Bishop McNamara High School Advanced Placement European History Summer Reading Project 2016

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1 Bishop McNamara High School Advanced Placement European History Summer Reading Project 2016 Purpose: The course in Advanced Placement European History is subdivided into four (4) major chronological time periods: Period I ( ), Period II ( ), Period III ( ), and Period IV (1914 Present). Given our schedule at Bishop McNamara, covering all four periods is a daunting task. Because Period I is the longest, I have decided to assign portions of the Period for summer work. This assignment will be used to create an overview of this period to again a better understand of the time, as well as help introduce the history of course better. If the project is completed successfully, this will provide a basis for the course and save us time, allowing us to learn at a reasonable speed for the academic school year. Objective: (Part I) Students are being assigned to cover material on European history b/w the 15 th & 17 th centuries ( ). First, students are to read several chapters from A History of Western Society 10 th Edition by John McKay et al (AP Edition). Students are to read the following chapters as well as answer section review questions for each chapter section assigned. Responses to questions should be a minimum of 5 7 sentences, BUT some might require more than a paragraph to answer. Students are to employ their best judgement when responding to these questions. As a piece of advice, all responses require relevant details from the chapter AND students must explain the source data in relation to answering the question itself. (1) Chapter 12: the Crisis of the Later Middle Ages (a) Section 1: Prelude to Disaster (pp ) (b) Section 2: The Black Death (pp ) (c) Section 3: The Hundred Year s War (pp ) (d) Section 4: Challenges to the Church (pp ) (e) Section 5: Social Unrest in a Changing Society Literacy & Vernacular Literature (pp ) (2) Chapter 13: European Society in the Age of the Renaissance (a) Section 1: Wealth & Power in Renaissance Italy (pp ) (b) Section 2: Intellectual Change (pp ) (c) Section 3: Art & Artist (pp ) (d) Section 4: Social Hierarchies (pp ) (e) Section 5 (Politics & the State in Western Europe, ca ) pp (3) Chapter 14: Reformations & Religious Wars (a) Section 1: the Early Reformation (pp ) (b) Section 2: the Reformation & German Politics (pp ) (c) Section 3: the Spread of Protestant Ideas (pp ) (d) Section 4: The Catholic Reformation (pp ) (e) Section 5: Religious Violence (pp ) (4) Chapter 15: European Expansion & Conquest (a) Section 1: World Contact Before Columbus (pp ) (b) Section 2: The European Voyages of Discovery (pp ) (c) Section 3: The Impact of Conquest (pp ) (d) Section 4: Europe & the World After Columbus (pp ) (e) Section 5: Changing Attitudes & Beliefs (pp ) (5) Chapter 16: Absolutism & Constitutionalism (a) Section 1: Seventeenth Century Crisis & Rebuilding (pp ) (b) Section 2: Absolutism in France & Spain (pp ) the Foundations of Absolutism (c) Section 4: the Development of Russia & the Ottoman Empire The Mongol Yoke & the Rise of Moscow (pp ) The Tsar & His People (pp ) The Growth of the Ottoman Empire (pp ) (d) Section 5 (Alternatives to Absolutism in England & the Dutch Republic) Absolutism Claims in England (pp )

2 Religious Divides & the English Civil War (pp ) (Part II) Students are to create comprehensive outlines for each individual nation state. Student are to provide two (2) or three (3) specific facts or criteria for each person, event, or development within the outline. Information should be in the textbook. If students can t find data on the person, event, or development, THEN LEAVE IT BLANK. Then, students must answer specific attached questions concerning each early modern nation state. To respond to these questions correctly, students must utilize their textbooks. Again, responses must be a minimum of 5 7 sentences (1 paragraph), but some questions might require multiple paragraphs to answer. I. England ( ) 1. Late Plantagenet Dynasty ( ) a. Edward III (r ) b. Henry V (r ) c. Henry VI ( r , 1471) d. Edward IV (r ) e. Richard III (r ) 2. The Tudor Dynasty ( ) a. Henry VII (r ) b. Henry VIII (r ) c. Edward VI (r ) d. Mary I (r ) e. Elizabeth I (r ) 3. The Stuart Dynasty ( /1714) a. James I of England & VI of Scotland (r. 1567/1581/ ) b. Charles I of England & Scotland (r ) 1. The Wars of the Roses ( ) 2. Establishment of the Tudor Dynasty 3. England under Henry VIII: the English Reformation 4. England under Edward VI: continued Reformation 5. England under Mary I: the Counter Reformation 6. England under Elizabeth I: the Elizabethan Settlement 7. Stewart Succession 8. The War of the Three Kingdoms ( ) 9. English Civil War ( ) 1. The 100 Year s War ( ) 2. The Spanish Armada (1588) D. Enduring Questions 1. In the aftermath of bot the 100 Year s War & the Wars of the Roses, how did the English monarchy reestablish its authority over the realm as well as making monarchical gov t more centralized & effective? 2. Explain three (3) long term political & social consequences of the English Reformation? 3. Discuss three long term causes (1 economic, 1 political, 1 socio cultural) of the English Civil War. II. France ( ) 3. The Early Valois Dynasty ( ) a. Charles VII (r ) b. Louis XI (r ) c. Charles VIII (r ) d. Louis XII (r ) 4. The Late Valois Dynasty ( ) a. Francis I (r ) b. Henry II (r ) c. Francis II (r ) d. Charles IX (r ) e. Henry III (r ) 5. The Bourbon Dynasty ( ) a. Henry IV (r ) b. Louis XIII (r )

3 c. Cardinal Richelieu ( ) 1. Expansion of Royal Authority 2. Royal Power at its Zenith under Francis I 3. The French Wars of Religion & the Decline of Royal Power ( ) 4. Edict of Nantes (1598) 5. Centralization of authority under Henry IV & Cardinal Richelieu 1. The 100 Year s War ( ) 2. Habsburg Valois Wars ( ) 3. Thirty Years War ( ) D. Enduring Questions 1. Discuss how French monarchs between 1422 & 1547 centralized & increased royal authority in both domestic (at home) & foreign (international) developments. 2. Explain the historical significance of the Edict of Nantes (1598). Why is this event considered a turning point in French history? 3. Analyze how both King Henry IV (r ) & Cardinal Richelieu ( ) laid the foundations of absolute monarchy in France as well as transforming France into the most powerful European kingdom. III. Spain ( ) 1. Pre Habsburg (to 1516) a. King Ferdinand II of Aragon (r ) b. Queen Isabella of Castile (r ) 2. Habsburg ( ) a. Charles I (r ) b. Philip II (r ) c. Philip II (r ) d. Philip III (r ) e. Philip IV (r ) 1. Unification of Spanish kingdoms under Isabella & Ferdinand 2. Centralization of authority during the 15 th & 16 th c. 3. Influence of religion on Spain s developments 1. Creation of American Empire ( ) 2. Commercial/Price Revolution of the 16 th & 17 th centuries 3. Turning the tide of Islam, Battle of Lepanto (1571) 4. Dutch Wars of Religion ( ) 5. Spanish Armada (1588) 6. Thirty Years War ( ) 1. What key reforms did both Queen Isabella of Castile & King Ferdinand of Aragon initiate that led to the increase of royal authority over the Iberian Peninsula? 2. What role did religion play in the development of Spanish culture & gov t during the late 15 th c. & early 16 th c.? 3. Explain the significance of the allied victory of Lepanto (1571) over the Ottoman Turks? How did this battle affect Spanish dominance in European politics? 4. What were the origins & causes of the decision by King Philip II of Spain to launch an armada against Queen Elizabeth I of England? What impact did this defeat have over the Spanish? IV. The Holy Roman Empire ( ) A. Habsburg Rulers 1. Maximilian I (r ) 2. Charles I (r ) 3. Ferdinand I (r ) 4. Maximilian II (r ) 5. Rudolf II (r ) 6. Matthias (r ) 7. Ferdinand II (r ) 8. Ferdinand III (r ) 1. German Reformation 2. The Peace of Augsburg (1555)

4 3. Continued fragmentation of German states 1. Habsburg Ottoman-Valois Wars ( ) 2. The Thirty Years War ( ) & the Peace of Westphalia (1648) E. Focus Questions i. Discuss how Martin Luther s 95 Thesis represents a turning point in history. What were the long term consequences of his actions in western history? ii. Evaluate the Peace of Augsburg (1555). How did this historic settlement determine the future of the empire, define the relationship b/w the Emperor & the German Princes, as well as define the future relationships between Catholic & non Catholic denominations throughout Europe? iii. Discuss how the Thirty Years War ( ) & the Peace of Westphalia (1648) was a turning point in European history. V. Russia ( ) A. Rulers 1. Ivan III, the Great (r ) 2. Ivan IV, the Terrible (r ) 3. The Time of Troubles (rise of the house of Romanov) 1. Late Medieval Russia, revolt v. the Mongol Yoke 2. Centralization of authority under Ivan III, Ivan IV 3. The Time of Troubles ( ) 1. Expansion of Muscovy ( ) 1. Explain how both Ivan IIII, the Great & Ivan IV, the Terrible increased authority of the Tsar/Czar during the late medieval period in Russia. 2. Evaluate the actions of Ivan IIII, the Great & Ivan IV, the Terrible. How did their actions lay the foundations for future Russian rulers over the next 3 centuries? VI. The Ottoman Empire ( ) A. Rulers 1. Mehmed II (r ) 2. Bayzid II (r ) 3. Selim I (r ) 4. Suleiman I, the Magnificent (r ) 1. Ottoman Administration & the Position of Sultan a. Devshime b. Janissaries Corps c. The Millet System d. Dhimmis & Jizyah e. Ulama 2. Ottoman culture & civilization 1. Habsburg-Ottoman Wars ( ) 2. The Battle of Lepanto (1571) 1. Describe Ottoman/Turkish Civilization during its zenith during the 16 th c. 2. Explain the significance of the Turkish defeat at the battle of Lepanto (1571). How did this battle affect the future of the Ottoman Empire? Major International Conflicts (15 th 18 th c.): (1) Hundred Years War ( ) (2) Fall of Constantinople (1453) (3) Wars of the Roses ( ) (4) Italian Wars OR Habsburg Valois Wars ( ) (5) Habsburg Ottoman Conflicts ( ) (6) French Wars of Religion ( ) (7) Dutch Wars of Religion or Eighty Years War ( /1648) (8) The Spanish Armada (1588) (9) Thirty Years War ( ) (10) The Wars of the Three Kingdoms (1638/ )

5 (11) The English Civil War ( ) DUE DATE: This assignment will be due the FIRST WEEK OF SCHOOL at the beginning of the next school year September 6, No late assignments will be accepted. Should you require extra help or clarification in this matter, feel free to see Mr. Molchan in RM 114 after school during the remainder of the school year. I can also be reached via at any time after school hours and over the summer I m sure other teachers will be accessible for advice as well. GOOD LUCK! Final Note: Teacher & students will discuss this project the 1 st weeks of school. Students will be given an objective assessment upon completion of the project. This will demonstrate whether or not students put enough effort into the project as well as understood its importance in understanding Period I.

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