Gods & Spirits. Kenneth Feldmeier Office hours: Tuesday before class

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Gods & Spirits. Kenneth Feldmeier Office hours: Tuesday before class"

Transcription

1 Gods & Spirits Kenneth Feldmeier Office hours: Tuesday before class

2 Recap: Where have we been, where do we go? The plan; this week we are going to discuss different ideas about gods and spirits Look at Buddhism & Hinduism (Polytheism) Then Witchcraft

3 Kinds of Religion Religious forms vary from culture to culture, but there are correlations between political organization and religious type. Religious Practitioners and Types: Wallace defined religion as consisting of all a society s cult institutions (rituals and associated beliefs) and developed four categories from this. Shamanic religions shamans are part-time religious intermediaries who may act as curers--these religions are most characteristic of foragers.

4 Kinds of Religion (continued) Communal religions have shamans, community rituals, multiple nature gods, and are more characteristic of food producers than foragers. Olympian religions first appeared with states, have full-time religious specialists whose organization may mimic the states, and have potent anthropomorphic gods who may exist as a pantheon. Monotheistic religions have all the attributes of Olympian religions, except that the pantheon of gods is subsumed under a single eternal, omniscient, omnipotent, and omnipresent being.

5 Spirits What is a Spirit? 2 types; Non-individualized Individualized

6 Nonindividualized Spirits without a connection to an individual Turn to page: 192

7 Individually recognized Connected to an individual

8 More About Spirits Complex personalities Live in Human World Bad or Good Can be Influenced Turn to Page 190

9 Find Your Spirit Animal Type: how can i figure out my spirit animal First Website to come up, Find Your Spirit Animal Write Down; What animal are you, Powers, Best Matches, & Who to Watch

10 Gods & Goddess

11 What is and Why are Gods, Anthropomorphic?

12 What is and Why are Gods, Anthropomorphic? Anthropomorphic: resembling peoples personalities and physical characteristics Gods - a lot like us Love, Lust, Hate, ect.. Well, what do you think?

13 Usually Gods will resemble the society they control Lets check out what the Anthropologists say Pg 198

14 Types of Gods Pantheon: a collective of gods Usually a Hierarchy!

15 Supreme God Head Dude/Lady in Charge

16 product/b004ah83cq/ ref=avod_yvl_watch_now

17 Attribute Gods Specialized deities: associated with needs of the society

18 Creator Gods Make the world

19 Hinduism & Buddhism Polytheism

20 Hinduism 900 million + adherents, primarily in India (4 th largest) Hinduism is an ancient term for the complex and diverse set of religious beliefs practiced around the Indus River.

21 Hinduism The four sacred texts are ancient hymns called the Vedas, but few Hindus historically could read. Coastlines and river banks most sacred sites. Many, many festivals, often surrounding harvest or spring or the birth of Gods. Brahman is the divine creator but is manifested in literally hundreds of gods, of which Brahma, Shiva, and Vishnu are most common.

22 Hinduism Ganges River, Varanasi, India

23 Brahman In the Hindu religion, Brahman is the eternal, unchanging, infinite, immanent, and transcendent reality which is the Divine Ground of all matter, energy, time, space, and being. The first principle of Indian thought, therefore, is that the ultimate reality is beyond description. It is something that can be experienced only by bringing the mind to a stop; and once experienced, it cannot be described to anyone in terms of the forms of this world. - Joseph Campbell Another important concept is that Hinduism believes in the omnipresence of the Supreme God in every individual. There is no "fall." Man is not cut off from the divine. He requires only to bring the spontaneous activity of his mind to a state of stillness and he will experience that divine principle within him. - Joseph Campbell

24 Hindu Beliefs and Practice Reincarnation the soul is immortal but the body endlessly cycles to higher or lower levels of existence, including the various castes of the rigid social caste system. Yoga the practices or tools used to break from habits of past lives. Includes various meditations and physical practices. The Purusharthas or The Four Aims of Human Life: 1. Dharma (righteousness) 2. Artha (wealth) 3. Kama (desire) 4. Moksha (salvation or liberation) release from the endless cycles.

25 The Trinity of Brahman Brahma (The Creator) - depicted with four faces each continually reciting one of the Vedas. The force of creation and birth. Shiva (The Destroyer) - Shakti or power; the dissolving force in life; centrifugal force; entropy. Vishnu (The Preserver) - peace; balance; Sustainer of life.

26 300 million + adherents primarily in China and S.E. Asia Originated near modern Nepal around 530 BC by prince Siddhartha Guatama. Spread originally in India and Sri Lanka by Magadhan Empire (250 BC). Indian traders brought it to China in 1st century AD. By 6th century it had lost its hold on India, but was now in Korea and Japan.

27 Four Noble Truths: 1. All living beings must endure suffering. 2. Suffering, which is caused by desires (for life), leads to reincarnation. 3. The goal of existence is an escape from suffering and the endless cycle of reincarnation by means of Nirvana. 4. Nirvana is achieved by the Eightfold Path, which includes rightness of understanding, mindfulness, speech, action, livelihood, effort, thought, Buddhism Karma - your past bad or good actions determine your progress toward Nirvana through reincarnation. You are your own God. Buddhism is in large part a rejection of the Indian caste system. It stresses tolerance, humility, and compassion for all.

28 Experts in ancient Greek culture say that people back then didn't see their thoughts as belonging to them. When ancient Greeks had a thought, it occurred to them as a god or goddess giving an order. Apollo was telling them to be brave. Athena was telling them to fall in love.! Now people hear a commercial for sour cream potato chips and rush out to buy, but now they call this free will. At least the ancient Greeks were being honest. Chuck Palahniuk, Lullaby

29 Goddesses

30 Isis - Egyptian - Great Mother - Women held favorable position

31 Ishtar - Worshiped in Mesopotamia - Arid region, what do you need?

32 Greek Gods watch?v=jd3vclvdnre

Decline of the Indus River Valley civilizations - -

Decline of the Indus River Valley civilizations - - Quick-Write: 8/30 Decline of the Indus River Valley civilizations - - Aryans - Aryans Aryans and Vedas Aryans and Vedas Aryans and Vedas Aryans and Social Order Aryans and Social Order - Caste System

More information

Hinduism. Hinduism is a religion as well as a social system (the caste system).

Hinduism. Hinduism is a religion as well as a social system (the caste system). Hinduism Practiced by the various cultures of the Indian subcontinent since 1500 BCE. Began in India with the Aryan invaders. Believe in one supreme force called Brahma, the creator, who is in all things.

More information

AS I ENTER THINK ABOUT IT

AS I ENTER THINK ABOUT IT AS I ENTER THINK ABOUT IT How did all these religions diffuse? What type of diffusion did the major Universalizing and Ethnic religions experience? What were each of the Cultural Hearths? Agenda Overview

More information

HUMAN GEOGRAPHY. By Brett Lucas

HUMAN GEOGRAPHY. By Brett Lucas HUMAN GEOGRAPHY By Brett Lucas RELIGION Overview Distribution of Religion Christianity Islam Buddhism Hinduism Religious Conflict Distribution of Religions Religion & Culture Everyone has values and morals

More information

Hinduism and Buddhism

Hinduism and Buddhism Hinduism and Buddhism WHAT ARE THE MAIN BELIEFS OF HINDUISM & BUDDHISM? MS. JEREMIE Starter: Creation Myth Reflection Using your notes from the presentations, answer the following prompt: What similarities

More information

APHG CHAPTER 7: RELIGION

APHG CHAPTER 7: RELIGION APHG CHAPTER 7: RELIGION KQ #1: WHAT IS RELIGION, AND WHAT ROLE DOES IT PLAY IN CULTURE? (5 slides) KQ #1: WHAT IS RELIGION, AND WHAT ROLE DOES IT PLAY IN CULTURE? Religion & language are the foundations

More information

Hinduism. AP World History Chapter 6ab

Hinduism. AP World History Chapter 6ab Hinduism AP World History Chapter 6ab Origins Originates in India from literature, traditions, and class system of Aryan invaders Developed gradually; took on a variety of forms and gods particular to

More information

What is Hinduism?: world's oldest religion o igi g na n t a ed e d in n Ind n i d a reincarnation (rebirth) Karma

What is Hinduism?: world's oldest religion o igi g na n t a ed e d in n Ind n i d a reincarnation (rebirth) Karma What is Hinduism?: Hinduism is the world's oldest religion, with a billion followers, which makes it the world's third largest religion. Hinduism is a conglomeration of religious, philosophical, and cultural

More information

As I Enter. Think about it: Agenda: What you know about Hinduism and Buddhism. Notes on Hinduism and Buddhism

As I Enter. Think about it: Agenda: What you know about Hinduism and Buddhism. Notes on Hinduism and Buddhism As I Enter Think about it: What you know about Hinduism and Buddhism Agenda: Notes on Hinduism and Buddhism Hinduism Hinduism Statistically, there are over 900 million Hindus in the world (1 in 7 people)

More information

RELIGIONS AND PHILOSOPHIES ORGANIZER KEY POINTS REVIEW

RELIGIONS AND PHILOSOPHIES ORGANIZER KEY POINTS REVIEW RELIGIONS AND PHILOSOPHIES ORGANIZER KEY POINTS REVIEW HINDUISM Major religion practiced in India Oldest Religion in the world that we know of Started from the Aryan Vedic civilization around 1500 BCE

More information

World Religions. Section 3 - Hinduism and Buddhism. Welcome, Rob Reiter. My Account Feedback and Support Sign Out. Choose Another Program

World Religions. Section 3 - Hinduism and Buddhism. Welcome, Rob Reiter. My Account Feedback and Support Sign Out. Choose Another Program Welcome, Rob Reiter My Account Feedback and Support Sign Out Choose Another Program Home Select a Lesson Program Resources My Classes 3 - World Religions This is what your students see when they are signed

More information

BC Religio ig ns n of S outh h A sia

BC Religio ig ns n of S outh h A sia Religions of South Asia 2500 250 BC Hinduism gave birth to Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism Christianity Jesus Christ, son of God the Bible Islam Muhammadlast prophet to talk to Allah t he Quran Do you think

More information

Hinduism. Hinduism Video

Hinduism. Hinduism Video Hinduism Hinduism Video World Population 900 million origins Hinduism is made up of a variety of different religious beliefs and practices which originated near the river Indus in India. The name 'Hindu'

More information

Thursday, February 23, 17

Thursday, February 23, 17 Thursday, February 23, 17 World Religions: Hinduism Objec+ve: Complete Warm-Up, discuss Do-Now, complete outline notes on Hinduism Do Now: What two major powers have controlled India? What is a Raj? What

More information

Indus Valley- one of the early contributors to Hinduism. Found fire pits and animal bones which showed that this civilization had animal sacrifices

Indus Valley- one of the early contributors to Hinduism. Found fire pits and animal bones which showed that this civilization had animal sacrifices Indus Valley- one of the early contributors to Hinduism. Found fire pits and animal bones which showed that this civilization had animal sacrifices Parvati- A mother goddess representing female energy

More information

Cultures of Persia, India, and china. WH I 4a-e

Cultures of Persia, India, and china. WH I 4a-e Cultures of Persia, India, and china WH I 4a-e Vocabulary Power Imperial Bureaucracy- How Persia governed its empire- Divided empire into provinces each with its own administrator Zoroastrianism- monotheistic

More information

WORLD RELIGIONS. Buddhism. Hinduism. Daoism * Yin-Yang * Cosmogony. Sikhism. * Eight Fold Path. Confucianism Shintoism

WORLD RELIGIONS. Buddhism. Hinduism. Daoism * Yin-Yang * Cosmogony. Sikhism. * Eight Fold Path. Confucianism Shintoism Sikhism Buddhism * Eight Fold Path Daoism * Yin-Yang * Cosmogony WORLD RELIGIONS Confucianism Shintoism Hinduism RELIGION set of beliefs for a group of people Soul or spirit; a deity or higher being; life

More information

EARLY WORLD RELIGIONS

EARLY WORLD RELIGIONS EARLY WORLD RELIGIONS Hinduism Buddhism Confucianism Legalism Daoism Judaism Christianity (Islam will be in the next unit) Religions of South Asia Religion in the Subcontinent Hinduism What is Hinduism?

More information

Hinduism vs Buddhism. Jennifer Vang 12/9/14 Hour 6

Hinduism vs Buddhism. Jennifer Vang 12/9/14 Hour 6 Hinduism vs Buddhism Jennifer Vang 12/9/14 Hour 6 What is literal meaning for Buddhism? Buddhists means those who follow the teachings of the Buddha. What is the literal meaning for Hinduism? The followers

More information

Origin. Hinduism is an ethnic religion that evolved on the Indian subcontinent beginning about 3,500 years ago.

Origin. Hinduism is an ethnic religion that evolved on the Indian subcontinent beginning about 3,500 years ago. Hinduism Origin Hinduism is an ethnic religion that evolved on the Indian subcontinent beginning about 3,500 years ago. Distribution/Diffusion Hinduism (shown above in hot pink) has approximately 806 million

More information

The Origin of World Religions

The Origin of World Religions The Origin of World Religions By Anita Ravi, Big History Project, adapted by Newsela staff on 07.30.16 Word Count 1,834 Level 880L Monk Praying at Thatbyinnyu Temple, Myanmar. Courtesy of Karen Kasmauski/Corbis.

More information

Key questions: Hinduism

Key questions: Hinduism Key questions: Hinduism! Where did Hinduism originate?! Who founded Hinduism?! Hinduism is considered a major world religion. Why?! What is the goal or ultimate reality according to Hinduism? Basics of

More information

Introduction. World Religions Unit

Introduction. World Religions Unit Introduction World Religions Unit Why Study Religions? Religion plays a key role in our world today Religion is a major component of the human experience Knowledge of people s religions helps us understand

More information

Topics Covered: (Israelites, monotheism, Judaism, Ten Commandments, Torah, Talmud, Diaspora)

Topics Covered: (Israelites, monotheism, Judaism, Ten Commandments, Torah, Talmud, Diaspora) HWK#3-DUE MONDAY 8-20-12 DIRECTIONS: 1. TAKE CORNELL NOTES ON THE FOLLOWING TOPICS: JUDAISM, HINDUISM, BUDDHISM, CONFUCIANISM, DAOISM, LEGALISM 2. MAKE SURE KEY TERMS ARE PUT INTO NOTES-IF YOU DO NOT KNOW

More information

teachings of the religion. The first 5 books of the Old Testament come from the Torah. The Talmud interprets, explains, and applies the Torah.

teachings of the religion. The first 5 books of the Old Testament come from the Torah. The Talmud interprets, explains, and applies the Torah. World Religions Religion Religion is a belief in a supernatural power of powers that are regarded as the creator and maintainers of the universe. Three are three main types: 1. Monotheistic: a belief in

More information

Chapter 7 Religion pages Field Note: Dying and Resurrecting:

Chapter 7 Religion pages Field Note: Dying and Resurrecting: Chapter 7 Religion pages 177-216 Field Note: Dying and Resurrecting: pg. 177 Why did the Soviet Union let the churches collapse? because the different religions set Soviet against Soviet, and the church

More information

The Rise of Hinduism

The Rise of Hinduism The Rise of Hinduism Not many things have endured without major transformation for over 5,000 years. That's one reason Hindu traditions stand out. Hinduism might be the oldest religion on Earth. To understand

More information

SS7G12 The student will analyze the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southern and Eastern Asia. a. Explain the differences between an

SS7G12 The student will analyze the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southern and Eastern Asia. a. Explain the differences between an SS7G12 The student will analyze the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southern and Eastern Asia. a. Explain the differences between an ethnic group and a religious group. b. Compare and contrast

More information

Teaching and Learning activities (possible)

Teaching and Learning activities (possible) Hinduism Years: Years 5, 6, 7 and 8 Unit 1: God and Other Beliefs About this Unit: This unit examines Hindu beliefs and how these beliefs affect Hindu lifestyle. Prior Learning: It is helpful if children

More information

Lesson 1: Geography of South Asia

Lesson 1: Geography of South Asia Lesson 1 Summary Lesson 1: Geography of South Asia Use with pages 122 127. Vocabulary subcontinent a large region separated by water from other land areas monsoon season the rainy season subsistence farming

More information

The earliest inhabitants of India settled along the banks of the

The earliest inhabitants of India settled along the banks of the NAME HR The answers to be used in these questions are to be taken from the Textbook: WORLD HISTORY ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS from pages 218-244 1. India is a which is a large landmass that is like a continent,

More information

Hinduism: A Christian Perspective

Hinduism: A Christian Perspective Hinduism: A Christian Perspective Rick Rood gives us an understanding of this major world religion which is becoming more a part of the American scene with the growth of a Hindu immigrant population. Taking

More information

Ancient India and China

Ancient India and China Ancient India and China The Subcontinent Huge peninsula Pushes out into the Indian Ocean India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka Himalaya Hindu Kush Eastern and Western Ghats Mountains Rivers

More information

1. Subcontinent - A large distinguishable part of a continent

1. Subcontinent - A large distinguishable part of a continent I. India A. Geography - Located in southern Asia, India is a triangular shaped subcontinent. 1. Subcontinent - A large distinguishable part of a continent 2. Due to the geographic diversity of India, over

More information

Understanding Hinduism Pearls of the Indian Ocean

Understanding Hinduism Pearls of the Indian Ocean Understanding Hinduism Pearls of the Indian Ocean Windstar Cruises Ross Arnold, Fall 2017 Pearls of the Indian Ocean Lectures Introduction to Pearls of the Indian Ocean The Ancient Indus River Civilization

More information

Sanātana Dharma Sanskrit phrase "the eternal law"

Sanātana Dharma Sanskrit phrase the eternal law 1. Notebook Entry: Hinduism 2. How do we identify a belief system EQ: How does Hinduism fit our model of a belief system? code of ethics, place of origin, texts, impact, spread, divine being, founder,

More information

D. B.I.L.T.: Beliefs. 1. What people believe influence what they do, say, wear, eat, etc.

D. B.I.L.T.: Beliefs. 1. What people believe influence what they do, say, wear, eat, etc. D. B.I.L.T.: Beliefs 1. What people believe influence what they do, say, wear, eat, etc. Does this have to be associated with an organized religion? What would be an example of your beliefs influencing

More information

In the Beginning. Creation Myths Hinduism Buddhism

In the Beginning. Creation Myths Hinduism Buddhism In the Beginning Creation Myths Hinduism Buddhism In the second millennium BCE (2000 BCE) Indus valley cities disappeared. A series of invasions by Aryan people who introduced Sancrit, (the language of

More information

BluePrint Skill: Grade 7 History

BluePrint Skill: Grade 7 History BluePrint Skill: Grade 7 History Compare and contrast the tenets of the five major world religions (i.e., Christianity, Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism, and Judaism). Main Menu Christianity Buddhism Islam Hinduism

More information

The Historical Basis of Hinduism

The Historical Basis of Hinduism Hinduism The Historical Basis of Hinduism Hinduism is not founded by one particular person Because it is not confined to one person s beliefs, it absorbed ideas and practices that suited the social and

More information

Evangelism: Defending the Faith

Evangelism: Defending the Faith Introduction We ve been ministering for the past several weeks from the overarching theme of: Evangelism. o Evangelize 1. Convert to Christianity 2. Be an advocate for a cause 3. To preach the gospel of

More information

EQ: Explain how Hinduism fits our model for a belief system.

EQ: Explain how Hinduism fits our model for a belief system. 1. New Entry: Belief Systems Vocabulary 2. New Entry: Hinduism EQ: Explain how Hinduism fits our model for a belief system. By the end of class are objectives are to: -describe the origins, beliefs, and

More information

Buddhism. Ancient India and China Section 3. Preview

Buddhism. Ancient India and China Section 3. Preview Preview Main Idea / Reading Focus The Life of the Buddha The Teachings of Buddhism The Spread of Buddhism Map: Spread of Buddhism Buddhism Main Idea Buddhism Buddhism, which teaches people that they can

More information

Culture: a people s way of life (how they meet their basic needs for food and shelter) language, literature, music, and art

Culture: a people s way of life (how they meet their basic needs for food and shelter) language, literature, music, and art Aspects of Culture What is Culture? Culture: a people s way of life (how they meet their basic needs for food and shelter) language, literature, music, and art beliefs about the world and religion technology

More information

Chapter Test. History of Ancient India

Chapter Test. History of Ancient India Name Class Date MULTIPLE CHOICE Read each statement or question. On the lines below write the letter of the best answer. 1. Both Harappa and Mohenjo Daro were located near the a. city of Bodh Gaya. b.

More information

WORLD RELIGIONS. Mr. Booth World History 2015

WORLD RELIGIONS. Mr. Booth World History 2015 WORLD RELIGIONS Mr. Booth World History 2015 5 Major Religions Christianity Islam Judaism Buddhism Hinduism + Confucianism/Taoism 5 Categories of Religions 1. Monotheistic Belief in one God (Christianity,

More information

Asia. Cultural Geography

Asia. Cultural Geography Asia Cultural Geography Religion v Some religions that are found in Asia are: A. Buddhism B. Hinduism C. Confucianism E. Shintoism F. Islam G. Christianity D. Taoism Hinduism v Hinduism is an ethnic religion

More information

Judaism. Compton's by Britannica. Aug 1, 2011, n.p. Copyright 2011 Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.

Judaism. Compton's by Britannica. Aug 1, 2011, n.p. Copyright 2011 Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. World Religions Judaism Overview Along with Christianity and Islam, Judaism is one of the three major monotheistic religions of the world. It shares with them the belief in one God who is the creator and

More information

WORLD RELIGIONS. Mr. Booth World History 2015

WORLD RELIGIONS. Mr. Booth World History 2015 WORLD RELIGIONS Mr. Booth World History 2015 5 Major Religions Christianity Islam Judaism Buddhism Hinduism + Confucianism/Taoism 5 Categories of Religions 1. Monotheistic Belief in one God (Christianity,

More information

Is a drop of water the same thing as the entire ocean? 8/14/2013

Is a drop of water the same thing as the entire ocean? 8/14/2013 THE BASICS Hinduism World s oldest religion World's third largest religion, after Christianity and Islam Largely influenced later religions: Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism Nearly 1 billion followers 13% of

More information

Christianity Islam Judaism. Hinduism Buddhism Confucianism

Christianity Islam Judaism. Hinduism Buddhism Confucianism Christianity Islam Judaism Hinduism Buddhism Confucianism Religion an organized system of beliefs, ceremonies, and rules used to worship a God(s) Types of Religions 1. Monotheistic religions believe in

More information

World History: Patterns of Interaction. People and Ideas on the Move, 2000 B.C. 250 B.C.

World History: Patterns of Interaction. People and Ideas on the Move, 2000 B.C. 250 B.C. People and Ideas on the Move, 2000 B.C. 250 B.C. Migrations by Indo-Europeans led to major changes in trade and language as well as to the foundations of three religions: Hinduism, Buddhism and Judaism.

More information

World Religions. Essential Information

World Religions. Essential Information World Religions Essential Information Distribution of Major World Religions Essential Questions What is religion commitment or devotion to an organized system of beliefs, ceremonies and practices What

More information

WORLD HISTORY. The Ancient Civilizations of India

WORLD HISTORY. The Ancient Civilizations of India WORLD HISTORY The Ancient Civilizations of India Indus River Valley The Ancient World https://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=j1iltq43rb g&feature=youtu.be Indus Valley Civilization Geography of the Indian Subcontinent

More information

Introduction to Hinduism. There is only one God, but endless are his aspects and endless are his names!

Introduction to Hinduism. There is only one God, but endless are his aspects and endless are his names! Introduction to Hinduism There is only one God, but endless are his aspects and endless are his names! The vast majority of Hindus live in India and Nepal Goal of Hinduism Moksha: release or liberation

More information

People and Ideas on the Move. Explain the Dynasty Cycle and Mandate of Heaven.

People and Ideas on the Move. Explain the Dynasty Cycle and Mandate of Heaven. People and Ideas on the Move Explain the Dynasty Cycle and Mandate of Heaven. Objectives Students will be able to describe the spread of Indo- Europeans Aryan Invasion Hittite Empire Terms: Caste, Vedas,

More information

WORLD RELIGIONS. Mr. Booth World History 2017

WORLD RELIGIONS. Mr. Booth World History 2017 WORLD RELIGIONS Mr. Booth World History 2017 5 Major Religions Christianity Islam Judaism Buddhism Hinduism + Confucianism/Taoism 5 Categories of Religions 1. Monotheistic Belief in one God (Christianity,

More information

Origins of Hinduism. Indian Society Divides

Origins of Hinduism. Indian Society Divides SECTION 2 Origins of Hinduism What You Will Learn Main Ideas 1. Indian society divided into distinct groups under the Aryans. 2. The Aryans practiced a religion known as Brahmanism. 3. Hinduism developed

More information

WHI.04: India, China, and Persia

WHI.04: India, China, and Persia Name: Date: Period: WHI04: India, China, and Persia WHI4 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the civilizations of Persia, India, and China in terms of chronology, geography, social structures, government,

More information

Buddha discovered Three Universal Truths and Four Noble Truths, which he then taught to the people for the next 45 years.

Buddha discovered Three Universal Truths and Four Noble Truths, which he then taught to the people for the next 45 years. How did Buddhism begin? About 2500 years ago, a prince named Siddhartha Gautama began to question his sheltered, luxurious life in the palace. He left the palace and saw four sights: a sick man, an old

More information

CLASSICAL INDIA FROM THE MAURYANS TO THE GUPTAS

CLASSICAL INDIA FROM THE MAURYANS TO THE GUPTAS CLASSICAL INDIA FROM THE MAURYANS TO THE GUPTAS RISE OF MAURYAN EMPIRE Ganges Republics Prior to Alexander, kshatriyan republics dominated, vied for power Maghda was one of the most dominant Western Intrusions

More information

SOL 4 - World History I. Ancient Persian, India & China

SOL 4 - World History I. Ancient Persian, India & China SOL 4 - World History I Ancient Persian, India & China Zoroastrianism was the main Persian religion, although other religions were tolerated. Persian Empire Built on earlier Central Asian and Mesopotamian

More information

Local R eligionsi. Australia. Africa. Japan. North America

Local R eligionsi. Australia. Africa. Japan. North America Local R eligionsi Although some religions have spread worldwide, many people still practice religions that originated and developed in their own area. Australia There are no deities in the traditional

More information

Unit 4: Ancient River Valley Civilizations - India

Unit 4: Ancient River Valley Civilizations - India Unit 4: Ancient River Valley Civilizations - India Standard(s) of Learning: WHI.4 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the civilization of Persia, India, and China in terms of chronology, geography,

More information

Unit 2. World Religions and Belief Systems. Name:

Unit 2. World Religions and Belief Systems. Name: Unit 2 World Religions and Belief Systems Name: 1 Table of Contents Animism.9 Shintoism...10 Hinduism.15 Buddhism 20 Judaism..23 Christianity..27 Islam...29 Confucianism.35 2 What do you know about religions?

More information

Ancient India Summary Guide

Ancient India Summary Guide Name Period Date Ancient India Summary Guide Be able to spell and define the following key concept terms: Subcontinent: a large landmass, usually partially separated by land forms, that is smaller than

More information

Practices & Rituals & Symbolism HINDUISM

Practices & Rituals & Symbolism HINDUISM Practices & Rituals & Symbolism HINDUISM PRACTICES & RITUALS Passed down through generations No standard form Daily worship at home, no need to attend temple Purification before religious rituals Syllable

More information

World religions. Comparing and contrasting Hinduism and Christianity. Introduction

World religions. Comparing and contrasting Hinduism and Christianity. Introduction World religions Comparing and contrasting Hinduism and Christianity Introduction The topic of world s faiths and religions brings to mind a lot to be spoken about. The World today is characterized by people

More information

HINDUISM By Dr. Michael R. Lanier

HINDUISM By Dr. Michael R. Lanier HINDUISM By Dr. Michael R. Lanier GENERAL Hinduism has a philosophy to explain life, a law to direct life, a high road to truth through contemplation and mystical experience, and a popular road of worship

More information

Chapter 7 - Lesson 2 "The Origins of Hinduism" p

Chapter 7 - Lesson 2 The Origins of Hinduism p Chapter 7 - Lesson 2 "The Origins of Hinduism" p.226-231 MAIN IDEAS Culture: A group of nomadic people moved into India and took over what was left of Harappan civilization. Government: Under Aryan rule,

More information

General Learning Outcomes: I will

General Learning Outcomes: I will General Learning Outcomes: I will Hinduism Video As you watch the video, write down 2 things you learned about Islam in each box. HISTORY OF HINDUISM BELIEFS AND ACTIONS CYCLE OF REBIRTH WORSHIP PRACTICES

More information

The Story. But in the midst of all this beauty Gautama could not stop the questions from bubbling up. How did I get here?

The Story. But in the midst of all this beauty Gautama could not stop the questions from bubbling up. How did I get here? Buddhism The Story There once was a prince living in a palace who had the distinct sense that something was wrong. His name was Siddhartha Gautama. He probably lived sometime in the 6 th century B.C. The

More information

Shinto Established: Founder: Geographic Origin: archipelago Currently Practiced: Significant Writings: Places of Worship:

Shinto Established: Founder: Geographic Origin: archipelago Currently Practiced: Significant Writings: Places of Worship: Shinto Shinto, which means "Way of the Gods," is the traditional religion of Japan that focuses on nature. Many consider Shinto to be a form of Animism due to the many similarities found between them.

More information

Chapter 15. Learning About World Religions: Hinduism

Chapter 15. Learning About World Religions: Hinduism Chapter 15 Learning About World Religions: Hinduism Chapter 15 Learning About World Religions: Hinduism What are the origins and beliefs of Hinduism? 15.1 Introduction In this chapter, you will learn about

More information

Introduction to Hinduism

Introduction to Hinduism Introduction to Hinduism Scriptures Hundreds of scriptures oldest scriptures: the four Vedas all scriptures divided into two broad categories: shruti and smriti Most popular scripture: Bhagavad Gita What

More information

Hinduism and Buddhism

Hinduism and Buddhism Hinduism and Buddhism PURPOSE OF SECTION: Explain the development and impact of Hinduism and Buddhism in India and subsequent diffusion of Buddhism. Hinduism National religion of India ॐ Based on variety

More information

Section 1 The Indo-Europeans. Global Studies I Chapter 3. Indo-European Language Family. Migrations. Hittite Empire. Hittites

Section 1 The Indo-Europeans. Global Studies I Chapter 3. Indo-European Language Family. Migrations. Hittite Empire. Hittites Section 1 The Indo-Europeans Global Studies I Chapter 3 Indo-Europeans Nomadic peoples from the Eurasian steppes Dry grasslands that stretched north of the Caucasus ( the Great Steppe ) People and Ideas

More information

Hinduism. By: Joe Othman, Jacob Zak, Gabe Dattilo, Ben Johnson

Hinduism. By: Joe Othman, Jacob Zak, Gabe Dattilo, Ben Johnson Hinduism By: Joe Othman, Jacob Zak, Gabe Dattilo, Ben Johnson Sacred Texts: Rig Veda There are four Vedas, Rig, Sama, Yajur, and Atharva Vedas known to be the first of Indian writing going as far back

More information

1. Which culture is credited with the development of gunpowder, the abacus, and the compass? A) Chinese B) Persian C) Indian D) Japanese 2.

1. Which culture is credited with the development of gunpowder, the abacus, and the compass? A) Chinese B) Persian C) Indian D) Japanese 2. 1. Which culture is credited with the development of gunpowder, the abacus, and the compass? A) Chinese B) Persian C) Indian D) Japanese 2. Which geographic factor directly influenced the early interactions

More information

in a variety of forms in many traditional societies. The Basics

in a variety of forms in many traditional societies. The Basics Introduction: Belief Systems Humans have always expressed a need to understand natural phenomenon and to answer questions regarding their way of life and what happens once they die. These needs resulted

More information

Buddhism Stations Workbook

Buddhism Stations Workbook Buddhism Stations Workbook Directions: Each scholar will be assigned to a group of peers to learn about the basics of Buddhism. At each station, follow the station directions and use the documents to complete

More information

A Study of Stylistic Concern Comparing and Contrasting Buddhist and Hindu Sculpture

A Study of Stylistic Concern Comparing and Contrasting Buddhist and Hindu Sculpture A Study of Stylistic Concern Comparing and Contrasting Buddhist and Hindu Sculpture Aim Broaden students awareness of the artistic and cultural contributions of artists who lived and worked in the Indus

More information

The following presentation can be found at el231/resource/buddhism.ppt (accessed April 21, 2010).

The following presentation can be found at  el231/resource/buddhism.ppt (accessed April 21, 2010). The following presentation can be found at http://www.nvcc.edu/home/lshulman/r el231/resource/buddhism.ppt (accessed April 21, 2010). Buddhism The middle way of wisdom and compassion A 2500 year old tradition

More information

Ancient India. Section Notes Geography and Early India Origins of Hinduism Origins of Buddhism Indian Empires Indian Achievements

Ancient India. Section Notes Geography and Early India Origins of Hinduism Origins of Buddhism Indian Empires Indian Achievements Ancient India Section Notes Geography and Early India Origins of Hinduism Origins of Buddhism Indian Empires Indian Achievements History Close-up Life in Mohenjo Daro Quick Facts The Varnas Major Beliefs

More information

Classical India. A Z.S. Crossen Production

Classical India. A Z.S. Crossen Production Classical India A Z.S. Crossen Production Chapter 3 Summary The Framework for Indian History: Geography and the Formative Period Patterns in Classical India Political Institutions Religion and Culture

More information

The Hindu Heritage An Overview. Bansi Pandit

The Hindu Heritage An Overview. Bansi Pandit The Hindu Heritage An Overview by Bansi Pandit Topics of Discussion Part I Introduction Scriptures Hindu View of God Hindu View of the Individual Hindu View of the World Major Doctrines Part II Caste System

More information

Characteristics of IRVC Communities Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro Early Civilizations of India

Characteristics of IRVC Communities Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro Early Civilizations of India Characteristics of IRVC Communities Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro Early Civilizations of India From the Indus River Valley Civilization to Hinduism today Laid out on a grid-pattern Food storage warehouses Buildings

More information

Be able to locate the following on a map of the ancient world:

Be able to locate the following on a map of the ancient world: Be able to locate the following on a map of the ancient world: Persian Gulf Mediterranean Sea Black Sea Indus River Tigris River Euphrates River India Huang He River Nile River Fertile Crescent Arabian

More information

Buddhism. Webster s New Collegiate Dictionary defines religion as the service and adoration of God or a god expressed in forms of worship.

Buddhism. Webster s New Collegiate Dictionary defines religion as the service and adoration of God or a god expressed in forms of worship. Buddhism Webster s New Collegiate Dictionary defines religion as the service and adoration of God or a god expressed in forms of worship. Most people make the relationship between religion and god. There

More information

Prepare to Read Section 1 The Indus and Ganges River Valleys

Prepare to Read Section 1 The Indus and Ganges River Valleys 124 CHAPTER Prepare to Read Section 1 The Indus and Ganges River Valleys Objectives 1. Learn about India s geographic setting. 2. Find out about life in an ancient city of the Indus River valley. 3. Learn

More information

Brahman, Atman, and Moksha: The Supreme Spirit, the True Self, and Liberation

Brahman, Atman, and Moksha: The Supreme Spirit, the True Self, and Liberation Brahman, Atman, and Moksha: The Supreme Spirit, the True Self, and Liberation Brahman-the Supreme Spirit Many people think of God as being up there in heaven. We are down here in our world and God is elsewhere.

More information

Non-Western Art History

Non-Western Art History Non-Western Art History The Art of India 1 2 Four Religions of India Brahmanism Buddhism Hinduism Jainism All four religions believe Life around us is an illusions Only Brahman, who is all inclusive, universal

More information

Hinduism. The Basics II

Hinduism. The Basics II Hinduism The Basics II To do list: Recap A little history: Hindu Literature Liberation through Yoga 4 Types of People 4 Types of Yoga Hinduism I Recap Indus River Valley What is Atman? What is Brahman?

More information

3. Label the castes 4. What was their religion first called? What is it called today?

3. Label the castes 4. What was their religion first called? What is it called today? 6.1 Aryan Invasion Essential Question: How does religion shape society? Standard 6.24 and 6.25 Success Criteria: 1. The caste system emerged, or began, in India under which group of people? 2. Which is

More information

Twin valley presbytery April 20, 2018

Twin valley presbytery April 20, 2018 Twin valley presbytery April 20, 2018 Hinduism: The Name: The English name Hinduism is derived from the name Indus River. People who lived around this river were called Indus, when Persians invaded the

More information

Buddhism. By: Ella Hans, Lily Schutzenhofer, Yiyao Wang, and Dua Ansari

Buddhism. By: Ella Hans, Lily Schutzenhofer, Yiyao Wang, and Dua Ansari Buddhism By: Ella Hans, Lily Schutzenhofer, Yiyao Wang, and Dua Ansari Origins of the Buddha Siddhartha Gautama, the founder of Buddhism, was born in 563 B.C.E Siddhartha was a warrior son of a king and

More information

BUDDHISM Jews Metropolitan Tel Aviv, with 2.5 million Jews, is the world's largest Jewish city. It is followed by New York, with 1.

BUDDHISM Jews Metropolitan Tel Aviv, with 2.5 million Jews, is the world's largest Jewish city. It is followed by New York, with 1. Jews Metropolitan Tel Aviv, with 2.5 million Jews, is the world's largest Jewish city. It is followed by New York, with 1.9 million, Haifa 655,000, Los Angeles 621,000, Jerusalem 570,000, and southeast

More information

Assessment: Learning About Religions: Buddhism

Assessment: Learning About Religions: Buddhism Name Date Assessment: Learning About Religions: Buddhism Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. The name Buddha meant one who was A. sorrowful. B. awakened. C. everlasting.

More information

Harappa and Mohenjo Daro

Harappa and Mohenjo Daro 4 ancient India and China.notebook Ancient India Geographically a subcontinent protected by the Himilayas and Hindu Kush Mtns. watered by the Indus and Ganges (holy) rivers secluded until the Aryan Invasion

More information