4 belief system (n.) - a set of ideas and practices that help explain the origins of life, what happens after people die, and how to live a good life (note: all religions are belief systems, but not all belief systems are religions)
5 Brahman (n.) - single unifying spirit in Hindu belief.
6 dharma - in Hinduism, the moral and religious duties that are expected of an individual.
7 eightfold path (n.) - comprising eight aspects in which an aspirant must become practiced: right views, intention, speech, action, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, and concentration.
8 four noble truths (n.) - the four central beliefs containing the essence of Buddhist teaching.
9 filial piety (n.) - a virtue of respect for one's parents, elders, and ancestors in Confucianism
10 Five Pillars (n.) - are five basic acts in Islam, considered mandatory by believers and are the foundation of Muslim life.
11 hajj (n.) - the Muslim pilgrimage (religious journey) to Mecca that takes place in the last month of the year, and that all Muslims are expected to make at least once during their lifetime
12 Hegira (n.) - The flight of Mohammed from Mecca to Median which was instrumental to the founding of the religion of Islam. Occurs in 622 CE, which dates the founding of Islam.
13 karma (n.) - In Hinduism, actions in this life resulting from the consequences of a previous life s actions.
14 Messiah (n.) - According to the Hebrew Bible, an anointed king who will lead the Jews back to the land of Israel and establish justice in the world. According to the Christians, the Messiah was Jesus Christ.
15 monotheism (n.) - The belief in one god or goddess.
16 nirvana (n.) - In Buddhism, union with universe and release from the cycle of death and rebirth.
17 polytheism (n.) - The belief in many gods or goddesses.
18 reincarnation (n.) - The rebirth of a soul into another body. Hinduism and Buddhism share this belief.
19 Ten Commandments (n.) - are a set of biblical laws relating to ethics and worship, which play a fundamental role in Judaism and Christianity
20 sharia (n.) - The Islamic laws which regulates all aspects of life including, moral behavior, family life, business dealings, and government.
22 Belief Systems 1. Discuss founders and key writings of each belief system. 2. Identify key beliefs of each major world religion and philosophy.
23 Animism Founder: Place: Africa/Asia Time Period: Prehistory Writings: Key Beliefs: - all things have a spirit - in some cases, ancestor worship
24 Cave painting from Lascaux, France. Images was painted during Neolithic period. Birds were believed by early peoples to be carriers of the soul.
25 Confucianism Founder: Confucius Place: China Time Period: 500 BC Writings: The Analects
26 Key Beliefs: Five Relationships: every person has a specific place and duties to fulfill (next slide) Jen: Human kindness Li: Proper etiquette, strive to achieve perfect virtue. Filial Piety: respect your elders
28 Taoism/Daoism Founder: Lao Tze Place: China Time Period: 500 BC Writings: The Way of Virtue, Zhuange-zi Key Beliefs: - Tao: The way of the universe - Yin/Yang: Balance between forces in nature
29 Legalism Founder: Han Fei Place: China Time Period: 233 BC Writings: Han Feizi Key Beliefs: - the nature of man is evil - in order to achieve order there needs to be strict laws and harsh punishments - strength is rulers greatest virtue
30 Selection from the Han Feizi Hardly ten men of true integrity and good faith can be found today, and yet the offices of the state number in the hundreds. If they must be filled by men of integrity and good faith, then there will never be enough men to go around; and if the offices are left unfilled, then those whose business it is to govern will dwindle in numbers while disorderly men increase. Therefore the way of the enlightened ruler is to unify the laws instead of seeking for wise men, to laydown firm policies instead of longing for men of good faith. Hence his laws will never fail him, and there is no felony or deceit among his officials. Han Fei (author) suggests that one cannot staff a bureaucracy by looking for wise and good men. What alternative does he suggest?is his alternative realistic?
31 Buddhism Founder: Siddhartha Gautama Place: India Time Period: 500 BC Writings: Tripitka Three Baskets of Wisdom
32 Key Beliefs: Four Noble Truths: 1. All life is suffering 2. Suffering is caused by the desire for things that are illusions 3. The way to eliminate suffering is to eliminate desire 4. Following the Eightfold Path will help people overcome desire Eightfold Path: Right views, intentions, speech, conduct, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, mediation Nirvana: union with the universe and release from the cycle of death and rebirth (reincarnation)
33 "He who recognizes the existence of suffering, its cause, its remedy, and its cessation has fathomed the four noble truths. He will walk in the right path. Right views will be the torch to light his way. Right aspirations will be his guide. Right speech will be his dwelling-place on the road. His gait will be straight, for it is right behavior. His refreshments will be the right way of earning his livelihood. Right efforts will be his steps, right thoughts his breath; and right contemplation will give him the peace that follows in his footprints. The Buddha The Sermon at Benares
34 Hinduism Founder: no founder Place: India Time Period: 3000 BC Writings: Upanishads, Vedas, Ramayana
35 Key Beliefs: Brahman: universal spirit, goal of life is to receive union with Brahman Reincarnation: need to separate yourself from desires, reborn, higher level each time Karma: deeds that affect next life Dharma: moral and religious duties that are expected of an individual Caste: good Karma you can move up in class in next life (No Social Mobility cannot change social class)
37 Shintoism Founder: mixture of cultures Place: Japan Time Period: 500 BC Writings: Kokiji, or Record of Ancient Matters and Nikong, or Chronicles of Japan. Key Beliefs: Kami: Everything has a spirit and people need to be in touch with this spirit - ancestor worship
38 The jinja, or shrine, is where believers in Japan's indigenous religion, Shintô, go to worship. Shintô originated in ancient peoples' fears of demons and supernatural powers, and their worship of these. It has no written body of doctrine, but it is Japan's main religion and is practiced widely through ceremonies and festivals. Source: Japan National Tourism Organization
39 Monotheistic Religions
40 Judaism Founder: Abraham, Moses Place: Middle East (Israel) Time Period: 2000 BC Writings: Torah, Talmud
41 Key Beliefs: Ten Commandments 1. You shall have no other gods before Me. 2. You shall not make yourself any graven image. For I am the Lord your God 3. shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain 4. Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy. 5. Honor your father and mother 6. You shall not commit murder. 7. You shall not commit adultery. 8. You shall not steal. 9. You shall not witness falsely against your neighbor. 10. You shall not covet your neighbor's things
42 Judaism Facts Jewish followers refer to God as Yahweh. Spiritual leaders of Judaism are called Rabbis. Jewish places of worship are called synagogues. The Torah consists of the five books of Moses (Old Testament in Christianity). Although Hanukkah is an important Jewish holiday it was not part of the Hebrew Scriptures because it is meant to celebrate an event that occurred after the Scriptures were written. It celebrates the victory over the Syrian-Greek rulers of Jerusalem by the Maccabees, and the Temple's rededication in 164 BCE. There are approximately 14,000,000 Jewish people in the world today. The religious symbol of Judaism is the Star of David. In order for food to be Kosher it cannot contain pork - Jewish followers do not eat pork.
43 Christianity Founder: Jesus of Nazareth Place: Judea (Israel) Time Period: 30 AD Writings: Old and New Testament (Bible)
44 Key Beliefs: Ten Commandments Messiah: Jesus is the son of God Holy Trinity: God, Jesus, Holy Spirit Statue of Christ overlooking Rio de Janeiro Sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation or Chrismation, Eucharist, Penance, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony
45 Christianity Worldwide
46 Christianity Facts The Roman Catholic Church is the largest Christian denomination in the. world today. Roman Catholics make up approximately half of the world's Christians. There are approximately 800 million Protestant Christians worldwide today. Christian places of worship include churches, chapels, cathedrals, basilicas, and meeting halls. Christianity teaches that there are seven deadly sins including pride, greed, lust, envy, gluttony, anger, and sloth. Although Christianity is the largest religion in the world, and practiced in many countries around the world, it is mainly practiced in North America, South America, and in Europe. Aside from Jesus Christ, other prominent figures of Christianity include Jesus' mother Mary, Abraham, the Apostle Paul and John the Baptist
47 Islam Founder: Mohammed Place: Arabian Peninsula Time Period: 622 AD Writings: Koran/Qu ran
48 Key Beliefs: Five Pillars of Islam 1. Confession of Faith: The belief that "there is no God but Allah, and Mohammed is His prophet." 2. Prayer: must pray five times per day, facing towards Mecca. 3. Charity: Muslims must give alms to the poor, and support the local Mosque by donating a portion of their income. 4. Fasting: During the Ramadan, the ninth month of the Muslim calendar, all Muslims must fast during daylight hours, except the very young or sick. 5. Pilgrimage: If possible financially, each Muslim must make a hajj, or holy pilgrimage, to the city of Mecca.
49 Jihad: struggle or strive to surrender ones will to Allah's will or a struggle or fight against the enemies of Islam. Hegira: flight from Mecca to Medina Other Info Places of Worship: Muslims may gather to worship in temples called Mosques Significant Religious People: The Caliph, or successor to the Prophet Mohammed; Imam, leader of prayers; and the Muezzin, or one who issues a call to prayer, causing the faithful to gather at the local Mosque. Sects: Sunni, Shiite
50 Islam Facts The word 'Islam' means 'submission' or surrender'. The word 'Islam' in religious terms means 'surrender one's will to the true will of God to achieve peace'. The Qur'an has 114 chapters (Suras). Islam is a religion of peace and does not condone or promote terrorism or killing non-muslims. According to Islam, women should be treated with dignity. They should not be oppressed. Women of the Islam faith wear head-covering hijabs to dress modestly to follow Allah's decree. The Virgin May, Mother Teresa, and Catholic nuns have also worn the same head-covering hijab. Many of the extreme practices associated with Islam are not from true Islamic teachings, such as confining women to their homes or honor killings. These practices are forbidden in Islam but have been created out of ignorance or cultural traditions.
51 Islamic Society of Central New York New mosque in Turkmenistan Location of local mosques Calligraphic representation of the word Allah
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SS7G12 The student will analyze the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southern and Eastern Asia. a. Explain the differences between an ethnic group and a religious group. b. Compare and contrast
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Announcements: 1: Vocabulary due Sept 29 2: 9/22 CAMO DAY! 3: Check your grades! You need: 1: Spiral/blank sheet of paper 2: World Religions Chart 3: World Religions Project template Bell Ringer: September
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World Religion Review Each slide will have information on all three religions. Where: Region of the world religion began All three religions originated in: Southwest Asia Founder/ Leader Important Person
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Welcome, Rob Reiter My Account Feedback and Support Sign Out Choose Another Program Home Select a Lesson Program Resources My Classes 3 - World Religions This is what your students see when they are signed
What Is This Module About? Do you believe in God? How do you worship or praise God? What is your religion? Are you a Roman Catholic, a Muslim, a Protestant or an Iglesia Ni Cristo? Have you ever wondered
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Steven R. Van Hook, PhD World Religions Our Common Spiritual Soil Religion is... Religion is a feeling of being at home in the Universe. - William James, M.D. Father Of American Psychology 1842 1910 Religions
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EARLY WORLD RELIGIONS Hinduism Buddhism Confucianism Legalism Daoism Judaism Christianity (Islam will be in the next unit) Religions of South Asia Religion in the Subcontinent Hinduism What is Hinduism?
The Three World Religions THE 3 RELIGIONS OF EUROPE Europe is home to many religions. There are three main religions, however. These are Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. These religions have some similarities
Faiths and Creeds The list below is not meant to be an all encompassing description of various faiths/creeds. It is only meant to provide a basic overview. Aboriginal Spirituality Aboriginal peoples have
Year 7 and 8 Keywords and definitions: General: God: Atheist: Agnostic: Theist: Belief: Worship: Prayer: Pray: Faith: Charity: Equality: Forgiveness: Baptism: A supernatural being worshipped as the creator
Buddhist Residents About The Faith Buddhism is more a way of life than a religion, as it does not focus on ideas of a God or any other gods. This way of life is based on the teaching of Siddhartha Gautama,
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Name Date Assessment: Learning About Religions: Buddhism Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. The name Buddha meant one who was A. sorrowful. B. awakened. C. everlasting.
Religion UNIT 5 1. Religion: A system of beliefs and practices that attempts to order life in terms of culturally perceived ultimate priorities. Perceived ultimate priorities often translate into a list
HIST-WHI MVHS Z Saunders Early Man and River Civ Test Exam not valid for Paper Pencil Test Sessions [Exam ID:29612S 1 Which number on this map represents the region where archaeologists believe the first
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UNIT TWO In this unit we will analyze Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Indian, and Chinese culture. UNIT TWO In this unit we will analyze Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Indian, and Chinese culture.
ISLAMIC CIVILIZATIONS 600-1000 A.D. ISLAM VOCAB Muhammad the Prophet- the founder of Islam Islam- monotheistic religion meaning submission Muslim- followers of Islam Mecca- holy city to Arab people located
Objectives Understand how Muhammad became the prophet of Islam. Describe the teachings of Islam. Explain how Islam helped shape the way of life of its believers. Terms and People Bedouins nomadic herders