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1 Name: Class Period: Date: Unit #2 Review E George Washington H Jay s Treaty D Pinckney s Treaty G Treaty of Greenville K Whiskey Rebellion B Marbury v. Madison A. The greatest U.S. victory in the War of 1812; actually took place two weeks after a peace treaty had been signed ending the war. B. U.S. Supreme Court case that established the principle of judicial review. C. A young army officer sent on a mission west to find the starting point of the Red River, considered to be a part of the Louisiana Territory s western border with New Spain. D. An agreement between the United States and Spain that changed Florida s border and made it easier for American ships to use the port of New Orleans. E. The first Constitutional president of the United States. O Judicial Review F. The purchase of French land between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains that doubled the size of the United States. F Louisiana Purchase G. An agreement between Native American confederation leaders and the U.S. government that gave the United States Indian lands in the N Lewis & Clark Expedition Northwest Territory and guaranteed that U.S. citizens could safely travel through the region. C Zebulon Pike H. An agreement negotiated by John Jay to work out problems between Britain and the United States over northwestern lands, L Embargo Act British seizure of U.S. ships, and U.S. debts owed to the British. I. A treaty signed by the United States and Britain ending the War of M Non- Intercourse Act J. Members of Congress who wanted to declare war against Britain P Tecumseh after the Battle of Tippecanoe. K. A protest of small farmers in Pennsylvania against new taxes on J War Hawks whiskey. L. A law that prohibited American merchants from trading with other A Battle of New Orleans countries. M. A law that replaced the Embargo Act and restored trade with I Treaty of Ghent nations except Britain, France, and their colonies. N. An expedition led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark that began in 1804 to explore the Louisiana Purchase. O. The Supreme Court s power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional. P. A Shawnee chief who tried to unite Native Americans to fight against settlers in Indiana. Chapter 7 1. Why did President George Washington personally lead the militia against the rebelling farmers in the Whiskey Rebellion? President Washington personally led the militia against the rebelling farmers in the Whiskey Rebellion because he could no longer remain a passive spectator and believed he needed to make people understand that the Constitution gave Congress the right to pass and enforce the tax.

2 2. What dangers did Washington warn the country against in his Farewell Address? Washington warns the country against foreign ties, the dangers of political parties, and too much public debt in his Farewell Address. Chapter 8 3. What is the significance of Marbury v. Madison? The significance of Marbury v. Madison is that it confirmed the Supreme Court s power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional (Judicial Review), making the judicial branch equal to the other branches. 4. Why was the United States able to purchase the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803? The U.S. was able to purchase the Louisiana Territory from France because Napoleon s hopes of rebuilding a North American empire were ended by France losing Haiti after a successful slave revolt. 5. What is the significance of the Louisiana Purchase? The significance of the Louisiana Purchase is that it roughly doubled the size of the United States. 6. What were the two goals of the Lewis and Clark expedition? The two goals of the Lewis and Clark expedition were to learn more about the people and land of the West and to see if there was a river route that could be taken to the Pacific Ocean. 7. What was the purpose of Zebulon Pike s exploration? The purpose of Zebulon Pike s exploration was to find the starting point of the Red River. 8. What two reasons made the Embargo Act a failure? The Embargo Act devastated American merchants and had little effect on Britain and France, which made it a failure. 9. How did Britain breach U.S. neutrality during the British- French conflict? (think impressment) Britain breached U.S. neutrality during the British- French conflict by searching American ships for sailors who had run away from the British navy and forcing them to return to British ships (impressment). Sometimes U.S. citizens were captured by accident. 10. Which European country did Americans fear that Tecumseh was backed by? Americans feared that Tecumseh was backed by Britain. 11. During the War of 1812, why did U.S. attempts to invade Canada fail? The U.S. attempts to invade Canada failed because state militia troops refused to cross the Canadian border, arguing they didn t have to fight in a foreign country. 12. Why was the Battle of New Orleans an important victory for the United States? The Battle of New Orleans was an important U.S. victory because it kept the British from controlling the Mississippi River. 13. What did the Treaty of Ghent accomplish? The treaty of Ghent ended the war of Chapter How did the Convention of 1818 affect the boundaries of the United States? The Convention of 1818 set the boundary of the U.S. and British Canada at the 49 N latitude as far west as the Rocky Mountains.

3 15. What did the Adams- Onis Treaty accomplish? The Adams- Onis Treaty settled the border disputes between Spain and the U.S. by giving East Florida to the U.S. and The U.S. gave claims to Texas and pay $5 million in U.S. citizens claims against Spain. 16. What were the four basic points to the Monroe Doctrine? 1. The United States would not interfere in the affairs of European nations. 2. The U.S. would recognize, and not interfere with, European colonies already existed in North & South America. 3. The Western Hemisphere was to be off- limits to future colonization by any foreign power. 4. The U.S. would consider any European power s attempt to colonize or interfere with nations in the Western Hemisphere to be a hostile act. Chapter How did the Tariff of Abominations fuel sectional differences in the U.S.? The Tariff of Abominations fueled sectional differences in the U.S. because northerners supported it and southerners opposed it. 18. Which issue led to the nullification crisis? The dispute over the Tariff of Abomination and idea a state had more power than the federal government led to the nullification crisis. 19. What was the ruling in McCulloch v. Maryland? The ruling in McCulloch v. Maryland was that the national bank was constitutional. 20. What caused the Panic of 1837? Jackson s banking policies and his unsuccessful plan to curb inflation caused the Panic of How did the Seminole resist Indian removal? The Seminole Indians, led by Osceola, resisted their removal from Florida with force and fight back. G Convention of 1818 C Adams- Onis Treaty E Monroe Doctrine B Nationalism J Sectionalism I Missouri Compromise K Tariff of Abominations A. An 800- mile forced march made by the Cherokee from their homeland in Georgia to Indian Territory; resulted in the deaths of almost one- fourth of the Cherokee people. B. A sense of pride and devotion to a nation. C. An agreement in which Spain gave East Florida to the United States D. A dispute led by John C. Calhoun that said that states could ignore federal laws if they believed those laws violated the Constitution. E. President James Monroe s statement forbidding further colonization in the Americas and declaring that any attempt by a foreign country to colonize would be considered an act of hostility. F. A Seminole leader who called upon his people to resist Indian removal with force, starting the Second Seminole War. G. An agreement between the United States and Great Britain that

4 settled fishing rights and established new North American borders. L States Rights Doctrine H. U.S. Supreme Court case that declared the 2 nd Bank of the United States constitutional and that Maryland could not interfere with it. D Nullification Crisis I. An agreement proposed by Henry Clay that allowed MO to enter the Union as a slave state and ME to enter as a free states and H McCulloch v. Maryland outlawed slavery in any territories or states north of the latitude. N Panic of 1837 J. A devotion to the interests of one geographic region over the interests of the country as a whole. M Indian Removal Act K. The nickname given to a tariff by southerners who opposed it. L. The belief that the power of the states should be greater than F Osceola the power of the federal government. M. A congressional act that authorized the removal of Native A Trail of Tears Americans who lived east of the Mississippi River. N. A financial crisis in the United States that led to an economic depression. I Mountain Men A. Spanish mission in San Antonio, Texas, that was the site of a famous battle of the Texas Revolution in L Oregon Trail B. Spanish colonists in California in the 1800s. C. A revolt against Mexico by American settlers in California who J Mormons declared the territory an independent republic. D. A gold- seeker who moved to California during the gold rush. F Empresarios E. U.S. purchase of land from Mexico that included the southern parts of present- day Arizona and New Mexico. A Alamo F. Agents who were contracted by the Mexican republic to bring settlers to Texas in the early 1800s. H Battle of San Jacinto G. A treaty that ended the Mexican War and gave the United States much of Mexico s northern territory. K Manifest Destiny H. The final battle of the Texas Revolution; resulted in the defeat of the Mexican army and independence for Texas. B Californios I. Men hired by eastern companies to trap animals for fur in the Rocky Mountains and other western regions of the United States. C Bear Flag Revolt J. A member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- day Saints. K. A belief shared by many Americans in the mid- 1800s that the G Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo United States should expand across the continent to the Pacific Ocean. E Gadsden Purchase L. A 2,000- mile trail stretching through the Great Plains from western Missouri to the Oregon Territory. M John Sutter M. A Swiss immigrant who started a colony in California and had gold discovered on his land, which sparked the California Gold Rush. D Forty- Niners

5 Chapter What was the trip like on the Oregon Trail? (Describe conditions, length, trip time, etc.) The Oregon Trail was a 2,000 mile long trail that stretched from Independence, MO to the Oregon Country. The trip usually began in late spring and lasted about 6 months. Travelers would face severe hardships like shortages of food, supplies, and water along with rough weather and geographic barriers. 23. Why did Mormons leave New York in the early 1830s and move to the West? The Mormons moved west in the early 1830s because they faced persecution because of their religious beliefs and practices. 24. How is the issue of slavery tied to manifest destiny in the 1840s and 1850s? The issue of slavery is tied to manifest destiny in the 1840s and 1850s because, as the United States grew larger and expanded its territory toward the Pacific Ocean, new territories and states would be created and it would need to be decided if the territory or state would be open or closed to slavery. 25. What was the Bear Flag Revolt? The Bear Flag Revolt was an event where a small group of American settlers seized the town of Sonoma, CA on June 14 and declared California to be an independent nation. 26. Why did the United States make the Gadsden Purchase? The United States made the Gadsden Purchase to secure a southern route for the transcontinental railroad on American soil. 27. How did the Gold Rush affect California s population? The Gold Rush created a population explosion, making it eligible for statehood in 1850, only two years after being acquired from Mexico. 28. What was the role of the transcontinental railroad in the development of California? The transcontinental railroad gave Californians the means to grow a stronger economy by connecting the state to the rest of the country.

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