Islam - Exercises 1. How many Muslims are there in our world today? Where do most of them live? Name countries with a large Muslim population!

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1 Islam - Exercises 1 1 Answer the following questions in your own words! How many Muslims are there in our world today? Where do most of them live? Name countries with a large Muslim population! Which prophets do Muslims believe in? Why is Mohammad the most important prophet? What will happen when the Last Day comes? How are Muslims expected to live? Describe their daily life? What are the five pillars of Islam? Where does the money that Muslims give go to? What kind of calendar does Islam have? Why is it important for Ramadan? What is the Kabaa? How are pilgrims dressed when they go around it? How often do Muslims pray every day? On which day of the week is Islam s holy day?

2 Islam - Exercises 2 2 Answer the following questions in your own words! What is the difference between Sunnites and Shiites? What changed Mohammad s life when he was 40? What did he preach to the people? Why did he leave Mecca? How did the Islamic empire grow in the following centuries? Where did the Turks come from? Which empire did they defeat? What were the Crusades? Who were the Black Muslims and who was their leader? In which ways are Islamic countries economically different? What happened during the Iranian revolution? In which country is religion and state separated?

3 Islam - Exercises 3 3 Match the Words with the definitions A beard system of rules that a country has B follower to have enough money to pay for or buy something C law to say private words to God D message the time when the sun rises in the morning E punish hair that grows around a man s face and chin F salvation trip to a holy place for religious reasons G afford to bend the top of your body forward and show respect H bow about the moon I dawn spoken or written information that you give other people J mosque when someone changes their religion K lunar to make someone suffer because they have done something wrong L pray person who helps and believes in a leader M shrine all the money that a person has N wealth to talk about religious things in public places and in front of many people O pilgrimage building in which Muslims pray to God P convert object in a place where people go to and pray Q preach to save someone from evil

4 Islam - Exercises 4 4 Tr u e o r Fa l s e? T F The history of Islam started when the Turks took over the Holy Land The archangel Gabriel appeared to Mohammad one day. At that time believing in one god was not normal. Mohammad persuaded many people to believe in the new religion In 622 he left Medina because many people threatened him. Parts of Spain were also ruled by Muslims. The Turks defeated the Roman empire in 1000 A.D. In the Crusades Muslim armies fought against the Turks The Black Muslims were a radical group in the United States. All Islamic countries get a lot of money from oil. In some countries religion and state are separated. In Iran religious leaders took over power at the end of the 1970s. The country with the largest Muslim population is Turkey. Muslims make up a large part of India s population. Many million Muslims live in the USA.

5 Islam - Exercises 5 5 Match a part from A, B and C to form complete sentences! A B C When Mohammad was 40 Christian armies tried brought messages from Allah. At about 1000 A.D. more than half of the Muslims in a revolution in Iran. In the Crusades Islam broke up appeared to him. After the death of Mohammad used their own script live in South and Southeast Asia In 1979 religious leaders and women rise to power. The Arabs invented algebra, the Turks began to must cover their faces. Islam began in Arabia but today but Mohammad to take back the Holy Land. Muslims believe in many prophets the archangel Gabriel and built beautiful mosques. Men often wear a beard came to power into two big branches. _

6 Islam - Exercises 6 6 Cr o s s w o r d Ac r o s s 1. a way of helping the poor by giving them money 5. very poor Muslim country 9. Islamic country that separates religion and state 11. to win against someone in a war 15. group of countries that are ruled by one government or king 16. series of wars between Christians and Muslims Do w n 2. to take something that belongs to someone else 3. branch of Islam 4. tower of a mosque 6. long dress that a woman wears 7. to kill a person and offer them to God 8. an object that is in holy place where people go to and pray 9. to say that you will do harm to someone 10. something that the Arabs invented 12. to eat little or no food 13. holy war that Muslims fight 14. holy city in Saudi Arabia

7 Islam - Exercises 7 7 fi n d 12 w o r d s f r o m t h e t e x t in t h e Gr i d b e l o w ( ) a n d m a r k t h e m! M M X Y L O J N X Y O O E M U S L I M G L K S C G Y D O X Q J P W Q C V H A X U K R Y S U A Q T K R P A C E M E D I N A X Y A M U E Z Z I N I G A B R I E L R B U D V E A N C K A Y N M X E T P F U D X

8 Islam - Exercises 8 8 wr i t e a s h o rt pa r a g r a p h a b o u t e a c h o f t h e 5 d u t i e s t h at a Mu s l i m h a s. 5 pillars of Islam

9 Islam - Exercises 9 9 A Mu s l i m g o e s o n a Pi l g r i m a g e to Me c c a! Wr i t e d o w n w h at h e/s h e experiences t h e r e!

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