Rome Part II 1. Second Triumvirate Ends Violently a. Lipidus pushed aside b. Octavian and Antony go to war in the Battle of Actium c.

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Rome Part II 1. Second Triumvirate Ends Violently a. Lipidus pushed aside b. Octavian and Antony go to war in the Battle of Actium c."

Transcription

1 Rome Part II 1. Second Triumvirate Ends Violently a. Lipidus pushed aside b. Octavian and Antony go to war in the Battle of Actium c. Mark Antony loses; Antony stabs himself and Cleopatra dies by a poisonous snake 2. Octavian Becomes the Sole Ruler a. Becomes known as Augustus (27 A.D.) b. Pincep First Citizen the leader c. Augustus Exalted One d. Rules from 31 B.C. to 14 A.D. e. Two situations that are handled perfectly i. Octavian takes over and handles his rule perfectly ii. Revolutionary War 3. Pax Romana a. 27 B.C. to A.D. 180 i. Begins with Augustus and ends with Marcus Aurelius b. Assassinations still occur, but there are limited foreign wars (peace) 4. Rule of Augustus a. Brought order to the Roman world i. #1 achievement b. Jobs based on talent not class c. Census for tax collection d. New coins for more efficient trade e. Jobless people were put to work on roads and temples f. Civil service i. Salaried employees in charge of roads, grain supply, and postal system (like U.S. Stimulus Plan) ii. Gives people jobs (created jobs) g. Increased pay for soldiers h. Bread and Circuses Rome is referred to as this i. Peacefully transmitted power to his successor j. Czar comes from Caesar 5. Succession a. Julian Emperors i. Tiberius A.D. ii. Caligula A.D. 1. Appointed his favorite horse as consul iii. Claudius A.D. iv. Nero A.D. 1. Persecution of Christians and accused of setting Rome on fire b. Four emperors in 18 months (68-69 A.D.) i. Praetorian Guard installed the emperor, but if they didn t like the emperor, they killed him and installed another

2 6. Five Good Emperors a. The Adoptive Emperors adopt their successors as their sons b. Antoinine Dynasty i. Nerva (96-98 A.D.) ii. Trajan offense 1. Empire at its largest extent, defeats the Germanic tribes (Herman the German) iii. Hadrian A.D. 2. Built Hadrian s Wall 3. Codified Roman law c. Antonius Pius d. Marcus Aurelias i A.D. ii. Philosopher-king 5.3 Roman Achievement 1. Culture spread throughout the Roman Empire as a mixture of Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman culture 2. Borrowed heavily from the Greeks a. Greece has conquered her rude conqueror b. The Greeks had an influence on the Romans, so Greek culture took over 3. Roman Literature a. Virgil i. Epic poems ii. Wrote Aeneid iii. Borrowed from Homer s epic poems b. Juvenal and Martial i. Satirical writings ii. Similar to Greeks iii. Comedies 4. Roman Historians a. Livy i. Aroused patriotism ii. Recounts heroic tales of Rome b. Tacitus i. Much more critical toward Rome 5. Roman Art a. Realism i. Showed every real detail ii. Some idealism, though iii. Borrowed techniques from Greek artists b. Revealing character c. Art was used to beautify homes

3 i. Mosaics 1. Pictures made from chips of colored glass 6. Roman Architecture a. Greeks simplicity b. Romans grandeur c. Developments i. Use of concrete ii. Roads iii. Domes Pantheon iv. Arches 2 kinds 1. Romanesque rounded arches 2. Gothic pointed arches d. Roads i. Improved the economy and united the empire ii. Appian Way the most famous road 1. Connected Rome to southeast Asia iii. Allowed soldiers to move quickly and receive supplies iv. Encourages trade e. Roman Road Structure i. f. Domes i. Pantheon is the quintessential example g. Greek influences i. Frieze, piedmont, Corinthian pillars ii. Jefferson memorial h. Pantheon i. Dedicated to all gods Stone Slab Sand Gravel Small Stones Large Stones

4 ii. Architectural hybrid between Greek and Roman architecture iii. Forms a perfect circle i. The Colosseum i. 160 feet high, seated 50,000 people, weeklong spectacles ii. Gladiators slaves and prisoners of war iii. Symbolized the brutality of the Roman culture 7. Roman Engineering a. Aqueducts i. Brought water to cities ii. Used gravity to move water b. Harbors i. Encouraged trade c. Roads and bridges 8. New Law Codes a. Civil Law (for Roman citizens) old law b. Law of the Nations i. Applied to both citizens and non-citizens alike ii. Not covered by Roman law in the past 1. People could have been taken advantage of in the past 2. Laws protect people c. These two laws merged d. Key Principles i. No person could be judged guilty of a crime until often the facts of the case were examined ii. All persons accused of crimes had a right to face accusers and defend themselves before a judge iii. Doubt = Innocence 1. Doubt is easy to prove 2. Reasonable doubt in the U.S. (Example: OJ Simpson) iv. Any law that seemed unreasonable or grossly unfair could be set aside 9. Review a. Livy = patriotic b. Juvenal = satirical 5.4 Christianity 1. History of Jews They kept being persecuted and conquered a. Return to Palestine from Babylon b. Ruled by Alexander the Great c. Ruled by Ptolemies in Egypt d. Ruled by the Seleucids of Persia e. 168 B.C. Seleucid King builds an altar honoring Zeus in the Jewish Temple f. Judas Maccabee leads the revolt Jews recapture their temple and purify it in 165 B.C. g. Jews win independence in 142 B.C. h. Entire region falls under Roman rule around 65 B.C.

5 i. Jews are looking for their Messiah 2. Jewish-Roman Divisions a. Romans conquer Judea in 63 B.C. b. Roman rulers kept strict control over Judea c. Jews kept looking for their Messiah to lead them to freedom 3. Conflict with Rome a. Neither Jews nor Christians are willing to worship the emperor as a god b. Zealots rebel against Roman rule in 66 A.D. c. Romans burn down the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem in 70 A.D. after the Zealot rebellion 4. Jesus a. The four gospels tell about Him i. Star and magi at His birth ii. Mostly tells about His older life b. Similar to Buddha i. Love and forgiveness are His general principles c. Crucified by Romans for being a traitor d. Two enemies: i. Pharisees are experts in the Jewish law 1. Jesus says He is the Son of God 2. The Pharisees see this as blasphemy ii. Rome 1. Rome is worried about revolts and overthrowing the government e. Love God and love your neighbor 5. Christianity is only seen as a sect of Judaism at this time a. Seen as only a philosophy or faith at first 6. Paul a. Jew from Asia Minor b. Persecuted Christians until his visions of Jesus c. Converted to Christianity d. Traveled across the Mediterranean Sea e. Writes letters to people including the Romans f. Makes Christianity prevalent 7. Persecution of Christians a. The Christians are seen as rebellious b. Christians who are killed are called martyrs c. The message of Christianity resonates with the poor and oppressed 8. Why are there more conversions to Christianity? a. Message b. Martyrs c. Missionaries d. Constantine e. The blood of the martyrs is the seed of the Christian Church! i. Shows that people are inspired by the great faith of Christians and are sympathetic toward them

6 9. Early Church a. 313 A.D. Constantine issues the Edict of Milan i. Freedom of worship to all Roman citizens b. Theodosius Makes Christianity the official religion of Rome c. Roman and Greek split of the bishops d. Augustine i. Confessions (book) 1. Talks about human beings and sin 2. Foundation for the catechism ii. Bishop of Hippo 5.5 The Long Decline 1. Marcus Aurelius dies in 180 A.D. ends the Pax Romana and the Golden Age of Rome 2. Commodus comes next as emperor 3. Constant battle for power among the emperors a. 27 emperors in a 50-year period 4. Decline of Rome was caused by: a. Social decay b. Political turmoil c. Military attacks d. Economic decline 5. Fall of Rome a. Social and Economic Problems i. Trade 1. Disrupted, barbarians raid the land ii. Inflation 1. Related to supply and demand iii. Farmers do not understand crop rotation, so the crop yields less and the farming is unproductive iv. Overspending and overtaxing 1. The army costs money 2. Wars cost money b. Political Turmoil: i. Diocletian (emperor in 284 A.D.) tries to address these problems 1. Splits the empire into the west and east 2. Diocletian s Reforms a. 284 A.D. doubles the size of the Roman armies to secure the boundaries of the empire i. The Hans pushed tribes into Rome b. Used price and wage controls freezing prices in order to beat inflation i. This does not work ii. It messes up the economy because the sellers get less profit, which affects markets

7 c. Ordered a general persecution of Christians i. To restore faith in the ancient gods of Rome ii. Tries to bring glorious Rome back d. Divided the empire into the Greek-speaking east and the Latinspeaking west i. To improve administration ii. East has money and trading iii. West side decays and is attacked ii. Constantine emperor in 312 A.D. 1. Edict of Milan religious toleration in the Roman Empire 2. Establishes a new capital in Constantinople New Rome a. Now it is Istanbul c. Military Attacks i. Barbarian Invaders 1. Huns migrate to Eastern Europe (370 A.D.) 2. Push Germanic tribes into Roman territory a. Visigoths i. Defeat Romans at Adrianople (378 A.D.) ii. Sack Rome (410 A.D.) 3. Ostrogoths 4. Vandals from Gaul and Spain, sack Rome in 455 A.D. a. Gaiseric the Lame ii. Attila 1. Hun ruler 2. Ruled from A.D ,000 soldiers 4. Sacks 70 cities in the East 5. Turns back from Rome in 452 A.D. a. Only after Pope Leo I steps in to negotiate a deal 6. From the Asian steppe a. Tough armies d. Fall of Rome i. Military attacks ii. Political turmoil includes splitting the empire iii. Economic weakness iv. Social decay decay in morals, Colosseum e. Historians say that the fall of Rome happened in 476 A.D. Review 1. Group of people adhering to a particular religious doctrine 2. Who wrote Aeneid? 3. Who was the first emperor to convert to Christianity? a. Sect a. Virgil

8 a. Constantine 4. What Germanic leader ousted the Roman emperor from power in Rome? a. Odoacer 5. Who was the critical Roman historian? a. Tacitus 6. What was the most famous road of Rome? a. Appian Way 7. Who was the bishop of Hippo in North Africa? a. Augustine 8. What Roman set of laws applied to both Romans and citizens alike? a. Law of the Nations 9. How did Paul maintain correspondence with Christian communities? a. Letters (or epistles) 10. Which Roman emperor made Christianity the official religion of Rome? a. Theodosius 11. What are the four romance languages? a. Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, French

Ancient Rome Republic to Empire. From a Republic to an Empire 509 B.C. 476 A.D.

Ancient Rome Republic to Empire. From a Republic to an Empire 509 B.C. 476 A.D. Ancient Rome Republic to Empire From a Republic to an Empire 509 B.C. 476 A.D. Roman Security System The Republic s Military First only patricians served in the army. Rome had many enemies: Gauls, Latins,

More information

Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity (509 B.C. A.D. 476)

Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity (509 B.C. A.D. 476) Chapter 6, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 6 Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity (509 B.C. A.D. 476) Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper

More information

World History Topic 6: Ancient Rome

World History Topic 6: Ancient Rome World History Topic 6: Ancient Rome Lesson 1 The Roman Republic Key Terms Etruscans republic patrician consul dictator plebeian tribune veto legion World History Topic 6: Ancient Rome Lesson 1 The Roman

More information

WHERE WAS ROME FOUNDED?

WHERE WAS ROME FOUNDED? The Origins of Rome: WHERE WAS ROME FOUNDED? The city of Rome was founded by the Latin people on a river in the center of Italy. It was a good location, which gave them a chance to control all of Italy.

More information

Section Summary. Review Questions 1. What governing body in the republic had the greatest power? CHAPTER SECTION 1.

Section Summary. Review Questions 1. What governing body in the republic had the greatest power? CHAPTER SECTION 1. SECTION 1 THE ROMAN WORLD TAKES SHAPE Rome s location on the Italian peninsula, centrally located in the Mediterranean Sea, benefited the Romans as they expanded. In addition, Italy had wide, fertile plains,

More information

1. Defeated Mark Antony in a struggle for power and was given the title Augustus, Exalted One.

1. Defeated Mark Antony in a struggle for power and was given the title Augustus, Exalted One. Name: Ch 6 Test I. Matching - Write the letter of the term that matches the definitions below. A. Virgil B. Attila C. Paul D. Cleopatra E. Ptolemy F. Peter G. Octavian H. Diocletian I. Julius Caesar J.

More information

I. AUGUSTUS A. OCTAVIAN 1. CAESAR'S ADOPTED SON 2. FOUGHT FOR POWER. a. 17 YEARS OF CIVIL WAR IN ROME 3. MARC ANTONY

I. AUGUSTUS A. OCTAVIAN 1. CAESAR'S ADOPTED SON 2. FOUGHT FOR POWER. a. 17 YEARS OF CIVIL WAR IN ROME 3. MARC ANTONY ROMAN EMPIRE NOTES I. AUGUSTUS A. OCTAVIAN 1. CAESAR'S ADOPTED SON 2. FOUGHT FOR POWER a. 17 YEARS OF CIVIL WAR IN ROME 3. MARC ANTONY a. MAIN RIVAL, VENGEFUL, DETERMINED, POWERFUL 4. OCTAVIAN WINS a.

More information

Origins of Rome. Rome Conquers. Italian Peninsula Tiber River Built by Influenced by & Etruscans

Origins of Rome. Rome Conquers. Italian Peninsula Tiber River Built by Influenced by & Etruscans CHAPTER 6 ANCIENT ROME 500 BC AD 500 SECTION 1 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC Origins of Rome Italian Peninsula Tiber River Built by Influenced by & Etruscans The Early Republic citizens vote for leaders democracy

More information

Reasons for the Decline of the Roman Empire

Reasons for the Decline of the Roman Empire Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire After 200 years of Pax Romana, Rome fell into a long slow period of decline. Invaders were able to enter Rome, and cause great destruction. These included: Visigoths,

More information

CRISIS AND REFORMS CRISIS AND REFORMS DIOCLETIAN ( )

CRISIS AND REFORMS CRISIS AND REFORMS DIOCLETIAN ( ) CRISIS AND REFORMS After death of Marcus Aurelius (the end of the Pax Romana) the empire was rocked by political and economic turmoil for 100 years Emperors were overthrown regularly by political intrigue

More information

Chapter 5 Fill-in Notes: The Roman Empire

Chapter 5 Fill-in Notes: The Roman Empire 1 Chapter 5 Fill-in Notes: The Roman Empire Pax Romana Octavian s rule brought a period of peace to the Mediterranean world. Pax Romana ( ) _ peace Won by war and maintained by During Roman Peace the came

More information

Chapter 5. Section 2

Chapter 5. Section 2 Chapter 5 Section 2 The price of success Roman military success increased the wealth of Roman citizens at home. social and economic consequences. Consequences of wealth The rich got richer while the poor

More information

The Roman Empire & the Fall of Rome OBJECTIVE: TO UNDERSTAND WHAT LED TO THE FALL OF ROME

The Roman Empire & the Fall of Rome OBJECTIVE: TO UNDERSTAND WHAT LED TO THE FALL OF ROME The Roman Empire & the Fall of Rome OBJECTIVE: TO UNDERSTAND WHAT LED TO THE FALL OF ROME The Emperors After Augustus, his stepson Tiberius became ruler. Tiberius was an capable administrator and excellent

More information

The Fall of Ancient Rome. Unit 1

The Fall of Ancient Rome. Unit 1 The Fall of Ancient Rome Unit 1 Do Now: Wednesday September 7, 2016 What do you remember from your seventh grade study of Ancient Rome? Make a list of everything you remember about the Ancient Romans:

More information

Brain Pop Video The Fall of Rome

Brain Pop Video The Fall of Rome Brain Pop Video The Fall of Rome Roman Empire CAUSES FOR THE DECLINE OF THE WESTERN ROMAN EMPIRE Economy Military Problems Political Issues Social Problems -Invaders and Pirates disrupt trade and make

More information

Chapter 5 Notes: The Roman Empire

Chapter 5 Notes: The Roman Empire 1 Chapter 5 Notes: The Roman Empire Pax Romana Octavian s rule brought a period of peace to the Mediterranean world. 31 BC AD 180 Pax Romana (Roman Peace) Artificial peace Won by war and maintained by

More information

Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity

Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity Early People 800 BC Latin people share the peninsula with the Etruscans Etruscans rule north and central Italy Romans take much from them: their alphabet; the

More information

Rome (509 B.C.E. 476 C.E.)

Rome (509 B.C.E. 476 C.E.) Ancient Rome Rome (509 B.C.E. 476 C.E.) Geographically Rome was well-situated The Alps to the north provided protection The sea surrounding the Italian peninsula limited the possibility of a naval attack

More information

Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity. Lesson 2: The Roman Empire: Rise and Decline

Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity. Lesson 2: The Roman Empire: Rise and Decline Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity Lesson 2: The Roman Empire: Rise and Decline BELLWORK Answer the following question with your neighbor: What events led to Rome becoming an empire? Lesson 2

More information

Empire. 1. Rise of Rome 2. The Roman Republic 3. Decline of the Republic and Rise of the

Empire. 1. Rise of Rome 2. The Roman Republic 3. Decline of the Republic and Rise of the 1. Rise of Rome 2. The Roman Republic 3. Decline of the Republic and Rise of the Empire 4. The Pax Romana 5. The Rise of Christianity 6. The Fall of Rome Geography Etruscans Latins Carthaginians Greeks

More information

Trouble in the Republic

Trouble in the Republic Trouble in the Republic Large gap between rich and poor ( no middle class) Farmer's: debt, farms ruined by war, small couldn't compete with large Patrician's buying land and creating large farming estates

More information

So, What have the Romans ever done for us?

So, What have the Romans ever done for us? So, What have the Romans ever done for us? ROME Building a lasting civilization around the Mediterranean Sea The city of Rome was founded on the Tiber River. It sits on and around 7 hills Legends say that

More information

THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE

THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE Essential Question: What factors led to the collapse of the Roman Empire and what effect did the fall of Rome have on the Mediterranean world? Warm-Up Question:

More information

Chapter 5: Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity 509 BC-AD 476

Chapter 5: Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity 509 BC-AD 476 Chapter 5: Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity 509 BC-AD 476 Geography Like Greece Italy is a peninsula. Not broken into small valleys Apennine Mts run down the length of the peninsula and are less

More information

B. After the Punic Wars, Rome conquered new territories in Northern Europe& gained great wealth

B. After the Punic Wars, Rome conquered new territories in Northern Europe& gained great wealth I. Roman Republic Expands A. Punic Wars - A series of battles where Rome defeated Carthage (North Africa) & became the dominant power in the Mediterranean B. After the Punic Wars, Rome conquered new territories

More information

Information for Emperor Cards

Information for Emperor Cards Information for Emperor Cards AUGUSTUS CAESAR (27 B.C. - 14 A.D.) has been called the greatest emperor in all of Roman history. After the assassination of Julius Caesar, war broke out among the many groups

More information

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=opf27gaup9u&index=10&list=plb DA2E52FB1EF80C9

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=opf27gaup9u&index=10&list=plb DA2E52FB1EF80C9 SECTION 5: ROMAN EMPIRE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=opf27gaup9u&index=10&list=plb DA2E52FB1EF80C9 DECLINE OF ROMAN REPUBLIC ECONOMIC TURMOIL Rich vs. Poor Latifundia-Huge Estates (Plantations) Republican

More information

In addition to Greece, a significant classical civilization was ancient Rome. Its history from 500 B.C A.D is known as the Classical Era.

In addition to Greece, a significant classical civilization was ancient Rome. Its history from 500 B.C A.D is known as the Classical Era. ROMAN CIVILIZATION In addition to Greece, a significant classical civilization was ancient Rome Its history from 500 B.C.- 600 A.D is known as the Classical Era. Impact of Geography on Rome: Identify 1

More information

Name: Period: Date: Chapter XI Rome and Christianity

Name: Period: Date: Chapter XI Rome and Christianity Name: Period: Date: Chapter XI Rome and Christianity Study Guide Disorder in the Republic Section I: From Republic to Empire Why was there disorder in the republic? Who tried to end the chaos in Rome s

More information

Chapter 5 Final Activity

Chapter 5 Final Activity Chapter 5 Final Activity Matching Match the terms to the descriptions. a. latifundia f. Virgil b. republic g. mercenaries c. Ptolemy h. legion d. heresy i. Augustine e. dictator j. imperialism 1. a belief

More information

SOL 6 - WHI. The Romans

SOL 6 - WHI. The Romans SOL 6 - WHI The Romans The city of Rome, with its central location on the Italian peninsula, was able to extend its influence over the entire Mediterranean Basin. The Italian peninsula was protected by

More information

Who cares about Rome?

Who cares about Rome? Who cares about Rome? successor to Greece carrier of Greek civilization political model for later Europe measure of success for nations and individuals model for later monarchies model for later, mixed

More information

Unit 26: Two Hundred Years of Peace

Unit 26: Two Hundred Years of Peace T h e A r t i o s H o m e C o m p a n i o n S e r i e s T e a c h e r O v e r v i e w The term Pax Romana, which literally means Roman peace, refers to the time period from 27 B.C. to 180 A.D. in the Roman

More information

HOw ROME SHAPED THE WORLD

HOw ROME SHAPED THE WORLD HOw ROME SHAPED THE WORLD EARLY ROMANS EARLY ROMANS - Not war like or prosperous - Essential link between trade routes - Divided into two groups: The Patricians- formed the city s aristocracy, perform

More information

6 th Grade History Study Guide Chapter 7: Rome

6 th Grade History Study Guide Chapter 7: Rome 6 th Grade History Study Guide Chapter 7: Rome Name Student # Legend says that twin brothers, Romulus and Remus, were orphans who were found floating in a basket by a wolf and adopted by a shepherd and

More information

Label the following: Adriatic Sea Alps Corsica Ionian Sea Italian Peninsula Mediterranean Sea Po River Rome Sardinia Sicily Tiber River Carthage

Label the following: Adriatic Sea Alps Corsica Ionian Sea Italian Peninsula Mediterranean Sea Po River Rome Sardinia Sicily Tiber River Carthage Label the following: Adriatic Sea Alps Corsica Ionian Sea Italian Peninsula Mediterranean Sea Po River Rome Sardinia Sicily Tiber River Carthage There are 7 hills rising up above the Tiber River. Why do

More information

CHAPTER 5: ANCIENT ROME AND THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY

CHAPTER 5: ANCIENT ROME AND THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY CHAPTER 5: ANCIENT ROME AND THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY SECTION 1: THE ROMAN WORLD TAKES SHAPE OBJECTIVES: Describe the physical and cultural settings in which Roman civilization arose. Outline how the Roman

More information

REVIEW FOR THE UNIT 2 TEST

REVIEW FOR THE UNIT 2 TEST REVIEW FOR THE UNIT 2 TEST Ancient Greece Ancient Rome REVIEW FOR THE UNIT 2 TEST INSTRUCTIONS: Go through the slides and answer each question in the packet; the slide numbers are listed for each question

More information

The Roman Empire. The crowd broke into a roar It was he who brought all this wealth and glory to Rome. Rise of the Empire

The Roman Empire. The crowd broke into a roar It was he who brought all this wealth and glory to Rome. Rise of the Empire The Roman Empire The crowd broke into a roar It was he who brought all this wealth and glory to Rome. Rise of the Empire Julius Caesar is gone. Who will rise as leader of Rome? Civil war followed Caesar

More information

Decline and Fall. Chapter 5 Section 5

Decline and Fall. Chapter 5 Section 5 Decline and Fall Chapter 5 Section 5 Problems & Upheavals A long period of unrest followed the death of the last good emperor,, in A.D. 180. For a period, Rome was ruled by the Severans, whose motto was

More information

The Decline of Rome. I. Marcus Aurelius, the last of the five good emperors, died in 180, and a series of civil wars followed.

The Decline of Rome. I. Marcus Aurelius, the last of the five good emperors, died in 180, and a series of civil wars followed. The Fall of Rome I. Marcus Aurelius, the last of the five good emperors, died in 180, and a series of civil wars followed. II. The Decline of Rome From 196 to 284, the throne was occupied by whoever had

More information

CHAPTER 1: THE WORLD INTO WHICH CHRISTIANITY CAME

CHAPTER 1: THE WORLD INTO WHICH CHRISTIANITY CAME CHAPTER 1: THE WORLD INTO WHICH CHRISTIANITY CAME The Roman Empire Importance to church Provided tradition of law and justice Terrible persecutions were the exception (worst A.D. 306-323) How the Roman

More information

IV) THE ROMAN EMPIRE

IV) THE ROMAN EMPIRE Augustus of Prima Porta is a 2.04m high marble statue of Augustus Caesar which was discovered in 1863 in the Villa of Livia at Prima Porta, near Rome. The sculpture is now displayed in the Braccio Nuovo

More information

CHAPTER 7: THE ROMAN WORLD

CHAPTER 7: THE ROMAN WORLD CHAPTER 7: THE ROMAN WORLD 1 CHAPTER 7-SECTION 1: THE FOUNDING OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC A. Geographically Rome was a city built on and around 7 hills along the Tiber River and 15 miles from the sea. Italy

More information

Ancient Rome Textbook Notes Section 1 Pages

Ancient Rome Textbook Notes Section 1 Pages Ancient Rome Textbook Notes Section 1 Pages 191-196 What is Rome s Geographic Setting? Peninsula- land surrounded by water on three sides Rivers, hills, and fertile soil Italy was in the center of the

More information

The Italian Peninsula

The Italian Peninsula Ancient Rome The Italian Peninsula Narrow boot-shaped peninsula in the Mediterranean Sea Modern-Day Italy Center of trade among 3 continents = Asia, Africa, Europe Mild, moist climate & rich soil Swamps

More information

Chapter 8. The Rise of Ancient Rome

Chapter 8. The Rise of Ancient Rome Chapter 8 The Rise of Ancient Rome Section 1 The Roman Republic Let s Start at the Beginning - Fable beginning Twin brothers began Rome Romulus & Remus children of a princess & Mars god of war King fearful

More information

Study Guide Chapter 12 Rome: Roman Civilization

Study Guide Chapter 12 Rome: Roman Civilization Study Guide Chapter 12 Rome: Roman Civilization 1) gladiator: in ancient Rome, a person who fought people or animals for public entertainment 2) anatomy: the study of the body s structure 3) vault: a curved

More information

Text 3: The Roman Empire. Topic 6: Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity Lesson 2: The Roman Empire: Rise and Decline

Text 3: The Roman Empire. Topic 6: Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity Lesson 2: The Roman Empire: Rise and Decline Text 3: The Roman Empire Topic 6: Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity Lesson 2: The Roman Empire: Rise and Decline BELLWORK How did political turmoil affect the stability of the Roman Empire?

More information

Chapter Summary. Section 1: The Roman World Takes Shape. Section 2: From Republic to Empire

Chapter Summary. Section 1: The Roman World Takes Shape. Section 2: From Republic to Empire Chapter Review Chapter Summary Section 1: The Roman World Takes Shape Rome began as a small city-state. Its geography helped it to grow. It borrowed from the Greeks and Etruscans, and developed into a

More information

Chapter 8 Reading Guide Rome Page 1

Chapter 8 Reading Guide Rome Page 1 Chapter 8 Reading Guide Rome Page 1 Section 1 Rome s Beginnings The Origins of Rome: Main Idea played a key role in the rise of Roman civilization 1. is a long, narrow Peninsula with a shape that looks

More information

Fall of the Roman Empire

Fall of the Roman Empire Fall of the Roman Empire Fall of the Roman Empire The fall of the Roman Empire has been romanticized in history for the last 1500 years In our imagination it was a single event: The barbarians sacked Rome

More information

Legend. Romulus founds Rome 753 BCE Rome may come from a word for river Importance of this legend: Latin woman and the war god Mars

Legend. Romulus founds Rome 753 BCE Rome may come from a word for river Importance of this legend: Latin woman and the war god Mars Ancient Rome In the Beginning Ancient Rome began as a group of villages along the Tiber River in what is now Italy. People were named the Latins Easy to unify the people, no natural obstacles, like in

More information

Era II Unit 6 WHI.6 Ancient Rome

Era II Unit 6 WHI.6 Ancient Rome Era II Unit 6 WHI.6 Ancient Rome From Republic to Empire! Text in yellow is for notes! Voorhees http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=740lqvguwm4 Symbolism- Western Civilization SIC SEMPER TYRRANUS= Thus always

More information

The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire. Student Handouts, Inc.

The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire. Student Handouts, Inc. The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire Student Handouts, Inc. www.studenthandouts.com What was the Roman Empire? There were two periods of Roman government. Roman Republic 509 BCE-30 BCE Roman Empire 30

More information

World History I. Robert Taggart

World History I. Robert Taggart World History I Robert Taggart Table of Contents To the Student.............................................. v A Note About Dates........................................ vii Unit 1: The Earliest People

More information

The Failure of the Republic

The Failure of the Republic The Failure of the Republic As Rome expanded, the social and economic bases of the Roman republic in Italy were undermined While men from independent farming families were forced to devote their time to

More information

HCP WORLD HISTORY PROJECT THE ROMAN CONQUEST

HCP WORLD HISTORY PROJECT THE ROMAN CONQUEST Coosa High School Rome, Georgia Instructor: Randy Vice Created by: Kierra Smith, Kayla Breeden, and Myra Hernandez HCP WORLD HISTORY PROJECT THE ROMAN CONQUEST SECTION ONE: POWERPOINT SECTION TWO: WRITTEN

More information

Study Guide Chapter 11 Rome: Republic to Empire

Study Guide Chapter 11 Rome: Republic to Empire Study Guide Chapter 11 Rome: Republic to Empire 1) republic: a form of government in which citizens elect their leaders 2) legion: large groups of Roman soldiers 3) patrician: the ruling class 4) plebeian:

More information

Guided Reading Activity 5-1. The Rise of Rome. DIRECTIONS: Answer the following questions as you read the section. Name Date Class

Guided Reading Activity 5-1. The Rise of Rome. DIRECTIONS: Answer the following questions as you read the section. Name Date Class Guided Reading Activity 5-1 The Rise of Rome DIRECTIONS: Answer the following questions as you read the section. 1. List the four reasons that the location of the city of Rome was especially favorable.

More information

Central Location of Rome The City of Rome is in the middle of the Italian Peninsula.

Central Location of Rome The City of Rome is in the middle of the Italian Peninsula. Influence of Geography Rome s location benefited it in several ways. It was located 18 miles up river from the sea, the Tiber gave it access to the Mediterranean, but it was far enough inland to be protected

More information

Location & Geography

Location & Geography Ancient Rome Location & Geography Close to the Mediterranean Sea Next to the Tiber River, which increased trade and provided protection. Somewhat larger than the U.S. City of Rome was in the center of

More information

Ancient Rome. AP World History Chapter 5a

Ancient Rome. AP World History Chapter 5a Ancient Rome AP World History Chapter 5a The Italian Peninsula Narrow boot-shaped peninsula in the Mediterranean Sea Modern-Day Italy Center of trade among 3 continents = Asia, Africa, Europe Mild, moist

More information

Ancient Rome. Chapter 6 Notes

Ancient Rome. Chapter 6 Notes Ancient Rome Chapter 6 Notes Geography of Rome Centrally located in the Mediterranean Basin & distant from east Mediterranean powers 1. Protected: could develop into a great civilization without invasion

More information

Warm-Up Question: Essential Question: What were the lasting characteristics of the Roman Republic & the Roman Empire?

Warm-Up Question: Essential Question: What were the lasting characteristics of the Roman Republic & the Roman Empire? Essential Question: What were the lasting characteristics of the Roman Republic & the Roman Empire? Warm-Up Question: What is Hellenism? Why was Alexander of Macedonia considered great? In addition to

More information

Decline in Morals and Values

Decline in Morals and Values Barbarian Invasions The Rhine and Danube Rivers marked the border of the empire. Large numbers of German tribes lived on this border to the Roman Empire. The Romans allowed peaceful tribes to settle along

More information

THE ROMAN EMPIRE. The Roman Republic

THE ROMAN EMPIRE. The Roman Republic Questions & Connections THE ROMAN EMPIRE The Roman Republic From 616 to 509 BC, the Etrusans ruled Rome. After a successful rebellion again the Etruscan king, the romans set up a type of government called

More information

TIMELINE ANCIENT ROME

TIMELINE ANCIENT ROME TIMELINE ANCIENT ROME IRON AGE ITALY 1200 BC Beginning of the Iron Age; The Latins migrate to Italy and settle the area later known as Latium 1000 BC Etruscan tribes move into Italy; First settlements

More information

1. STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES SURROUNDING ANCIENT ROME

1. STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES SURROUNDING ANCIENT ROME SOUTHWESTERN CHRISTIAN SCHOOL WORLD HISTORY STUDY GUIDE # 12 : ANCIENT ROME LEARNING OBJECTIVES STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY THE MAJOR GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES SURROUNDING ANCIENT ROME STUDENTS WILL BE

More information

12/13/2017. Chapter Six A Look at Ancient Rome. Three Periods of Roman History. The Etruscans. I. Kingdom: 753 BC 509BC. Tiber River Seven Hills

12/13/2017. Chapter Six A Look at Ancient Rome. Three Periods of Roman History. The Etruscans. I. Kingdom: 753 BC 509BC. Tiber River Seven Hills Chapter Six A Look at Ancient Rome 1 Three Periods of Roman History I. Kingdom: 753 BC 509BC Tiber River Seven Hills II. Republic: 509 BC 31 BC III. Empire (Imperial) : 31 BC 476 AD (Western) 31 BC 1453

More information

Wayne E. Sirmon HI 103 World History

Wayne E. Sirmon HI 103 World History Wayne E. Sirmon HI 103 World History Stallworth Lecture Wednesday, Oct. 28 Laidlaw Hall, USA John Boles, PhD Thomas Jefferson and the Dilemma of Slavery History 103 World History to 1500 September 29 September

More information

Comparing Republics. Rome Powers America. Consuls EXECUTIVE President. *Senate *Centuriate Assembly *Tribal Assembly. *House of Representatives

Comparing Republics. Rome Powers America. Consuls EXECUTIVE President. *Senate *Centuriate Assembly *Tribal Assembly. *House of Representatives Warm-Up What island did Rome get after the first Punic War? Who led the Carthaginians in the second Punic War? What famous travel method did they utilize? Name the three legislative bodies in the Roman

More information

Essential Question: What were the lasting characteristics of the Roman Republic & the Roman Empire? Warm-Up Question:?

Essential Question: What were the lasting characteristics of the Roman Republic & the Roman Empire? Warm-Up Question:? Essential Question: What were the lasting characteristics of the Roman Republic & the Roman Empire? Warm-Up Question:? In addition to Greece, a significant classical civilization was ancient Rome Impact

More information

A. Remember (Things we have already learned)

A. Remember (Things we have already learned) A. Remember (Things we have already learned) 1. Rome began as a small city-state in 509 BCE as a Republic 2. Rome became an imperialistic empire and conquered lands around the Mediterranean 3. bread and

More information

Students of History - https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/store/students-of-history

Students of History - https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/store/students-of-history Students of History - https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/store/students-of-history What happened to the Roman Empire by 500 A.D.? After the Pax Romana, the Roman Empire entered an era of decline The Roman

More information

Ancient Rome & The Origin of Christianity Outcome: A Republic Becomes an Empire

Ancient Rome & The Origin of Christianity Outcome: A Republic Becomes an Empire Ancient Rome & The Origin of Christianity Outcome: A Republic Becomes an Empire 1 Constructive Response Question Compare and contrast the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire using specific examples: Classify

More information

EMPIRES. *You will need your guided notes each day. *You will have a Religions Review & Empires QUIZ next week*

EMPIRES. *You will need your guided notes each day. *You will have a Religions Review & Empires QUIZ next week* EMPIRES *You will need your guided notes each day *You will have a Religions Review & Empires QUIZ next week* WHAT IS AN EMPIRE? = A large territory under the control of one government that unites different

More information

Chapter 6: Rome and the Barbarians

Chapter 6: Rome and the Barbarians Chapter 6: Rome and the Barbarians Social Order As Roman state spread throughout Italian Peninsula and into Western Europe what is a citizen? Patron/client relationship Protection/dependence social glue

More information

The Roman Empire. The Roman Empire 218BC. The Roman Empire 390BC

The Roman Empire. The Roman Empire 218BC. The Roman Empire 390BC The Roman Empire 218BC The Roman Empire 390BC The Roman Empire The Romans started building their Empire having expelled various kings, became a republic (nation) around the year 510 BC. Rome went onto

More information

Name Date Period. Mr. Melia Social Studies Unit 9 Ancient Rome Chapter 7 Section 5

Name Date Period. Mr. Melia Social Studies Unit 9 Ancient Rome Chapter 7 Section 5 Name Date Period Mr. Melia Social Studies Unit 9 Ancient Rome Chapter 7 Section 5 The Fall of Rome One day in the year a.d. 312, the emperor Constantine (kahn stuhn teen) stood with his troops under a

More information

Section 1: The Early Hebrews

Section 1: The Early Hebrews Section 1: The Early Hebrews 1. Summarize the Beginnings in Canaan and Egypt: 2. Who led the Hebrews out of Mesopotamia? 3. After they lived in Canaan, where did they live? 4. Why was the pharaoh worried

More information

Students of History -

Students of History - 1. What was Caesar s role in the First Triumvirate? 2. How did Caesar seize power? 3.What were some of his achievements as ruler of Rome? Students of History - http://www.teacherspayteachers.com/store/students-of-history

More information

Project Passport History Based Activity Study:

Project Passport History Based Activity Study: Project Passport History Based Activity Study: ANCIENT Rome Scope and Sequence Grades: 3 rd 8 th Ancient Rome offers an in-depth, hands-on view of the history of the ancient Romans, a people that conquered

More information

CHAPTER TWO HISTORY S NEW COKE (THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE)

CHAPTER TWO HISTORY S NEW COKE (THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE) CHAPTER TWO HISTORY S NEW COKE (THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE) 2.1 Succession Solution-- Diocletian By the year AD 300, the idea that one needed to be born in Rome in order to be its emperor had long passed. The

More information

Location. Palatine Hill Tiber River Valley (becomes the forum)

Location. Palatine Hill Tiber River Valley (becomes the forum) Rome Location Palatine Hill Tiber River Valley (becomes the forum) Physical features of Rome Tiber river-near Palatine Hill Alps Mountains- North of peninsula Apennine Mountains- backbone of Italian peninsula

More information

Land and People of Italy. Peninsula: 750 miles long and only about 120 miles wide. Apennine Mountains: Backbone of Italy.

Land and People of Italy. Peninsula: 750 miles long and only about 120 miles wide. Apennine Mountains: Backbone of Italy. Land and People of Italy Peninsula: 750 miles long and only about 120 miles wide. Apennine Mountains: Backbone of Italy. Africa Carthage Rome Tyrrhenian Sea Sicily Mediterranean Sea Ionian Sea Rome: on

More information

From Republic to Empire

From Republic to Empire is Rome grew into a huge empire, power fell into the hands of a single supreme ruler. CHAPTER From Republic to Empire 34.1 Introduction In the last chapter, you learned how Rome became a republic. In this

More information

9 FUN FACTS ABOUT ANCIENT ROME

9 FUN FACTS ABOUT ANCIENT ROME 9 FUN FACTS ABOUT ANCIENT ROME 1. EVERYONE LOVES A GOOD STORY Romulus & Remus: mythical twin brothers who were supposed to be drowned as babies (so they couldn t take power) but floated away and were raised

More information

Corbin Hillam. Author Cindy Barden. Author Cindy Barden. Illustrator. Illustrator. Copyright 2002

Corbin Hillam. Author Cindy Barden. Author Cindy Barden. Illustrator. Illustrator. Copyright 2002 THE ROMAN EMPIRE by Cindy Barden illustrated by Author Cindy Barden Illustrator Book Design and Production Good Neighbor Press, Inc. Copyright 2002 Milliken Publishing Company a Lorenz company P.O. Box

More information

The Roman Empire: Culture, Christianity, & Collapse

The Roman Empire: Culture, Christianity, & Collapse The Roman Empire: Culture, Christianity, & Collapse Roots of European Civilization As the Roman Empire spread, it assimilated and spread all cultures Took the best of each Especially Greek! Philosophy:

More information

5.1 Eastern Rome -- Byzantine Empire Reading and Q s

5.1 Eastern Rome -- Byzantine Empire Reading and Q s 5.1 Eastern Rome -- Byzantine Empire Reading and Q s The Byzantine Empire was a vast and powerful civilization with origins that can be traced to 330 A.D/C.E., when the Roman emperor Constantine I dedicated

More information

Chapter 10, Lesson 1 Notes

Chapter 10, Lesson 1 Notes Chapter 10, Lesson 1 Notes Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome, were raised by a she-wolf. The Tiber River was important to Rome b/c foreign ships could bring goods to the city The Etruscans

More information

Assessment: The Legacy of the Roman Empire

Assessment: The Legacy of the Roman Empire Name Date Mastering the Content Assessment: The Legacy of the Roman Empire Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. Which of the following methods was commonly used to choose a new Roman emperor?

More information

THE HISTORY OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION 2: ROME

THE HISTORY OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION 2: ROME THE HISTORY OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION 2: ROME Helen Steele HIST 150 TTh 1100 1215 Spring 2008 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC KEY CONCEPTS The Republic Plebeians Patricians Populares Optimates Bread and Circuses Cursus

More information

6 th Grade Social Studies. Ch. 9.2 & Vocabulary. The Path of Conquest

6 th Grade Social Studies. Ch. 9.2 & Vocabulary. The Path of Conquest 6 th Grade Social Studies Ch. 9.2 & Vocabulary The Path of Conquest 1. B.C.-Romans extended their rule a. Fought many wars b. B.C. Rome controlled nearly all of the Italian Peninsula 2. The Wars a. Carthage-

More information

Student Handouts, Inc.

Student Handouts, Inc. Slide 1 The Barbarian Invasions: The Migration Period in Europe, 300-700 C.E. Student Handouts, Inc. www.studenthandouts.com Slide 2 End of the Roman Empire 476 C.E. Traditional date for the end of the

More information

What happened to the Roman Empire by 500 A.D.?

What happened to the Roman Empire by 500 A.D.? What happened to the Roman Empire by 500 A.D.? After the Pax Romana, the Roman Empire entered an era of decline The Roman Empire had a series of weak emperors The Fall of the Roman Empire Romans had a

More information

CONTROL OCTAVIAN TRIUMVIRATE

CONTROL OCTAVIAN TRIUMVIRATE (1) None of the senators who assassinated Julius Caesar had the power to CONTROL Rome on their own Caesar's adopted son and heir, OCTAVIAN, was determined to take revenge for Caesar s death Octavian created

More information

Assessment: The Legacy of Rome in the Modern World

Assessment: The Legacy of Rome in the Modern World Name Date Assessment: The Legacy of Rome in the Modern World Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. Why was the Roman Empire hard to defend? A. It had a very long border. B.

More information

Chapter 34 From Republic to Empire. Did the benefits of Roman expansion outweigh the costs?

Chapter 34 From Republic to Empire. Did the benefits of Roman expansion outweigh the costs? Chapter 34 From Republic to Empire Did the benefits of Roman expansion outweigh the costs? 34.1. Introduction Emicristea /Dreamstime The Romans celebrated their military victories by building structures

More information