*On your sticky note depict (draw) the following two words. Acquire. Expansion

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1 *On your sticky note depict (draw) the following two words. Acquire Expansion

2 The Northwest Ordinance of What did the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 establish? This act established the principles and procedures for the admission of new states. 2. What started happening over the next few decades in the US? The new republic expanded its territory across the continent.

3 The Louisiana Purchase 3. In what year did the U.S buy the Louisiana territory? Which country sold the Louisiana territory to the U.S? 1803/France 4. What are the two key factors of the Louisiana purchase for the U.S? a. It doubled the size of the U.S b. Gave it control of the key port of New Orleans.

4 The Purchase of Florida 5. In what year did the U.S purchase Florida? Which country decided to sell the Florida territory? 1819, Spain 6. Why did Spain decide to sell this territory? Spain was losing its hold on its colonial empire in South America or Spain s colonies had already risen to revolt

5 Manifest Destiny 7. What is Manifest Destiny? The belief to extend the borders of the nation to the shores of the Pacific. 8. What are the three elements of the divine mission that Americans were chosen to spread? Democracy, Christianity, and Western Culture.

6 Manifest Destiny 9. Which two factors were important to the US for occupying the entire continent of North America? Strengthen the nation s security and provide new economic opportunities.

7 The Oregon Territory 10. Which European nation did the US agree to have joint control of the Oregon territory? What are the coordinates for this territory? The British/ 54 degrees, 40 North 11. Who was moving into the Oregon territory in the 1840 s? What trail did they travel on? The Pioneers/The Oregon Trail. 12. How long is the trail? What method of transportation did most of these settlers use? The trail crossed 2,000 miles/in covered wagons.

8 The Oregon Territory 13. What mountain range did they cross? What other geographic obstacles did these settlers have to cross? The Rocky Mountains. Deserts and rivers. 14. How many people died along this trail? More than 20,000.

9 The Mormons in Utah 15. Who, When and where were the Mormons founded? Joseph Smith, 1830 in upstate New York 16. What other name is given for the time of the foundation of the Mormon religion? The Second Great Awakening

10 The Mormons in Utah 17. Which unique belief did Mormons have? Marrying several wives 18. Who led the Mormons westward to Great Salt Lake, Utah? How did the Mormons cultivate the land in Utah? Brigham Young/Irrigation

11 The Annexation of Texas 19. Explain what happened in the 1820 s between Americans and the Mexican government? They reached an agreement to settle in the region of Mexico known as Texas. 20. What effect did the law passed by the Mexican government in 1830 have on American settlers? It prohibited additional settlers from immigrating to Texas from the United States. 21. How did American settlers react to this Mexican law? Restrictions failed to stop the flow of American immigrants or They simply ignored the law

12 The Annexation of Texas 22. Who was the Mexican General and dictator? Santa Anna 23. What did Texans declare from Mexico? Independence 24. What two major battles did Texas lose that inspired many Texans? The Alamo and Goliad

13 Texas Wins Independence! 25. Who was the leader of the Texas army? Sam Houston 26. What famous battle did Texans defeat Mexico? Who did they capture? The Battle of San Jacinto/Santa Anna

14 Texas wins Independence! 27. How did Texas officially gain its independence? Santa Anna signed a treaty recognizing Texas as an independent republic. 28. Identify the issue that the U.S. Congress was divided over? To admit a new slave state into the Union

15 The Election of James K. Polk 29. What President Polk promised he would do? To annex Texas and obtain the Oregon Territory 30. What issue was still a problem for the U.S? Slavery 31. In what year was Texas annexed? What did Americans fear would occur if Texas is annexed? It would lead to war with Mexico

16 U.S.-Mexican War 33. What was the dispute over between the U.S and Mexico? Name the two rivers that was part of the dispute? The southern border of Texas. The Rio Grande and the Nueces river. 34. Who won the war? The United States 35. What territories was Mexico forced to give up? California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, parts of Colorado and New Mexico

17 The U.S-Mexican War Name the treaty that would settle war? The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 37. What is the Mexican Cession? The U.S agreed to pay Mexico $15 million for the areas gained by the U.S

18 The Gadsden Purchase 38. When and how did the U.S complete its westward expansion? 1853/The Gadsden Purchase. 39. Why did President Pierce want to the U.S to have this area? The area was seen as the most practicable route for a southern railroad to the Pacific

19 The California Gold Rush 40. What was discovered in California in 1848? Gold 41. What is the nickname given to the thousands of people rushing to California? The Forty-Niners

20 Westward Expansion Poses (creates) a New Challenge 42. What political issue created problems for the U.S as westward expansion continued? Slavery 43. What concern did the Southern States have regarding expansion? Southern States wanted to be sure that the number of slave states in Congress remained equal to that of the free states.

21 44. Why did Southerners fear if a new state from the west was admitted as a free state? It would upset the existing balance between free and slave states in Congress. 45. Using the graph on page 232, by how many votes did the North have over the South in 1810 and in 1850? 1810 = 24 / 1850 = Using your knowledge of Social Studies, what two word term best describes westward expansion? Manifest Destiny

22 The Growth of a Nation Geography video u

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