Welcome back Pre-AP! Monday, Sept. 12, 2016

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1 Welcome back Pre-AP! Monday, Sept. 12, 2016 Today you will need: *Your notebook or a sheet of paper to put into your notes binder *Something to write with

2 Warm-Up: In your notes, make a quick list of ALL that you know about the religion of BUDDHISM.

3 Addressing Misconceptions About Buddhism Many people believe that Buddha is a god. This is false- the Buddha is highly regarded and respected, but is not a god. Buddhism does not recognize a god or gods. Buddhism is more centered around the individual and how that person lives his or her life, rather than worshipping a god or gods. Buddhism is still considered a major world religion, even if it is really more about a lifestyle than what many typically think of as religion.

4 Siddhartha Gautama *Founder of Buddhism *Does not believe he was the first Buddha. *Born into a privileged life in India (his father was a king) in 566 BCE. His father was determined that his son would be a great ruler, so he wanted him to have a comfortable life where he wouldn t want to leave the walls of the palace. *Disillusioned with royal life, Siddhartha left the palace when he was older, and encountered suffering for the first time *From this point, he focused on how to solve the problem of human suffering *His experiences and enlightenment formed the religion of Buddhism

5 Siddhartha Gautama and the Four Sights *On his first three journeys outside the palace, Siddhartha encountered the first of four sights : sickness, old age, and death. - Wondered How can I enjoy a life of pleasure when there is so much suffering in the world? *On his fourth trip, he encountered the fourth sight : A monk who had given up everything he owned to seek an end to suffering. - Siddhartha was determined to be like this man.

6 Siddhartha Gautama: Becoming the Buddha *Siddhartha left his kingdom and loved ones behind and became a wandering monk *He renounced his previous worldly lifestyle by cutting off his hair and eating a simple diet. He engaged in frequent meditation. *According to Buddhist tradition, one day Siddhartha encountered various temptations and challenges designed to lure him away from his virtuous path *Having overcome all of these, he became the Buddha.

7 Siddhartha Gautama

8 Spread of Buddhism *For the next 45 years the Buddha and his followers (disciples) went from place to place in India spreading the Dharma, his teachings. *Wherever the Buddha went he won the hearts of the people because he dealt with their true feelings.

9 What is the Buddha? *Means awakened one. *The Buddha is a person who has attained supreme enlightenment.

10 What Are the Goals of Buddhism? *To know ourselves *To learn the Buddha s teachings.

11 Sacred Text *Teachings from the Buddha are recorded in sutras

12 The Three Universal Truths of Buddhism 1. Nothing is lost in the universe. Matter turns into energy, energy turns into matter. A dead leaf turns into soil. 2. Everything changes. Life is full of unexpected surprises. 3. Law of cause and effect. This is known as karma- nothing ever happens unless we deserve it.

13 The Four Noble Truths of Buddhism 1. There is suffering- suffering is common to all. 2. Cause of suffering- we are the cause of our suffering. 3. End of suffering- stop doing what causes suffering. 4. Path to end suffering- everyone can be

14 What Is the Focus of Buddhism? *The goal of Buddhism is to become enlightened and eventually reach nirvana (a state of eternal bliss).

15 THIS NOT THIS

16 How Can One Attain Nirvana? *You can attain nirvana by living a virtuous life, giving up your worldly desires (possessions), and following the Buddha s teachings. *This way of life is outlined in The Noble Eightfold Path

17 The Noble Eightfold Path 1. Right view (wisdom and compassion) 2. Right thought (clear and kind thoughts) 3. Right speech (kind and helpful words) 4. Right conduct (before we criticize others, we should first see what we do ourselves) 5. Right livelihood (choosing a job that does not hurt others) 6. Right effort (doing our best at all times, having good will toward others) 7. Right mindfulness (being aware of our thoughts, words, and deeds) 8. Right concentration (focus on one thought or object at a time)

18 The Symbol of Buddhism *The wheel represents the eightfold path that one must follow to live an enlightened life and reach nirvana

19

20 Buddhism s Triple Jewel *The Buddha is the guide *The Dharma is the path *The Sangha are the teachers or companions along the way (monks, etc.)

21 Branches of Buddhism 1. Theravada Buddhism: means teaching of the Elders - monks follow the same practices passed down from the Buddha s time, such as living in forests and meditating. The goal is to become a person free of suffering. Mainly found in southern Asian countries (Sri Lanka, Thailand, Myanmar) 2. Mahayana Buddhism- means Great Vehicle - stresses following the Buddha s example of going into the world and doing good. The goal is to enlighten oneself and others. Mainly found in northern Asian countries (China, Korea, Japan) 3. Vajrayana Buddhism- means Vehicle of the Thunderbolt - an offshoot of Mahayana Buddhism, designed to achieve physical, mental, and spiritual breakthroughs- most closely identified with Tibet; work closely with a spiritual guide or guru

22 Branches of Buddhism *In Tibet, lamas are gurus, or people that can help you on your spiritual journey. *The leader of the lamas is the Dalai Lama

23 Where Are The Most Buddhists Found?

24 Buddhism in Different Places *Places that are mainly Mahayana Buddhist show the Buddha in various forms because it is believed there are different ways to become enlightened *Places that are mainly Theravada Buddhist will show the Buddha in more traditional form *Depictions will vary based on where you go

25 Buddhism in Different Places China

26 Buddhism in Different Places China

27 Buddhism in Different Places Japan

28 Buddhism in Different Places Korea

29 Buddhism in Different Places Thailand

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