DIA Alumni Association. The Mess in the Middle East August 19, 2014 Presented by: John Moore

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "DIA Alumni Association. The Mess in the Middle East August 19, 2014 Presented by: John Moore"

Transcription

1 DIA Alumni Association The Mess in the Middle East August 19, 2014 Presented by: John Moore

2 The Mess in the Middle East

3 Middle East Turmoil Trends since Arab Spring started Iraq s civil war; rise of the Islamic State Syrian civil war; Islamic State and spillover Iran and the nuclear negotiations Egypt s coup and moves toward stability Mid East Peace Dead in the Water Just a few more countries in crisis How bad is the future?

4 Trends in the Middle East Arab Spring was a mirage Sunni Shia sectarian conflict expands Intra Sunni fighting Islamists failed at ruling Democracy loses to monarchs and autocrats Instability the norm for the future US tried to back away from the region as Russia doubled down

5 Iraq s Civil War, Part II Radical Sunnis (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS/ISIL) takes control of north and west, declares Islamic State and pressures Kurdistan Kurds seize Kirkuk; but don t opt for independence, yet! PM Malicki finally removed and new Shia Prime Minister, Kurdish President and Sunni Speaker of Parliament named; government still to be formed US back in again with military advisors, humanitarian aid and daily airstrikes on ISIS

6 ISIS Declares Islamic State Consists of northern and western Iraq and eastern Syria Consolidating gains in Iraq and Syria Showing military capability Captured plenty of arms and money, plus selling oil/gas

7 Islamic State Spreading Out Starting to govern in Iraq; has a year s experience in Syria Still dependent on Sunni allies as force is relatively small (10 20,000?) Slowly enforcing strict Islamic laws; forcing out Shia, Christians & Yazidis Likely to over reach but who can beat them?

8 Fourth year of war more than 175,000 killed, and over 9 million people displaced War was stalemated but advantage to Asad; second civil war between rebels (IS squeezing moderates ) Asad re elected in June declared victory over uprising Regime controls Damascus and key line of communication in the center and to coast; rebels control countryside in north, east and near Jordanian border Iran, Hizbullah and Russia provide strong support to Asad regime Sunni Arab and Western support to rebels disjointed and ineffective Syria s Civil War

9 Syrian Civil War Areas of Control

10 Spillover from Syria Exacerbating Sunni Shia tension and violence region wide Over 4 million refugees in Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon and other Middle East countries Sunni Jihadists from around the world fighting in Syria 10,000) including from the US and Europe (blowback?) Shia volunteers from Iran, Lebanon, and Iraq have helped Asad s forces as well as served in Iraq

11 Iran and the Nuclear Issue Iran has all the structure, materiel and scientific capability in place to make nuclear weapons US and West have placed heavy economic sanctions on Iran; devastating the economy Permanent 5 members of UNSC (Britain, China, France, Russia and the US) + Germany negotiating with Iran over nuclear issue July 2014 deadline extended to Nov 24 th ; both sides want deal but strong internal opposition

12 Iranian Nuclear Facilities

13 Iran Wants Nuclear Deal Supreme Leader Khameini backs a deal President Rouhani has mandate to get agreement on Iran s terms Conservatives on defensive

14 Key Issues Needing Solution Number of centrifuges (Iran says 190,000 vs West wants a few thousand What level of enrichment (3.5% vs 20% plus)?

15 Egypt The Army is in Charge President Sisi is fourth autocrat from the Army elected President Existential struggle between Army and MB Army winning Terrorism emanating from Sinai threatens stability and key tourist industry Economy struggling subsidies cut and second Suez Canal? Saudi Arabia/UAE backing the current regime with $$ US reluctantly works with Sisi, particularly on latest Gaza war

16 Middle East Peace A Pipe Dream? Kerry s drive for an Israeli Palestinian agreement failed Palestinian unity (Fatah Hamas) spurred additional Israeli settlement building Israelis invade Gaza for third time since withdrawal Leadership on both sides sadly lacking Peace agreements between Egypt Israel and Jordan Israel still strong No negotiations with Syria or Lebanon until Syrian civil war decided

17 Other Crisis Points Libya: heavy fighting between Islamists and secularists; east west split Yemen: US drone strikes and fight against Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) Bahrain: Shia majority wants share of power but Sunni monarchy unwilling; US Navy HQ Lebanon: sectarian tension high over Hizbullah role in Syria and Sunni jihadist attacks Jordan shaky but monarchy secure for now

18 What to Expect More turmoil probably decades long as sectarian and political conflicts play out Sunni Shia conflict to intensify; plus existential struggle for who leads Sunni Islam Youth and activists won t give up Autocrats won t share power; winner take all mentality prevails and more bloody days ahead Several Yugoslavia like break ups are likely (Iraq, Syria, Libya) whether de facto or de jure Israeli Palestinian drama will continue to fester as neither has leaders willing to make deal

OPINION jordan palestine ksa uae iraq. rkey iran egypt lebanon jordan palstine

OPINION jordan palestine ksa uae iraq. rkey iran egypt lebanon jordan palstine aq turkey iran egypt lebanon jordan lestine ksa uae iraq turkey iran egyp banon jordan palestine ksa uae iraq rkey iran egypt lebanon jordan palstine ksa uae iraq turkey iran egypt banon jordan palestine

More information

Syria's Civil War Explained

Syria's Civil War Explained Syria's Civil War Explained By Al Jazeera on 02.22.17 Word Count 1,002 A displaced Syrian child, fleeing from Deir Ezzor besieged by Islamic State (IS) group fighters, hangs on the back of a woman as she

More information

THE ANDREW MARR SHOW INTERVIEW: TONY BLAIR FORMER PRIME MINISTER JUNE 14 th 2014

THE ANDREW MARR SHOW INTERVIEW: TONY BLAIR FORMER PRIME MINISTER JUNE 14 th 2014 PLEASE NOTE THE ANDREW MARR SHOW MUST BE CREDITED IF ANY PART OF THIS TRANSCRIPT IS USED THE ANDREW MARR SHOW INTERVIEW: TONY BLAIR FORMER PRIME MINISTER JUNE 14 th 2014 Now looking at the violence now

More information

Regional Issues. Conflicts in the Middle East. Importance of Oil. Growth of Islamism. Oil as source of conflict in Middle East

Regional Issues. Conflicts in the Middle East. Importance of Oil. Growth of Islamism. Oil as source of conflict in Middle East Main Idea Reading Focus Conflicts in the Middle East Regional issues in the Middle East have led to conflicts between Israel and its neighbors and to conflicts in and between Iran and Iraq. How have regional

More information

The Proxy War for and Against ISIS

The Proxy War for and Against ISIS The Proxy War for and Against ISIS Dr Andrew Mumford University of Nottingham @apmumford Summary of talk Assessment of proxy wars Brief history of proxy wars Current trends The proxy war FOR Islamic State

More information

Syria: Unrest And U.S. Policy By Jeremy M. Sharp

Syria: Unrest And U.S. Policy By Jeremy M. Sharp Syria: Unrest And U.S. Policy By Jeremy M. Sharp If you are looking for a book Syria: Unrest and U.S. Policy by Jeremy M. Sharp in pdf form, then you've come to the faithful website. We furnish full option

More information

Overview 1. On June 29, 2014, ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-baghdadi declared the establishment of the

Overview 1. On June 29, 2014, ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-baghdadi declared the establishment of the The Collapse of the Islamic State: What Comes Next? November 18, 2017 Overview 1 On June 29, 2014, ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-baghdadi declared the establishment of the Islamic Caliphate by the Islamic State

More information

Deserts. Sahara (North Africa) & Arabian Desert

Deserts. Sahara (North Africa) & Arabian Desert MIDDLE EAST Middle East Climate Deserts Sahara (North Africa) & Arabian Desert Desert Landscape Sand dunes 15% of Sahara Rocky desert 85% of Sahara Areas With Freshwater Areas with Mediterranean Climate

More information

The U.S. Withdrawal and Limited Options

The U.S. Withdrawal and Limited Options Published on STRATFOR (http://www.stratfor.com) Home > The U.S. Withdrawal and Limited Options in Iraq The U.S. Withdrawal and Limited Options in Iraq Created Aug 17 2010-03:56 [1] Not Limited Open Access

More information

The Uncertain U.S. Game Changers in the ISIS, Iraq, and Syria War

The Uncertain U.S. Game Changers in the ISIS, Iraq, and Syria War The Uncertain U.S. Game Changers in the ISIS, Iraq, and Syria War Anthony H. Cordesman July 28, 2015 For all the current focus on Iran, the war we are actually fighting in the Middle East is a complex

More information

The Continuing Arab-Israeli Conflict: Who has the right to Control Palestine?

The Continuing Arab-Israeli Conflict: Who has the right to Control Palestine? The Continuing Arab-Israeli Conflict: Who has the right to Control Palestine? How the Hebrew s Entered the Promised Land Ye shall drive out all the inhabitants before you... and ye shall dispossess the

More information

Najam Rafique * * The reviewer is Director Research at the Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad.

Najam Rafique * * The reviewer is Director Research at the Institute of Strategic Studies Islamabad. Rocky M. Mirza, How the West was Won and Lost: Athenian Democracy to the BRICS: 5 th Century BCE to 2016 (Trafford Publishing, USA & Canada, 2016), 613. Najam Rafique * The Chilcot Report, released on

More information

Untangling the Overlapping Conflicts in the Syrian War

Untangling the Overlapping Conflicts in the Syrian War MIDDLE EAST SHARE Untangling the Overlapping Conflicts in the Syrian War By SERGIO PEÇANHA, SARAH ALMUKHTAR and K.K. REBECCA LAI OCT. 18, 2015 What started as a popular uprising against the Syrian government

More information

ARAB ATTITUDES TOWARD IRAN, 2011

ARAB ATTITUDES TOWARD IRAN, 2011 ARAB ATTITUDES TOWARD IRAN, 2011 Deep concern with Iran s regional role Iran viewed very unfavorably in Saudi Arabia, UAE, Morocco, Jordan, and Egypt Scant support for Iran s nuclear program GCC s assertive

More information

No Peace in the Middle East. Monday, April 24, 2017

No Peace in the Middle East. Monday, April 24, 2017 No Peace in the Middle East Monday, April 24, 2017 The History of Palestine This Area was First called Canaan. Named after Noah s Grandson Canaan The Egyptians (Descendants of Noah through his Grandson

More information

How 20 Arab & Muslim Nations View Iran & Its Policies Buy the ebook in the Amazon Kindle store.

How 20 Arab & Muslim Nations View Iran & Its Policies Buy the ebook in the Amazon Kindle store. Looking at IRAN How 20 Arab & Muslim Nations View Iran & Its Policies March 5, 2013 At the end of 2012, we polled more than 20,000 citizens in 17 Arab countries and three non-arab Muslim countries (Turkey,

More information

Island Model United Nations Military Staff Committee. Military Staff Committee Background Guide ISLAND MODEL UNITED NATIONS

Island Model United Nations Military Staff Committee. Military Staff Committee Background Guide ISLAND MODEL UNITED NATIONS Background Guide ISLAND MODEL UNITED NATIONS Dear Delegates, I would like to formally welcome you to the at IMUN 2014. My name is Tyler Pickford and I will be your Director for the duration of the conference.

More information

GOD REPLACED ARABS EUROPEANS PAST-FUTURE MOSHE SISELSENDER

GOD REPLACED ARABS EUROPEANS PAST-FUTURE MOSHE SISELSENDER GOD REPLACED ARABS EUROPEANS PAST-FUTURE MOSHE SISELSENDER 1 GOD REPLACED ARABS EUROPEANS PAST-FUTURE 2 THE TROJAN HORSE STATE OF PALESTINE CREATED BY THE EUROPEANS ON NOVEMBER 29, 2012 WAS AN ONGOING

More information

PRO/CON: How should the U.S. defeat Islamic State?

PRO/CON: How should the U.S. defeat Islamic State? PRO/CON: How should the U.S. defeat Islamic State? By Tribune News Service, adapted by Newsela staff on 11.30.15 Word Count 1,606 U.S. President Barack Obama (right) shakes hands with French President

More information

Iranian Responses to Growing Tensions with Israel and an Initial Assessment of Their Implications from an Iranian Standpoint. Dr.

Iranian Responses to Growing Tensions with Israel and an Initial Assessment of Their Implications from an Iranian Standpoint. Dr. Iranian Responses to Growing Tensions with Israel and an Initial Assessment of Their Implications from an Iranian Standpoint February 11, 2018 Dr. Raz Zimmt Summary of Events The escalation along Israel

More information

The Kurds Religion. Free Download Ebook PDF THE KURDS RELIGION with premium access

The Kurds Religion. Free Download Ebook PDF THE KURDS RELIGION with premium access The Kurds Religion [PAPER] Complete List : The Kurds Religion - [EPUB] Available. Free Download Ebook PDF THE KURDS RELIGION with premium access WHO ARE THE KURDS? - BBC NEWS Tue, 21 Oct 2014 15:38:00

More information

The exchange between Hillary Clinton, and top aide John Podesta, is breathtaking full of hubris and stupidity.

The  exchange between Hillary Clinton, and top aide John Podesta, is breathtaking full of hubris and stupidity. Wikileaks bombshell. Hillary s 8 point plan to destroy ISIS and Syria: Qatar and Saudi Arabia providing financial support to ISIL By Alex Christoforou The Duran A new Wikileaks email dump released yesterday

More information

Ethnic vs. Religious Group Station

Ethnic vs. Religious Group Station a. Explain the difference between an ethnic group and a religious group. Ethnic vs. Religious Group Station An ethnic group is a group of people who share cultural ideas and beliefs that have been a part

More information

Operation Decisive Storm: Reshuffling Regional Order

Operation Decisive Storm: Reshuffling Regional Order Position Papers Operation Decisive Storm: Reshuffling Regional Order This paper was originally written in Arabic by: Al Jazeera Center for Studies Translated into English by: AMEC Al Jazeera Center for

More information

https://nyti.ms/2siovyo

https://nyti.ms/2siovyo 1 of 7 6/26/17, 3:18 AM https://nyti.ms/2siovyo MIDDLE EAST The Interpreter By MAX FISHER JUNE 13, 2017 The crisis convulsing the Persian Gulf, entangling the United States and now threatening to pull

More information

Iran Iraq War ( ) Causes & Consequences

Iran Iraq War ( ) Causes & Consequences Iran Iraq War (1980 1988) Causes & Consequences In 1980 Saddam Hussein decided to invade Iran. Why? Religion Iran was governed by Muslim clerics (theocracy). By contrast, Iraq was a secular state. The

More information

Medieval Times in the Modern Middle East

Medieval Times in the Modern Middle East Medieval Times in the Modern Middle East July 5, 2017 As nations fail, nationalism becomes obsolete. Originally produced on June 26, 2017 for Mauldin Economics, LLC By George Friedman and Kamran Bokhari

More information

Course focus and approach: Analyzes the developments that led to the Arab-Muslim world to the current situation.

Course focus and approach: Analyzes the developments that led to the Arab-Muslim world to the current situation. Course title: Crossroad in the Arab countries: autoritarism, spring and Islamic State Language of instruction: English Professor: Albert Garrido. Professor s contact and office hours: albert.garridol@upf.edu

More information

Hamas, Dahlan and the Palestinian Unity Government: What Next for the Gaza Strip?

Hamas, Dahlan and the Palestinian Unity Government: What Next for the Gaza Strip? The October, 2017 Palestinian Unity Government: Factors and Repercussions SITUATION ASSESSMENT Hamas, Dahlan and the Palestinian Unity Government: What Next for the Gaza Strip? Policy Analysis Unit October

More information

Saudi Arabia vs. Iran and the Role of the USA

Saudi Arabia vs. Iran and the Role of the USA Saudi Arabia vs. Iran and the Role of the USA By Jean-Francois Seznec The success of the Geneva talks between the P5+1 and Iran is widely reported as being opposed by Israel and by the Gulf States, especially

More information

Position Paper. King Salman s Priorities:

Position Paper. King Salman s Priorities: Position Paper King Salman s Priorities: Revamping Alliances to Stop Iranian expansion This paper was originally written in Arabic by: Al Jazeera Center for Studies Translated into English by: AMEC 29

More information

VIENNA MODEL UNITED NATIONS CLUB

VIENNA MODEL UNITED NATIONS CLUB VIENNA MODEL UNITED NATIONS CLUB The Security Situation in Yemen Study Guide March Session 2015 1 History of the Republic of Yemen During the 60 s Yemen was divided into a northern and a southern part.

More information

Overview. Tehran continues to deny Israeli reports about Iranian involvement in the clashes last

Overview. Tehran continues to deny Israeli reports about Iranian involvement in the clashes last Spotlight on Iran February 4 February 18, 2018 Author: Dr. Raz Zimmt Overview Tehran continues to deny Israeli reports about Iranian involvement in the clashes last weekend in Syria, which were triggered

More information

SW Asia (Middle East) 2 nd Nine Weeks EOTT/Semester Exam Study Guide

SW Asia (Middle East) 2 nd Nine Weeks EOTT/Semester Exam Study Guide SW Asia (Middle East) 2 nd Nine Weeks EOTT/Semester Exam Study Guide #1 Geographically speaking, which country lies between Iraq and Afghanistan? ANSWER Iran lies between Iraq and Afghanistan. #2 The Suez

More information

Turkey Breaks With Iran and Russia

Turkey Breaks With Iran and Russia Turkey Breaks With Iran and Russia January 11, 2018 Despite setting up de-escalation zones in Syria, the three countries are at odds. By Jacob L. Shapiro The Astana troika is in danger of breaking up.

More information

in the wake of the arab spring: democracy and chaos?

in the wake of the arab spring: democracy and chaos? 10 th körber dialogue middle east Berlin, 2 3 November, 2012 in the wake of the arab spring: democracy and chaos? Körber Foundation International Affairs December 2012 In the Wake of the Arab Spring: Democracy

More information

Overview. Against the backdrop of European efforts to place limitations on Iran s ballistic missile

Overview. Against the backdrop of European efforts to place limitations on Iran s ballistic missile Spotlight on Iran March 4 March 18, 2018 Author: Dr. Raz Zimmt Overview Against the backdrop of European efforts to place limitations on Iran s ballistic missile program and curtail its regional influence

More information

Position Papers. Implications of Downed Russian Jet on Turkey-Russia Relations

Position Papers. Implications of Downed Russian Jet on Turkey-Russia Relations Position Papers Implications of Downed Russian Jet on Turkey-Russia Relations Al Jazeera Center for Studies Al Jazeera Center for Studies Tel: +974-44663454 jcforstudies-en@aljazeera.net http://studies.aljazeera.net/en/

More information

Overview. The Supreme Leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei, used his annual speech on the occasion of the

Overview. The Supreme Leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei, used his annual speech on the occasion of the Spotlight on Iran March 18 March 28, 2018 Author: Dr. Raz Zimmt Overview The Supreme Leader of Iran, Ali Khamenei, used his annual speech on the occasion of the Iranian New Year (Nowruz) to justify, once

More information

Elnur Hasan Mikail, Cavit Emre Aytekin. Kafkas University, Kars, Turkey

Elnur Hasan Mikail, Cavit Emre Aytekin. Kafkas University, Kars, Turkey China-USA Business Review, Sep. 2016, Vol. 15, No. 9, 453-458 doi: 10.17265/1537-1514/2016.09.004 D DAVID PUBLISHING Russia-Saudi Arabia Relations: Geopolitical Rivalry and the Conditions of Pragmatic

More information

CHINA AND THE MUSLIM WORLD: THE CASE OF IRAN, SAUDI ARABIA, AND TURKEY. Bambang Cipto University of Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia

CHINA AND THE MUSLIM WORLD: THE CASE OF IRAN, SAUDI ARABIA, AND TURKEY. Bambang Cipto University of Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia CHINA AND THE MUSLIM WORLD: THE CASE OF IRAN, SAUDI ARABIA, AND TURKEY Bambang Cipto University of Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia China and the Muslim World China s foreign policy to the Muslim world

More information

Putin s Mission Accomplished Moment in Syria

Putin s Mission Accomplished Moment in Syria Putin s Mission Accomplished Moment in Syria Dec. 20, 2017 In the Middle East, today s successes can be tomorrow s failures. By Jacob L. Shapiro The day was May 1, 2003. Spring was giving way to summer

More information

Israel and the Arab World: In the Shadow of Regional Upheaval from the Arab Spring to the Summer of ISIS. Eyal Zisser

Israel and the Arab World: In the Shadow of Regional Upheaval from the Arab Spring to the Summer of ISIS. Eyal Zisser International Relations and Diplomacy, May 2015, Vol. 3, No. 5, 329-340 doi: 10.17265/2328-2134/2015.05.002 D DAVID PUBLISHING Israel and the Arab World: In the Shadow of Regional Upheaval from the Arab

More information

UNDERSTANDING THE ISLAMIC STATE

UNDERSTANDING THE ISLAMIC STATE UNDERSTANDING THE ISLAMIC STATE INTRODUCTION CRT BRIEFING, 4 SEPTEMBER 2014 Since June 2014, the Islamic State (IS) has been advancing throughout Iraq. The group now controls a large amount of territory

More information

Iran Sent Them to Syria. Now Afghan Fighters Are a Worry at Home.

Iran Sent Them to Syria. Now Afghan Fighters Are a Worry at Home. Iran Sent Them to Syria. Now Afghan Fighters Are a Worry at Home. The New York Times 2017-11-11 23:05:59 Iran has trained and deployed thousands of Shiite Afghans as shock troops in Syria s sectarian war.

More information

Arab-Israeli conflict

Arab-Israeli conflict Arab-Israeli conflict 1948-9 1947- Introduction The land known as Palestine had, by 1947, seen considerable immigration of Jewish peoples fleeing persecution. Zionist Jews were particularly in favour of

More information

A Tale of Two Caliphates AQ and its Associated Movement vs. the Islamic State and its Associated Movement William Braniff Executive Director

A Tale of Two Caliphates AQ and its Associated Movement vs. the Islamic State and its Associated Movement William Braniff Executive Director A Tale of Two Caliphates AQ and its Associated Movement vs. the Islamic State and its Associated Movement William Braniff Executive Director This research was supported by the U.S. Department of Homeland

More information

Introduction: Key Terms/Figures/Groups: OPEC%

Introduction: Key Terms/Figures/Groups: OPEC% Council: Historical Security Council Topic: The Question of the Gulf War Topic Expert: Mina Wageeh Position: Chair Introduction: IraqileaderSaddamHusseinorderedtheinvasionandoccupationofneighboringKuwaitonthe

More information

Syrian Opposition Survey June 1 July 2, Democratic Models

Syrian Opposition Survey June 1 July 2, Democratic Models Syrian Opposition Survey June 1 July 2, 2012 Democratic Models Being democratic sometimes means different things to different people. In your own opinion, how important are each of the following to democracy

More information

EQ: What are the key characteristics of Southwest Asia s major ethnic groups? (AKS #44b)

EQ: What are the key characteristics of Southwest Asia s major ethnic groups? (AKS #44b) EQ: What are the key characteristics of Southwest Asia s major ethnic groups? (AKS #44b) Explain the differences between an ethnic group and a religious group. Explain the diversity of religions within

More information

Iran halts flights to Iraq's Kurdish region in retaliation for independence vote

Iran halts flights to Iraq's Kurdish region in retaliation for independence vote Iran halts flights to Iraq's Kurdish region in retaliation for independence vote 2017-09-24 17:35:05 Iran halted flights to and from Kurdish regions in northern Iraq on Sunday in retaliation to a plan

More information

Synopsis: Terrorism in the Middle East

Synopsis: Terrorism in the Middle East Synopsis: Terrorism in the Middle East Thesis: Terrorism is at its highest in the Middle East, taking into consideration the amount of terror attacks happening in and out of these nations due to the provided

More information

Religion and Global Modernity

Religion and Global Modernity Religion and Global Modernity Modernity presented a challenge to the world s religions advanced thinkers of the eighteenth twentieth centuries believed that supernatural religion was headed for extinction

More information

The Worldviews of the Iraqi Public toward Religion, Politics, Gender, and Coalition Forces: Findings of Values Survey, November-December, 2004

The Worldviews of the Iraqi Public toward Religion, Politics, Gender, and Coalition Forces: Findings of Values Survey, November-December, 2004 The Worldviews of the Iraqi Public toward Religion, Politics, Gender, and Coalition Forces: Findings of Values Survey, November-December, 2004 Mansoor Moaddel (PI) Ronald Inglehart (Co-PI) Mark Tessler

More information

SAUDI ARABIA. and COUNTERTERRORISM FACT SHEET: FIGHTING AND DEFEATING DAESH MAY 2017

SAUDI ARABIA. and COUNTERTERRORISM FACT SHEET: FIGHTING AND DEFEATING DAESH MAY 2017 SAUDI ARABIA and COUNTERTERRORISM FACT SHEET: FIGHTING AND DEFEATING DAESH MAY 2017 Saudi Arabia is the main target of Daesh (ISIS) and other terror groups because it is the birthplace of Islam and home

More information

Memorandum for President Assad

Memorandum for President Assad Memorandum for President Assad BY TIM GRIMMETT, TODD HARROD AND BRYAN HURLEY This article provides a Syrian regime perspective on the current state of the civil war, regional dynamics, and prospects for

More information

Dan Stolebarger Week of SEPTEMBER 9, 2016

Dan Stolebarger Week of SEPTEMBER 9, 2016 Middle East Update Dan Stolebarger Week of SEPTEMBER 9, 2016 HGE www.holygroundexplorations.com Issues US, Russian envoys fail to reach breakthrough on Syrian crisis No U.S.-Russia deal on Syria yet as

More information

COURSE SYLLABUS. A midterm exam is required of all students. It will be held in class on Wednesday, October 31.

COURSE SYLLABUS. A midterm exam is required of all students. It will be held in class on Wednesday, October 31. DHP-263 Colonialism and Nationalism in the Modern Middle East Fall 2007 Mugar 200 T H E F L E T C H E R S C H O O L Weds 3:20-5:20 Professor Leila Fawaz COURSE SYLLABUS With a particular focus on the Arab-Israeli-Palestinian

More information

More Iran Background ( ) EQ: What was the cultural climate in Iran like before and after the Revolution?

More Iran Background ( ) EQ: What was the cultural climate in Iran like before and after the Revolution? More Iran Background (152-154) EQ: What was the cultural climate in Iran like before and after the Revolution? Introduction Iran comes from the word Aryan. Aryans settled here in 1500 B.C. Descendents

More information

Little Enthusiasm for Many Muslim Leaders MIXED VIEWS OF HAMAS AND HEZBOLLAH IN LARGELY MUSLIM NATIONS

Little Enthusiasm for Many Muslim Leaders MIXED VIEWS OF HAMAS AND HEZBOLLAH IN LARGELY MUSLIM NATIONS 1615 L Street, N.W., Suite 700 Washington, D.C. 20036 Tel (202) 419-4350 Fax (202) 419-4399 www.pewglobal.org Little Enthusiasm for Many Muslim Leaders MIXED VIEWS OF HAMAS AND HEZBOLLAH IN LARGELY MUSLIM

More information

Briefing on Current Security Developments in Iraq

Briefing on Current Security Developments in Iraq Briefing on Current Security Developments in Iraq Middle East Research Institute (MERI) Meeting Report No. 002 24/06/2014 MERI should be credited, including details of the event, if any of the text is

More information

Iran had limited natural resources Water was relatively scarce, and Iran s environment could only support a limited population Because of the heat,

Iran had limited natural resources Water was relatively scarce, and Iran s environment could only support a limited population Because of the heat, Ancient Iran Geography and Resources Iran s location, bounded by mountains, deserts, and the Persian Gulf, left it open to attack from Central Asian nomads The fundamental topographical features included

More information

ARAB ATTITUDES, 2011

ARAB ATTITUDES, 2011 ARAB ATTITUDES, 2011 U.S. And Obama Favorable Ratings Drop Sharply Top Arab Concerns: U.S. Interference and Unresolved Palestine Issue Killing bin Laden Will Not Improve Region Mixed Mood on Arab Spring

More information

Most do not expect Syrian war to end in 2018

Most do not expect Syrian war to end in 2018 FOR RELEASE DECEMBER 11, 2017 Key Middle East Publics See Russia, Turkey and U.S. All Playing Larger Roles in Region Most do not expect Syrian war to end in 2018 BY Janell Fetterolf and Jacob Poushter

More information

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION EUROPEAN PARLIAMT 2009-2014 Plenary sitting 8.10.2013 B7-0451/2013 MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION with request for inclusion in the agenda for a debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the

More information

The Tourniquet A Strategy for Defeating the Islamic State and Saving Syria and Iraq. By Marc Lynch

The Tourniquet A Strategy for Defeating the Islamic State and Saving Syria and Iraq. By Marc Lynch O C T O B E R 2 0 1 4 The Tourniquet A Strategy for Defeating the Islamic State and Saving Syria and Iraq By Marc Lynch Acknowledgements I would like to thank the outstanding Center for a New American

More information

This is an EXCELLENT essay. Well thought out and presented. Historical Significance for today's world:

This is an EXCELLENT essay. Well thought out and presented. Historical Significance for today's world: This should be read in every High School, and posted on the "Must Read" bulletin board of every business in this Country. While we still have one. This is an EXCELLENT essay. Well thought out and presented.

More information

The Islamic State: Origins and Future

The Islamic State: Origins and Future The Islamic State: Origins and Future March 9, 2017 Kamran Bokhari and Jacob L. Shapiro discuss where IS came from, the history and politics of radical Islam, and what happens if IS is defeated in Raqqa.

More information

HIZB UT-TAHRIR [THE ISLAMIC LIBERATION PARTY] IN THE WEST BANK

HIZB UT-TAHRIR [THE ISLAMIC LIBERATION PARTY] IN THE WEST BANK HIZB UT-TAHRIR [THE ISLAMIC LIBERATION PARTY] IN THE WEST BANK Declaration of Violent Jihad and the Foiling of its First Terrorist Attack Jonathan Fighel, (Senior Researcher, ICT) November 28, 2013 ABSTRACT

More information

Before the Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade Subcommittee of the Committee on Foreign Affairs

Before the Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade Subcommittee of the Committee on Foreign Affairs December 2, 2015 How to Defeat ISIS Prepared statement by Max Boot Jeane J. Kirkpatrick Senior Fellow for National Security Studies Council on Foreign Relations Before the Terrorism, Nonproliferation,

More information

Israel in the Middle, Syria, Iran and the Gulf States

Israel in the Middle, Syria, Iran and the Gulf States Israel in the Middle, Syria, Iran and the Gulf States 27. August 2013 um 11:00 Israel in the Middle, Syria, Iran and the Gulf States by Stephen E Hughes 26 Aug. 2013 Iran & Syria s Bashar Hafezal-Assad

More information

LASALLE COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL

LASALLE COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL LASALLE COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL FRESHMAN SUMMER READING 2012 SOCIAL STUDIES DEPARTMENT BOOK: Children of Jihad by Jared Cohen ISBN: 13: 978-1592403998 During your reading you will be responsible for the following.

More information

Iraq and Anbar: Surge or Separation?

Iraq and Anbar: Surge or Separation? Iraq and Anbar: Surge or Separation? Anthony H. Cordesman It is easy to develop strategies for Iraq, as long as you ignore the uncertainties involved and the facts on the ground. Dealing with the uncertain

More information

Hezbollah's Growing Threat Against U.S. National Security Interests in the Middle East

Hezbollah's Growing Threat Against U.S. National Security Interests in the Middle East Hezbollah's Growing Threat Against U.S. National Security Interests in the Middle East Prepared Testimony of Daniel Byman Professor and Senior Associate Dean, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service

More information

End of Days What s Going On? Pt. 8 March 16, 2014

End of Days What s Going On? Pt. 8 March 16, 2014 End of Days What s Going On? Pt. 8 March 16, 2014 The Coming Invasion of Israel described as the Battle of Gog and Magog Scripture Passages: Ezekiel Chapters 38 and 39 1. Introduction: The prophet Ezekiel

More information

ISIS ATTACKS AND KURDISH RESISTANCE IN KURDISTAN

ISIS ATTACKS AND KURDISH RESISTANCE IN KURDISTAN 0 Kongreya Neteweyî ya Kurdistanê Kurdistan National Congress Congrès National du Kurdistan 1999 INFORMATION FILE 2014-08-11 ISIS ATTACKS AND KURDISH RESISTANCE IN KURDISTAN Rue Jean Stas 41 1060 Bruxelles

More information

MC Review Middle East

MC Review Middle East 34 The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is best known for its efforts to (1) develop workable alternatives to fossil fuels (2) bring Western oil technology to the Middle East (3) stop

More information

Changing Borders. UN s 1947 Palestine Partition Plan After the 1949 War After the Six-Day War 1967

Changing Borders. UN s 1947 Palestine Partition Plan After the 1949 War After the Six-Day War 1967 Israel vs. Hamas Terror & counterterror orgs are deeply embedded in the century-long struggle between Israelis and Palestinians for control over territory. Understanding the evolution of terror is inseparable

More information

Syrian Civil War: From Popular Uprising to War by Proxy John Reimann "Arab Spring" and Popular Uprising in Syria

Syrian Civil War: From Popular Uprising to War by Proxy John Reimann Arab Spring and Popular Uprising in Syria Syrian Civil War: From Popular Uprising to War by Proxy by John Reimann The world powers are playing out a drama in Syria. In this drama, the human beings are but bits of scenery on the stage of history.

More information

The Gog and Magog War: The Religion of Death How does Islam and ISIS play a role in the Gog-Magog War?

The Gog and Magog War: The Religion of Death How does Islam and ISIS play a role in the Gog-Magog War? The Gog and Magog War: The Religion of Death How does Islam and ISIS play a role in the Gog-Magog War? In this The Truth Will Set You Free TWave Radio episode, Pastor Vic Batista of Calvary Chapel Aventura

More information

Raise Your Voice this Christmas for Persecuted Christians

Raise Your Voice this Christmas for Persecuted Christians Raise Your Voice this Christmas for Persecuted Christians Each Month 322 Christians are killed for their faith 214 Churches and Christian properties are destroyed 772 forms of violence are committed against

More information

In such a suicide-averse culture as that of the Middle East, where traditionally suicide

In such a suicide-averse culture as that of the Middle East, where traditionally suicide The Arab Spring and Failed Political Legitimacy David Cook In such a suicide-averse culture as that of the Middle East, where traditionally suicide rates have been among the world s lowest, it is odd to

More information

Millennial Choices. End Time Judgments. Millennial Choices. Israel and End Times Prophecy. Premillennialism. Amillennialism.

Millennial Choices. End Time Judgments. Millennial Choices. Israel and End Times Prophecy. Premillennialism. Amillennialism. Israel and End Times Prophecy Amillennial Allegorical Postmillennial Session 8 A Sequential Overview of End Time Events No Rapture Non-literal 1,000 Reign No Significance For Israel Pastor Carley Kendrick

More information

4/11/18. PSCI 2500 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Jim Butterfield Davis Arthur-Yeboah April 11, 2018

4/11/18. PSCI 2500 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Jim Butterfield Davis Arthur-Yeboah April 11, 2018 PSCI 2500 INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Jim Butterfield Davis Arthur-Yeboah April 11, 2018 Office hours: Davis: M-Th 3:00-4:30 JB: Tu 4:00-5:30, W 2:00-4:00 From last Wednesday, know for the final exam: What

More information

«The Shiite Marja iyya question» Summary

«The Shiite Marja iyya question» Summary «The Shiite Marja iyya question» Barah Mikaïl, Chercheur à l IRIS Jamil Abou Assi, Halla al-najjar, Assistants de recherche Etude n 2005/096 réalisée pour le compte de la Délégation aux Affaires stratégiques

More information

How the Relationship between Iran and America. Led to the Iranian Revolution

How the Relationship between Iran and America. Led to the Iranian Revolution Page 1 How the Relationship between Iran and America Led to the Iranian Revolution Writer s Name July 13, 2005 G(5) Advanced Academic Writing Page 2 Thesis This paper discusses U.S.-Iranian relationships

More information

ihs.com/conflictmonitor Conflict Monitor A complete OSINT collection and analysis service for Syria and Iraq

ihs.com/conflictmonitor Conflict Monitor A complete OSINT collection and analysis service for Syria and Iraq Regional Conflict. Global Impact. ihs.com/conflictmonitor Conflict Monitor A complete OSINT collection and analysis service for Syria and Iraq Monitor, anticipate, and respond to evolving threats Geospatial

More information

America Unravels Iraq: Kurds, Shiites, And Sunni Arabs Compete For Supremacy By Mohammed M. A. Ahmed

America Unravels Iraq: Kurds, Shiites, And Sunni Arabs Compete For Supremacy By Mohammed M. A. Ahmed America Unravels Iraq: Kurds, Shiites, And Sunni Arabs Compete For Supremacy By Mohammed M. A. Ahmed If you are looking for a book by Mohammed M. A. Ahmed America Unravels Iraq: Kurds, Shiites, and Sunni

More information

Mashreq, Gran Maghreb, Egypt and Israel Gabriele Pedrini

Mashreq, Gran Maghreb, Egypt and Israel Gabriele Pedrini Gabriele Pedrini Iraq. Liberation of Mossul and unknowns of the iraqi future Sunday 9 July, Iraqi Prime Minister al-'abadi announced the official liberation of Mosul after a campaign of nearly nine-month

More information

Al-Qaeda claims responsibility for the attack on a Western. sea vessel in the region of the Strait of Hormuz

Al-Qaeda claims responsibility for the attack on a Western. sea vessel in the region of the Strait of Hormuz Al-Qaeda claims responsibility for the attack on a Western sea vessel in the region of the Strait of Hormuz On July 28 th 2010 an explosion occurred on a Japanese oil tanker near the entrance to the Persian

More information

The Arab Community in London

The Arab Community in London The Arab Community in London Presented by JOHN HOWARD SOCIETY OF LONDON AND DISTRICT There are 22 Arab countries which are referred to as the Arab World The Arab population is 400 652 486 The majority

More information

THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION

THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION 1 THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION A NEW MIDDLE EAST COLD WAR Doha, Qatar Wednesday, June 12, 2013 2 PARTICIPANTS: Moderator: Panelists: SALMAN SHAIKH Director Brookings Doha Center ANWAR BIN MAJED BIN ANWAR

More information

Israel Wars. 1. Course Purpose. 2. Course Demands. a. Current reading; b. Active participation. c. Mid-term paper; d. Final exam.

Israel Wars. 1. Course Purpose. 2. Course Demands. a. Current reading; b. Active participation. c. Mid-term paper; d. Final exam. Israel Wars (PWAD 93) Syllabus, spring 2006 1. Course Purpose The aim of this course is presenting a survey of the Jewish-Palestinian encounters and Jewish-Arab wars in the 20 th century. This survey is

More information

Chapter 5 : The shi a in the world

Chapter 5 : The shi a in the world Pubblicata su Books on Islam and Muslims Al-Islam.org (https://www.al-islam.org) Home > Discovering Shi'i Islam > Chapter 5 : The shi a in the world Chapter 5 : The shi a in the world According to UNFPA

More information