Name per date. Warm Up: What is reality, what is the problem with discussing reality?

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1 Name per date Buddhism Buddhism is a religion based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, known to his followers as the Buddha. There are more than 360 million Buddhists living all over the world, especially in China, Japan and Southeast Asia. Buddhists believe that the Buddha was enlightened or awakened from ignorance. The Buddha s teachings, especially the Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path, provide guidelines for the way Buddhists live. Buddhist families have many special traditions, like worshipping in their home shrines and temples, and celebrating holidays like Vesak. Warm Up: What is reality, what is the problem with discussing reality? Focus Question- As you watch the video answer the following questions. 1. What do accounts say about the origins and early life of the founder of Buddhism? 2. What happened to Siddhartha Gautama when he was twenty-nine years old, and why was it significant to Buddhism? 3. What truth did Siddhartha Gautama learn from his meditation and ascetic practice? 4. Why does Buddhism follow the Middle Way and what does that mean? 5. What is the key mood of Buddhist enlightenment?

2 6. What is the significance of the Deer Park Sermon? 7. What are Buddha s Four Noble Truths? 8. What are the precepts of the Noble Eightfold Path? 9. What is karma? 10. What is the connection between karma and reincarnation? 11. What is the primary goal of Buddhist meditation? 12. How does meditation play a beneficial and essential role in Buddhism? 13. What does Zen Buddhism suggest is the difference between becoming a good person and becoming a human being? 14. What does nirvana mean? 15. What are the four Great Unlimitables? 16. What is the cause of suffering in Buddhist thought? How can suffering be eliminated?

3 17. What does the Lotus flower symbolize and suggest about the spirit of Buddhism in the Mayanist sect? 18. What does the story of Buddha s death say about his ultimate beliefs and his integrity of spirit? 19. How does the Theravada Buddhists differ from the Mahayana Buddhists in belief? 20. Who is the Dalai Lama and how is he chosen? 21. How did Buddhism become important to Japanese culture? 22. What is Zen Buddhism? What is its primary goal?

4 Write your version of Buddhism, you must include 10 of the vocabulary words in your explanation. Vocabulary Words: Dharma The orthodox belief of Buddhism which must be known in order to be enlightened. It is the sublime religious truth. Ascetic A person, who, for religious reasons, practices rigorous selfdiscipline by leading a life of meditation and self-denial. Bodhi Tree Siddhartha Gautama meditated under this tree for seven days until he achieved enlightenment and became the Buddha. Nirvana The ultimate state of freedom from the cycle of birth and rebirth by achieving selflessness through the understanding that all reality is one. Samsara The cycle of birth and rebirth based upon one s karma; also known as reincarnation or transmigration of souls. (Continued) 2 Four Noble Truths Achieved through meditation, these are the four main tenants of Buddhism: (1) life brings suffering; (2) the desire for pleasure, power and immortality are the roots of suffering; (3) suffering ceases when desiring ends; and (4) desire ends via the Noble Eightfold Path of right views, intention, speech, action, livelihood, effort, awareness and concentration. Sangha The original monastic community established by the Buddha after he achieved enlightenment. Today, it is a term for any Buddhist monastery. Karma The cosmic principle of cause and effect, which rewards human goodness and punishes human evil through the transmigration of souls into better or lesser situations of rebirth. Selflessness Achieved through Buddhist meditation, it allows people to serve others and concentrate on the true perception of reality, an understanding that there are no boundaries between one s self and the reality of the universe. Zen From the Sanskrit word Dhyana, meaning meditation. That sect of Buddhism mainly found in Japan where meditation is used to achieve enlightenment. Mendicant A holy man who travels and teaches while relying on the generosity of others for clothing, shelter and food. Mahayana A major sect of Buddhism founded by Nagarjuna and means the great or universal path of salvation. It used a new body of scriptures called Sutras (Lotus, Heart and Diamond). Open to all, one can achieve enlightenment at any stage in the cycle of birth and rebirth. Bodhisattva An enlightened human being in the Mahayanist sect who spreads insights to help others and refuses to enter Nirvana until everyone

5 has done so. Lama Tibetan for high priest. Theravada Primarily practiced in southeast Asia,Theravada Buddhism is a more conservative interpretation of Buddha s teachings than Mahayana Buddhism. Dhammapada Summary account of Buddha s teachings on meditation and moral issues in the Theravadic scriptures. Tantric The sect of Buddhism that focuses on yoga with ritual chants to discipline the mind and body to go beyond desires to achieve enlightenment. Mantra In Sanskrit, the sacred utterance, which is a sound or group of sounds used to focus the mind in meditation on the inner realities. Bardo Thodol The Tibetan Buddhist Book of the Dead. Zazen The Zen sitting form of meditation. Koans Riddles used by some Zen practitioners to help students break through their perceptions into the true reality in an act of sudden enlightenment.

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