March 20, Unit 6 Enlightenment Invention Industrial Revolution. Where are we now?

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1 Where are we now? The age of Kings is slowly coming to a close Europe is now moving into the modern world Ideas are changing throughout both scientifically and philosophically (Enlightenment) Change in government was happening everywhere while Nationalism within countries grew The power of the Church was falling while the idea of reason was soaring Advances in technology lead to the first factories and plants powered by water and eventually steam This combination of new thoughts and advanced industry led to new way of life in Europe Now the only thing in each countries way was its neighbors surrounding them... (cue evil music) AutoSave 1

2 The Enlightenment "Age of Reason" enlightenment = time of illumination scholars, artists, philosophers, scientists, and writers sought reason and an end to ignorance and superstition free thought led to many new ideas and a need to rid themselves of the old (like monarchy gov't) John Locke ( ) English philosopher Father of modern Liberalism believed in peoples "natural rights"(life, liberty, property) Two Treatises of Government (1689) influenced revolution leaders around the globe including the American colonies Voltaire ( ) French philosopher Was a deist who believed in god but not following religion fought for civil rights like rights to a fair trial and freedom of religion Very influential to the French and American Revolution Drank coffee 30 times a day Montesquieu ( ) French political thinker believed in the idea of separation of powers in gov't there should be 3 branches in government; the executive, legislative, and judicial All three should keep one another in check to make sure none became too powerful AutoSave 2

3 Invention - is a unique or novel device, method, composition or process. It may be an improvement upon a machine or product, or a new process for creating an object or a result. An invention that achieves a completely unique function or result may be a radical breakthrough. Cultural Invention is any innovation developed by people that is not of a physical construct. Cultural inventions include sets of behavior adopted by groups of people. They are perpetuated by being passed on to others within the group or outside it. They are also passed on to future groups and generations. Examples: Languages Legal systems Political systems Scientific method Sports Belief systems AutoSave 3

4 Inventions in my life... create a list of the then inventions you use most in your daily life don't forget it can be a normal invention or a cultural invention!! next from that list rank the top 5 to you in order of most importance and add a small sentence as to why is it is important to you (need vs. want vs. social etc) looking at your list do you see any patterns of the items/ideas you chose as your top 5? What does this say about you? Write a sentence or two in your notes about what sort things you value in your day to day life AutoSave 4

5 History Channel's 101 Inventions that Changed the World 10. Light Bulb 9. Alarm Clock 8. Phonograph 7. Rotary Phone 6. Portable Air Conditioner 5. Personal Computers 4. Hypodermic Syringe 3. Television 2. Radio 1. Smartphone inventions 2012_n_ html#slide= AutoSave 5

6 First Industrial Revolution Was a major turning point in the history of the world It's impact have effected everyone and everything since Started in Britain and quickly spread to Europe and North America Switch from manual/animal labor to machine labor Created a boom in textiles(cloth), iron works, and speed of production Used both water to run mills and coal to create steam to power machines Steam power - Metallurgy Steam powered engine Spinning Jenny - Cloth AutoSave 6

7 Change from rural life to urban life Production increases enormously Why is this important?? Natural resources became coveted by all countries Steam power led to coal mining and the ability to run factories far from direct water supplies Pollution and horrible working conditions were common AutoSave 7

8 Second Industrial Revolution began around 1850 was a continuation of the advances in the 1st Industrial Revolution Steam powered ships, railways, combustible engine, and electrical power the idea of "interchangeable parts" revolutionizes production many countries switch to the capitalistic economy even worse working conditions for people child labor becomes a major problem daily human life is changed forever people become consumers more so than ever (think "Story of Stuff") AutoSave 8

9 Why is this important? For one it made everyday products available to most people in the world Child labor led to social reforms that made restrictions on children going to school Unions of workers popped up to fight for their rights, work hours, better conditions, and better pay Gov't started paying attention to the effect on the environment and monitoring how food is given to the public New push will be how do/can we make industrialization "greener" for future AutoSave 9

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