Assessment: Life in the West

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1 Name Date Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer.. Assessment: Life in the West 1. Which of these led to the Lewis and Clark expedition in 1804? A. Monroe Doctrine B. Gadsden Purchase C. Louisiana Purchase D. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 2. Which of these were important to the survival of the members of the Lewis and Clark expedition? A. mountain men B. the U.S. military C. American Indians D. settlers traveling west 3. Which of these was one legacy of the Lewis and Clark expedition? A. They mapped a route to the Pacific. B. They explored present-day Colorado. C. They established missions in new territories. D. They located a water route across the country. 4. In the 1830s, what was California s main industry? A. fur trading B. coal mining C. shipbuilding D. cattle ranching 5. Who were the ancestors of the Californios? A. French B. British C. Spanish D. Canadians 6. Which is another name for the mountain men? A. fur trappers B. gold miners C. cattle ranchers D. sheep shearers

2 7. What was one legacy of the Californios? A. city names B. trading posts C. athletic events D. religious practices 8. What was an important legacy of the early missionaries to Oregon? A. They found a cure for measles. B. They opened the west for settlers. C. They converted American Indians. D. They traveled to the Pacific Ocean. 9. What did pioneer women achieve well before women in the East? A. They joined the military. B. They voted in elections. C. They had college educations. D. They earned wages equal to those of men. 10. What did Biddy Mason achieve in the West? A. She owned and operated a gold mine. B. She opened the first college for women C. She legally won her freedom from slavery. D. She was the first female Mormon preacher. 11. Which of these was one effect of the California gold rush? A. California grew in size. B. California achieved statehood. C. California went to war with Mexico. D. California lost much of its population.

3 12. Which of these describes the experience of many Chinese immigrants in California? A. They had to return to China after a year. B. They were highly successful gold miners. C. They were subjected to prejudice and abuse. D. They were respected for their ancient culture. 13. What was one contribution of Chinese immigrants to the United States? A. mapmaking B. sports traditions C. political systems D. cultural diversity 14. Why did the Mormons move west to Utah? A. to escape poverty and debt B. to settle on land provided by the government C. to convert American Indians to their religion D. to settle where they could freely practice their beliefs 15. Which of these is a legacy of John Frémont and Zebulon Pike? A. They found the Northwest Passage. B. They discovered gold on a farm in California. C. They inspired settlers to move to the West. D. They explored the territory bordered by Canada. 16. Which of these was a challenge for many people who traveled to the West? A. Great Plains B. Missouri River C. Pacific Ocean D. Rocky Mountains

4 Applying Social Studies Skills Use the map and your knowledge of history to answer these questions. 17. What physical feature created the greatest hardship for settlers traveling on the Oregon and Mormon Trails? 18. What was the final destination of the Mormons? 19. Briefly describe how the trails of the two groups differed.

5 Exploring the Essential Question What were the motives, hardships, and legacies of the groups that moved west in the 1800s? Follow the directions to complete the item below. 20. Suppose you are a member of one of these groups traveling to the West: explorers, Californios, mountain men, missionaries, pioneer women, Mormons, or forty-niners. Choose one of these groups, and write a journal entry about your journey. Do the following in your entry: Describe your motivations for moving to the West. Describe the hardships you faced along the way. At the end of your entry, include a note about the impact your journey will have on future generations (legacy). Make sure to convey your ideas clearly, using standard English.

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