Jump Start. You have 5 minutes to study your Jackson notes for a short 7 question Quiz.

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1 Jump Start You have 5 minutes to study your Jackson notes for a short 7 question Quiz. All of my copies of the notes are posted on the white board for reference. Please DO NOT take them down.

2 Manifest Destiny The belief that America should spread from coast to coast!

3 Answer questions #1 - #7 to the right using this painting Who is the woman in white? 2. What two objects is she holding? 3. What are the pioneers doing? 4. What types of transportation can be seen? 5. What are the Native Americans and animals doing? 6. What direction are they traveling? 7. What is your opinion of Manifest Destiny as it is depicted in this painting?

4 American Progress by George A. Crofutt and John Gast

5 Manifest Destiny Review Station You will be rotating through 4 stations today. At each station, there is an excerpt summarizing a land acquisition(adding to the US) we have already discussed. The 13 Colonies Northwest Territory/Treaty of Paris Louisiana Purchase Florida We will be studying the other 4 tomorrow.

6 Jumpstart 3/20/17 Get out your Manifest Destiny Maps and Chart from yesterday. Color and label the following four sections 13 Colonies Red Northwest Territory Green Louisiana Purchase Yellow Florida Cession Purple YOU HAVE 6 MINUTES ONLY!!!

7 Manifest Destiny Review Stations For each area of land, you need to read for the following and record it on your chart: Year that land became part of the U.S. Country from whom we gained/won/bought the land from Summary of how we gained this area of land: The became part of the U.S. in. We gained this area of land from when/after/because Your summary must be detailed and a complete sentences.

8 Manifest Destiny Review Stations Rotation Schedule: Group 1-A: you will be at Massey Group 1-B: you will begin at Boren Group 1-C: you will begin at Hoffman Group 1-D: you will begin at Thornton

9 Manifest Destiny Review Stations Rotation Schedule: Group 5-A: you will be at Thompson Group 6-B: you will begin at Schneider Group 7-C: you will begin at Sharp/Gipson Group 8-D: you will begin at Canaan You will have 2 minutes at your rotation to complete the chart.

10 Manifest Destiny: Belief that the US should expand its territory from coast to coast 10

11 Reasons for Manifest Destiny: Economic Belief that people could become more wealthy (Gold Rush, plantation system, natural resources) Land speculators bought huge tracts of land and sold it for a profit

12 Reasons for Manifest Destiny: Social Racism- lack of concern for Natives, desire to expand slavery Escape from religious persecution (Mormons) Famine and economic struggles in Europe Irish potato famine ( ) Belief that all people should own plot of land to keep the country free ( American Dream )

13 Reasons for Manifest Destiny: Political Fear of foreign powers invading Spanish, French, English, and Mexican Desire to spread Democracy and the American way of life Desire to spread the institution of slavery west More slave states = Southern support in Congress

14 US Territorial Expansion Name? Date? C B D A A- 13 Colonies; 1776 B- Northwest Territory; 1783 C- Louisiana Purchase; 1803 D- Florida Cession; 1819

15 E, S, or P? Each one of the following speakers represents someone living during the mid 1800 s. Read each speakers quote, and decide their motivation for moving West. Are they relocating for ECONOMIC, SOCIAL, or POLTICAL reasons?

16 I am a farmer in Missouri. The land is wearing out from years of growing crops, and I need new farmland in order to provide for my family. E, S or P?

17 I am a Texan living in the Republic of Texas. I am worried about our republic s economy and safety. We need to become part of the United States. E, S or P?

18 I am a congressman from the North. I want to expand the great democracy of America all the way across the continent. E, S or P?

19 I am a missionary. I want to share my religion with the Native Americans in the West. E, S or P?

20 I am a Mormon facing persecution for my religious beliefs. I need to find a place to live where I can practice my religion freely. E, S or P?

21 I am a fur trader living west of the Mississippi River. I need a better way to transport my furs to trading posts. E, S or P?

22 Jumpstart 3/21/17 Get out your Manifest Destiny Maps and Chart from yesterday AND your picture notes. Pick up the following: 1. the following colored pencils Pink, Orange, Brown, and Black

23 Mr. Manifest Destiny President James K. Polk 11 th President Added more territory to the US than any other President

24 3/2/1836: San Jacinto Texas Independence Santa Anna sign Treaties of Velasco Mexico rejects the treaty and never recognizes Texas as independent

25 U.S. Annexation of Texas The North opposes for fear slavery will spread Official annexation on 12/29/1845 Mexico sees annexation as a declaration of WAR!

26 Factors Leading to Mexican-American War Mexican anger over Texas annexation Dispute over Texas/Mexican border Nueces River vs. Rio Grande Instability of Mexican government President Polk s drive to expand the U.S. Believed he must create a coast-to-coast nation Southerners hoped to expand slavery into Texas

27 After the war ended, Mexico recognized TX as part of U.S. Gave up the Mexican Cession U.S. got ½ of Mexico U.S. paid $15 million Created Rio Grande as southern border The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war Mexican American War & Mexican Cession

28 Oregon (1846): or Fight! Polk had originally wanted all of Oregon He settled for half and compromised with Britain Extended the boundary already dividing the U.S. and Canada

29 U.S. wanted to extend Trans-Continental Railroad Gadsden Purchase (1853) Mexico sold it to us for $10 million from sea to shining sea

30 US Territorial Expansion When? 1776 From Where? Great Britain Summary The 13 colonies became part of the US in We gained this land from Great Britain after the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. A - 13 Original Colonies A

31 US Territorial Expansion When? 1783 From Where? Great Britain Summary The Northwest Territory became part of the US in We gained this land from Great Britain after the American Revolution with the signing the Treaty of Paris B - Western Lands B A

32 When? 1803 From Where? France US Territorial Expansion C - Louisiana Purchase Summary The Louisiana Purchase became part of the US in We gained this land from France after we bought it for $15 million. C B A

33 US Territorial Expansion When? 1819 D Florida Cession From Where? Spain Summary The Florida Cession became part of the US in We gained this land from Spain after the US paid $5 million in the Adams-Onis Treaty. C B D A

34 Jumpstart 3/21/17 I m going to need your help today! I ll explain once the bell rings! Please pick up a sheet from the pick up tray. Get out your Manifest Destiny Maps and Chart. We will be going over what you should ve finished last night! Make sure you have a highlighter!

35 US Territorial Expansion When? E Texas Annexation 1845 From Where? Republic of Texas Summary Texas became part of the US in We gained this area of land from the Republic of Texas after they agreed to be annexed into the U.S.. E C B A D

36 When? 1846 From Where? Great Britain US Territorial Expansion F - Oregon Territory Summary The Oregon Territory became part of the US in We gained this area of land from Great Britain (England) when Great Britain compromised and a treaty was signed. F C E B D A

37 When? 1848 From Where? Mexico Summary The Mexican Cession became part of the US in We gained this area of land from Mexico after the U.S. won the Mexican- American War and bought it for $15 million in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. US Territorial Expansion G - Mexican Cession F G C E B A D

38 When? 1853 From Where? Mexico US Territorial Expansion H- Gadsden Purchase Summary The Gadsden Purchase became part of the US in We gained this area of land from Mexico because the US wanted it to build a railroad and Mexico sold it to the US for $10 million. F G H 38 C E B A D

39

40 Trail Route Travelers Mormon Trail Nauvoo, Illinois Utah Push/Pull Factors Mormons PUSH Religious persecution in the East Description Following death of church founder Joseph Smith, Brigham Young took 148 members to Utah s Great Basin area. 70,000 more Mormons migrated to Utah over the next 20years. Oregon Trail Independence, Missouri Oregon and California Settlers and prospectors PULL Cheap farmland and gold in the West Good farmland and gold brought over 500,000 people from all over the world Immigrants risked everything in search of a better life. Santa Fe Trail Independence, Missouri Santa Fe, New Mexico Traders, merchants, settlers PULL Business opportunities in the West A commercial transportation route across the Great Plains since Spanish control. U.S. got the Santa Fe Trail as part of the Mexican Cession at the end of the Mexican-American War.

41 California Gold Rush and the 49-ers! James Marshall was building a sawmill when he spotted gold People from all over the world raced to California in 1849 Nick-named the Forty-Niners Thousands of men hoped to get rich quick then go home Majority did not By 1852, all of the gold was gone but California now had a population of over 250,000 Could now become the first state in the West

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