Big Questions: How did political rebellions affect the political structures and ideologies around the world?

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1 AP World History Study Guide Unit 7A Name Ch 30 Age of Revolutions Score / Hour Big Questions: How did political rebellions affect the political structures and ideologies around the world? Relevant Reading What is the basis of national identity and nationalism? Text An Age of Revolution, Industry, and Empire, , p (the purple pages ) Bentley, Ch 30, Revolutions and National States in the Atlantic World, p William Bulliet, The Haitian Revolution (excerpt from Bulliet s textbook) Primary Sources: The Declaration of the Rights of Man & Citizen, p. 815 in Bentley Maximilien Robespierre, Speech to the National Convention Feb 5, 1794: The Terror Justified Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Women Olympe de Gouges, Declaration of the Rights of Women and the Female Citizen p. 829 Seneca Falls Conference, Declaration of Sentiments Simón Bolívar, The Jamaica Letter Heinrich von Treitschke, Militant Nationalism Secondary Sources: Nationalism/War in Europe map (double-sided pink handout from reg. World History textbook) Georges Lefebvre, The Coming of the French Revolution William Doyle, An Evaluation of the French Revolution History Jargon identity, ideology, propaganda People Name Theme(s) Place/Time Significance (What did this person do?) Related John Locke 809, 783 Enlightenment Thinkers Jean-Jacques Rousseau 810, 783 George Washington 811, 786 Toussaint Louverture 821, 795 Simón Bolívar 823, 799 José de San Martín 824, 799 American Political Leaders

2 Unit 7A Study Guide 2 Guiseppe Mazzini 831, 806 Prince Klemens von Metternich 833, 808 Cavour & Garibaldi 834, 810 Otto von Bismarck 835, 810 Olympe de Gouges 807, 829, 781, 804 Mary Wollstonecraft 828, 802 Elizabeth Cady Stanton 830, 803 Alfred Dreyfus 832, 806 European Political Leaders Women s Rights Zionism Theodore Herzl 832, 807 Louis XVI & Marie Antoinette , Maximilien Robespierre 816, 790 Napoleon Bonaparte 818 ff, 791 ff French Revolution Vocabulary / Historical Events / Trends Term Theme(s) Place/Time Definition & Significance Related Divine Right of Kings 809, 783 popular sovereignty 809, 783

3 Unit 7A Study Guide 3 The Social Contract 810, 783 Seven Years War 810, 784 no taxation w/o representation 811, 784 [U.S.] Declaration of Independence 811, 785 Battle of Yorktown 811, 786 The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen 815, 789 liberty, equality, and fraternity 816, 789 Jacobins/Committee of Public Safety 816, 790 radical 818, 790 coup d état 818, 791 moderate 818, 793 conservative 825, 800 liberal 825, 800 abolition 826, 802 Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen 829, 804

4 Unit 7A Study Guide 4 nationalism 830, 805 Zionism 832, 806 blood and iron 835, 811 A Vindication of the Rights of Women 828, 803 Reign of Terror 817, 791 This phrase isn t emphasized (or even capitalized) in Bentley. Congress of Vienna 833, 807 realpolitik 835, 810 gens de couleur (Bulliet, p. 658) Egypt, Marengo, Austerlitz, Jena map on p. 819, Trafalgar (not in text, see map on p. 819, also pink class handout) French Revolution Battles (where fought, who won, and what was the result/significance?) All victories for Napoleon. (or at least Napoleon claimed victories) They established Napoleon s reputation for military genius to the point of infallibility. The British navy defeated the French fleet off the coast of Gibraltar. Battle was hugely significant, as the British Navy dominated the Atlantic for the rest of the 1800s. Russia (Borodino) 820, 1812 Waterloo 820, 1815 Geography You don t need to fill out a map, but know the following. See map on p If you actually want a map to fill out, I can give you one. France & areas directly controlled by France French dependent states Confederation of the Rhine Spain Kingdom of Italy Kingdom of Two Sicilies Grand Duchy of Warsaw (Poland) Enemies of France (usually/always) Great Britain Prussia Austria Russia

5 Unit 7A Study Guide 5 Primary & Secondary Source Questions: The Declaration of the Rights of Man & Citizen (p. 815 in Bentley) Which social group(s) would gain/lose the most from the ideals listed in this document? Maximilien Robespierre, The Terror Justified What did Robespierre mean when he argued that terror flows from virtue? How did Robespierre think the use of terror related to the essence of the Revolution? Women s Rights (Olympe de Gouges, Declaration of the Rights of Women and the Female Citizen, Mary Wollstonecraft s, A Vindication of the Rights of Women, and Seneca Falls Conference s Declaration of Sentiments) What claims (conclusions) to do these authors/documents assert re: women s rights? What evidence do they offer in support of their argument? (Why should anyone agree with them?) Simón Bolívar, The Jamaica Letter What does Bolívar mean by America [has been] denied not only its freedom but even an active and effective tyranny? (Why would anyone want a tyranny?)

6 Unit 7A Study Guide 6 What other political events/trends were going on at the time this was written? How do you think the spirit or mood of the time in which Bolívar was writing might have influenced Bolívar s words? Heinrich von Treitschke, Militant Nationalism What, according to Treitschke, is the relationship between the state and the individual? According to Treitschke, what qualities of Germans set them apart from other peoples, especially the English and the Jews? In what ways do Treitschke s views repudiate [contradict] Enlightenment ideals? William Doyle, An Evaluation of the French Revolution How does Doyle determine what changes would (in all probability) have come about in any case? What does Doyle think was the direct [immediate] cause of the revolution? How could Doyle s argument be used by those opposing revolutions in general?

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