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1 TURN IN YOUR FINAL DRAFT OF YOUR ESSAY WITH YOUR ROUGH DRAFT AND THINKING MAP ATTACHED! In your journals- How do you think the Muslims interaction with the Hindus in India will be similar/different than their interaction with Christians in Europe? Copyright 2015 Anjae Hatley

2 Copyright 2015 Anjae Hatley

3 Delhi Sultanate Effects of Muslim Rule Hindus and Muslims Interactions between Hindus & Muslims Cultural Blending Mughal Dynasty

4 Sultanate: land ruled by a sultan Organized by the Sultan of Ghur Delhi Sultanate: Why was the Muslim Army so successful in invading India? Skilled archers on horses (greater mobility) Hindu army used slow moving elephants in battle

5 Muslim traditions are incorporated into the government Turkish, Persians & Arabs migrate to India during this time Trade increases between India and Muslim countries. Trade networks start to open up for Indian merchants.

6 Influx of artist and scholars from Persia and Greece What does this mean for India? With the addition of new cultures into India, the already vibrant culture is enhanced greatly.

7 Some examples of architecture, ceramics and calligraphy produced in India during Muslim rule.

8 1398-Tamerlane invades India Who is Tamerlane? Mongol Leader who has already conquered both Muslim and non Muslim lands in Persia and Mesopotamia. Artisans were enslaved to build Tamerlane s capital Sultans no longer control the empire Northern India is broken into Hindu and Muslim states Timur the Lame - Tamerlane

9 Hindus Many sacred texts Bhagavad-Gita Rig-Veda Yjur Veda Many gods/goddess (polytheistic) Shiva Vishnu Krishna Statues of gods & goddess Religious celebrations include dancing and music Holi-Celebration of Color Caste System

10

11 Caste Systems: different social groups; a person is born into a particular social group and they can not rise to a higher group.

12 Brahmins-priestly caste Kshatriya-warrior caste Vaishya-merchant & peasant caste Sudra-labor caste Chandalas or Untouchables-impure caste

13 Muslims Single sacred text Qu ran or Koran One true god (monotheistic) No representation of god or prophet Mohammad No caste system-equality Religious celebrations are more reserved

14

15 Slowly, Hindus and Muslims start to interact peacefully Hindus are considered 2 nd class citizens Hindus could practice their religion as long as they paid their NON-MUSLIM TAX Rajahs- Hindu leaders were left in power in some areas

16 Many Hindus convert to Islam Mainly because Islam rejected the caste system They accepted a majority of the beliefs in Islam or they worked in the government Many Muslims accepted some aspects of the Hindu culture; i.e. arranged marriages, and the caste system. Urdu- Language created by blending Persian, Arabic, and Hindu together

17 Nanak- A holy man who preached a blend of Hindu and Islamic beliefs. Unity of God, the brotherhood of man, the rejection of caste and the futility of idol worship. Nanak His teachings become the foundation for a new religion known as Sikhism.

18 Babur 1526 :Turkish and Mongol invaders were making their way through India Leading the way for the Mongols was Babur. Babur invades what is left of the Delhi Sultanate and creates the Mughal Dynasty ( ) The Mughal Dynasty stretches from the Himalayas to the Deccan Plateau

19 Shah Jahan- Akbar s grandson Art, literature and architecture flourish during his rule over the Mughal Dynasty Probably most remembered for building the Taj Mahal His rule ended in 1658, when his son overtook the throne

20 Turkish speaking, nomadic Central Asia 1300s-spread all the way to the Balkan Peninsula Constantinople falls 1453 Renamed it Istanbul

21

22 Expanding empire as far as the Middle East Goes after parts of Europe in 1529 Vienna Modernized the army Empire declines after death in 1566 Known as the magnificent Russian and other European powers take over land by 1700s

23 Starts to unite around 1500s Shah Abbas Ruled Centralized government Organized, strengthened army Alliances with European powers Advantage Tolerated non- Muslims Economic benefit to empire

24

25 Decline after Abbas dies Conflict with Ottoman Empire Religious conflicts with non Shiite Muslims By 1700s new dynasty starts to form

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