Bremen School District 228 Social Studies Common Assessment 5 Spring Midterm

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1 Bremen School District 228 Social Studies Common Assessment 5 Spring Midterm World History 55 Minutes 50 Questions Directions: There are four reading passages in this test and fifty multiple choice questions. Each passage is followed by several questions. After reading a passage, choose the best answer to each question and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer document. You may refer to the passages as often as necessary. Written: , Revised: Authors: Gary Andruch, Dante Corbin, DJ Brown, Dan Stell

2 Document A: Decree Against Profiteers (Modified) Source: Excerpt from Decree Against Profiteers, passed July During the French Revolution (July 1793), faced with an angry and hungry population, the leaders of the Committee of Public Safety passed the Decree Against Profiteers. The law accused profiteers in the countryside of hoarding or monopolizing grain in order to raise the price of bread. On July 26,1793 the French Government issued the following laws: 1. Monopoly is a capital crime. 2. Those who keep out of circulation essential merchandise or commodities without offering them for sale daily and publicly are declared guilty of monopoly The essential commodities and merchandise are: bread, meat, wine, grain, flour, vegetables, fruit, butter, vinegar, cider, brandy, charcoal, tallow, wood, oil, soda, soap, salt, [etc.] 4. Those who have any of these commodities shall be required to declare them and sell them One week from today, those who have not declared their goods shall be considered monopolists, and, as such, punished with death; their property shall be confiscated, and their commodities or merchandise shall be placed on sale. 6. Those convicted of making false declarations likewise shall be punished with death. Public officials who protect monopolists shall also be punished with death. Vocabulary capital: punishable by death decree: an official order monopoly: total control over something municipality: local government commodities: things that can be bought or sold 1

3 Document B: Law of Suspects (Modified) Source: Excerpt from Law of Suspects, passed in France September, By September 1793, the leaders of the Committee of Public Safety faced growing counter revolutionary uprisings and mounting fear of foreign invasion. They responded by passing the Law of Suspects, which established revolutionary courts to try anyone suspected of treason against the revolution. Listed below are the laws: 1. Immediately after the publication of the present decree, all suspected persons within the territory of the Republic and still at liberty shall be placed in custody. 2. The following are deemed suspected persons: 1st, those who, by their conduct, associations, talk, or writings have shown themselves to be enemies of liberty 2nd, those who are unable to justify their means of existence and the performance of their civic duties 3rd, those to whom certificates of patriotism have been refused 4th, public officials suspended or dismissed from their positions by the National Convention or by its commissioners and not reinstated 5th, those former nobles, husbands, wives, fathers, mothers, sons or daughters, brothers or sisters of émigrés, who have not steadily demonstrated their devotion to the Revolution Vocabulary certificates of patriotism: proof of patriotism required to serve in military émigrés: people who leave their own country to settle in another, usually for political reasons 2

4 Document C: Timeline Key Events of the French Revolution 3

5 Document D: Reign of Terror Textbook Excerpt Source: Modern World History: Patterns of Interaction. Evanston, IL Foreign armies were not the only enemies of the French Republic. The Jacobins had thousands of enemies within France itself. These included peasants who were horrified by the king s execution, priests who would not accept government control, and rival leaders who were stirring up rebellion in the provinces. How to contain and control these enemies became a central issue. Robespierre Assumes Control In the early months of 1793, one Jacobin leader, Maximilian Robespierre, slowly gained power. Robespierre and his supporters set out to build a republic of virtue by wiping out every trace of France s past. Firm believers in reason, they changed the calendar, dividing the year into 12 months of 30 days and renaming each month. This calendar had no Sundays because the radicals considered religion old fashioned and dangerous. They even closed all churches in Paris, and cities and towns all over France soon did the same. In July 1793, Robespierre became leader of the Committee of Public Safety. For the next year, Robespierre governed France virtually as a dictator, and the period of his rule became known as the Reign of Terror. The Committee of Public Safety s chief task was to protect the Revolution from its enemies. Under Robespierre s leadership, the committee often had these enemies tried in the morning and guillotined in the afternoon. Robespierre justified his use of terror by suggesting that it helped French citizens to remain true to the ideals of the Revolution... Thousands of unknown people were also sent to their death, often on the flimsiest of charges. For example, an 18 year old youth was sentenced to die for cutting down a tree that had been planted as a symbol of liberty. Perhaps as many as 40,000 were executed during the Terror. About 85 percent were peasants or members of the urban poor or middle class for whose benefit the Revolution had been launched. 4

6 1. Based upon the reading, how many months separated Robespierre and the Committee of Public Safety taking control of the government and him being executed? A. 6 B. 12 C. 24 D 3 2. Based upon the readings, which document would be the best resource to learn about the consequences of storing large amounts of grain in France in 1793? A. A B. B C. C D. D 3. Based upon the readings, which document would you discover when emigres would be tried for treason against the French revolution? A. A B. B C. C D. D 4. According to information contained within the documents, which two documents were actually written during the French Revolution? A. A&D B. B&C C. C&D D. A&B 5. According to information contained within the documents, how many years spanned between the storming of the Bastille and the end of the Reign of Terror? A. 7 B. 3 C. 2 D. 5 5

7 6. According to the points of view carried by both authors of Documents A and B one can conclude that they are in favor of which group? A. San Culottes B. Monarchies C. Nobility D. Third Estate 7. What evidence suggests that documents A and B are both more legitimate sources than Document D? A. Document D is a secondary source B. Documents A and B are secondary sources C. The author of Document D does not state his authority regarding the subject matter D. Document D is a primary source 8. The authors of both documents A and B are referencing which governing body as the primary authority? A. Maximilien Robespierre B. Committee of Public Safety C. The French Parliament D. Bourgeoisie 9. A major contrast between the contents of Documents A and B comes in to play regarding which of the following? A. Document A clearly states punishments, while B does not B. Document A favors the monarchy rule, while B refutes it C. Document B clearly states punishments, while A does not D. Document B favors the monarchy rule, while A refutes it 10. According to the authors of Documents A and B the best way to protect the revolution from its enemies was to do which of the following? A. Identify those who might be the biggest threat to its success B. Rely on those directly involved with the movement to provide information on enemies of the revolution C. Destroy the monarchy and eliminate the possibility of it ever returning to form D. Enforce capital punishment for treason and profiteering 6

8 11. Which action best supports The Committee of Public Safety s view on the Catholic Church during the Reign of Terror? A. Defining a monopoly as a capital crime B. Putting on trial anyone who owned essential commodities without declaring so C. The closing of churches D. The guillotining of Louis XVI 12. All of the following can be deemed direct actions ordered by Robespierre, except: A. The Storming of the Bastille B. The establishment of a new calendar C. Development of the Law of Suspects D. Sending someone to be executed that has hidden wood for personal sale 13. Robespierre s relationship with the people of France eventually led to: A. A thriving French society from 1789 to 1793 B. The execution of Maximilian Robespierre C. The reestablishment of feudalism D. The extension of the Reign of Terror under the control of Robespierre well into the early 1800 s 14. What can be concluded from the passing of the laws noted in Documents A and B? A. A strong feeling of trust was quickly developed between the Committee and French peasants B. The laws passed were just a guideline, and really not enforced C. Most of the people deemed lawbreakers were members of the nobility D. The laws were established as a means of supporting the Committee s control of the government 7

9 15. Place the following Reign of Terror events in the proper chronological order, from earliest to most current. 1 Jacobins take control 2 Law of Suspects is enacted 3 Robespierre takes over the leadership of the Committee 4 Decree Against Profiteers is enacted 5 Storming of the Bastille A. 5, 1, 3 B. 5, 2, 3 C. 1, 4, 2 D. 3,4, According to Document D, how did Robespierre justify his use of terror? A. He claimed that the terror would be worse if Napoleon was the emperor B. It helped French citizens to remain true to the ideals of the Revolution C. The document never addresses this issue D. The Reign of Terror had beneficial outcomes for the Catholic Church 17. According to Document D, what proof is offered that the Terror also extended to the Church? A. The radicals considered religion old fashioned and dangerous B. Robespierre governed France virtually as a dictator C. A youth was sentenced to death for cutting down a tree D. Foreign armies were invading France 18. When comparing Documents A and B, which one was written earlier? A. Document A B. Document B C. They were both written at the same time D. The documents do not provide that information 8

10 19. According to Document C, in what year did the monarchy form of government come to an end in France? A B C D According to Document A, what was the punishment for those who were profiteers? A. Prison Time B. Death C. Nothing D. None of the Above 21. How are document A and document B similar? A. Both were created by the Estates General B. Both deal with the stockpiling of grains C. Both were created before the French Revolution D. Both were created by the committee of public safety 22. In which document would you learn that Maximilian Robespierre was the leader of the committee of public safety? A. A B. B C. C D. D 23. Which of the documents would impact you the most if you were a baker in France in 1793? A. A B. B C. C D. D 24. In which document would you learn the most about the life of Maximilien Robespierre? A. A B. B C. C D. D 9

11 25. Which document would impact Loyal supporters of the King that fled France for safety during the French Revolution? A. A B. B C. C D. D 26. Which of the following is BEST supported by information presented in the medium of Document C, that shows the definition of The National Assembly: A. a government body B. Robespierre s organization C. another name for the Jacobins D. emigres 27. Which of the following is BEST supported by information presented in the medium of Document C, that shows the definition of the term monarchy:: A. a set of laws B. government ruled by a king C. punishment for a crime D. government ruled by its citizens 28. Which of the following is BEST clarified by the medium of Document C to show what happened on January 1793? A. King Louis XVI was executed B. The peasants stormed the Bastille Prison C. Napoleon became the emperor of France D. None of the Above 10

12 Use the political cartoon above to answer questions 29 and Which of the following information is presented by the author in the political cartoon pertaining to the French Revolution? A. The burden of paying high taxes fell directly upon those within the first estate. B. The vast majority of the French population belonged to the second estate. C. The first estate paid no tax. D. Majority of the issues facing the French population fell directly on the members of the third estate. 30. Which of the following is best supported by information presented in the political cartoon pertaining to the French Revolution? A. Members of the third estate supported the members of first and second estates. B. The second estate members were the most wealthy French citizens of their time. C. The first estate was to blame for the shortcomings of the French government. D. Very little government support was given to the second and third estate members of the French population. 11

13 20 content questions: renaissance, reformation =9 french rev, scientific revolution, industrial revolution =11 7 knowledge, 3 comprehension, 4 application, 3 analysis, 2 evaluation, 1 synthesis 31. The Renaissance marked a renewed interest in A. Muslim civilization B. East Asian civilization C. African civilization D. Greco Roman civilization 32. Martin Luther s criticism of the Roman Catholic Church focused on the A. translation of the Bible into German B. sale of indulgences C. doctrine of predestination D. selection of a new pope 33. How did the Scientific Revolution change thinking about the physical universe? A. Scientists now based their theories on the writings of the ancient Greeks B. Scientists now used common sense to guide their theories C. Scientists now based their theories on observations and experimentation D. Scientists now relied on religious teachings to prove their theories 34. During the Reign of Terror, Robespierre tried to A. execute all French nobles B. restore the Catholic Church C. crush all opposition to the revolution D. reinstate the monarchy 35. The people of Paris stormed the Bastille on July 14, 1789, because they A. believed there were weapons stored inside. B. wanted to free Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. C. wanted to hide from the revolutionaries. D. wanted to steal the tax money stored inside. 12

14 36. Why was coal important to the Industrial Revolution? A. Mining coal provided jobs for unemployed farm laborers. B. Coal provided fuel to for new means of transportation C. Trading coal with other countries brought wealth to invest in industry. D. Coal provided fuel to heat workers homes. 37. Which of the following was a consequence of the Industrial Revolution? A. traveling by steamship B. working by candlelight C. making one s own clothing D. traveling by horse drawn cart 38. Industrialization in the textile industry resulted in A. better paying jobs. B. the establishment of factories. C. improved working conditions. D. slower production times. 39. Who benefited the most from the Industrial Revolution? A. workers B. farmers C. entrepreneurs D. nobles 40. The word Renaissance means: A. new world B. rebirth C. amazement D. escape 13

15 41. The Queen City of the Renaissance and the birthplace of the European Renaissance was: A. London B. Florence C. Rome D. Venice 42. The Renaissance was primarily: A. a mass movement of the peasants B. characterized by a preoccupation with religion C. a product of the Ottoman Empire D. a recovery from the 14th century 43. What issue brought Martin Luther into an open confrontation with the Catholic Church? A. Clerical celibacy B. Transubstantiation C. Sacrament of Communion D. the selling of indulgences 44. Copernicus proposed which of the following? A. The sun travels around Earth. B Earth travels around the sun. C Gravity keeps the planets in orbit around the sun. D Earth is the center of the universe. 45. Italian humanism and Renaissance humanism both concentrated on the study of: A. new technology B. the classics C. the universe D. history of the church 14

16 46. Can you recall which of the following Renaissance painters is considered to be the ideal Renaissance Man? A. Galileo B. Julius Caesar C. Picasso C. Leonardo Di Vinci 47. What is Michelangelo best known for sculpting? A. The David B. The Last Supper C. The ceiling to the Sistine Chapel C. The Mona Lisa 48. When did the French Revolution take place? A. Late 15th century B. Late 16th century C. Late 17th century D. Late 18th century 49. What is the theme of capitalism which began during the industrial revolution? A. Government allows for economic freedom and keep their hands off of business decisions B. Government controls the large industries but lets the small industries be free C. Government controls all aspects of business including both large and small businesses D. Governments should do the greatest good for the greatest number of people 50. Can you recall the industry to first industrialize the production of goods? A. Food B. Textiles C. Tools D. Automobiles 15

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