Exam Review and Study Guide for January Cultural Tolerance Syncretism Multiculturalisjm Pantheism Secularism Catholic

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1 and Study Guide for January 2013 Key Terms/Figures/Events: Ninian Smart Model Monotheism Atheism Polytheism Agnosticism Religions Pluralism Judaism Anti Semitism Bar/bat mitzvah Covenant Holocaust Kabala Passover Rosh Hashanah Sabbath Schema Torah Yom Kippur Zionism Pesach Succot Shoah Shabbat Hanukah Moses Adam King David King Solomon Noah Jacob Abraham Tallit Tefillin Tanakh Shofar Menorah Orthodox Hasidism Zionism Reform Conservative Pesach Cultural Tolerance Syncretism Multiculturalisjm Pantheism Secularism Catholic Parables Creeds Christianity Apostle s creed Councils of Jerusalem / Nicaea / Trent Christ Jesus Birth Jesus Miracles Jesus Teachings Jesus Death Jesus Resurrection Reformation Gospel Great schism Doctrine of Incarnation Indulgences The Church of England The Lutheran Church The Calvinist Church The Christian Orthodox Church Iconostasis Screen King Henry VIII Martin Luther Indulgences Vernacular New testament Nicene creed St. Peter & St. Paul Vatican Council I & II Constantine I Theodosius I Romulus Augustus The Indian Act Catholic Rites Catholic Rite of Passage Papal Authority

2 Caliphs Muhammad, Jesus Five Pillars Hajj Imam Ji had Ka ba Mosque Muslim Qur an Ramadan Umma Khadija Mt. Hira Archangel Gabriel Moses Shi ite Sunni Sufis Sawm Zakat Shahadah Salat Burka Kaaba Hijab Sikhism Guru Guru Nanak Guru Granth Sahib Gurdwara Kesh Kara Kanga Kacha Kirpan Hinduism Ascetic Atman Bhagavad Gita Brahman Caste system Dharma Four goals in life Karma Moksha Samsara Upanishads Yoga Upanishads Bhagavad Gita Rig Vedas Brahmans Samhitas Karma Vadas Vishnu Shiva Brahma Buddhism Buddha Dalai Lama Five Precepts Four Noble Truths Mantras Middle Way Nirvana Eightfold Path Siddhartha Gautama Selected Questions

3 Judaism 1. What is the sacred storybook that Jews follow? 2. Describe the Jewish view of God. 3. The Jews are God's "Chosen People". What does this mean? 4. God made two very important Covenants with the Jewish people. According to the Old Testament what were these two Covenants? 5. List four kosher rules Jews have about food. 6. Describe the treatment of Jews following the death of Jesus up to and including the present day. Catholicism/Christianity 1. Who were Jews waiting for when Jesus came along? What is Jesus supposed to do? Who can he be prepared to in other faith traditions? 2. What were the reasons why Christians were persecuted? 3. What is the Nicene Creed? What does it say? What other controversies occurred during the years of the early Church? 4. Which two sacraments do most Catholics and Christians practice? 5. What was the Schism of 1054? List five causes of the Schism of What does Reformation mean? What are the causes of the Reformation? 7. Who was Martin Luther? What practices and beliefs in the Church was he against? 8. Who was King Henry the VIII and why was he angry with the Pope? What was the outcome of the English Reformation? 9. Describe the three branches of Christianity that exist today. 1. How would you describe s deity? 2. Who is the founder? 3. How does relate to the biblical tradition and Jesus?

4 4. How did spread? 5. Describe the major characteristics of the Five Pillars. 6. What are s major beliefs? 7. What does the word Qur an translate to? What does it contain? How did it come to be? 8. Describe the major events in the life of the Prophet Mohammed. 9. Whom did Mohammed receive the message of God from? 10. Is Mohammed divine? Hinduism 1. Where does Hinduism originate? (Name the geographic area.) Why is Hinduism called an "umbrella religion"? 2. Give the names and any three qualities that Hindus use to describe God. 3. Is Hinduism polytheistic monism? Prove your answer. (Include the Trimurti.) 4. The Caste System: Give the name of each class in the caste system and explain how the caste system works. Why do you think India has made the caste system illegal? 5. Explain what Hindus think of life, death, and salvation using these four important words: dharma, karma, samsara, moksha. 6. Explain what a person has to do to reach moksha in each of the three paths to salvation: Knowledge, Devotion, and Action. 7. What is Ahimsa? Do you agree with it? Why or why not? 8. Name and describe religions that are offshoots of Hinduism. Buddhism 1. Describe the life of Siddhartha Gautama. Who is he? 2. Why did Siddhartha leave his family? What three things did he experience? 3. How did Siddhartha achieve "enlightenment"? 4. What is the Middle Path? 5. What are the Four Noble Truths? 6. Name and briefly explain the eight elements of the Eightfold Path.

5 7. What is Nirvana? 8. What is a philosophy predominant in China which can be compared to Buddhism? Sikhism 1. Who founded Sikhism? 2. Who is the current guru? 3. Describe and explain the 5 Ks of Sikhism 4. How/Where do Sikhs worship? 5. How does Sikhism reflect principles of and Hinduism? Common Themes & Points of Comparison 1. Founders 2. Catholicism and Judaism / / Hinduism / Buddhism (e.g. rites of passage) 3. Faith reinforcement, renewal and growth. 4. Challenges to faith in today s society: secularism, technology etc. EXAM FORMAT: 2 Hours PART A: MULTIPLE CHOICE (Knowledge) PART B: WORD MATCHING (Knowledge) PART C : SITE PASSAGE (Inquiry) PART D: SHORT ANSWER (Application) PART E: LONG ANSWER (ESSAY) (Communication)

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