1 Eastern Hemisphere World Geography Semester Test PART ONE: South Africa 1. What are the majority of people who live in South Africa? A. Dutch. B. Black Africans. C. British. D. Asian. 2. What were townships? A. large mining towns in South Africa. B. areas where Coloureds and Asians worked. C. separate areas where Native Blacks lived. D. farms owned by wealthy people 3. What did all Native Blacks have to carry with them at all times? A. pass books. B. birth certificates. C. voter ID cards. D. social security cards. 4. How much money did schools educating black students receive compared to schools educating white students? A. a lot less money B. a lot more money C. the same amount of money 5. What does it mean that protest groups were banned? A. The groups became illegal. B. Members were forced to carry passes. C. Members of the groups were forced to live in townships. 6. What has made South Africa the richest country in Africa? A. sports B. mining C. apartheid 7. What profession was Nelson Mandela before he went to prison? A. lawyer. B. teacher. C. pastor. D. newspaper reporter. 8. How many years did Nelson Mandela spend in prison? A. 7 B. 12 C. 19 D What industry gives jobs to 500,000 people in South Africa today? A. oil B. fishing C. mining D. tourism
2 10. Who did South Africa elect as president in 1994 when all South Africans could vote? A. F.W.DeKlerk B. Desmond Tutu C. Nelson Mandela 11. What does it mean to draw a conclusion based on what you already know and the new information you see or read? A. evidence B. infer C. ban PART TWO: Central & Eastern Africa 12. Why do pharmacy companies send scientists to the rainforest? A. destroy poisonous plants. B. collect plants for medical research. C. sell medicines to rainforest cultures. D. study their reactions to tropical diseases. 13. Which of these is a good way to decrease the cutting of rainforest trees to use for cooking fuel? A. creating firewood farms B. using natural fertilizer on their crops C. getting international buyers of wood to only by certified wood 14. Which of these is a good way to prevent farmers from cutting down more rainforest trees because they need new farmland? A. get international companies to stop buying wood B. teach them how to irrigate in ways that conserve water C. encourage them to buy ovens (instead of cooking over open fires) 15. What country were 30% of all slaves taken from? A. Kenya. B. Nigeria. C. Rwanda. D. South Africa. 16. What is another name for tropical grassy plains? A. prairies. B. tundras. C. savannas. D. sub-saharan. 17. What event caused European nations to need more raw materials? A. the Industrial Revolution. B. the end of the slave trade. C. the Berlin Conference of D. the lack of farmland in Europe. 18. What level of development is it when you get most of your money from exporting raw materials? A. weak B. primary C. colonial D. secondary 19. What level of economic development is it when you make cloth into clothing? A. primary B. secondary
3 20. How did the British colonizers make the conflicts between northern and southern Nigeria worse? A. They actually did nothing to make the conflict worse. B. They encouraged people in south to attack people in the north. C. They made many modern changes to the south but not the north. 21. What export gives Nigeria most of its money? A. tin. B. rice. C. palm oil D. oil and gas. 22. What was the main reason the state boundaries in Nigeria changed so much between 1960 and 1991? A. Neighboring countries claimed different parts of Nigeria. B. Different ethnic groups within Nigeria wanted to have separate states. C. British colonists wanted to split Nigeria into many D What are the darkened areas on the map to the left? A. deserts. B. savannas. C. rainforests. D. mountain ranges. 24. What is the term that means lasts forever? A. secondary B. sustainable C. humanitarian D. industrialized 25. What is land that collects precipitation and drains that water into a river? A. a landfall B. a tributary. C. a river branch. D. a river drainage basin. 26. What is it called when forests are destroyed? A. sustainable. B. deforestation. C. divesting. D. evidence. 27. What is the term that describes people who have left their country to escape violence? A. Refugees B. Afrikaners C. Massacres D. Ethnic groups 28. What do we call a person who follows the religion of Islam? A. an Imam. B. a Muslim. C. an Islamist. D. a Muhammadan. 29. What is the whole area south of the Sahara Desert called? A. the savanna. B. the rainforest. C. Tropical Africa. D. Sub-Saharan Africa. 30. What term describes food, clothing, water, medical care given to refugees? A. evidence B. humanitarian aid C. sustainable development
4 31. How was the Great Rift Valley in eastern Africa formed? A. volcanoes. B. earthquakes C. escarpments on the land. D. tectonic plates moving apart. 32. How has rifting affected the lakes along the Great Rift Valley? A. made them very small. B. made them narrow and deep. C. made them wide and not very deep. 33. What group classified all Rwandans according to their ethnic groups and made them carry ID cards with that group named? A. Tutsi leaders B. Hutu leaders C. Rwanda s media D. the Belgian colonizers E. the United Nations 34. After independence from Belgium, what group refused to let Tutsi refugees come back home to Rwanda? A. Hutu leaders B. the African Union C. Belgian colonizers D. the United Nations PART THREE: The Sahel and North Africa 35. What is it called when dry grasslands slowly become deserts? A. overgrazing B. deforestation C. desertification 36. Why has it become impossible to use the Niger River for transportation most of the year? A. The river flows too fast. B. The river is clogged from erosion. C. There is too much violence in the area. D. Countries cannot agree on how to share the river. 37. Which of these does NOT cause desertification? A. drought B. irrigation C. overgrazing D. overharvesting 38. What is the area of dry grassland just south of the Sahara called? A. Ghana. B. the Sahel. C. the Savanna.
5 39. What is it called when trees are planted to replace trees that were chopped down? A. drought. B. reforestation. C. deforestation. D. desertification. 40. What does it mean if land is arable? A. sold. B. farmed. C. overgrazed. 41. What is the term that describes a small stream flowing into a larger stream? A. delta B. mouth C. tributary D. escarpment 42. Which term describes a way of clearing the land to farm it? A. Overgrazing B. Landlocked C. Reforestation D. Slash-and-burn 43. What is the term that means a long time with no rain? A. a strait. B. a famine. C. a drought. D. an escarpment. 44. What term describes a country that does not border the sea? A. arable. B. landlocked. C. developed. D. developing. 45. What term means to ship things out of your country to other countries. A. export B. import C. navigate D. slash-and-burn 46. What is it called when you plant different things in your field each year? A. Subsistence farming B. Slash-and-burn C. Crop rotation 47. What term describes wealthy countries with lots of technology and industry? A. landlocked. B. developed. C. developing. 48. What do we call farmers who raise food mainly to just feed their own families? A. arable farmers. B. subsistence farmers. 49. What term describes the dark countries on this map? A. arable. B. tributaries. C. landlocked. 50. What is it called when water washes away soil? A. erosion. B. drought. C. desertification. 51. Why do South Sudan and Sudan need to cooperate? A. vote. B. export oil. C. reforest the Sahel. D. create democracy.
6 PART FOUR: The Global Grid: Latitude & Longitude Use the map on the back of your answer sheet to answer these. 52. Through which of these countries does the Prime Meridian pass? A. Kenya B. Somalia C. Morocco D. Ghana 53. Which of these countries is closest to the Equator? A. Spain B. Madagascar C. Nigeria D. South Africa 54. Which of these countries is 30 south of the Equator? A. Spain B. Madagascar C. Turkey D. Nigeria 55. If you go to 30 N 30 E you are in A. the Black Sea. B. the Indian Ocean. C. the Atlantic Ocean. 56. If you go to 35 N 0 you are in A. France. B. the Atlantic Ocean. C. Botswana. D. Sudan. 57. If you go to 20 N 5 W, where are you? A. Tunisia. B. the Pacific Ocean. C. Morocco. D. the Indian Ocean. 58. What is the absolute location of South Africa? A. 40 N 30 W B. 40 S 30 W C. 40 N 30 E D. 40 S 30 E PART FIVE: Southwest Asia 59. Who started Islam? A. Jesus. B. Abraham. C. Moses. D. Muhammad. 60. Where did Islam begin? A. Iraq. B. Saudi Arabia. C. Kuwait. D. Iran. 61.Where is the Ka bah located? A. Jerusalem B. Lebanon C. Saudi Arabia D. Egypt the Ka bah 62. What type of government does Saudi Arabia have? A. democracy. B. communist state. C. monarchy. D. republic. 63. Which of the following is NOT one of the five Pillars of Islam? A. I must eat no meat. B. I must make donations to help the needy.
7 There is only one god, and Muhammad is his prophet. 64. Why are these three Muslim women dressed differently from each other? A. One is Sunni, one is Shiite, one is neither. B. They are from different cultures. C. Only one is really Muslim. 65. Which one of the following people would be allowed to become a citizen of Saudi Arabia? A. a Muslim from Indonesia B. a Christian from Iran C. a non-religious person from China 66. What must you be in order to enter Mekkah? A. a male. B. a Muslim. C. going on the hajj. D. at least 18 years old. 67. What discovery allowed Saudi Arabia to quickly develop its economy? A. diamonds B. petroleum C. coal. 68. What does the word arid mean? A. hot. B. salty. C. very 69. What does the climograph to the left show? A. plains. B. desert. C. tundra. D. rainforest. 70. For what time frame do Climographs tell the average temperature and precipitation for a place? A. for the past year. B. over several years. C. on a specific day. 71. What type of climate does the climograph to the right show? A. plains. B. desert. C. tundra. D. rainforest.
8 72. How many wives did Muhammad limit men to having? A. 1 wife. B. 2 wives. C. 3 wives. D. 4 wives. 73. Where are OPEC member countries located? A. all Muslim countries. B. just from the Southwest Asia. C. from three different continents. D. only from Africa and the Middle East. 74.What did the Sunni and the Shia Muslims disagree over originally? A. who should lead Islam. B. whether to honor Muslim saints. 75. What term means bringing water to crops so they will grow? A. irrigation. B. importing. C. regulation. D. desalinization. 76. If a person believes in monotheism, what does that person believe in? A. no god. B. only one god. C. many different gods. 77. Muslims who go on a hajj to visit the Ka bah are traveling to which place? A. Mekkah, Saudi Arabia B. Cairo, Egypt C. Jerusalem, Israel 78. What term describes dry riverbeds in the desert? A. aquifers. B. oases. C. wadis. 79. What issues have led to a disagreement between Turkey, Syria, and Iraq? A. religion B. river water use C. petroleum exports 80. Who rules Saudi Arabia? A. religious leaders. B. the Saud family. C. an elected President. 81. How do men and women interact with each other in Saudi Arabia? A. They date and hang out together. B. They never see each other, even in public. C. They are kept separate, unless a father or husband is present. 82. Who is Muhammad according to Muslims? A. a God. B. a prophet. C. a saint Muslims pray to. 83. Muhammad said fathers were to give their daughters half the inheritance they gave their sons. How much inheritance did they give their daughters before this? A. They gave nothing to their daughters. B. They gave daughters and sons an equal amount.ughters more inheritance than the sons.