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1 Current Events Article Assignment Due Oct 20 (next week) Follow directions on worksheet NOTE: Write ALL answers in complete sentences! Topic should be about a current event that happened in Tennessee and preferably related to something we ve discussed in class. After your test next week, each student will give a 1-2 minute report on their article. Be prepared to clearly communicate about the topic, general story of article, what you found interesting about the article, and be prepared to answer questions from me and your classmates about the article.

2 Unit 8: The Times of Andrew Jackson

3 Lesson 36: Tennessee in Early 1800s U.S. was growing in strength and size (land and population) Tennessee s population grew a lot too! (Mostly in Middle TN) , ,000! Where is the capital? 1812 Nashville 1817 Knoxville 1819 Murfreesboro 1826 Nashville 1843 Nashville will be permanent city!

4 Lesson 37: Tennessee in the War of 1812 Conflict between US and Great Britain over shipping right Involved American/Indian conflict Creek tribe fought against Western states When the Gov of TN issued a call for volunteers, and thousands more responded than were requested. Earned TN it s nickname, the Volunteer State Result: Power of Indian tribes was crushed

5 New Madrid Earthquake 1811 Strong earthquakes hit TN and surrounding region Strongest ever in North America (8.8 on Richter scale) Church bells rang in Charleston, SC! President James Madison felt in in DC Reelfoot Lake was formed when the Mississippi River ran backwards into hold that was formed by the quake

6 New Madrid Earthquake

7 Lesson 38: Young Andrew Jackson 1765 Jackson s Scots-Irish parents immigrate to border region of NC/SC with two young sons Feb 1767 Jackson s father dies in an accident at the age of 29 March 15, 1767 Jackson is born during his mother s return trip from burying his father. The exact site of his birth is unclear (NC or SC?)

8 Education His mother hoped he would become a Presbyterian minister Jackson had a little bit of formal schooling He wasn t interested in school outdoorsman! When on July 4, 1776 Jackson was 9 years old. Legend has it that he read the declaration aloud to the citizens of his hometown.

9 Young Soldier of the Revolution

10 Young Soldier of the Revolution 1779 His oldest brother dies of heat exhaustion during battle 1780 Andrew (13) and Robert (16) join militia to fight British Early 1781 Captured by British, almost starve to death, Andrew refuses to clean British officer s boots, gets attacked Scars on hands, head Hatred for British April 1781 Both boys contract smallpox, mother secures release, Robert dies November 1781 Jackson s mother dies of smallpox and is buried in an unmarked grave Andrew is now an orphan at 14 and blames the British for his losses

11 The Young Lawyer moves to TN 1781 Works in a saddle-maker s shop Taught school, studied law in NC 1787 Admitted to NC bar (age 20) 1788 Appointed prosecutor of Southwest Territory, moved to Middle TN 1791 Appointed attorney general for district around Nashville (age 24) Gained large amts of land through private law practice Lived in a boarding house operated by Mrs. John Donelson

12 Andrew Marries Rachel 1767 Rachel born in VA 1780 Rachel comes to Middle TN with her father (by boat) 1784 Marries Lewis Robards, he was abusive, they separated. She believed he obtained a divorce 1788ish Rachel meets Andrew Jackson, they fall in love 1791 They are married in MS, later they learn that Robards divorce didn t go through until They are remarried Adultery charge haunts Jackson s political career, and he fights some almost deadly duels over the issue (and kills at least one man)

13 Jackson in TN Politics 1796 Member of state constitutional convention, elected 1 st representative (Tradition says he suggested the name Tennessee) 1797 Served in Senate for 1 year 1798 Appointed to state supreme court 1802 Elected major general of TN Militia

14 Home to the Hermitage 1804 Jackson purchased a plantation Owned many slaves, treated them fairly well

15 Old Hickory in the War of Jackson and TN militia were ordered to MS to prepare for an attack on FL Later 1813 While on journey, ordered to disband Instead, Jackson led his troops home, walking so that every possible horse could be used for wounded/sick soldiers. Earned him the nickname Old Hickory (They said he was as tough as old hickory wood

16 The Battle of New Orleans (1815) Jackson led his troops in a decisive victory over British troops in New Orleans 5,000 American soldiers vs. 7,500 British British had 2,037 casualties The Americans had 71 casualties This victory earned Jackson great fame!

17 Lesson 39: 1824 Campaign for President 1823 Jackson elected to US Senate (age 56) 1824 Began preparing to run for president Candidates: Andrew Jackson, Speaker of House Henry Clay, John Quincy Adams, William Crawford (had stroke during campaign) No candidate won electoral college, US House voted (each state had one vote). Clay voted for Adams Adams became President, Adams named Clay Sec of State Jackson called this a corrupt bargain and was determined to win in 1828

18 Lesson 39: 1824 Campaign for President

19 Election of 1828 Adams was unpopular president Democracy was increasingly popular (idea that every citizen [white males anyway] should have equal say, not just elites) Jackson s party was the Democratic Party and embraced these ideals Campaign was brutal Jackson was called hotheaded, a barbarian, an adulterer. Adams was called hypocritical and corrupt.

20

21

22 Jackson becomes the 7 th president 1 st president not from VA or MA 1 st president from the West Rachel died shortly after the election Jackson blamed the harsh campaign Never forgave his political enemies for her death Inauguration party almost turned in a riot people were so excited about the common man s president

23 Jackson s presidency Had disagreement with his VP over Bank of US, federal tax issues, VP (John Calhoun) resigned Jackson had a policy of making Native Americans move off their tribal lands (more on this soon ) 1832 Jackson was re-elected

24

25 Lesson 39: Opponents of Jackson It s worth remembering that all popular politicians have opponents, and often they are not as well remembered as the more famous politicians Hugh Lawson White disliked Jackson s use of power, prominent in Whig Party (formed in opposition to the rule of King Andrew I ) John Bell another TN Whig who later opposed the expansion of slavery

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