Mr. Cegielski DEMS Martin Van Buren

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1 Mr. Cegielski DEMS Martin Van Buren 1

2 Van Buren Taking the Blame for His Own and Jackson's Monetary Policies DEMS Richard Mentor Johnson, VP 2

3 WHIGS William Henry Harrison WHIGS John Tyler, VP 3

4 Tippecanoe, and Tyler, Too! Log Cabin Campaign Pin,

5 A Harrison Bandana Log Cabin & Cider Campaign 5

6 Stop That Barrel William Henry Harrison Campaign Song Tip and Ty (Words and Music by "A member of the Fifth Ward Club, published 1840) What has caus'd this great com-mo-tion, mo-tion, mot-ion our coun-try through, It is the ball that's rol-ling on, For Tip-pi-ca-noe, and Ty-ler too, For Tip-pi-ca-noe, and Ty-ler too, And with them we'll beat lit-tle Van, Van, Van is a us'd up man, And with them we'll beat lit-tle Van. 6

7 TIP AND TY 1840 Election Results 7

8 Mr. Cegielski Dems --> James Knox Polk 8

9 54º 40, or Fight! Whigs Henry Clay 9

10 1844 Campaign Flag Liberty Party James Birney 10

11 Texas Coming In Texas (the beast): I fear I cannot carry you into the Presidential Chair. Polk: Dear Texas, I knew you cannot I wish I had rode some other horse but it is too late to repent. 11

12 1844 Election Results JAMES K. POLK by They Might Be Giants In 1844, the Democrats were split The three nominees for the presidential candidate Were Martin Van Buren, a former president and an abolitionist James Buchanan, a moderate Lewis Cass, a general and expansionist From Nashville came a dark horse riding up He was James K. Polk, Napoleon of the Stump! 12

13 JAMES K. POLK by They Might Be Giants Austere, severe, he held few people dear His oratory filled his foes with fear The factions soon agreed He's just the man we need To bring about victory Fulfill our Manifest Destiny And annex the land the Mexicans command And when the votes were cast the winner was Mister James K. Polk, Napoleon of the Stump! 13

14 JAMES K. POLK by They Might Be Giants In four short years he met his every goal He seized the whole southwest from Mexico Made sure the tariffs fell And made the English sell the Oregon Territory He built an independent treasury Having done all this he sought no second term But precious few have mourned the passing of Mister James K. Polk, our eleventh president Young Hickory, Napoleon of the Stump! Goals of Polk s Administration 1. Lower the tariff. 2. Resolve the Oregon boundary dispute. 3. Restore the independent treasury. 4. Acquire California. 14

15 ASSIGNMENT: Create a patriotic campaign song for William Henry Harrison (Election of 1840) or James K. Polk (Election of 1844). DIRECTIONS: Using the political platforms as well as achievements of either Harrison or Polk, create a patriotic campaign song, about 1-page in length! Boast about Harrison or Polk and attack any political opponents. Match the lyrics to the instrumentals of a famous American song, such as God Bless America. Then, get ready to perform, either live or recorded! ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS: WHAT DOES IT MEAN AND HOW DID IT SERVE AS A CATALYST FOR WESTWARD EXPANSION? 15

16 Manifest Destiny First coined by newspaper editor, John O Sullivan in "... the right of our manifest destiny to over spread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty and federaltive development of self-government entrusted to us. It is right such as that of the tree to the space of air and the earth suitable for the full expansion of its principle and destiny of growth." A myth of the West as a land of romance and adventure emerged. American Progress by John Gast,

17 The Pony Express Between April, 1860 and Nov., Delivered news and mail between St. Louis, MO and San Francisco, CA. Took 10 days. Replaced by the completion of the trans-continental telegraph line. Aroostook War, 1839 The only war ever declared by a state. Between the Canadian region of New Brunswick and the state of Maine. Cause: The expulsion of Canadian lumberjacks in the disputed area of Aroostook by Maine officials. Congress called up 50,000 men and voted for $10,000,000 to pay for the war. General Winfield Scott arranged a truce, and a border commission was convened to resolve the issue. 17

18 Maine Boundary Settlement, 1842 Directions: Read Understanding Manifest Destiny and then complete the reading for the seminar, as described below: 18

19 Texas Declaration of Independence 19

20 Key Figures in Texas Independence, 1836 Sam Houston ( ) Steven Austin ( ) The Republic of Texas 20

21 Remember the Alamo! Video clip: The Alamo (8 min.) 21

22 Davey Crockett s Last Stand The Battle of the Alamo General Antonio L pez de Santa Anna Recaptures the Alamo 22

23 Overland Immigration to the West Between 1840 and 1860, more than 250,000 people made the trek westward. The Oregon Trail Albert Bierstadt,

24 Trails Westward The Doomed Donner Party April, 1846 April,

25 The Doomed Donner Party CANNIBALISM!! Margaret Patrick John Breen Breen Breen James Reed & Wife Of the 83 members of the Donner Party, only 45 survived to get to California! The Oregon Dispute: 54 40º or Fight! By the mid-1840s, Oregon Fever was spurred on by the promise of free land. The joint British-U. S. occupation ended in

26 The Bear Flag Republic The Revolt June 14, 1845 John C. Frémont Yes, become a Frontier Chef! 26

27 The Slidell Mission: Nov., 1845 Mexican recognition of the Rio Grande River as the TX-US border. US would forgive American citizens claims against the Mexican govt. US would purchase the New Mexico area for $5,000,000. US would California at any price. John Slidell 27

28 Wilmot Proviso, 1846 Provided, territory from that, as an express and fundamental condition to the acquisition of any the Republic of Mexico by the United States, by virtue of any treaty which may be negotiated between them, and to the use by the Executive of the moneys herein appropriated, neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of said territory, except for crime, whereof the party shall first be duly convicted. Congr. David Wilmot (D-PA) The Mexican War ( ) 28

29 General Zachary Taylor at Palo Alto Old Rough and Ready The Bombardment of Vera Cruz 29

30 General Scott Enters Mexico City Old Fuss and Feathers Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, 1848 Nicholas Trist, American Negotiator 30

31 Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, 1848 The Treaty was basically forced on Mexico! Mexico gave up claims to Texas above the Rio Grande River. Mexico gave the U. S. California and New Mexico. U. S. gave Mexico $15,000,000 and agreed to pay the claims of American citizens against Mexico (over $3,500,000). Results of the Mexican War? 1. The 17-month war cost $100,000,000 and 13,000+ American lives (mostly of disease). 2. New territories were brought into the Union which forced the explosive issue of SLAVERY to the center of national politics. * Brought in 1 million sq. mi. of land (incl. TX) 3. These new territories would upset the balance of power between North and South. 4. Created two popular Whig generals who ran for President. 5. Manifest Destiny partially realized. 31

32 Free Soil Party Free Soil! Free Speech! Free Labor! Free Men! Barnburners discontented northern Democrats. Anti-slave members of the Liberty and Whig Parties. Opposition to the extension of slavery in the new territories! WHY? 32

33 The 1848 Presidential Election Results The Mexican Cession 33

34 GOLD! At Sutter s Mill, 1848 John A. Sutter 34

35 California Gold Rush, er s Two Views of San Francisco, Early 1850s By 1860, almost 300,000 people had traveled the Oregon & California Trails to the Pacific coast. 35

36 Territorial Growth to 1853 Westward the Course of Empire Emmanuel Leutze,

37 Expansionist Young America in the 1850s America s Attempted Raids into Latin America 37

38 38

39 39

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