Assessment: The Legacy of Rome in the Modern World

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1 Name Date Assessment: The Legacy of Rome in the Modern World Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. Why was the Roman Empire hard to defend? A. It had a very long border. B. It lacked harbors for ships. C. Its population was very small. D. Its rulers were unwilling to fight. 2. What became of the eastern empire after 476 C.E.? A. It was conquered by nomads. B. It lasted another thousand years. C. It fell apart under local warlords. D. It shared the same fate as the west. 3. What happened in 476 C.E., often considered to mark the fall of Rome? A. Rome surrendered to Persian invaders. B. The last emperor in Rome was removed. C. Rome ceased to be a republic. D. Carthage defeated Rome. 4. Which of the following was a main weakness that led to the fall of Rome? A. The Romans never developed a good way to transfer ruling power. B. The emperor was too far away from Rome to rule well. C. The plebeians did not understand how to make new laws. D. Romulus Augustus was allowed to have a private army. 5. How did patrons support the arts? A. They sold the art. B. They made the art. C. They paid the artists. D. They trained the artists. 6. What is the most likely reason why Americans made statues of George Washington in the Roman style? A. to give Washington nobility B. to give Washington godlike status C. to identify Washington as a general D. to identify Washington as an emperor 7. Which kind of art did Romans wear as jewelry? A. fresco B. cameo C. mosaic D. clay

2 8. What was the name of the cultural flowering in Europe based on Greek and Roman ideas? A. New Age B. Dark Age C. Renaissance D. Enlightenment 9. How were the Romans able to build bigger arches than anyone before them? A. by placing domes on top of their vaults B. by capturing skilled builders to work as slaves C. by designing outdoor stadiums for sports events D. by mixing stone and sand with cement to make concrete 10. Which statement is true of Rome s roads, bridges, and aqueducts? A. They were usually made of wood. B. They were weak and fell apart quickly. C. They were copied from those of the Greeks. D. They were the greatest in the ancient world. 11. Look at the chart below. Which is another word in the list that uses the Latin prefix meaning eight? A. sextet B. octagon C. novice D. decimal 12. Which modern languages developed from Latin? A. Greek and Turkish B. Dutch and German C. Polish and Russian D. Spanish and French 13. The Roman numeral I means 1, V means 5, and X means 10. What is this number? XVII A. 6 B. 12 C. 17 D. 25

3 14. Which quality would a Stoic consider most important? A. love B. anger C. pleasure D. dignity 15. Which Roman ideal of justice is based on natural law? A. All people are wise. B. The ruler knows best. C. All people have rights. D. The strongest should rule.

4 Applying Social Studies Skills Use the map and your knowledge of history to complete the sentences. 16. In the time period covered by this map, the Germanic tribe that ruled the Italian peninsula was the 17. Emperor Constantine named his capital city for himself. By 500 C. E. it was the capital of the 18. The word vandalism comes from the Vandals, a Germanic tribe whose raids involved destruction of property. By 500 C.E., they ruled islands in the and territory on the continent of. 19. Only one of the Germanic tribes established a kingdom that grew and survived into modern times, as the nation called France. Its name reflects its origins. In 500 C.E. it was the Kingdom of the

5 Exploring the Essential Question: To what extent does ancient Rome influence us today? 20. Which Roman influence do you think is most important? Write a number beside each item below to rank them in order of importance to you, from 1 to 6. (The 1 means most important, and the 6 means least important. ) Roman influence on architecture Roman influence on art Roman influence on engineering Roman influence on language Roman influence on philosophy Roman influence on law Next, complete each item below for the three influences that you ranked the highest. 1. Most important influence: the Roman influence on b. Why did you rank it as most important? 2. Second most important influence: the Roman influence on b. Why did you rank it as second most important? 3. Third most important influence: the Roman influence on b. Why did you rank it as third most important?

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