment 8e] Write an essay in class [25] (you can use any materials you want EXCEPT do not prewrite the essay) on TUESDAY DEC 18 IN CLASS. {8 30 pos / 8e [the essay part only] 25 pos} 8e choices. A) In the 1600s, there was a great debate about the nature and role of GOD and, subsequently, what that meant for HUMAN NATURE and our ability to know TRUTH (epistemology). Discuss the DIFFERENCES (and reasons for those differences) in the basic philosophical outlook of BLAISE PASCAL, the FRENCH PHILOSOPHES, and the SCOTTISH ENLIGHTENMENT. It would be expected that you quote Pascal and at least one other thinker, using appropriate documents from the Quest or Sources. Over for two more choices.

2 B.) Compare and contrast the ways THREE of these nations were governed and their successes and or failures: FRANCE from 1645 to 1789 PRUSSIA from 1648 to 1789 RUSSIA under Peter the Great and through Catherine the Great BRITAIN from 1688 (Glorious Revolution) up to the 1790s THE OTTOMAN TURKS from the late 1600s to late 1700s C) Compare and contrast the ideas, methods and effect of THREE of these people as DISSENTERS who challenged and changed their society. It s expected that you quote them in your essay (see suggested readings below ) RENE DESCARTES [Sources, p. 45] BLAISE PASCAL [Quest, Book I, p. see chapter 7] GALILEO [Sources, p. 38] JOHN LOCKE [Sources, p. 67] VOLTAIRE [Sources, p.59, Quest, Book II, see chapter 8] JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAU [Sources, p.77, Quest, Book II, see chapter 8] JOHN WESLEY [Sources p. 90]

3 5 paragraph ESSAY OUTLINE 2 or 3 things to introduce the reader [time, place, who and what are we talking about, is there a story that sets the scene]...then: the point you are going to argue or prove, a.k.a. My proposed thesis PARA 1 Topic sentence PARA 2 Topic sentence PARA 3 Topic sentence Note: You can add more paragraphs if wanted Ergo, therefore, ergo (Ideas for a conclusion).conclusion How I ll connect the dots or Finish with a so what?! Finish with the SO WHAT or a STORY that illustrates and a final I m right! statement that is not identical but reflects your thesis..

4 THE FRENCH ENLIGHTENMENT Who/when/where were philosophes? CHAPTER 8 GUIDED NOTES What did the think about EPIDSTEMOLOGY? [aka How do we know?] What did they dislike? Voltaire Denis Diderot God / Religion Deism Who should rule? (Voltaire) Human Nature Condorcet Vs. Voltaire Reason and Passion Equality Mary Wollenstonecraft THE (Anglo) SCOTTISH ENLIGHTENMENT Who/when/where were moral philosophers? What did the think about EPIDSTEMOLOGY? [aka How do we know?] What did they dislike about the philosophes?

5 SCOT CONT God / Religion Who should rule? (Voltaire) Human Nature Frances Hutcheson Reason and Passion Equality Adam Smith Liberty Empathy and ethics Political thinkers Political background HOBBES LOCKE Name of political book States of nature Man is basically The social contract is (Duty/role of the king) limited government right to revolt

6 Jean Jacques Rousseau Background info. Ideas on human nature Why is the world broken? What did the think about REASON and HOW WE KNOW? What did he dislike? Views on GOVERNMENT. Who should rule? General will Equaliy Ideal government/society? Pietism and the Great Awakening Who/when/where and what were they? John Wesley social impact

7 America George III.and the Causes of the American Revolution [note at least 5 ] WAR [ ] Lexington and Concord [1775] George Washington Declaration of Independence [1776] Benjamin Franklin role of France Yorktown [1781] James Madison BIG IDEAS in the US Constitution [1787] and Bill of Rights [1791]

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