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1 WAYNESBORO AREA SCHOOL DISTRICT CURRICULUM TEMPLATE COURSE NAME: World Religions UNIT: 1 Religion in Society NO. OF : 8 KEY LEARNING(S): Religion affects all human activity for adherents and non-adherents alike Religion shapes society through art, architecture, language, politics, philanthropy, education and conflict UNIT : How can we study religion in a collaborative, respectful manner? How does religion shape society? What current and recent (since 1979) conflicts involve a religious element? COMPETENCY: current event summary, vocabulary quiz, student presentation/prezi, chloropleth map How to discuss and study religion without causing offense How religion affects all members of a society 8 How can we study religion in a collaborative, respectful manner? (A) How does religion shape society? (A) continental outline maps, internet access, projector Society philanthropy religion pacifist conflict Adherents creed ethnic religion universalizing religion How religion shapes social institutions What current and recent (since 1979) conflicts involve a religious element? (A) What is the global distribution of major world religions? (A)

2 UNIT: 2 Hinduism NO. OF : 8 KEY LEARNING(S): Hinduism is a polytheistic, south Asian religion originating in India UNIT : What are the origins and Hinduism? What role to concepts of caste, gender and non-violence play in Hinduism? What is the ultimate goal of adherents of Hinduism and how is this goal accomplished? How do religious texts, temple worship and art affect the worship of Hindu adherents? COMPETENCY: vocabulary quiz, unit test, RAFT assignment, Hindu deity wiki The diffuse nature of Hinduism as to structure, belief and practice. Polytheism and the idea of the god/goddess cult. The relationship of reincarnation to karma, jyana and bhakti. Importance of Vedas and Upanishads for adherents. Nature of modern Hindu practices and effect on art and politics in south Asia. 8 What are the origins and Hinduism? (A) What role to concepts of caste, gender and nonviolence play in Hinduism? (A) What is the ultimate goal of adherents of Hinduism and how is this goal accomplished? (A) How do religious texts, temple worship and art affect the worship of Hindu adherents? (A) wikipages, unit quiz/test, internet access Karma Aryans caste avatar deity polytheism reincarnation dharma Vedas Rig Veda Brahmins Kishantriyas Vaishyas Sudras Brahman Shiva Vishnu bhakti Upanishads jati moksha

3 UNIT: 3 Jainism NO. OF : 4 KEY LEARNING(S):Jai Jainism is a south Asian religion located almost entirely within India Pacifism and non-violence are key concepts in Jainism UNIT : What are the origins and Jainism? How does Jainism differ from Hinduism relative to karma and reincaranation? What role does scripture play in Jainism? What are the key divisions within Jainism and how do they differ? COMPETENCY: south Asia outline map, vocabulary quiz, reflection journal, interpretive primary source reading (debary Sources of Indian Tradition ) Non-violence and pacifism in a world of violence How sects evolve within a religion Ascetic life and south Asian religions 4 What are the key divisions within Jainism and how do they differ? (A) What role does scripture play in Jainism? (A) How does Jainism differ from Hinduism relative to karma and reincarnation? (A) What are the origins and Jainism s adherents? (A) south Asia outline map, video Jainism (Discovery Education) scripture ascetic sect fundamentalism Vardhamana Mahavira Digambaras Svatambaras karma-matter ahimsa sadhus jiva

4 UNIT: 4 Buddhism NO. OF : 8 KEY LEARNING(S): Siddhartha Gautama established Buddhism in response to the caste system in Hindu teachings Buddha means the Awakened one or the Enlightened one Buddhism believes in a path eight steps and four noble truths that will lead to nirvana Buddhism has three major schools: Theravada, Mahayana and Vajrayama. Each of these schools is divided into sects. UNIT : What are the origins and Buddhism s three schools of thought? What are the differences between Buddhism s three schools of thought? What events guided Siddhartha Gautama to become the Buddha? How do religious texts, temple worship and art affect the worship of Buddhist adherents? COMPETENCY: comparison graphic organizer, interpretive drawing/reading, unit test, vocabulary quiz Why Siddhartha Gautama left comfort to embrace the life of an acetic. Buddha s original teachings about the Four Noble Truths and The Eightfold Path The idea of compassion in Mahayana v. ritual and release in Theravada Buddhism 8 What are the origins and Buddhism s three schools of thought? (A) What are the differences between Buddhism s three schools of thought? (A) What events guided Siddhartha Gautama to become the Buddha? (A) internet access, projector, Dhammapada (selected readings) compassion transcendental anthropomorphic circumambulations devotion Siddhartha Gautama Buddha sangha Dhammapada Asvaghosha lamas bodhisattvas Theravada Vajrayana Mahayana Ideas of release from the wheel of life Lack of gender equality in Hinduism and Buddhism How do religious texts, temple worship and art affect the worship of Buddhist adherents? (A) How is gender equality viewed by Buddhist, Hindu and Jain adherents? (ET)

5 UNIT: 5 Sikhism NO. OF : 4 KEY LEARNING(S): Sikhism borrows basic beliefs from Hinduism yet is different in important ways Sikh religion developed in three distinct phases over a century Sikh religion is often confused with Islam and Hinduism because some elements of each were recognized by Guru Nanak UNIT : What are the ceremonial k s and s s of the Sikh religion? What role do miracles and the supernatural play in the foundation of Sikh religion? Why are Shik adherents so adamant about preserving their ability to defend themselves and their beliefs? COMPETENCY: graphic organizer Sikhism is not a conscious combination of Hindu and Muslim beliefs. The concept of guru is foundational in Sikhism. Sikhism has evolved since its foundation, passing through three distinct phases of development. Sikhism emphasizes the internal thoughts and motives of a person, rather than ritualistic or visible display and ceremony. 4 What are the ceremonial k s and s s of the Sikh religion? What role do miracles and the supernatural play in the foundation of Sikh religion? Why are Shik adherents so adamant about preserving their ability to defend themselves and their beliefs? intolerance yoga guru disciple miracle Guru Nanak Khalsa Guru Granth Sahib kesh kangha kachih kara kirpan simran seva sangat

6 UNIT: 6 Three East Asian Religions: Taoism, Confucianism and Shinto NO. OF : 8 KEY LEARNING(S): The basis of Chinese religion is a focus on the worldly application of religion Concepts such as ying/yang and wu-hsing run through all east Asian religions Lao Tzu established Taoism as a counter to politics and social structures such as laws There is a difference between philosophical Taoism and religious Taoism. Some consider Confucianism to be a moral code, not a religion is the true sense. Shintoism and Buddhism have a long history of rivalry in Japan Shintoism practice feature rituals symbolizing purity, offerings, prayer and communion with kami UNIT : Why did Shintoism develop in opposition to Buddhism? What themes and beliefs run through all east Asian religions? What were the ultimate goals of Confucius and his teachings? What actions taken by people are sure to separate them from the Tao? COMPETENCY: vocabulary quiz, unit test, RAFT assignment, Hindu deity wiki The mystical nature of Taoism and how it is applied practically and philosophically. The nature of ying/yang and wu-hsing relationships. The social and political impact of Confucius thought and practice. The impact of Shinto on Japanese culture and identity. 8 Why did Shintoism develop in opposition to Buddhism? What themes and beliefs run through all east Asian religions? What were the ultimate goals of Confucius and his teachings? What actions taken by people are sure to separate them from the Tao? wikipages, unit quiz/test, internet access divination exorcism Confucius Ying yang I Ching Tao Te Ching Lao Tzu jen hsiao chung yung The Analects kami Bushido

7 UNIT: 7 Zoroastrianism NO. OF : 4 KEY LEARNING(S):The geographic scope and remaining influence of Zoroastrianism on life in Iran Important life events in the biography of Zarathustra How Zoroastrianism affects other religions and gender roles of adherents UNIT : What are the origins and Zoroastrianism? Why Zoroastrianism is considered a monotheistic religion? What role does scripture play in Zoroastrianism? What is the importance of justice, mercy and fire to Zoroastrian adherents? How did Zoroastrians influence Jewish religion? COMPETENCY: south Asia outline map, vocabulary quiz, reflection journal, interpretive primary source reading Avesta Monotheism is a belief in one god. Zoroastrians share the same early practices and culture as Hindus. Good and Evil are clearly defined and embodied in human form in Zoroastrian theology. Zoroastrians number in the thousands today. 4 What are the origins and Zoroastrianism? (A) Why Zoroastrianism is considered a monotheistic religion? (A) What role does scripture play in Zoroastrianism? (A) What is the importance of justice, mercy and fire to Zoroastrian adherents? (A) How did Zoroastrians influence Jewish religion? (A) Video, Eternal Fire (Discovery Video), graphic organizer (flow chart), reading Iranian Nature Day monotheism dualism magi Zarathustra Ahura Mazda Amesh Spentas Avesta

8 UNIT: 8 Judaism NO. OF : 8 KEY LEARNING(S): Important figures in the foundation of Judaism Establishment of the Abrahamic covenant Role of prophets and prophecy in Jewish life Sacred books of Judaism Influence of Judaism on other monotheistic religions UNIT : What are the origins and Jews? How has this changed over time? How did early Judaism differ from neighboring religions? What are some important festivals observed in Judaism? What different groups exist in Judaism? COMPETENCY: Jewish festival research/presentation, unit test, vocabulary quiz, RAFT journal, current events article Abrahamic covenant Ten Commandments Covenant making and keeping Social justice and equality 8 What are the origins and Jews? How has this changed over time? (A) How did early Judaism differ from neighboring religions?(et) internet access, projector, Torah, current events articles about get scandal in NYC covenant circumcision prophets temple messiah Sabbath Social Justice Abraham Isaac Moses Torah rabbi National Identity v. Religious Identity v. Ethnic Identity What are some important festivals observed in Judaism? (A) What different groups exist in Judaism? (A)

9 UNIT: 9 Christianity NO. OF : 8 KEY LEARNING(S): Christianity is divided into three broad categories: Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and Protestant Christian theology believes in a personal, yet mysterious view of a tripartite/monotheistic godhead Jesus of Nazareth s teachings, atonement and resurrection are central to Christian theology Christianity is diverse with many competing thoughts about foundational doctrine Historically, Christians have been in conflict with Jews, Muslims and indigenous people on a global scale. UNIT : What are the major divisions within Christianity and where are they located? Why is Jesus of Nazareth so important to Christians? How does a Christian believe salvation is attained? How do Christians explain their claim to the Abrahamic covenant? What conflicts have occurred between Christians and adherents of other religions? COMPETENCY: graphic organizer, compare/contrast essay, interview an adherent/congregational leader, protestant Prezi Jesus as Savior and Redeemer of the world. Christian claims to Abraham s covenant. Christianity spreads globally through evangelism and conflict. Christianity is the largest religion in the world, diverse and growing. Foundational doctrines of Christianity are disputed among sects while still maintaining cohesion as a belief system. 8 What are the major divisions within Christianity and where are they located? Why is Jesus of Nazareth so important to Christians? How does a Christian believe salvation is attained? How do Christians explain their claim to the Abrahamic covenant? What conflicts have occurred between Christians and adherents of other religions? continental outline maps, internet access, projector, unit test atonement salvation clergy branch sect disciple resurrection Jesus Christ Eucharist apostle Roman Catholic Protestant Eastern Orthodox Reformation

10 UNIT: 10 Islam NO. OF : 8 KEY LEARNING(S): Muhammad is the prophet that established Islam according to the word of Allah (God) Muhammad and his followers spread Islam through evangelism and conquest Islam is the second largest world religion and is growing rapidly Practice in Islam is guided by Five Pillars of faith UNIT : What are the origins and Islam? What role to concepts of mercy and conflict play in Islam? What is the ultimate goal of adherents of Islam and how is this goal accomplished? How do Muslims view the Koran and other sacred writings? What contemporary challenges does Islam face? COMPETENCY: vocabulary quiz, unit test, RAFT assignment, Koran interpretive reading, conflicts wiki Muhammad is the prophet of Islam Islam means submission Islam is a monotheistic, global religion. There are several denominations within Islam. Islam continues to influence global politics. 8 What are the origins and Islam? What role to concepts of mercy and conflict play in Islam? What is the ultimate goal of adherents of Islam and how is this goal accomplished? How do Muslims view the Koran and other sacred writings? wikipages, unit quiz/test, internet access pilgrimage Koran Sunna Sunni Shi ite Caliphate Shahada Salat Zakat Hajj jihad What contemporary challenges does Islam face?

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