DAY 11: INDIAN REMOVAL, REFORM AND AMERICAN EXPANSION. Monday, November 3, 14

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1 DAY 11: INDIAN REMOVAL, REFORM AND AMERICAN EXPANSION

2 CORNELL NOTES 4-5 LINES PER COURT CASES: MCCULOCH VS. MARYLAND MISSOURI COMPROMISE 1820 AGE OF JACKSON / INDIAN REMOVAL ACT/ TRAIL OF TEARS SECOND GREAT AWAKENING 1790 S-1840 S WOMENS RIGHTS AND SENECA FALLS 1848 JOSEPH SMITH AND THE MORMONS MANIFEST DESTINY 1830 S AND 1840

3 AMERICAN EXPANSION TEXAS INDEPENDENCE-4-6 LINES TEXAS REVOLUTION-4-6 LINES THE ALAMO-4-6 LINES WAR WITH MEXICO-4-6 LINES TREATY OF GUADALUPE HIDALGO-3-5 LINES

4 ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS WE WERE GROWING (COURTING MEX./CANADA), WE HAD NEW LAND, WE HAD WON 2 WARS, AND EVERYONE WANTS TO COME HERE.

5 COURT CASES MCCULLOCH VS. MARYLAND: (1819)CHIEF JUSTICE JOHN MARSHAL SIDED WITH THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT ON THE ISSUE OF A NATIONAL BANK. THE COURTS DECISION MADE IT CLEAR THAT NATIONAL INTERESTS WERE TO BE PUT ABOVE STATES INTERESTS. (FEDERALISM) GIBBONS VS. OGDEN: (1824)THIS SUPREME COURT CASE GAVE THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT THE SOLE RIGHT TO REGULATE INTERSTATE COMMERCE, OR TRADE BETWEEN STATES.

6 MISSOURI COMPROMISE 1819 AND SECTIONALISM (THE BELIEF THAT YOUR SECTION IS BETTER) MISSOURI IS ADMITTED AS A SLAVE STATE AND MAINE AS A FREE STATE IT WILL ALSO BAN SLAVERY IN THE NORTHERN PART OF THE LOUISIANA PURCHASES.

7 THE AGE OF JACKSON THE WAR HERO OF 1812 CREATED DEMOCRAT PARTY (MOSTLY FOR PERSONAL REASONS) (MOSTLY MOVED THE INDIANS GETS FLORIDA FOR CHEAP: Adams Onís Treaty: 5 million dollars from Spain WHY DID HE HATE INDIANS SO MUCH? THEY FOUGHT WITH BRITISH IN AMERICAN REVOLUTION ALSO INDIANS HID RUNAWAY SLAVES HIS MOM ALSO HATED INDIANS

8 INDIANS REMOVAL ACT 1830 & THE TRAIL OF TEARS IN 1830 JACKSON SIGNS THE INDIAN REMOVAL ACT, WHICH CALLED FOR THE RELOCATION OF 5TRIBES UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF THE US ARMY INDIANS MARCHED 100 S OF MILES MANY SUFFERED AND DIED.

9 JACKSON S DECISION ABOUT THE SECOND NATIONAL BANK READ PG 95 THE 2ND NATIONAL BANK WAS EST. IN 1816, THE PURPOSE OF THE 2ND BANK WAS TO REGULATE BANKS. JACKSON THOUGHT THAT THIS WAS UNCONSTITUTIONAL. JACKSON FORCED THE BANK TO TAKE $ OUT AND GIVE TO SELECT STATE BANKS.

10 SECOND GREAT AWAKENING 1790 S-1840 S PROTESTANT PREACHERS TOLD PEOPLE THAT THEIR DESTINY LAY IN THEIR OWN HANDS. THEY WERE ADMONISHED TO LIVE WELL AND WORK HARD. THEY ALSO HAD A RESPONSIBILITY TO DO GOD S WORK TO CREATE A KIND OF HEAVEN ON EARTH.

11 EFFECTS OF THE 2ND GREAT AWAKENING MEANS MODERATION TEMPERANCE MOVEMENT: ELIMINATE ALCOHOL EDUCATION REFORMS: FREE PUBLIC SCHOOLS FOR KIDS LEARN TO READ/WRITE / MATH PRISON REFORMS: TREAT/HOUSE MENTALLY ILL PRISONS SEPARATE

12 WOMEN S RIGHTS 1848 SENECA FALLS, NEW YORK STANTON BROUGHT THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE WITH HER WOMEN COULD NOT VOTE YET! FIRST WOMEN S RIGHTS CONVENTION HELD IN THE US. WROTE SENECA FALLS DECLARATION.

13 JOSEPH SMITH AND THE MORMONS JOSEPH SMITH BRIGHAM YOUNG FORMED IN 1827 IN NY, HE RECEIVED A VISIT FROM THE ANGEL MORONI, THE SON OF THE PROPHET MORMON. MORONI GAVE GOLDEN PLATES WHICH IS THE BOOK OF MORMON.

14 MANIFEST DESTINY 1830 S AND 1840 S BUST OUT YOUR CHARTS AS WE FINISH THE LAST SECTION

15 MANIFEST DESTINY 1830 S AND 1840 S

16 PART II: AMERICAN EXPANSION WHY DO WE NEED TO GO WEST? 350,000 PEOPLE WILL MOVE ACROSS US BY 1850 OF 23 MILLION WOULD YOU GO WEST? WOULD YOU PAN FOR GOLD?

17 TEXAS INDEPENDENCE MOSES AND STEPHEN AUSTIN MOSES AUSTIN STEPHEN AUSTIN MOSES APPROACHED MEXICO WITH A PLAN CALLED THE TEXAS VENTURE. IN EXCHANGE FOR LAND HE WOULD BUILD A COLONY. THEY GREW COTTON, WHAT ELSE WOULD THEY DO?

18 TEXAS REVOLUTION GENERAL SANTA ANNA STEPHEN AUSTIN WENT TO MEET WITH GEN. SANTA ANNA TO TRY AND GAIN INDEPENDENCE. THIS WILL SPARK A REBELLION THAT WILL EST. THE LONE STAR REPUBLIC IN 1836.

19 THE ALAMO MARCH 6, 1836 SANTA ANNA LEADS AN ARMY OF 6000 AND DEMANDS THAT TEXAS SURRENDER WILL ATTACK THE ALAMO WINNING THE BATTLE BUT LOSING THE WAR.

20 THE ALAMO MARCH 6, 1836

21 MEXICAN WAR TEXAS WILL REMAIN IND. FOR 9 YEARS. PRES. POLK NOT ONLY WANTED TEXAS BUT ALL THE LAND TO THE NORTH AND WEST OF TEXAS.

22 WAR WITH MEXICO

23 MEXICAN WAR STORY TIME PRESIDENT POLK

24 TREATY OF GUADALUPE HILDALGO MEXICO GIVES UP TEXAS MEXICO GIVES UP A HUGE TRACT OF LAND ` PAID 15 MILLION FOR THE LAND

25 THE END

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