SW Asia (Middle East) 2 nd Nine Weeks EOTT/Semester Exam Study Guide

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1 SW Asia (Middle East) 2 nd Nine Weeks EOTT/Semester Exam Study Guide

2 #1 Geographically speaking, which country lies between Iraq and Afghanistan?

3 ANSWER Iran lies between Iraq and Afghanistan.

4 #2 The Suez Canal connects what two major bodies of water?

5 ANSWER The Suez Canal connects the Mediterranean and the Red Seas.

6 #3 The process of removing salt from salt water in order to make it suitable for farming and drinking is known as

7 ANSWER Desalination removes salt from salt water

8 #4 Disputes over what natural resources are problematic for many Middle East countries?

9 ANSWER Disputes over water and oil

10 #5 In dry climate countries like Afghanistan and Iran, how would farmers water crops?

11 ANSWER Irrigation is a way for farmers to water crops

12 #6 Although it has significant oil and natural gas resources, a major international issue surrounding Iran in the first decade of the 21 st century has been its attempt to develop

13 ANSWER Iran has caused problems by developing nuclear weapons

14 #7 A major environmental issue facing the countries of the Middle East is the pollution of the

15 ANSWER Water and water sources

16 #8 The majority of Saudi Arabia is covered in what landform?

17 ANSWER Saudi Arabia is covered by deserts

18 #9 What non-renewable natural resource has contributed to the growth of the Middle East?

19 ANSWER Oil has contributed to the growth of Middle East countries.

20 #10 Because of its location over some of the world s largest oil deposits, which nation s income rose dramatically during the 20 th century?

21 ANSWER Saudi Arabia has seen huge growth in the 20 th century

22 #11 The climate of the Middle East has led much of the region to experience a scarcity of

23 ANSWER Water is very scarce in the SW ASIA

24 #12 Which of the following attribute would be shared within an ethnic group?

25 ANSWER Ethnic groups share, history, culture, language and beliefs

26 #13 Which religion do most people in Southwest Asia practice?

27 ANSWER Islam is most widely practiced religion

28 #14 Who make up the largest minority ethnic group in Turkey?

29 ANSWER Kurds

30 #15 The Islamic religion is divided between the Sunni and Muslims.

31 ANSWER Shia Muslims

32 #16 The oldest of the prominent religions of the Middle East is

33 ANSWER Oldest religion is Judaism

34 #17 The Torah, which contains the Mosaic Law, is most often used in which religion?

35 ANSWER Judaism uses the Torah

36 #18 The Gospels tell the story of what prophet?

37 ANSWER Jesus Christ

38 #19 Much of the architecture in Saudi Arabia uses what type of decoration?

39 ANSWER Domes

40 #20 What caused the Ottoman Empire to decline?

41 ANSWER Too large to be ruled, too weak for rulers p. 120 in CRCT Prep Book

42 #21 After which war did the Ottoman Empire officially come to an end?

43 ANSWER WW I

44 #22 What effects did the collapse of the Ottoman Empire have on its former territories?

45 ANSWER It was divided by British Politicians who cared nothing for ethnic or religious groups

46 #23 The Jewish claim to Canaan is basically religious because

47 ANSWER God made a covenant or promise with the Jews

48 #24 Prejudice against Jews ranging from apathy to extreme hatred and persecution is called.

49 ANSWER Anti- Semitism

50 #25 The conflict between Israelis and Palestinians is most likely related to

51 ANSWER Land ownership, religious conflicts

52 #26 Which Middle Eastern city is holy to Jews, Christians, and Muslims?

53 ANSWER Jerusalem

54 #27 Which ethnic groups would most likely practice Islam?

55 ANSWER Kurds, Arabs, and Persians

56 #28 What are the Five Pillars of Islam?

57 ANSWER 1. one god/muhammad messenger 2. fast for Ramadan 3. pray 5 times to Mecca 4. take care of the poor 5. journey to Mecca.

58 #29 What was the result of the Persian Gulf War?

59 ANSWER Iraqi government had to withdraw troops and sign a truce p. 124 CRCT Prep Book

60 #30 Which war was caused by a dispute over oil?

61 ANSWER Persian Gulf War

62 #31 Which event marked the end of the Ottoman Empire?

63 ANSWER WWI

64 #32 Gabriel, the Messenger, is recognized in which religion(s).

65 ANSWER Gabriel is recognized in all religions

66 #33 The mass imprisonment and slaughter of over six million European Jews during WWII is known as the.

67 ANSWER Holocaust

68 #34 Who is Osama bin Laden?

69 ANSWER A terrorist leader for al Qaeda

70 #35 Which of the following BEST describes Operation Iraqi Freedom?

71 ANSWER War over nuclear weapons

72 #36 What is a monarchy?

73 ANSWER Rule by King

74 #37 What form of government does Israel have?

75 ANSWER Parliamentary Democracy

76 #38 What is a theocracy?

77 ANSWER A government in which God is seen as the true leader of the government and the country s religious leaders serve as political leaders.

78 #39 What form of government does Saudi Arabia have?

79 ANSWER Monarchy

80 #40 What s the difference between a confederation and a unitary form of government?

81 ANSWER Unitary the central has more power and local less, confederation local has more power and central less

82 #41 What does democracy mean?

83 ANSWER People vote

84 #42 What form of government does Iraq have?

85 ANSWER Theocracy

86 GOOD LUCK! STUDY HARD!

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