Study Guide Chapter 12 Rome: Roman Civilization

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1 Study Guide Chapter 12 Rome: Roman Civilization 1) gladiator: in ancient Rome, a person who fought people or animals for public entertainment 2) anatomy: the study of the body s structure 3) vault: a curved ceiling made of arches 4) satire: verse or prose that pokes fun at human weakness 5) ode: a lyric poem that expresses strong emotions about life 6) reforms: changes to bring about improvement Key Vocabulary Terms: Page 1

2 Lesson 12-1 Study Guide: The Roman Way of Life Multiple Choice Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Roman builders used rows of arches in their buildings to form a curved ceiling, or a. aqueduct. b. colonnade. c. dome. d. vault. 2. Many Roman cities surrounded a marketplace and public square, also called the a. Forum. b. Meeting Place. c. Public Space. d. Town Square. 3. This wife of Augustus had a say in Rome s politics even though women did not have full citizenship rights. a. Aphrodite b. Athena c. Hera d. Livia 4. While this Roman emperor fought battles away from Rome, his wife, Julia Domna, was in charge of political affairs in Rome. a. Augustus b. Ptolemy c. Septimius d. Zeus 5. The houses of the wealthy Romans were built around a(n) a. atrium. b. colonnade. c. promenade. d. vault. Page 2

3 Matching Match each item with the correct statement below. A. anatomy B. Appian Way C. gladiator D. satires E. Spartacus 6. works that poke fun at human weaknesses 7. the study of body structure 8. first major Roman road linking Rome to southeastern Italy 9. gladiator who led a slave rebellion 10. person who fought animals and other people as public amusement 11. Describe the city of Rome. Page 3

4 12. What was bread and circuses? Page 4

5 Lesson 12-2 Study Guide: Rome's Decline Multiple Choice Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The fall of Rome began with poor leadership, attacks by invaders, and a. a declining economy. b. an evil emperor. c. an overabundance of food. d. earthquakes. 2. As Roman emperor, who moved the empire s capital to Constantinople? a. Alaric b. Constantine c. Diocletian d. Theodosius 3. In A.D. 410 this Visigoth leader captured the city of Rome. a. Alaric b. Augustulus c. Odoacer d. Theodoric 4. Rome finally fell when groups of which people invaded from northern Europe? a. Celtic b. Egyptian c. Germanic d. Slavic 5. The Visigoths warred with which other invading tribe? a. Etruscans b. Greeks c. Huns d. Philistines Page 5

6 Completion Enter the appropriate word(s) to complete the statement. 6. The Visigoths became tired of the Romans demands, rebelled, and defeated the Roman legions at. 7. The Germanic general named seized control of Rome and ruled it for almost 15 years. 8. As the value of Roman coins decreased, people began to again. 9. The reforms of did not work because he wasn t a strong enough emperor to enforce them. 10. In Roman theater male actors wore so that they could play different roles. 11. Describe how and why Theodosius split the Roman Empire into the Eastern and Western Roman Empires. Page 6

7 12. What are Rome s Legacies? 13. How did ancient Rome help the spread of Christianity? 14. Although the Eastern Roman Empire was quickly destroyed, what happened to the Western Roman Empire? Page 7

8 Chapter 12 Review (Lessons 1-2) True / False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. 1. Roman statues were less realistic than those of the Greeks. A) True B) False 2. Horace wrote odes which were poems that express a strong emotion about life. A) True B) False 3. Livy, a Roman writer, wrote History of Rome describing Rome s rise to power. A) True B) False 4. When a Roman boy reached age 15, he celebrated becoming an adult by burning his old clothes and wearing long pants. A) True B) False 5. All people the Romans enslaved were unskilled and uneducated. A) True B) False Multiple Choice Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 6. Galen emphasized the importance of A) mapping the oceans. B) observing the stars. C) poetry and art. D) studying body structure. 7. By 100 B.C., what percent of Italy s people were enslaved? A) 10 percent B) 20 percent C) 30 percent D) 40 percent 8. Theodosius decided to do what after his death? A) be buried in Rome B) have the Roman Empire divided C) move the capital city to Sicily D) publish his autobiography Page 8

9 9. What happened after the Battle of Adrianople? A) All enslaved people were freed. B) More Germanic tribes attacked Rome. C) The Anglo-Saxons revolted. D) The Mongols overran the empire. 10. How long did the Byzantine Empire last? A) about 100 years B) about 500 years C) about 1,000 years D) about 2,000 years Matching Match each item with the correct statement below. A) Pope Gregory I B) rhetoric C) Romulus Augustulus D) vandalism 11. the young, western emperor Odoacer overthrew 12. a word that means the intentional destruction of property 13. the art of public speaking 14. wrote about the fall of Rome and how it affected its people Page 9

10 Essay 15. Evaluate what life was like for poor people in Rome. How did the Roman Empire try to keep poor people loyal to the empire? Page 10

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