Wednesday, 10/4/17. We will begin our mini-unit on Religions from around the world. I will use an online presentation to complete a religions chart.

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1 Religions

2 Wednesday, 10/4/17 We will begin our mini-unit on Religions from around the world. I will use an online presentation to complete a religions chart.

3 By the end of the year, we Describe how people interact with the environment and how extreme weather and natural disasters affect people and the environment. Determine the level of development and the standard of living of countries using specific economic factors. Classify the economic system of a country. Compare the types of government of specific countries. Explain how culture spreads around the world. Compare ways that humans depend on and change the environment. Describe major world religions and where they are located. Analyze how technology allows people to live in extreme conditions. Describe the elements of culture. Judge how true and useful a piece of information is. (Cite Sources)

4 Overview There are many different religions. We are going to focus on the main ones: Christianity Islam Judaism Animism Buddhism Hinduism Sikhism As we go through the slides, fill in your Religion Chart

5 When was the Religion Founded? Islam: 610 CE Judaism: 1300 BCE Christianity: 1 CE Hinduism: Around 1500 BCE Buddhism: 520 BCE Sikhism: Late 1400s CE CE means Common Era & takes the place of AD. BCE means Before the Common Era & takes the place of BC.

6 Founder / Most Important Person Islam: Mohammad Judaism: Abraham Christianity: Jesus

7 Founder / Most Important Person Hinduism: No Single Founder Buddhism: Gautam Buddha Sikhism: Guru Nanak

8 Important Ideas Islam: Allah is One person and can t be divided. Judaism: agreement between God and Jews. The Jews obey God, and God makes the Jews his chosen people. Christianity: Three part God: Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit. Jesus is the son of God

9 Important Ideas Hinduism: Dharma (ethics and duties), Samsara (rebirth), Karma (right action), Moksha (liberation from the cycle of Samsara) Buddhism: Four Noble truths About suffering and how to end it. Sikhism: the oneness of God and the need for people to be devoted to God and to develop God consciousness Animism: It is the worship of animals and environmental features.

10 Place of Origin Islam: Middle East Judaism: Middle East Christianity: Middle East Hinduism: India Buddhism: India Sikhism: India / Pakistan

11 Where in the World is it Now? Islam: Countries of the Middle East, Indonesia, South Eastern Europe Judaism: Israel Christianity: North America, South America, Europe, Australia, Parts of Africa, Russia Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism: India Animism: Mainly in Africa Note: All the religions are located everywhere. These are the places where they are predominant.

12 How many Gods? Islam: Monotheistic Judaism: Monotheistic Christianity: Monotheistic Hinduism: Polytheistic Buddhism: Polytheistic Sikhism: Monotheistic Monotheistic: Belief in ONE God. Polytheistic: Belief in MANY gods.

13 Sacred Text Islam: Koran or Qur an Judaism: Torah Christianity: Bible Hinduism: Vedas Buddhism: Tipaka Sikhism: Guru Granth Sahib

14 Symbol of the Religion Islam: Crescent Moon and Star Judaism: Star of David Christianity: Cross Hinduism: Om Buddhism: Dharmachakra Sikhism: Khanda

15 Important Religious Holidays Islam: Ramadan Month of Fasting Holy Pilgrimage Journey to Mecca Judaism: Hanukah - eight-days commemorating the rededication of the Holy Temple Rosh Hashanah Jewish New Year Christianity: Christmas Birth of Jesus Easter Resurrection of Jesus

16 Important Religious Holidays Hinduism: Diwali, Pooja (for various gods and goddesses), and Mahashivatrati. Buddhism: Vesak Birth of Buddha Sikhism: festivals marking the birthday or martyrdom of a Guru

17 Place of Worship Islam: Mosque Judaism: Synagogue Christianity: Church

18 Place of Worship Hinduism: Temple Buddhism: Temple Sikhism: Temple

19 Different Religious Branches Islam: Sunni & Shi ite and many more Judaism: Orthodox & Conservative & Reform and more. Christianity: Catholic & Protestant (Many different branches) & Eastern Orthodox and many more.

20 Different Religious Branches Hinduism: Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Smartism and Shaktism Buddhism: Theravada ("The School of the Elders") and Mahayana ("The Great Vehicle") Sikhism: Khalsa or Singhs, Keshdhari, Sahajdharis Sikhs

21 Special Clothing for Average Person Islam: Hijabs Burkas Judaism: Yarmulke Christianity: None required

22 Special Clothing for Average Person Hinduism: Sari Buddhism: Robes Sikhism: Turban

23 Misc. Things about the Religions Islam: Sharia Law (Islamic Religious Law) Deals with all aspects of day-to-day life. Very Strict. Judaism: Holocaust 6 million Jews killed by Nazis during World War II. Christianity: 10 Commandments Moral and Ethical system for Christians.

24 Misc. Things about the Religions Hinduism: Believe in Reincarnation Buddhism: Believe in Reincarnation Sikhism: Cutting hair is strictly forbidden in Sikhism. Animism: Believe that spirits are in everything, inanimate and alive.

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